Blue spells (cyanosis) and children with heart conditionsBBlue spells (cyanosis) and children with heart conditionsBlue spells (cyanosis) and children with heart conditionsEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartHeartConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2014-02-11T05:00:00ZJennifer Russell, MD, FRCPC;Cindy Wasyliw, RN,MN;Laurie Cender, RN, MSN;Mary Spencer, RN, MSN;Norma Becker, RN, BN;Mandy Johnson, RN;Bindy Sweett, CCLS5.0000000000000083.0000000000000443.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Blue spells occur when a child's lungs are not receiving enough blood to carry oxygen to the rest of the body. Find out what to do in case of a blue spell.</p><h2>What are blue spells?</h2> <p>Blue spells, which are also called cyanotic spells, are short periods when a reduced amount of blood flows into the lungs. Since blood carries oxygen, less oxygen is delivered to the body. As a result, a child may appear blue or bluish.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>During a blue spell, your child may suddenly feel uncomfortable; be cranky or less alert; breathe faster and deeper; turn blue, especially around the mouth and face; faint or feel faint. </li> <li>If your child has a blue spell, stay calm. </li> <li>If your child is a baby, place them on their back and bring their knees up to touch their chest. Comfort and soothe them. </li> <li>If your child is older, place them on their side and bring their knees up to their chest. </li> <li>If the blue spell is long and your child is less alert, or if your child faints, call 911. </li> </ul><h2>During a blue spell your child may</h2> <ul> <li>suddenly feel uncomfortable or be cranky or less alert</li> <li>begin to breathe faster and deeper</li> <li>turn blue, especially around the mouth and face</li> <li>faint or feel faint </li> </ul><h2>Blue spells are caused by reduced blood flow to the lungs</h2><p>The most common cause of blue spells is a sudden narrowing of the path between the heart and the lungs. This narrowing lowers the amount of blood going to the lungs. The children most often affected by blue spells are those with <a href="/Article?contentid=1621&language=English">tetralogy of Fallot</a> (a form of congenital heart disease). However, blue spells may also occur in children with other forms of heart disease in which blood flow to the lungs is reduced. </p><p>Some children may appear blue after getting cold or having a bath; this is not a blue spell.</p><h2>Blue spells are most common</h2><ul><li>when a baby cries strongly </li><li>soon after waking </li><li>soon after a feeding </li><li>soon after a bowel movement </li><li>if a baby is dehydrated and needs liquids <br></li></ul><h2>When you should call the doctor</h2> <ul> <li>If this is your child's first blue spell, tell your child's <a href="/Article?contentid=1591&language=English">cardiologist</a> (heart specialist).</li> <li>If the frequency of your child's blue spells increases, tell your child's cardiologist. </li> <li>If the blue spell lasts longer than one minute, take your child to the nearest emergency department. </li> </ul> <p><strong>If the blue spell lasts longer than one minute and there is also a change in your child's level of alertness or if your child faints, call 911.</strong></p>
Cyanose (coloration bleue) chez les enfants avec des problèmes cardiaquesCCyanose (coloration bleue) chez les enfants avec des problèmes cardiaquesBlue spells (cyanosis) and children with heart conditionsFrenchCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartHeartConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2014-02-11T05:00:00ZJennifer Russell, MD, FRCPC;Cindy Wasyliw, RN,MN;Laurie Cender, RN, MSN;Mary Spencer, RN, MSN;Norma Becker, RN, BN;Mandy Johnson, RN;Bindy Sweett, CCLS5.0000000000000083.0000000000000443.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Un épisode de cyanose se produit lorsque les poumons d'un enfant ne reçoivent pas suffisamment de sang pour transporter l'oxygène vers le corps.</p><h2>Qu'est-ce qu'une cyanose?</h2> <p>Les épisodes de cyanose désignent de courtes périodes où une quantité réduite de sang parvient aux poumons. Puisque le sang transporte l'oxygène, moins d'oxygène est alors envoyé dans le corps. C'est pourquoi l'enfant peut prendre une coloration bleuâtre. </p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Pendant un épisode de cyanose, votre enfant peut ressentir de l'inconfort, être grognon ou moins éveillé, respirer plus rapidement et plus profondément, devenir bleu, surtout le visage et autour de la bouche, s'évanouir ou se sentir faible.</li> <li>Si votre enfant connaît un épisode de cyanose, restez calme.</li> <li>S'il s'agit d'un bébé, placez-le sur le dos et repliez ses genoux sur sa poitrine. Réconfortez-le et calmez-le.</li> <li>S'il s'agit d'un enfant plus âgé, placez-le sur le côté et repliez ses genoux sur sa poitrine.</li> <li>Si l'épisode de cyanose dure et que votre enfant devient moins alerte, ou s'il s'évanouit, composez le 911.</li> </ul><h2>Pendant une cyanose, votre enfant peut :</h2> <ul> <li>se sentir soudainement mal, être grognon ou moins alerte,</li> <li>commencer à respirer plus rapidement et plus profondément,</li> <li>prendre une coloration bleutée, surtout sur le visage et autour de la bouche,</li> <li>s'évanouir ou se sentir faible.</li> </ul><h2>Les épisodes de cyanose sont causés par une réduction du débit sanguin vers les poumons</h2><p>Les épisodes de cyanose sont causés par une réduction du débit sanguin vers les poumons <a href="/Article?contentid=1600&language=French">tétralogie de Fallot </a> (une forme de malformation cardiaque congénitale). Toutefois, des enfants avec d'autres formes de problèmes cardiaques qui réduisent le débit sanguin vers les poumons peuvent également connaître des épisodes de cyanose. Certains enfants peuvent avoir une couleur bleutée lorsqu'ils ont froid ou après le bain. Il ne s'agit cependant pas d'un épisode de cyanose.</p><p>Les épisodes de cyanose sont les plus courants :</p><ul><li>lorsqu'un bébé pleure fortement,</li><li>peu de temps après le réveil,</li><li>peu de temps après avoir mangé,</li><li>peu de temps après avoir été à la selle,</li><li>lorsqu'un enfant est déshydraté et qu'il a besoin de boire. </li></ul><h2>Quand appeler le docteur</h2> <ul> <li>S'il s'agit du premier épisode de cyanose de votre enfant, indiquez-le au cardiologue qui s'occupe de votre enfant.</li> <li>Si votre enfant a des épisodes de cyanose plus fréquemment qu'à l'habitude, dites-le au cardiologue qui suit votre enfant.</li> <li>Si l'épisode de cyanose dure plus qu'une minute, amenez votre enfant au service d'urgence le plus proche.</li> </ul> <p><strong>Si l'épisode de cyanose dure plus d'une minute ou si votre enfant s'évanouit, appelez les secours en composant le 911.</strong></p>

