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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and nutritionIIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and nutritionIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and nutritionEnglishGastrointestinalPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Large Intestine/ColonLarge intestineConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2011-01-17T05:00:00ZCristina Cicco, RD64.00000000000007.00000000000000775.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An overview of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) outlining symptoms and treatments, including lifestyle changes that can help.</p><h2>What is irritable bowel syndrome?</h2><p>Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic condition of the large intestine (colon). The cause of IBS is unknown. In IBS, food moves through the colon too slowly, quickly or unpredictably. As a result, water absorption by the colon is disrupted causing diarrhea or constipation.</p><p>Stomach infections, stress, some foods and medicines can trigger symptoms of IBS, but do not cause it.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Digestive system</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_digestive_system_V3_EN.jpg" alt="The salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, large and small intestines, anus, pancreas, gallbladder and liver" /> </figure><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>IBS is a lifelong condition with no known cause.</li> <li>In IBS, the bowel does not function properly and causes symptoms like bloating, stomach pains, <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=7&language=English">diarrhea</a> and/or <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=6&language=English">constipation</a>.</li> <li>The severity of symptoms is different for different people.</li> <li>There is no cure for IBS but symptoms can be well managed. The first step is to find out what triggers symptoms.</li> <li>Most people can improve their quality of life by making dietary and lifestyle changes, and taking medicines if needed.</li> </ul><h2>Symptoms of IBS vary </h2> <p>Symptoms can flare-up, disappear and change over time. Common symptoms include:</p> <ul> <li>stomach pain or discomfort (cramping) </li> <li>bloating </li> <li>a changed need to go to the bathroom: either more often or less often</li> <li>change in consistency of stools (diarrhea, constipation) </li> <li>symptom relief after bowel movements</li> </ul> <p>IBS is not known to lead to other serious health problems. IBS can affect mental and social well-being if not well managed.</p><h2>Common IBS triggers</h2> <p>Some foods can make IBS symptoms worse by making the bowels over sensitive. Foods that can do this may include:</p> <ul> <li>foods high in insoluble fibre (raw fruits and vegetables, whole grains, bran, legumes)</li> <li>dairy products</li> <li>nuts, seeds and raisins</li> <li>chocolate</li> <li>spicy food </li> <li>coffee or other caffeinated beverages</li> <li>carbonated beverages</li> <li>alcohol</li> <li>artificial sweeteners (aspartame, sorbitol, sucralose, xylitol, maltitol)</li> </ul> <p>Other factors may increase IBS symptoms by over-stimulating the bowels. These may include:</p> <ul> <li>high fat or very low fat diet</li> <li>eating large meals.<br></li> </ul><h2>No specific tests to diagnose IBS</h2> <p>Diagnosing IBS may not be simple because the colon often looks normal. Your family doctor may refer you to a gastroenterologist to confirm diagnosis of IBS. Often, tests eliminate the possibility of other intestinal disease. IBS may run in families.</p> <h2>IBS and IBD are not the same thing</h2> <p>IBD stands for Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Although some symptoms between IBS and IBD are the same, IBD has other significant symptoms that make it different from IBS. IBD is often diagnosed with much more confidence and has specific treatments. It is common to misdiagnose IBD as IBS without a thorough examination.</p><h2>Managing IBS with life-style and diet changes</h2> <p>There is no cure for IBS, but symptoms can be managed. How IBS symptoms are best managed varies from person to person. You may have to try different things to discover what works for you.