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StrabismusSStrabismusStrabismusEnglishOphthalmologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)EyesNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2012-05-31T04:00:00ZYasmin Shariff, RN;Stephen Kraft, MD, FRCSC;Nasrin Najm-Tehrani, MD, FRCSC;Kamiar Mireskandari, MD, FRCSC7.0000000000000069.0000000000000750.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Strabismus is a condition where the eyes do not point in the same direction. Learn about the different types, what causes it, and how it is treated.</p><h2>What is strabismus?</h2><p>Strabismus (say: struh-BIZ-mus) is a condition where your child's eyes are not straight. One eye may be:</p><ul><li>turned in (esotropia, also called "cross eyed")</li><li>turned out (exotropia, also called "wall eye")</li><li>too high (hypertropia) compared to the other eye</li><li>too low (hypotropia) compared to the other eye</li></ul> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Types of strabismus</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Strabismus_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Strabismus is a condition that causes your child's eyes to point in different directions. </li> <li>There are several possible causes of strabismus, including weak eye muscles, heredity, cataract and nerve conditions. </li> <li>Treatment may include a combination of patching, eye glasses, eye drops, eye exercises and surgery. </li> <li>Surgery is only recommended if patching or eye glasses do not work.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of strabismus</h2> <p>Your child's strabismus can have several possible causes:</p> <ul> <li>weakened eye muscles </li> <li>abnormal nerve control of the eye muscles </li> <li>heredity (inheriting strabismus from a parent, aunt or uncle)</li> <li>blurred or poor vision in one or both eyes </li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=837&language=English">cataract</a> (clouding of the lens) </li> <li>a neurological condition (a condition that affects the nerves)</li> </ul><h2>Treatment for strabismus</h2><p>The treatment for strabismus is different for each child, depending on their vision problem and its cause. In general, treatment aims to: </p><ul><li>preserve, improve or restore (bring back) your child's vision</li><li>straighten the eyes</li><li>help the eyes work together</li></ul><p>Treatment can include patching, eye glasses, eye drops, eye exercises and surgery. Your doctor will explain what type of treatment is best for your child.</p><h3>Patching</h3><p>When strabismus results in amblyopia, or "lazy eye", the most common treatment is to apply a <a href="/Article?contentid=57&language=English">patch</a> over the stronger eye. This is called occlusion (say: uh-KLOO-zhun) therapy and will help to strengthen the vision in the lazy eye. Patching one eye, or each eye in turn, can sometimes treat strabismus even if your child does not have amblyopia.</p><p>Your doctor will explain how often to apply the patch and how long your child will need it. The doctor will check your child often to see if the treatment is working. </p><h3>Eye glasses</h3><p>Your child may need glasses to help the eyes work together, to improve their vision, or both. Eye glasses will only work if your child wears them all the time when they are awake. </p><h3>Eye drops</h3><p>In some cases, the doctor may prescribe special eye drops to blur the vision in the stronger eye. This makes the lazy eye work harder. It is very important to <a href="/Article?contentid=995&language=English">put in the eye drops</a> correctly. </p><h3>Eye exercises</h3><p>In specific cases, eye exercises may help the eyes move together better. Your doctor will tell you if your child needs to do these exercises.</p><h3>Surgery</h3><p>If eye glasses and patching are not enough to straighten your child's eyes, your child may need <a href="/Article?contentid=1018&language=English">strabismus surgery</a>. This surgery is designed to straighten the eyes, but it does not replace patching or eye glasses. For more information, please call the doctor who saw your child. </p><p>Please write your doctor's name and phone number here. </p><p><strong> Dr. ________________________ Phone: _____________________</strong><br></p>
