HemangiomasHHemangiomasHemangiomasEnglishDermatologyNewborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)SkinSkinConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2013-06-17T04:00:00ZElena Pope, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Michelle Lee, RN;Jackie Su, RN8.0000000000000061.0000000000000616.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about common growths or tumours, called hemangiomas. Also, learn when they are tested and treated by doctors.</p><h2>What is a hemangioma?</h2><p>Hemangiomas are the most common, non-cancerous growths in babies. Hemangiomas are caused by extra growth of cells lining the small blood vessels in the skin. These cells are called endothelial (say: en-doh-THEE-lee-ull) cells. </p><p>Hemangiomas present with red-purple skin changes, which are flat or raised. They are soft to touch and do not cause pain unless the skin above is broken (ulceration). About 60% of hemangiomas occur on the head and neck, but they can occur anywhere on the body. Rarely, they can occur inside the body as well.</p><p>Hemangiomas normally appear in the first two weeks of life. Deeper hemangiomas may not appear until two to three months of age. About 30% to 40% of hemangiomas appear at birth as a barely visible spot, either slightly dusky or coloured differently than the skin around them. Girls get hemangiomas three times more often than boys.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Hemangiomas</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Hemangioma_MEDIMG_PHO_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Hemangiomas are common growths in babies. </li> <li>They are not cancerous. </li> <li>Hemangiomas usually get smaller as the child gets older. </li> <li>Doctors will run tests and treat the hemangioma if it affects breathing, vision or other organs. </li> </ul><h2>Testing for hemangiomas</h2> <p>Usually, your child's doctor can diagnose a hemangioma by looking at it. Tests are not needed in most cases. The doctor may run tests or ask for a consultation from other specialists to make sure the hemangioma does not affect breathing and eyesight and to assess the depth of the hemangioma. </p> <p>The doctor may order some tests like ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They help the doctor see how much the hemangioma affects other parts of your child's body. </p><h2>Treatment for hemangiomas</h2> <p>Most hemangiomas require no treatment or workup as most go away on their own. Your child's doctor may suggest a "wait and see" approach. This means waiting to see what happens on its own before treating the hemangioma.</p> <p>Your child's doctor will decide if the hemangioma needs to be treated by considering:</p> <ul> <li>location of the hemangioma on the body </li> <li>size of the hemangioma </li> <li>age of your child </li> <li>risk and benefits of treatment </li> </ul> <p>Medicine, surgery and laser treatments are options at different stages of hemangiomas, if needed. They can be discussed with your child's doctor. </p> <p>Treatment options for hemangiomas that are growing may include the following medicines:</p> <ul> <li>topical timolol</li> <li>corticosteroids or beta-blockers (propranolol, nadolol) taken by mouth</li> </ul><h2>Complications of hemangiomas</h2> <p>If your child has a hemangioma on or near the eyes, nose, ears, lips or neck, it might affect their ability to see or breathe well. </p> <p>Hemangiomas may cause bleeding or become infected and cause pain, especially if they are near diaper areas, skin folds and the lips. </p> <p>Talk to your doctor if your child has any of these problems.</p> <h3>Treating bleeding</h3> <p>If your child's hemangioma starts to bleed, follow these steps:</p> <ul> <li>Apply pressure to the site for 15 minutes. </li> <li>If the bleeding does not stop after 15 minutes, take your child to the closest emergency department. </li> </ul>
HémangiomesHHémangiomesHemangiomasFrenchDermatologyNewborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)SkinSkinConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2013-06-17T04:00:00ZElena Pope, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Michelle Lee, RN;Jackie Su, RN8.0000000000000061.0000000000000616.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p> Apprenez ce que sont les excroissances ou tumeurs courantes appelées hémangiomes.</p><h2>Qu'est-ce qu'un hémangiome?</h2><p>Les hémangiomes constituent les excroissances non cancéreuses les plus courantes chez les bébés. Les hémangiomes sont causés par une croissance excessive de cellules qui recouvrent les petits vaisseaux sanguins de la peau. Ces cellules sont dites endothéliales.</p><p>Les hémangiomes sont des petites modifications (soit plate soit bombées) de la peau de couleur rouge-violette . Ils ne sont pas douloureux à moins que la peau qui les recouvrent soit ouverte (ulcération). Environ 60 % des hémangiomes se trouvent au niveau de la tête et du cou, mais ils peuvent survenir partout sur le corps. Ils apparaissent cependant rarement à l'intérieur du corps.