</p> <h3>Lifestyle changes</h3> <ul> <li>Get enough <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=646&language=English">sleep</a> and <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=641&language=English">exercise</a></li> <li>Avoid stress as much as possible</li> <li>Avoid eating on-the-run or skipping meals</li> </ul> <h3>Dietary changes</h3> <ul> <li>Eat small and frequent meals during the day</li> <li>Avoid large meals</li> <li>Eat meals slowly</li> <li>Eat higher <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1444&language=English">protein</a> and lower <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1445&language=English">fat</a> meals</li> <li>Eat foods with <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=964&language=English">plenty of soluble fibre</a> (oat bran, corn, legumes, beans, oranges, apples, pears, berries, ground flax seeds)</li> <li>Drink water regularly </li> <li>Avoid foods known to cause symptoms</li> </ul> <h2>A note on insoluble fibre</h2> <p>Insoluble fibre is important for regular bowel movements, but it may cause symptoms for people with IBS. Introduce it in small amounts to find out how much you can eat and stay symptom-free. Try to peel, cook, chop or puree your fruits and vegetables. This will reduce the effect of insoluble fibre on your bowels. Sources of insoluble fibre include whole grains, brown rice, rye, whole flax seeds, vegetables, fruit and corn.</p> <h2>Medicines to help with symptoms</h2> <p>Doctors can prescribe medicines for pain and for problems with bowel movements such as diarrhea, constipation, gas, and urgency. Speak to your doctor about this if you have trouble managing your symptoms.</p>
Syndrome du côlon irritable (SCI) et nutritionSSyndrome du côlon irritable (SCI) et nutritionIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and nutritionFrenchGastrointestinalPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Large Intestine/ColonLarge intestineConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2011-01-17T05:00:00ZCristina Cicco, RD64.00000000000007.00000000000000775.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Cette fiche décrit le syndrome du côlon irritable (SCI). Elle décrit brièvement les symptômes et les traitements, y compris les changements de style de vie qui peuvent aider.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que le syndrome du côlon irritable?</h2><p>Le syndrome du côlon irritable (SCI), également nommé syndrome de l'intestin irritable (SII),est une maladie chronique du gros intestin (côlon). La cause du SCI est inconnue. Dans ce syndrome, les aliments se déplacent trop lentement, trop rapidement ou de façon imprévisible. Par conséquent, l’absorption de l’eau par le côlon est perturbée, ce qui cause diarrhée ou constipation. </p><p>Les infections stomacales (de l'estomac), le stress, certains aliments et certains médicaments peuvent déclencher les symptômes du SCI, sans toutefois en être la cause.<br></p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Système digestif <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_digestive_system_V3_FR.jpg" alt="Glandes salivaires, l’œsophage, l’estomac, les intestins gros et grêle, l’anus, le pancréas, la vésicule bilaire et le foie" /> </span></figure><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Le SCI est une maladie incurable (qui perdure toute la vie) et dontles causes ne sont pas connues.</li> <li>Le SCI empêche les intestins de fonctionner adéquatement et cause des symptômes comme le ballonnement, les douleurs au ventre, la <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=7&language=French">diarrhée</a> et/ou la <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=6&language=French">constipation</a>.</li> <li>La gravité des symptômes diffère d’une personne à l’autre.</li> <li>Il n’existe pas de traitement contre le SCI mais il est possible de gérer les symptômes. La première étape est de trouver ce qui cause les symptômes.</li> <li>La plupart des personnes peuvent améliorer leur qualité de vie en effectuant des changements dans leur régime et leur style de vie et en prenant des médicaments, au besoin.</li> </ul><h2>Variation des symptômes du SCI</h2> <p>Les symptômes peuvent avoir une poussée active, disparaître ou changer au fil du temps. Voici des symptômes courants : </p> <ul> <li>douleur ou inconfort à l’estomac (crampes)</li> <li>ballonnement</li> <li>changement dans la fréquence des besoins (aller plus ou moins souvent aux toilettes)</li> <li>changement dans la consistencedes selles (diarrhée, constipation)</li> <li>soulagement des symptômes après être allé à la selle</li> </ul> <p>On ne pense pas que leSCI sous-tende d’autres problèmes de santé graves. Il peut cependant influencer le bien-être mental et social s’il n’est pas bien géré.</p><h2>Déclencheurs communs du SCI</h2> <p>Certains des aliments suivants peuvent empirer les symptômes du SCI en hypersensibilisant les intestins.</p> <ul> <li>aliments à teneur élevée en fibres insolubles (fruits et légumes crus, grains entiers, son, légumineuses)</li> <li>produits laitiers</li> <li>noix, graines et raisins secs</li> <li>chocolat</li> <li>aliments épicés</li> <li>café ou autres breuvages caféinés</li> <li>breuvages gazéifiés</li> <li>alcool</li> <li>édulcorants artificiels (aspartame, sorbitol, sucralose, xylitol, maltitol)</li> </ul> <p>D’autres facteurs peuvent augmenter les symptômes du SCI en hyperstimulant les intestins. Ces facteurs peuvent comprendre les suivants : </p> <ul> <li>régime à teneurélevéeen gras ou très pauvre en gras</li> <li>manger de gros repas</li> </ul><h2>Il n'existe aucun test particulier pour diagnostiquer le SCI</h2> <p>Diagnostiquer un SCI peut s’avérer difficile parce que le côlon apparaitnormal. Votre médecin de famillepeut vous adresserà un gastroentérologue pour confirmer le diagnostic de SCI. La plupart du temps, les tests éliminent la possibilité d’autres maladies intestinales. Le SCI peut être héréditaire.