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Milk allergyMMilk allergyMilk allergyEnglishAllergyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2014-12-18T05:00:00ZVy Kim, MD, FRCPC;Anna Kasprzak, RN​8.0000000000000066.0000000000000956.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Find out how to help your child manage a milk allergy.</p><h2>What is a milk allergy?</h2><p>A milk allergy occurs when the body reacts to one or more of the proteins in cow’s milk.</p><h2>Will my child always have a milk allergy?</h2><p>A milk allergy is one of the most common food allergies in infants, but most children outgrow it by school age.</p><p>An allergist (a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating allergies) can help you find out when to test your child and see whether they have outgrown their allergy. Consult them regularly to check if there have been any changes to your child's food allergy.</p><h2>What type of milk can my infant have if they are allergic to cow’s milk?</h2><p>Breastfeeding is the best way to feed an infant. If your infant is already breastfed, this can continue even if they have been diagnosed with a milk allergy. However, the rest of your infants diet should not include cow’s milk or milk ingredients.</p><p>If your infant is not breastfed, they can take a soy-based infant formula. If they have an allergy to soy and to cow’s milk, a doctor or dietitian will recommend a hydrolyzed (completely broken down) formula to meet your infant’s needs.</p><p>Always speak with your doctor or dietitian about your infant’s food allergies and what option is best for you and your infant.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Most children with a milk allergy outgrow it by school age. Consult an allergist regularly to see if there is any change in your child's allergy.</li><li>Infants with a milk allergy can continue breastfeeding or can take a soy-based infant formula. Speak to your doctor or a dietitian if you have any concerns.</li><li>Milk has a number of names, including casein, whey, lactoferrin and lactoglobulin. Many different products contain milk, including cereals, meats, high-protein flour, soups, dressings, spreads and baked items.</li><li>Milk contains calcium and vitamin D, both of which help strengthen bones. Alternative sources of calcium include almonds, broccoli and sardines. Sources of vitamin D include egg yolks, fish, liver and soy.</li><li>If your child's diet is limited because of a milk allergy, a registered dietitian can advise how your child can have a balanced diet.</li></ul><h2>Possible sources of milk</h2><p>Milk is used in a range of packaged foods and drinks. Below is a list of some of the many food products that contain milk.</p><table class="akh-table"><tbody><tr><td>Artificial butter, butter fat, margarine</td><td>Baked goods and baking mixes (including bread, cookies, cake mixes, donuts or pancakes)​</td></tr><tr><td>​Buttermilk, cream, dips, dressings, sour cream, spreads</td><td>Canned tuna</td></tr><tr><td>Caramel colouring/flavouring</td><td>Cereals, crackers</td></tr><tr><td>Cheese, cottage/soy cheese</td><td>Dessert (custard, pudding, sherbet)</td></tr><tr><td>Egg/fat substitutes</td><td>Flavoured coffee, coffee whitener</td></tr><tr><td>High-protein flour</td><td>Glazes, nougat</td></tr><tr><td>Gravy, sauces</td><td>Meats (deli meats, hot dogs)</td></tr><tr><td>​Non-dairy products (kosher food)</td><td>Prepared potatoes (instant/mashed, scalloped)​</td></tr><tr><td>French fries, potato chips </td><td>​Seasonings</td></tr><tr><td>​Snack foods (candy, chocolate, fruit bars, granola bars)</td><td>Soups, soup mixes</td></tr><tr><td>​Soy products (soy cheese, tofu)</td><td></td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Reducing the risk of cross-contamination</h2><p>Cross-contamination occurs when a harmless substance comes in contact with a harmful substance such as harmful bacteria or a potential allergen. If the substances mix together, the harmful substance taints the other substance, making it unsafe to eat.</p><p>Food allergens can contaminate other foods when, for example, the same containers, utensils or frying pans hold a range of foods.</p><p>Bulk food containers pose a high risk of cross-contamination because they are often used for different products.</p><p>Be sure to avoid using utensils or containers that may have come in contact with allergy-causing foods and ask about possible cross-contamination when eating out.</p><h2>How can my child get the right mix of nutrients if they must avoid milk?