StrabismeSStrabismeStrabismusFrenchOphthalmologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)EyesNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2012-05-31T04:00:00ZYasmin Shariff, RN;Stephen Kraft, MD, FRCSC;Nasrin Najm-Tehrani, MD, FRCSC;Kamiar Mireskandari, MD, FRCSC7.0000000000000069.0000000000000750.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Le strabisme est une pathologie où les yeux ne regardent pas dans la même direction. Vous apprendrez les types de strabisme, leurs causes et leur traitement.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que le strabisme?</h2> <p>Le strabisme (stra-bi-sme) est une pathologie dans laquelleles yeux de votre enfant ne regardent pas tous les deuxdans la même direction. Un œil peut être:</p> <ul> <li>tournévers l’intérieur (ésotropie), aussi appelé strabisme convergent;</li> <li>tournévers l’extérieur (exotropie), aussi appelé strabisme divergent;</li> <li>trop bas (hypotropie);</li> <li>trop élevé (hypertropie) en comparaison à l’autre œil.</li></ul> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Types de strabisme <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Strabismus_MED_ILL_FR.jpg" alt="" /> </span></figure><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Le strabisme, c’est quand les yeux de votre enfant ne regardent pas tous les deuxdans la même direction. </li> <li>Il y a de nombreuses causes pour le strabisme. </li> <li>Au nombre des traitements, il y a l’installation de pansements, les lunettes, les gouttes, les exercices et la chirurgie. </li> <li>L’opération de chirurgie est recommandée uniquement sile pansement ni les lunettes ne fonctionnent pas. </li></ul><h2>Causes du strabisme</h2> <p>Le strabisme peut avoir plusieurscauses possibles:</p> <ul> <li>faiblesse des muscles de l’œil;</li> <li>mauvais contrôle nerveux des muscles de l’œil; </li> <li>hérédité, c’est-à-dire qu’un parent est aussi atteint;</li> <li>vision trouble ou faible d'un œil ou des deux; </li> <li>un trouble dans l’œil comme la cataracteou un voilement du cristallin; </li> <li>un problème avec les nerfs ou le système nerveux (trouble neurologique). </li></ul><h2>Traitement du strabisme</h2> <p>Le traitement du strabisme a trois objectifs :</p> <ul> <li> préserver, améliorer ou restaurerla vision; </li> <li> «redresser »les yeux;</li> <li> aider les yeux à travailler ensemble.</li></ul> <p>Le traitement peut comprendre pansement oculaire ou cache-œil, lunettes, gouttes ophtalmiques, et chirurgie. Le médecin vous expliquera quel type de traitement convient le mieux à votre enfant.</p> <h3>Pansement oculaire (ou cache-œil)</h3> <p>Quand le strabisme entraîne une amblyopie, le traitement le plus courant consiste à poser un <a href="/Article?contentid=57&language=French">pansement oculaire</a> sur l’œil le plus fort. C’est ce que l’on appelle le traitement par occlusion. Il aide à renforcer la vision de l’œil paresseux. Même si votre enfant n’a pas d’amblyopie, parfois, le fait de panser un œil ou les deux en alternance peut traiter le strabisme.</p> <p>Votre médecin vous expliquera combien de temps appliquer le pansement et à quelle fréquence. Le médecin examinera votre enfant souvent pour voir si le traitement fonctionne. </p> <h3>Lunettes de vue</h3> <p>Votre enfant pourrait avoir besoin de lunettes pour aider les yeux à travailler ensemble et/oupour que votre enfant voie mieux. Votre enfant doit porter les lunettes en tout temps quand il est réveillé. </p> <h3>Gouttes ophtalmiques</h3> <p>Dans certains cas, on pourrait devoir brouiller la vision dans l’œil le plus fort avec des gouttes spéciales. Cela fera travailler plusl’œil paresseux. Il est important d'appliquer les <a href="/Article?contentid=995&language=French">gouttes correctement dans l'œil</a>.</p> <h3>Exercices des yeux</h3> <p>Dans certains cas, des exercices peuvent aider les yeux à mieux travailler ensemble. Votre médecin vous dira si votre enfant a besoin de ces exercices. </p> <h3 class="ms-rteElement-H3"><span>Opér​ation</span></h3> <p> </p><p>Votre enfant pourrait avoir besoin d’une <a href="/Article?contentid=1018&language=French">opération pour corriger la position des yeux</a>. Si votre enfant se fait opérer, il aura besoin de lunettes et d’un pansement oculaire.Pour en savoir davantage, parlez au médecin qui a vu votre enfant.</p> <p><strong>​</strong>Inscrivez ici le nom et numéro de téléphone de votre docteur.</p> <p><strong>Dr. ______________________Numéro de téléphone: ___________________​</strong></p>

 

 

Strabismus836.000000000000StrabismusStrabismusSEnglishOphthalmologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)EyesNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2012-05-31T04:00:00ZYasmin Shariff, RN;Stephen Kraft, MD, FRCSC;Nasrin Najm-Tehrani, MD, FRCSC;Kamiar Mireskandari, MD, FRCSC7.0000000000000069.0000000000000750.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Strabismus is a condition where the eyes do not point in the same direction. Learn about the different types, what causes it, and how it is treated.</p><h2>What is strabismus?</h2><p>Strabismus (say: struh-BIZ-mus) is a condition where your child's eyes are not straight. One eye may be:</p><ul><li>turned in (esotropia, also called "cross eyed")</li><li>turned out (exotropia, also called "wall eye")</li><li>too high (hypertropia) compared to the other eye</li><li>too low (hypotropia) compared to the other eye</li></ul> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Types of strabismus</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Strabismus_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure><h2>How the eyes work together</h2><p>The movements of the eyes up and down and from side to side are controlled by six muscles attached to the outside of the eyeball. When the eyeball turns, one muscle pulls while the opposite muscle relaxes. The muscles are positioned in a way that keeps the eyes parallel (straight) as they move together in all directions. </p> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Eye_Muscles_MED_ILL_EN.png" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">The eye muscles work in pairs to move the eyes to look left, right, up or down. For example, when looking to the right, the left medial rectus muscle contracts while the left lateral rectus muscle relaxes, and the right lateral muscle contracts while the right medial rectus muscle relaxes.