</p><p>Les hémangiomes apparaissent habituellement au cours des deux premières semaines après la naissance. Des hémangiomes plus profonds peuvent ne pas apparaître avant l'âge de 2 ou 3 mois. Environ 30 à 40 % des hémangiomes apparaissent à la naissance sous forme de points à peine visibles, de couleur légèrement pourprée ou différente de la peau qui l'entoure. Les filles ont trois fois plus d'hémangiomes que les garçons.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Scénario de croissance de l'hémangiome</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Hemangioma_MEDIMG_PHO_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Les hémangiomes sont des excroissances courantes chez les bébés.</li> <li>Ils ne sont pas cancéreux.</li> <li>Les hémangiomes diminuent habituellement lorsque l'enfant vieillit.</li> <li>Les médecins effectueront des analyses et traiteront les hémangiomes s'ils affectent la respiration, la vision ou d'autres organes.</li></ul><h2>Examens pour les hémangiomes</h2> <p>Habituellement, le médecin de votre enfant peut diagnostiquer un hémangiome simplement en l' observant. Dans la plupart des cas, des examens ne sont pas nécessaires. Le médecin peut effectuer des examens ou demander une consultation auprès d' autres spécialistes pour s' assurer que l' hémangiome n' affecte pas la respiration et la vision de votre enfant, et pour en évaluer la profondeur.</p> <p>Le médecin peut demander d' autres examens comme des échographies ou une imagerie par résonnance magnétique (IRM). Ces examens peuvent l' aider à déterminer l' effet de l' hémangiome sur d' autres parties du corps de votre enfant.</p><h2>Traitement des hémangiomes</h2> <p>La plupart des hémangiomes ne nécessitent aucun traitement ou examen puisque la plupart d'entre eux disparaissent tout seuls. Le médecin de votre enfant peut suggérer d'attendre et de voir ce qui se produit avant de traiter l'hémangiome.</p> <p>Le médecin de votre enfant décidera si l'hémangiome doit être traité en tenant compte des points suivants :</p> <ul> <li>l'emplacement de l'hémangiome sur le corps,</li> <li>la taille de l'hémangiome,</li> <li>l'âge de votre enfant,</li> <li>les risques et les avantages du traitement.</li></ul> <p>Des médicaments, une opération de chirurgie et des traitements au laser sont des options de traitement envisageables à différentes étapes de la croissance des hémangiomes. Il est possible d'en discuter avec le médecin de votre enfant.</p> <p>Les options de traitement des hémangiomes en croissance peuvent comprendre les médicaments suivants :</p> <ul> <li>Timolol topique;</li> <li>corticostéroïdes ou béta-bloquants (propranolol, nadolol) à avaler.</li></ul> <h2>Complications liées aux hémangiomes</h2> <p>Un hémangiome sur les yeux, le nez, les oreilles, les lèvres ou le cou (ou près de ceux-ci), pourrait gêner la respiration ou la vision de votre enfant.</p> <p>Les hémangiomes peuvent entraîner des saignements ou s'infecter et être douloureux, surtout s'ils sont situés près de la zone où l'enfant porte une couche, dans un pli de la peau ou sur les lèvres.</p> <p>Si votre enfant éprouve un des problèmes suivants, parlez-en à votre médecin.</p> <h3>Traitement des saignements</h3> <p>Si l'hémangiome de votre enfant commence à saigner, suivez les étapes ci-dessous :</p> <ul> <li>Appliquez de la pression sur le site de l'hémangiome pendant 15 minutes.</li> <li>Si le saignement ne s'arrête pas après 15 minutes, amenez votre enfant au service d'urgence le plus proche.</li></ul>

 

 

Hemangiomas786.000000000000HemangiomasHemangiomasHEnglishDermatologyNewborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years)SkinSkinConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2013-06-17T04:00:00ZElena Pope, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Michelle Lee, RN;Jackie Su, RN8.0000000000000061.0000000000000616.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about common growths or tumours, called hemangiomas. Also, learn when they are tested and treated by doctors.</p><h2>What is a hemangioma?</h2><p>Hemangiomas are the most common, non-cancerous growths in babies. Hemangiomas are caused by extra growth of cells lining the small blood vessels in the skin. These cells are called endothelial (say: en-doh-THEE-lee-ull) cells. </p><p>Hemangiomas present with red-purple skin changes, which are flat or raised. They are soft to touch and do not cause pain unless the skin above is broken (ulceration). About 60% of hemangiomas occur on the head and neck, but they can occur anywhere on the body. Rarely, they can occur inside the body as well.</p><p>Hemangiomas normally appear in the first two weeks of life. Deeper hemangiomas may not appear until two to three months of age. About 30% to 40% of hemangiomas appear at birth as a barely visible spot, either slightly dusky or coloured differently than the skin around them. Girls get hemangiomas three times more often than boys.