HIV and your babyHHIV and your babyHIV and your babyEnglishInfectious DiseasesNewborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2013-12-18T05:00:00ZDebra Louch, RN;Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP;Georgina MacDougall, RN8.0000000000000064.0000000000000975.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn how to lower the risk of passing HIV to your baby and how the doctor can tell if your baby has HIV once they are born.</p><h2>What is HIV?</h2> <p>HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. <a href="/Article?contentid=910&language=English">HIV</a> is a virus that infects certain white blood cells of the immune system. It makes the immune system weaker over time. This puts a person at risk of other serious infections.</p> <p>A woman who is infected with HIV (HIV-positive) can unknowingly pass the infection onto her baby during pregnancy, at birth or through breastfeeding. Some women do not know they have HIV until they are pregnant and get tested.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>One in four babies of HIV-positive mothers will be infected with HIV if the mother does not receive proper care and medication during pregnancy and delivery.</li> <li>The risk of passing HIV onto the baby can be lowered if the mother's viral load is undetectable throughout the pregnancy, if mother and baby take their medicines and if the baby is formula fed and not breast fed.</li> <li>Your baby will be tested several times, several months apart to make sure they do not have HIV infection.</li> <li>Your baby will need follow-up care to see if the medicines cause any side effects.</li> </ul><h2>Taking HIV medicine during pregnancy lowers the risk of passing the virus to your baby</h2> <p>If a pregnant woman has HIV and does not receive medicine during pregnancy or delivery, the risk of infection for the baby is around 25%. This means one in four babies will be infected.</p> <p>The risk that your baby will be infected with HIV is much lower if:</p> <ul> <li>You take HIV medicines regularly as prescribed.</li> <li>Your health care team knows about your condition so they can deliver proper care during childbirth.</li> <li>After being born, your baby takes medicines for six weeks.</li> <li>You formula feed your baby and do not breast feed.</li> </ul> <p>In this case, the risk of infection to your baby is less than 1%. This means that fewer than one in 100 babies will be infected.</p> <p>For more information, please read <a href="/Article?contentid=908&language=English">HIV and Pregnancy</a>.</p><h2>Your baby will be tested for HIV</h2> <p>The doctor cannot tell if your baby has HIV just by looking at them. Most of the time, babies with HIV look the same as babies who do not have HIV. If a baby becomes sick with other infections, this could be related to HIV. It could also be an infection that the baby would have had anyway.</p> <h3>Tests for HIV</h3> <p>Your baby's doctor needs to test your baby's blood soon after birth and two more times, usually when your baby is one month old and two months old. The test looks for HIV in your baby's blood. It takes about one month to get the test results back. If the tests do not find any virus, it means your baby is not infected with HIV.</p> <p>For more information, please read our page <a href="/Article?contentid=910&language=English">HIV and AIDS</a>.</p><h2>Formula feed your baby instead of breast feeding</h2><p>In Canada and other developed countries, formula is the safest form of nutrition for your baby if you have HIV. HIV can be passed onto your baby, through breastfeeding, even if your viral load is undetectable. Discuss with your health-care team your feelings about breast feeding and any concerns you have about not breast feeding.</p><p>In Ontario the Teresa Group provides free formula for the first year of life to babies born to HIV-positive mothers. Find out more by calling the Teresa Group (416-596-7703) or visiting their website <a target="_blank" href="http://www.teresagroup.ca/">www.teresagroup.ca</a>.</p><p>If you live outside Ontario, ask your health-care provider about programs that provide free formula.</p><h2>Your baby will need to take AZT</h2><p>Your baby will be given a medicine called zidovudine (AZT) within the first 24 hours after birth. You will need to give your baby this medicine twice a day for the first six weeks of life. This will lower the risk that your baby will be infected with HIV. A nurse or another health-care professional will show you how to give the medicine. In Canada, it is provided free by the Ministry of Health.</p><p>A nurse or another health care professional will show you how to give the medicine.