</h2><p>Milk and milk products are rich in calcium, a mineral that helps bones stay strong and healthy. Children who are allergic to milk can have non-dairy calcium-rich foods instead of milk and milk products. This table lists some examples.</p><h3>Non-dairy sources of calcium</h3> <table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Foo​​d​ or drink</th><th>Serving size</th><th>Approximate calcium content</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Almonds</td><td>1/4 cup</td><td>90 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Bok choy, boiled<br></td><td>1 cup</td><td>160 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Broccoli, boiled</td><td>1 cup</td><td>55 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Orange juice, calcium fortified</td><td>1 cup</td><td>300 mg</td></tr><tr><td>​Salmon, canned, with bones</td><td>4 oz</td><td>175 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Sardines, canned, with bones</td><td>4 medium</td><td>180 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Soy beverage, fortified</td><td>1 cup</td><td>300 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Tahini (100% crushed sesame seeds)</td><td>3 tbsp</td><td>190 mg</td></tr><tr><td>White beans, boiled</td><td>1 cup</td><td>170 mg</td></tr></tbody></table> <p>It is important that children also eat foods rich in vitamin D. This vitamin helps the body absorb calcium. Vitamin D-rich foods include egg yolks, fish, liver, fortified margarines and soy drinks.</p><h2>When to see a dietitian for a milk allergy</h2> <p>If you have removed many foods from your child’s diet because of a milk allergy, it may be a good idea to speak to a registered dietitian. The dietitian can review the foods your child eats to decide if they are getting enough calcium and vitamin D. They can also let you know if your child needs a milk-free calcium and vitamin D supplement.</p><h2>​Further information</h2><p>​Health Canada. <a target="_blank" href="https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/food-nutrition/reports-publications/food-safety/milk-priority-food-allergen.html">Milk – A priority food allergen</a></p>
Allergie au laitAAllergie au laitMilk allergyFrenchAllergyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+) CaregiversNA2014-12-18T05:00:00ZVy Kim, MD, FRCPC;Anna Kasprzak, RN​Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Comment aider votre enfant à gérer son allergie au lait.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce qu’une allergie au lait?</h2><p>Une allergie au lait se produit quand le corps réagit à une ou plusieurs des protéines contenues dans le lait de vache.</p><h2>Mon enfant sera-t-il toujours atteint d’une allergie au lait?</h2><p>L’allergie au lait est l’une des allergies alimentaires les plus fréquentes chez les nourrissons, mais elle disparaît avant l’âge scolaire chez la plupart des enfants.</p><p>Un allergologue (un médecin qui se spécialise dans le diagnostic et le traitement des allergies) peut vous aider à déterminer le bon moment de tester votre enfant afin de déterminer si son allergie a disparu. Consultez-le de manière régulière afin de vérifier si des changements se sont produits dans l’allergie alimentaire de votre enfant.</p><h2>Quel type de lait mon bébé peut-il consommer s’il est allergique au lait de vache?</h2><p>L’allaitement maternel est la meilleure façon de nourrir un bébé. Si votre bébé est déjà allaité, vous pouvez poursuivre même s’il a reçu un diagnostic d’allergie au lait. Cependant, le reste de son alimentation ne devrait pas inclure de lait de vache ou d’ingrédients laitiers.</p><p>Si votre bébé n’est pas allaité, il peut prendre un lait maternisé à base de soya. S’il est atteint d’une allergie au soya et au lait de vache, un médecin ou un nutritionniste recommandera une préparation hydrolysée (dont les protéines ont été réduites en très petites particules) afin de répondre aux besoins de votre bébé.</p><p>Consultez toujours votre médecin ou votre nutritionniste à propos des allergies alimentaires de votre bébé et des meilleures options pour vous et votre bébé.</p><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>L’allergie au lait disparaît avant l’âge scolaire chez la plupart des enfants. Consultez un allergologue de manière régulière afin de vérifier si des changements se sont produits dans l’allergie alimentaire de votre enfant.</li><li>On peut continuer d’allaiter les bébés atteints d’une allergie au lait ou on peut leur donner une préparation pour nourrisson à base de soya. Consultez votre médecin ou un nutritionniste si vous avez des inquiétudes.