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Hemangiomas</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Hemangioma_MEDIMG_PHO_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Hemangiomas are common growths in babies. </li> <li>They are not cancerous. </li> <li>Hemangiomas usually get smaller as the child gets older. </li> <li>Doctors will run tests and treat the hemangioma if it affects breathing, vision or other organs. </li> </ul><h2>Hemangiomas usually get smaller as your child gets older</h2><p>One in 10 babies get a hemangioma in their first year of life. This graph shows how most hemangiomas grow the most in the first 10 years of a child's life. </p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Hemangioma growth pattern</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Hemangioma_Growth_graph_CHART_IMG_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <p>There is no way to know exactly when your child's hemangioma will grow or shrink. But hemangiomas often follow a classic pattern of growth (proliferation) and getting smaller (involution). This means they usually get smaller as the child gets older.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Age (approximate)</th><th>Hemangioma phase</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>0 to 9 months</td><td>Proliferation (growth) is rapid</td></tr><tr><td>9 months to 2 years</td><td>Plateau; growth is very slow or stopping</td></tr><tr><td>2 years to 6 years</td><td>Involution (getting smaller) by approximately 10% per year</td></tr></tbody></table><p>The size, the location and the way the hemangioma looks will not affect how fast it grows or shrinks. After the hemangioma stops growing, your child may still have loose skin, a change in skin colour or a change in the way the skin feels (texture). </p><h2>Testing for hemangiomas</h2> <p>Usually, your child's doctor can diagnose a hemangioma by looking at it. Tests are not needed in most cases. The doctor may run tests or ask for a consultation from other specialists to make sure the hemangioma does not affect breathing and eyesight and to assess the depth of the hemangioma. </p> <p>The doctor may order some tests like ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). They help the doctor see how much the hemangioma affects other parts of your child's body. </p><h2>Treatment for hemangiomas</h2> <p>Most hemangiomas require no treatment or workup as most go away on their own. Your child's doctor may suggest a "wait and see" approach. This means waiting to see what happens on its own before treating the hemangioma.</p> <p>Your child's doctor will decide if the hemangioma needs to be treated by considering:</p> <ul> <li>location of the hemangioma on the body </li> <li>size of the hemangioma </li> <li>age of your child </li> <li>risk and benefits of treatment </li> </ul> <p>Medicine, surgery and laser treatments are options at different stages of hemangiomas, if needed. They can be discussed with your child's doctor. </p> <p>Treatment options for hemangiomas that are growing may include the following medicines:</p> <ul> <li>topical timolol</li> <li>corticosteroids or beta-blockers (propranolol, nadolol) taken by mouth</li> </ul><h2>Complications of hemangiomas</h2> <p>If your child has a hemangioma on or near the eyes, nose, ears, lips or neck, it might affect their ability to see or breathe well. </p> <p>Hemangiomas may cause bleeding or become infected and cause pain, especially if they are near diaper areas, skin folds and the lips. </p> <p>Talk to your doctor if your child has any of these problems.</p> <h3>Treating bleeding</h3> <p>If your child's hemangioma starts to bleed, follow these steps:</p> <ul> <li>Apply pressure to the site for 15 minutes. </li> <li>If the bleeding does not stop after 15 minutes, take your child to the closest emergency department. </li> </ul><h2>Coping with a hemangioma</h2> <p>If your child with a hemangioma is a baby or toddler, talk to your day care staff and to parents of other children that attend the day care about hemangiomas. Explain that your child has this condition and that it will not spread to other children.</p> <p>School can cause a great deal of stress in children with hemangiomas. By the time children attend grade school, they are old enough to realize that they look different than other children. Parents, family members and teachers should understand the stress these children experience and that these children may need more emotional support and understanding.</p> <h3>Talk your child about diversity, bullying and acceptance</h3> <p>Talk to your children about hemangiomas and address topics such as diversity, bullying at school and acceptance. Children with hemangiomas often have to endure hurtful comments from other children, even when they are young. They may feel uncomfortable in social situations or self-conscious about their skin. Remind your child that they are not to blame for their hemangioma.</p><h2>Preventing hemangiomas</h2> <p>There is no known way to prevent hemangiomas. We do not know what causes hemangiomas or how to prevent them.</p><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/hemangiomas.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/hemangiomas.jpgHemangiomas

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