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Giving oral medication</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/oral_medication_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <h3>Your baby may have side effects from the medicines</h3><p>Even if the HIV test is negative, the doctor will follow your baby to see if the medications cause any short-term or long-term problems. The medicines given to pregnant mothers are very safe. A few short-term side effects can sometimes happen.</p><ul><li>The AZT may cause anemia in your baby after birth. <a href="/Article?contentid=841&language=English">Anemia</a> means your baby does not have enough red blood cells, the cells that carry oxygen to the rest of the body.</li><li>AZT may also damage mitochondria and cause the baby to have problems with the blood or liver. Mitochondria are found in all the cells in your body. They help make energy in the cell.</li></ul><p>Any anemia or mitochondrial damage usually goes away once you are finished giving AZT to your baby.</p><p>So far, there have been no reported problems with taking these medicines. They do not lead to any major long-term effects. Children exposed to these medications are normal.</p><p>Your health-care team will assess your child's development on a regular basis. If there are any concerns, they will make suggestions or will refer your child to other programs.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Mitochondria</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Mitochondrion_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Cells have smaller subunits called organelles which have special functions. Mitochondria are organelles which act as energy factories.</figcaption> </figure> <h2>If your baby's HIV test is positive</h2><p>In Canada, children with HIV can live healthy, normal lives if they go to clinic regularly for health care and take medicines as prescribed. If your baby is diagnosed early, the doctor can start medicines right away, if needed, to keep your baby healthy.</p><p>For more information, please read <a href="/Article?contentid=900&language=English">HIV and Your Child</a>.</p><h2>HIV and pregnancy resources</h2> <p>If you have any questions or concerns, contact your child's doctor or the HIV clinic.</p> <p>For more information, please see the following:</p> <ul> <li>Motherisk <a target="_blank" href="http://www.motherisk.org/">www.motherisk.org</a></li> <li>Teresa Group <a target="_blank" href="http://www.teresagroup.ca/">www.teresagroup.ca</a> 416-596-7703</li> </ul>
فيروس نقص المناعة البشرية وطفلك الرضيعففيروس نقص المناعة البشرية وطفلك الرضيعHIV and your babyArabicInfectious DiseasesNewborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPC;Debra Louch, RN;Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP8.0000000000000067.00000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>الأطفال وفيروس نقص المناعة البشرية: احصل على معلومات عن فيروس نقص المناعة البشرية. نقل فيروس نقص المناعة البشرية من الام الى الطفل يمكن ان يحدث عند الرضاعة الطبيعية.</p>
人体免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)和你的宝宝人体免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)和你的宝宝HIV and your babyChineseSimplifiedInfectious DiseasesNewborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FP67.00000000000008.000000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z了解如何降低将 HIV 传给你的宝宝的的风险以及医生如何确定你的宝宝出生时是否感染了 HIV。<br>
HIV 和你的寶寶HHIV 和你的寶寶HIV and Your BabyChineseTraditionalInfectious DiseasesNewborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FP67.00000000000008.000000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z​了解新生兒HIV感染途徑及原因,對HIV孕婦採取適當護理,預防HIV感染
O VIH e o bebéOO VIH e o bebéHIV and Your BabyPortugueseNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPC Debra Louch, RN Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP67.00000000000008.000000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>VIH no bebé: saiba como evitar a transmissão do VIH ao bebé e as precauções a tomar para VIH em lactentes. Conheça todas as recomendações para reduzir riscos</p>
ਐੱਚਆਈਵੀ (HIV) ਅਤੇ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਬੇਬੀਐੱਚਆਈਵੀ (HIV) ਅਤੇ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਬੇਬੀHIV and Your BabyPunjabiNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2011-04-12T04:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP67.00000000000008.000000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ਐੱਚਆਈਵੀ (HIV) ਦਾ ਆਪਣੇ ਬੇਬੀ ਤੀਕ ਫ਼ੈਲਣ ਦੇ ਖ਼ਤਰੇ ਨੂੰ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਘਟਾਉਣ ਅਤੇ ਬੇਬੀ ਦੇ ਪੈਦਾ ਹੋਣ ਪਿੱਛੋਂ ਡਾਕਟਰ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਦੱਸ ਸਕਦਾ ਹੈ ਕਿ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਬੇਬੀ ਨੂੰ ਐੱਚਆਈਵੀ (HIV) ਬਾਰੇ ਸਿੱਖੋ।</p>