</li><li>Le lait se retrouve sous plusieurs noms, y compris la caséine, le lactosérum, la lactoferrine et la lactoglobuline. Plusieurs produits différents contiennent du lait dont les céréales à déjeuner, les viandes, la farine à haute teneur en protéine, les soupes, les vinaigrettes, les tartinades et les produits de boulangerie.</li><li>Le lait contient du calcium et de vitamine D, lesquelles renforcent les os. D’autres sources de calcium comprennent les amandes, le brocoli et les sardines. Les sources de vitamine D comprennent les jeunes d’œufs, le poisson, le foie et le soya.</li><li>Si l’alimentation de votre enfant est limitée en raison de son allergie au lait, un nutritionniste peut vous conseiller afin d’équilibrer son alimentation.</li></ul><h2>Sources de lait potentielles</h2><p>Le lait est employé dans un large éventail d’aliments emballés et de boissons. Vous trouverez ci-dessous une liste de quelques-uns des nombreux produits alimentaires contenant du lait : </p><table class="akh-table"><tbody><tr><td>beurre artificiel, beurre, margarine;</td><td>produits de boulangerie et mélange à pâtisseries (y compris du pain, des biscuits, des préparations pour gâteaux, des beignes ou des crêpes);</td></tr><tr><td>​babeurre, crème, trempettes, vinaigrettes, crème sure, tartinades;</td><td>thon en conserve;</td></tr><tr><td>colorant et saveur à base de caramel;</td><td>céréales à déjeuner, craquelins;</td></tr><tr><td>fromage, fromage cottage, fromage de soya;</td><td>desserts (crème anglaise, flans, sorbets);</td></tr><tr><td>substituts d’œufs et de matières grasses;</td><td>café aromatisé, colorant à café;</td></tr><tr><td>farine à haute teneur en protéine;</td><td>glaçage, nougat;</td></tr><tr><td>jus de viande, sauces;</td><td>viandes (charcuteries, saucisses à hot-dog);</td></tr><tr><td>produits non laitiers (aliment casher);</td><td>pommes de terre préparées (instantanées ou pilées, gratin Dauphinois);</td></tr><tr><td>pommes de terre frites, croustilles;</td><td>​assaisonnements;</td></tr><tr><td>​collations (bonbons, chocolat, barres de fruits, barres tendres);</td><td>soupes, mélanges pour soupe;</td></tr><tr><td>​produit à base de soya (fromage de soya, tofu).</td><td></td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Réduire le risque de contamination croisée</h2><p>La contamination croisée se produit lorsqu’une substance inoffensive entre en contact avec une substance nocive, comme un allergène potentiel ou une bactérie nuisible. Si les substances se mélangent, la substance nocive altère l’autre substance, la rendant non sécuritaire à la consommation.</p><p>Les allergènes alimentaires peuvent contaminer d’autres aliments lorsque, par exemple, les mêmes contenants, ustensiles ou poêles entrent en contact avec une variété d’aliments.</p><p>Les contenants d’aliments en vrac entraînent un risque élevé de contamination croisée puisqu’ils sont souvent utilisés pour différents produits.</p><p>Assurez-vous d’éviter d’utiliser des ustensiles ou des contenants qui pourraient être entrés en contact avec des aliments pouvant causer des allergies et informez-vous des contaminations croisées possibles lorsque vous mangez à l’extérieur de la maison.</p><h2>Comment puis-je m’assurer que mon enfant reçoit tous les nutriments nécessaires s’il doit éviter le lait?</h2><p>Le lait et les produits laitiers sont riches en calcium, un minéral qui aide à la formation d’os forts et en santé. Les enfants qui sont allergiques au lait peuvent consommer des aliments non laitiers riches en calcium au lieu du lait et des produits laitiers. Le tableau suivant énumère quelques exemples.</p><h3>Sources de calcium sans produits laitiers</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Aliment ou boisson</th><th>Portion</th><th>Teneur en calcium approximative</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Amandes</td><td>1/4 de tasse</td><td>90 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Bok choy, bouilli</td><td>1 tasse</td><td>160 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Brocoli, bouilli</td><td>1 tasse</td><td>55 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Jus d'orange enrichi en calcium</td><td>1 tasse</td><td>300 mg</td></tr><tr><td>​Saumon en conserves avec les arrêtes</td><td>4 onces</td><td>175 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Sardines en conserves avec les arrêtes</td><td>4 moyennes</td><td>180 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Boisson de soya enrichie</td><td>1 tasse</td><td>300 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Tahini (graines de sésame broyées à 100 %)</td><td>3 c. à table</td><td>190 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Haricots blancs, bouillis</td><td>1 tasse</td><td>170 mg</td></tr></tbody></table><p>Il est important que les enfants mangent aussi des aliments riches en vitamine D. Cette vitamine aide le corps à absorber le calcium. Les aliments riches en vitamine D comprennent les jaunes d’œufs, le poisson, le foie, la margarine enrichie et les boissons de soya enrichies.