</p> <h2>La MII et le SCI sont différents</h2> <p>MII signifie maladie intestinale inflammatoire. Elle est aussi parfois qualifiée de maladies inflammatoires chroniques intestinales (MICI).Bien que certains symptômes de la MII et le SCI soient semblables, le SCI a d’autres symptômes importants qui le différencient de la MII. Le SCI est souvent diagnostiquéavec beaucoup plus de confiance et ses traitements sont particuliers. Il est commun d’attribuer un diagnostic de SCI à une MII sans examen approfondi.</p><h2>Gestion du SCI par des changementsdestyle de vie et du régime alimentaire</h2> <p>On ne peut pas guérir duSCI, mais il est possible de gérer les symptômes. La façon de gérer les symptômes du SCI varie d’une personne à l’autre. Il se peut que vous ayez à essayer différentes choses pour découvrir ce qui vous convient le mieux.</p> <h3>Changements de style de vie</h3> <ul> <li><a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=647&language=French">Dormir</a> assez et faire suffisamment d’<a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=339&language=French">exercice</a></li> <li>Éviter le stress autant que possible</li> <li>Éviter de manger sur le pouce ou de sauter des repas</li> </ul> <h3>Changements diététiques</h3> <ul> <li>Manger des petits repas plus fréquemment au cours de la journée</li> <li>Éviter de manger de gros repas</li> <li>Manger les repas lentement</li> <li>Manger des repas à haute teneur en <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1444&language=French">protéines</a> et plus faibles en <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1445&language=French">gras</a></li> <li>Manger des aliments à <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=964&language=French">teneur élevée en fibres</a> solubles (son d’avoine, maïs, légumineuses, lentilles, oranges, pommes, poires, baies, graines de lin moulues)</li> <li>Boire de l’eau régulièrement</li> <li>Éviter les aliments connus pour déclencher les symptômes</li> </ul> <h2>Remarque sur les fibres insolubles</h2> <p>Les fibres insolubles sont importantes pour la régularité intestinalemais peuvent causer des symptômes associés au SCI chez certaines personnes. Consommez-en en petites quantités afin de trouver celle que vous pouvez manger sans provoquerdesymptômes. Essayez de peler, de cuire, de couper ou de réduire en purée vos fruits et légumes. Cela réduira l’effet des fibres insolubles sur vos intestins. Les sources de fibres insolubles comprennent les grains entiers, le riz brun, le seigle, les grains de lin moulues, les légumes, les fruits et le maïs.</p> <h2>Médicaments pour soulager les symptômes</h2> <p>Les médecins prescrivent des médicaments contre la douleur et les problèmes de selle tels que la diarrhée, la constipation, les gaz et la miction impérieuse. Demandez à votre médecin qu’il vous parle de ces médicaments si vous avez de la difficulté à gérer vos symptômes.</p>

 

 

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and nutrition823.000000000000Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and nutritionIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and nutritionIEnglishGastrointestinalPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Large Intestine/ColonLarge intestineConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2011-01-17T05:00:00ZCristina Cicco, RD64.00000000000007.00000000000000775.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An overview of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) outlining symptoms and treatments, including lifestyle changes that can help.</p><h2>What is irritable bowel syndrome?</h2><p>Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic condition of the large intestine (colon). The cause of IBS is unknown. In IBS, food moves through the colon too slowly, quickly or unpredictably. As a result, water absorption by the colon is disrupted causing diarrhea or constipation.</p><p>Stomach infections, stress, some foods and medicines can trigger symptoms of IBS, but do not cause it.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Digestive system</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_digestive_system_V3_EN.jpg" alt="The salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, large and small intestines, anus, pancreas, gallbladder and liver" /> </figure><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>IBS is a lifelong condition with no known cause.</li> <li>In IBS, the bowel does not function properly and causes symptoms like bloating, stomach pains, <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=7&language=English">diarrhea</a> and/or <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=6&language=English">constipation</a>.