El VIH y su bebéEEl VIH y su bebéHIV and Your BabySpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPC Debra Louch, RN Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP67.00000000000008.000000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Lea consejos y precauciones si tiene VIH para no transmitirlo a su niño. Conozca cómo podrá determinar el médico si su bebé tiene el VIH una vez que nazca.</p>
VVU na mtoto mchanga wakoVVVU na mtoto mchanga wakoHIV and Your BabySwahiliPregnancyAdult (19+)NAImmune systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP67.00000000000008.000000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Kujifunza jinsi ya kupunguza hatari ya kupitisha HIV mtoto wako na jinsi daktari anaweza kujua kama mtoto wako ana VVU mara moja yeye kuzaliwa.</p>
HIV யும் உங்கள் குழந்தையும்HHIV யும் உங்கள் குழந்தையும்HIV and Your BabyTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP67.00000000000008.000000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>உங்களது குழந்தைக்கு HIV தொற்றுவதற்கான அபாயத்தை எவ்வாறு குறைக்க முடியும் என்பதையும் உங்களது குழந்தை பிறக்கும் போது HIV-யுடன் இருக்கிறது என்பதை குழந்தை HIV பரிசோதனை மூலம் மருத்துவர் எவ்வாறு கூறமுடியும் என்பதையும் தெரிந்து கொள்ளுங்கள்.</p>
ایچ آئ وی اور آپکا بچہاایچ آئ وی اور آپکا بچہHIV and Your BabyUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA1901-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP67.00000000000008.000000000000001242.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>معلوم کریں کہ کس طرح اپنے بچے میںHIV منتقل ہونے کے خطرات کو کس طرح کم کرسکتے ہیں اور کس طرح ڈاکٹر بچے کی پیدائش کے بعد اس کی HIV جانچ کے ذریعہ بتا سکتا ہے کہ آیا آپ کے بچے کو HIV ہے۔<br></p><h2>ضروری نکا ت</h2><ul><li>اکر ایچ آئ وی پازیٹیو ماؤں نے دوران حمل ادویات کا استعمال نہ کیا تو چار میں سے ایک بچہ ایچ آئ وی کی بیماری کا شکار ھو سکتا ھے </li><li>ماں اور بچہ، دونوں کا دوا لینا ایچ آئ وی کے خطرات کو کم کر سکتا ھے </li><li>بچے کو دوا دینے کے بعد دوا کے ذیلی اثرات پر نظر رکھنا ضروری ھے​</li></ul>

 

 

HIV and your baby899.000000000000HIV and your babyHIV and your babyHEnglishInfectious DiseasesNewborn (0-28 days);Baby (1-12 months)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2013-12-18T05:00:00ZDebra Louch, RN;Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP;Georgina MacDougall, RN8.0000000000000064.0000000000000975.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn how to lower the risk of passing HIV to your baby and how the doctor can tell if your baby has HIV once they are born.</p><h2>What is HIV?</h2> <p>HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. <a href="/Article?contentid=910&language=English">HIV</a> is a virus that infects certain white blood cells of the immune system. It makes the immune system weaker over time. This puts a person at risk of other serious infections.</p> <p>A woman who is infected with HIV (HIV-positive) can unknowingly pass the infection onto her baby during pregnancy, at birth or through breastfeeding. Some women do not know they have HIV until they are pregnant and get tested.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>One in four babies of HIV-positive mothers will be infected with HIV if the mother does not receive proper care and medication during pregnancy and delivery.</li> <li>The risk of passing HIV onto the baby can be lowered if the mother's viral load is undetectable throughout the pregnancy, if mother and baby take their medicines and if the baby is formula fed and not breast fed.</li> <li>Your baby will be tested several times, several months apart to make sure they do not have HIV infection.</li> <li>Your baby will need follow-up care to see if the medicines cause any side effects.</li> </ul><h2>Taking HIV medicine during pregnancy lowers the risk of passing the virus to your baby</h2> <p>If a pregnant woman has HIV and does not receive medicine during pregnancy or delivery, the risk of infection for the baby is around 25%. This means one in four babies will be infected.</p> <p>The risk that your baby will be infected with HIV is much lower if:</p> <ul> <li>You take HIV medicines regularly as prescribed.</li> <li>Your health care team knows about your condition so they can deliver proper care during childbirth.</li> <li>After being born, your baby takes medicines for six weeks.</li> <li>You formula feed your baby and do not breast feed.</li> </ul> <p>In this case, the risk of infection to your baby is less than 1%. This means that fewer than one in 100 babies will be infected.</p> <p>For more information, please read <a href="/Article?contentid=908&language=English">HIV and Pregnancy</a>.