</p><h2>Quand consulter un nutritionniste à propos d’une allergie au lait</h2><p>Si vous avez retiré plusieurs aliments de l’alimentation de votre enfant en raison d’une allergie au lait, vous devriez consulter un nutritionniste. Celui-ci peut examiner les aliments que votre enfant consomme afin de vérifier s’il reçoit suffisamment de calcium et de vitamine D. Il peut aussi vous dire si votre enfant a besoin d’un supplément non laitier de calcium et de vitamine D.</p><h2>Informations complémentaires</h2><p><a href="https://www.canada.ca/fr/sante-canada/services/aliments-nutrition/rapports-publications/salubrite-aliments/lait-allergene-alimentaire-prioritaire.html">Lait - Allergène alimentaire prioritaire</a></p>

 

 

Milk allergy808.000000000000Milk allergyMilk allergyMEnglishAllergyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2014-12-18T05:00:00ZVy Kim, MD, FRCPC;Anna Kasprzak, RN​8.0000000000000066.0000000000000956.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Find out how to help your child manage a milk allergy.</p><h2>What is a milk allergy?</h2><p>A milk allergy occurs when the body reacts to one or more of the proteins in cow’s milk.</p><h2>Will my child always have a milk allergy?</h2><p>A milk allergy is one of the most common food allergies in infants, but most children outgrow it by school age.</p><p>An allergist (a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating allergies) can help you find out when to test your child and see whether they have outgrown their allergy. Consult them regularly to check if there have been any changes to your child's food allergy.</p><h2>What type of milk can my infant have if they are allergic to cow’s milk?</h2><p>Breastfeeding is the best way to feed an infant. If your infant is already breastfed, this can continue even if they have been diagnosed with a milk allergy. However, the rest of your infants diet should not include cow’s milk or milk ingredients.</p><p>If your infant is not breastfed, they can take a soy-based infant formula. If they have an allergy to soy and to cow’s milk, a doctor or dietitian will recommend a hydrolyzed (completely broken down) formula to meet your infant’s needs.</p><p>Always speak with your doctor or dietitian about your infant’s food allergies and what option is best for you and your infant.</p><h2>Other names for milk</h2> <p>Milk can have many names in ingredient lists. Learning these names can help you catch any hidden sources of milk in food.</p> <p>When buying packaged foods, always check the list of ingredients in the store and again when you bring the product home. It is also a good idea to check the ingredients every time you buy the food in case the recipe has changed. You can also call the manufacturer to ask about any recipe changes.</p> <p>The following table provides a list of some names for milk. Use it when you are grocery shopping or calling food manufacturers.</p> <table class="akh-table"> <tbody> <tr> <td>Casein or caseinate (also, ammonium/calcium/magnesium/potassium/sodium caseinate)</td> <td>Dried milk</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Hydrolyzed casein, hydrolyzed milk protein</td> <td>Lactate/lactose</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Lactoferrin/lactoglobulin/lactalbumin</td> <td>​Milk protein/solids</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Modified milk ingredients</td> <td>​Rennet</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Whey (delactosed, demineralized)</td> <td>Whey protein concentrate</td> </tr> </tbody> </table><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Most children with a milk allergy outgrow it by school age. Consult an allergist regularly to see if there is any change in your child's allergy.</li><li>Infants with a milk allergy can continue breastfeeding or can take a soy-based infant formula. Speak to your doctor or a dietitian if you have any concerns.</li><li>Milk has a number of names, including casein, whey, lactoferrin and lactoglobulin. Many different products contain milk, including cereals, meats, high-protein flour, soups, dressings, spreads and baked items.