</li> <li>The severity of symptoms is different for different people.</li> <li>There is no cure for IBS but symptoms can be well managed. The first step is to find out what triggers symptoms.</li> <li>Most people can improve their quality of life by making dietary and lifestyle changes, and taking medicines if needed.</li> </ul><h2>Symptoms of IBS vary </h2> <p>Symptoms can flare-up, disappear and change over time. Common symptoms include:</p> <ul> <li>stomach pain or discomfort (cramping) </li> <li>bloating </li> <li>a changed need to go to the bathroom: either more often or less often</li> <li>change in consistency of stools (diarrhea, constipation) </li> <li>symptom relief after bowel movements</li> </ul> <p>IBS is not known to lead to other serious health problems. IBS can affect mental and social well-being if not well managed.</p><h2>Common IBS triggers</h2> <p>Some foods can make IBS symptoms worse by making the bowels over sensitive. Foods that can do this may include:</p> <ul> <li>foods high in insoluble fibre (raw fruits and vegetables, whole grains, bran, legumes)</li> <li>dairy products</li> <li>nuts, seeds and raisins</li> <li>chocolate</li> <li>spicy food </li> <li>coffee or other caffeinated beverages</li> <li>carbonated beverages</li> <li>alcohol</li> <li>artificial sweeteners (aspartame, sorbitol, sucralose, xylitol, maltitol)</li> </ul> <p>Other factors may increase IBS symptoms by over-stimulating the bowels. These may include:</p> <ul> <li>high fat or very low fat diet</li> <li>eating large meals.<br></li> </ul><h2>No specific tests to diagnose IBS</h2> <p>Diagnosing IBS may not be simple because the colon often looks normal. Your family doctor may refer you to a gastroenterologist to confirm diagnosis of IBS. Often, tests eliminate the possibility of other intestinal disease. IBS may run in families.</p> <h2>IBS and IBD are not the same thing</h2> <p>IBD stands for Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Although some symptoms between IBS and IBD are the same, IBD has other significant symptoms that make it different from IBS. IBD is often diagnosed with much more confidence and has specific treatments. It is common to misdiagnose IBD as IBS without a thorough examination.</p><h2>Managing IBS with life-style and diet changes</h2> <p>There is no cure for IBS, but symptoms can be managed. How IBS symptoms are best managed varies from person to person. You may have to try different things to discover what works for you.</p> <h3>Lifestyle changes</h3> <ul> <li>Get enough <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=646&language=English">sleep</a> and <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=641&language=English">exercise</a></li> <li>Avoid stress as much as possible</li> <li>Avoid eating on-the-run or skipping meals</li> </ul> <h3>Dietary changes</h3> <ul> <li>Eat small and frequent meals during the day</li> <li>Avoid large meals</li> <li>Eat meals slowly</li> <li>Eat higher <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1444&language=English">protein</a> and lower <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1445&language=English">fat</a> meals</li> <li>Eat foods with <a href="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=964&language=English">plenty of soluble fibre</a> (oat bran, corn, legumes, beans, oranges, apples, pears, berries, ground flax seeds)</li> <li>Drink water regularly </li> <li>Avoid foods known to cause symptoms</li> </ul> <h2>A note on insoluble fibre</h2> <p>Insoluble fibre is important for regular bowel movements, but it may cause symptoms for people with IBS. Introduce it in small amounts to find out how much you can eat and stay symptom-free. Try to peel, cook, chop or puree your fruits and vegetables. This will reduce the effect of insoluble fibre on your bowels. Sources of insoluble fibre include whole grains, brown rice, rye, whole flax seeds, vegetables, fruit and corn.</p> <h2>Medicines to help with symptoms</h2> <p>Doctors can prescribe medicines for pain and for problems with bowel movements such as diarrhea, constipation, gas, and urgency. Speak to your doctor about this if you have trouble managing your symptoms.</p><h2>Keep a detailed diary about food, activity, and your bowel movements</h2> <p>Write down the foods you eat and when; the frequency and consistency of stools; events and activities; and when your symptoms occur. This can help you and your doctor to find things to avoid and things to continue that help control symptoms of IBS.</p> <p>If there are foods you suspect cause symptoms, stop eating them. If there is no symptom relief, reintroduce the foods. Stop eating one food at a time if you suspect multiple foods are causing symptoms.</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/irritable_bowel_syndrome.jpgIrritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and nutritionFalse

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