 

 

Blue spells (cyanosis) and children with heart conditions896.000000000000Blue spells (cyanosis) and children with heart conditionsBlue spells (cyanosis) and children with heart conditionsBEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartHeartConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2014-02-11T05:00:00ZJennifer Russell, MD, FRCPC;Cindy Wasyliw, RN,MN;Laurie Cender, RN, MSN;Mary Spencer, RN, MSN;Norma Becker, RN, BN;Mandy Johnson, RN;Bindy Sweett, CCLS5.0000000000000083.0000000000000443.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Blue spells occur when a child's lungs are not receiving enough blood to carry oxygen to the rest of the body. Find out what to do in case of a blue spell.</p><h2>What are blue spells?</h2> <p>Blue spells, which are also called cyanotic spells, are short periods when a reduced amount of blood flows into the lungs. Since blood carries oxygen, less oxygen is delivered to the body. As a result, a child may appear blue or bluish.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>During a blue spell, your child may suddenly feel uncomfortable; be cranky or less alert; breathe faster and deeper; turn blue, especially around the mouth and face; faint or feel faint. </li> <li>If your child has a blue spell, stay calm. </li> <li>If your child is a baby, place them on their back and bring their knees up to touch their chest. Comfort and soothe them. </li> <li>If your child is older, place them on their side and bring their knees up to their chest. </li> <li>If the blue spell is long and your child is less alert, or if your child faints, call 911. </li> </ul><h2>During a blue spell your child may</h2> <ul> <li>suddenly feel uncomfortable or be cranky or less alert</li> <li>begin to breathe faster and deeper</li> <li>turn blue, especially around the mouth and face</li> <li>faint or feel faint </li> </ul><h2>Blue spells are caused by reduced blood flow to the lungs</h2><p>The most common cause of blue spells is a sudden narrowing of the path between the heart and the lungs. This narrowing lowers the amount of blood going to the lungs. The children most often affected by blue spells are those with <a href="/Article?contentid=1621&language=English">tetralogy of Fallot</a> (a form of congenital heart disease). However, blue spells may also occur in children with other forms of heart disease in which blood flow to the lungs is reduced. </p><p>Some children may appear blue after getting cold or having a bath; this is not a blue spell.</p><h2>Blue spells are most common</h2><ul><li>when a baby cries strongly </li><li>soon after waking </li><li>soon after a feeding </li><li>soon after a bowel movement </li><li>if a baby is dehydrated and needs liquids <br></li></ul><h2>Helping your child during a blue spell</h2><p>If your child has a blue spell, do not panic. To help your child, follow these steps:</p><h3>For babies</h3> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Baby_kneesup_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <ul><li>Place your baby on their back.</li><li>Bring the baby's knees up to touch the chest and hold them firmly in place. You can also do this while holding your baby.</li><li>Comfort and settle your baby by holding and rocking, giving a soother and gentle cuddling.</li><li>Remain calm. Your baby can sense when you are upset, which will make it harder to settle the baby.</li></ul><h3>For older children<br></h3> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Child_lying_side_knees_up_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <p>Place your child on their side, bringing the knees up to the chest and hold them firmly in place. Some children will automatically squat during a blue spell. This is their way of bringing their knees to the chest on their own. Make sure you can see your child's face so you can watch for colour changes and check the degree of alertness and length of the spell.</p><h2>When you should call the doctor</h2> <ul> <li>If this is your child's first blue spell, tell your child's <a href="/Article?contentid=1591&language=English">cardiologist</a> (heart specialist).</li> <li>If the frequency of your child's blue spells increases, tell your child's cardiologist. </li> <li>If the blue spell lasts longer than one minute, take your child to the nearest emergency department. </li> </ul> <p><strong>If the blue spell lasts longer than one minute and there is also a change in your child's level of alertness or if your child faints, call 911.</strong></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Baby_kneesup_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpgBlue spells (cyanosis) and children with heart conditions

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