</p><h2>Your baby will be tested for HIV</h2> <p>The doctor cannot tell if your baby has HIV just by looking at them. Most of the time, babies with HIV look the same as babies who do not have HIV. If a baby becomes sick with other infections, this could be related to HIV. It could also be an infection that the baby would have had anyway.</p> <h3>Tests for HIV</h3> <p>Your baby's doctor needs to test your baby's blood soon after birth and two more times, usually when your baby is one month old and two months old. The test looks for HIV in your baby's blood. It takes about one month to get the test results back. If the tests do not find any virus, it means your baby is not infected with HIV.</p> <p>For more information, please read our page <a href="/Article?contentid=910&language=English">HIV and AIDS</a>.</p><h2>Formula feed your baby instead of breast feeding</h2><p>In Canada and other developed countries, formula is the safest form of nutrition for your baby if you have HIV. HIV can be passed onto your baby, through breastfeeding, even if your viral load is undetectable. Discuss with your health-care team your feelings about breast feeding and any concerns you have about not breast feeding.</p><p>In Ontario the Teresa Group provides free formula for the first year of life to babies born to HIV-positive mothers. Find out more by calling the Teresa Group (416-596-7703) or visiting their website <a target="_blank" href="http://www.teresagroup.ca/">www.teresagroup.ca</a>.</p><p>If you live outside Ontario, ask your health-care provider about programs that provide free formula.</p><h2>Your baby will need to take AZT</h2><p>Your baby will be given a medicine called zidovudine (AZT) within the first 24 hours after birth. You will need to give your baby this medicine twice a day for the first six weeks of life. This will lower the risk that your baby will be infected with HIV. A nurse or another health-care professional will show you how to give the medicine. In Canada, it is provided free by the Ministry of Health.</p><p>A nurse or another health care professional will show you how to give the medicine.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Giving oral medication</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/oral_medication_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure> <h3>Your baby may have side effects from the medicines</h3><p>Even if the HIV test is negative, the doctor will follow your baby to see if the medications cause any short-term or long-term problems. The medicines given to pregnant mothers are very safe. A few short-term side effects can sometimes happen.</p><ul><li>The AZT may cause anemia in your baby after birth. <a href="/Article?contentid=841&language=English">Anemia</a> means your baby does not have enough red blood cells, the cells that carry oxygen to the rest of the body.</li><li>AZT may also damage mitochondria and cause the baby to have problems with the blood or liver. Mitochondria are found in all the cells in your body. They help make energy in the cell.</li></ul><p>Any anemia or mitochondrial damage usually goes away once you are finished giving AZT to your baby.</p><p>So far, there have been no reported problems with taking these medicines. They do not lead to any major long-term effects. Children exposed to these medications are normal.</p><p>Your health-care team will assess your child's development on a regular basis. If there are any concerns, they will make suggestions or will refer your child to other programs.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Mitochondria</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Mitochondrion_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Cells have smaller subunits called organelles which have special functions. Mitochondria are organelles which act as energy factories.</figcaption> </figure> <h2>If your baby's HIV test is positive</h2><p>In Canada, children with HIV can live healthy, normal lives if they go to clinic regularly for health care and take medicines as prescribed. If your baby is diagnosed early, the doctor can start medicines right away, if needed, to keep your baby healthy.</p><p>For more information, please read <a href="/Article?contentid=900&language=English">HIV and Your Child</a>.</p><h2>HIV and pregnancy resources</h2> <p>If you have any questions or concerns, contact your child's doctor or the HIV clinic.</p> <p>For more information, please see the following:</p> <ul> <li>Motherisk <a target="_blank" href="http://www.motherisk.org/">www.motherisk.org</a></li> <li>Teresa Group <a target="_blank" href="http://www.teresagroup.ca/">www.teresagroup.ca</a> 416-596-7703</li> </ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/HIV_and_your_baby.jpgHIV and your baby

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