</li><li>Milk contains calcium and vitamin D, both of which help strengthen bones. Alternative sources of calcium include almonds, broccoli and sardines. Sources of vitamin D include egg yolks, fish, liver and soy.</li><li>If your child's diet is limited because of a milk allergy, a registered dietitian can advise how your child can have a balanced diet.</li></ul><h2>Possible sources of milk</h2><p>Milk is used in a range of packaged foods and drinks. Below is a list of some of the many food products that contain milk.</p><table class="akh-table"><tbody><tr><td>Artificial butter, butter fat, margarine</td><td>Baked goods and baking mixes (including bread, cookies, cake mixes, donuts or pancakes)​</td></tr><tr><td>​Buttermilk, cream, dips, dressings, sour cream, spreads</td><td>Canned tuna</td></tr><tr><td>Caramel colouring/flavouring</td><td>Cereals, crackers</td></tr><tr><td>Cheese, cottage/soy cheese</td><td>Dessert (custard, pudding, sherbet)</td></tr><tr><td>Egg/fat substitutes</td><td>Flavoured coffee, coffee whitener</td></tr><tr><td>High-protein flour</td><td>Glazes, nougat</td></tr><tr><td>Gravy, sauces</td><td>Meats (deli meats, hot dogs)</td></tr><tr><td>​Non-dairy products (kosher food)</td><td>Prepared potatoes (instant/mashed, scalloped)​</td></tr><tr><td>French fries, potato chips </td><td>​Seasonings</td></tr><tr><td>​Snack foods (candy, chocolate, fruit bars, granola bars)</td><td>Soups, soup mixes</td></tr><tr><td>​Soy products (soy cheese, tofu)</td><td></td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Reducing the risk of cross-contamination</h2><p>Cross-contamination occurs when a harmless substance comes in contact with a harmful substance such as harmful bacteria or a potential allergen. If the substances mix together, the harmful substance taints the other substance, making it unsafe to eat.</p><p>Food allergens can contaminate other foods when, for example, the same containers, utensils or frying pans hold a range of foods.</p><p>Bulk food containers pose a high risk of cross-contamination because they are often used for different products.</p><p>Be sure to avoid using utensils or containers that may have come in contact with allergy-causing foods and ask about possible cross-contamination when eating out.</p><h2>How can my child get the right mix of nutrients if they must avoid milk?</h2><p>Milk and milk products are rich in calcium, a mineral that helps bones stay strong and healthy. Children who are allergic to milk can have non-dairy calcium-rich foods instead of milk and milk products. This table lists some examples.</p><h3>Non-dairy sources of calcium</h3> <table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Foo​​d​ or drink</th><th>Serving size</th><th>Approximate calcium content</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Almonds</td><td>1/4 cup</td><td>90 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Bok choy, boiled<br></td><td>1 cup</td><td>160 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Broccoli, boiled</td><td>1 cup</td><td>55 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Orange juice, calcium fortified</td><td>1 cup</td><td>300 mg</td></tr><tr><td>​Salmon, canned, with bones</td><td>4 oz</td><td>175 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Sardines, canned, with bones</td><td>4 medium</td><td>180 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Soy beverage, fortified</td><td>1 cup</td><td>300 mg</td></tr><tr><td>Tahini (100% crushed sesame seeds)</td><td>3 tbsp</td><td>190 mg</td></tr><tr><td>White beans, boiled</td><td>1 cup</td><td>170 mg</td></tr></tbody></table> <p>It is important that children also eat foods rich in vitamin D. This vitamin helps the body absorb calcium. Vitamin D-rich foods include egg yolks, fish, liver, fortified margarines and soy drinks.</p><h2>When to see a dietitian for a milk allergy</h2> <p>If you have removed many foods from your child’s diet because of a milk allergy, it may be a good idea to speak to a registered dietitian. The dietitian can review the foods your child eats to decide if they are getting enough calcium and vitamin D. They can also let you know if your child needs a milk-free calcium and vitamin D supplement.</p><h2>​Further information</h2><p>​Health Canada. <a target="_blank" href="https://www.canada.ca/en/health-canada/services/food-nutrition/reports-publications/food-safety/milk-priority-food-allergen.html">Milk – A priority food allergen</a></p><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/milk_allergy.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/milk_allergy.jpgcowsmilkallergyMilk allergyFalse

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