</figcaption> </figure> <h2>What happens when the eyes do not work together</h2><p>Most people can look at an object with both eyes at the same time. This is called normal binocular vision (seeing with both eyes). Children with strabismus have a problem with binocular vision. They cannot use both eyes normally at the same time because the eyes are pointing in different directions. </p> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Normal_vs_Strabismus_MED_ILL_EN.png" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Strabismus can cause the brain to ignore input from that eye. This can lead to amblyopia, decreased visual function in one eye.</figcaption> </figure> <p>Fine vision, called visual acuity (say: ak-YOO-it-ee), usually remains normal in each eye if the eyes take turns looking at things. However, if your child prefers just one eye all the time, the vision in the other eye may not develop properly. This decreased vision is called <a href="/Article?contentid=835&language=English">amblyopia</a> or "lazy eye". </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Strabismus is a condition that causes your child's eyes to point in different directions. </li> <li>There are several possible causes of strabismus, including weak eye muscles, heredity, cataract and nerve conditions. </li> <li>Treatment may include a combination of patching, eye glasses, eye drops, eye exercises and surgery. </li> <li>Surgery is only recommended if patching or eye glasses do not work.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of strabismus</h2> <p>Your child's strabismus can have several possible causes:</p> <ul> <li>weakened eye muscles </li> <li>abnormal nerve control of the eye muscles </li> <li>heredity (inheriting strabismus from a parent, aunt or uncle)</li> <li>blurred or poor vision in one or both eyes </li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=837&language=English">cataract</a> (clouding of the lens) </li> <li>a neurological condition (a condition that affects the nerves)</li> </ul><h2>Treatment for strabismus</h2><p>The treatment for strabismus is different for each child, depending on their vision problem and its cause. In general, treatment aims to: </p><ul><li>preserve, improve or restore (bring back) your child's vision</li><li>straighten the eyes</li><li>help the eyes work together</li></ul><p>Treatment can include patching, eye glasses, eye drops, eye exercises and surgery. Your doctor will explain what type of treatment is best for your child.</p><h3>Patching</h3><p>When strabismus results in amblyopia, or "lazy eye", the most common treatment is to apply a <a href="/Article?contentid=57&language=English">patch</a> over the stronger eye. This is called occlusion (say: uh-KLOO-zhun) therapy and will help to strengthen the vision in the lazy eye. Patching one eye, or each eye in turn, can sometimes treat strabismus even if your child does not have amblyopia.</p><p>Your doctor will explain how often to apply the patch and how long your child will need it. The doctor will check your child often to see if the treatment is working. </p><h3>Eye glasses</h3><p>Your child may need glasses to help the eyes work together, to improve their vision, or both. Eye glasses will only work if your child wears them all the time when they are awake. </p><h3>Eye drops</h3><p>In some cases, the doctor may prescribe special eye drops to blur the vision in the stronger eye. This makes the lazy eye work harder. It is very important to <a href="/Article?contentid=995&language=English">put in the eye drops</a> correctly. </p><h3>Eye exercises</h3><p>In specific cases, eye exercises may help the eyes move together better. Your doctor will tell you if your child needs to do these exercises.</p><h3>Surgery</h3><p>If eye glasses and patching are not enough to straighten your child's eyes, your child may need <a href="/Article?contentid=1018&language=English">strabismus surgery</a>. This surgery is designed to straighten the eyes, but it does not replace patching or eye glasses. For more information, please call the doctor who saw your child. </p><p>Please write your doctor's name and phone number here. </p><p><strong> Dr. ________________________ Phone: _____________________</strong><br></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Strabismus_MED_ILL_EN.jpgStrabismus

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