MononucleosisMMononucleosisMononucleosisEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Abdominal pain;Fatigue;Fever;Headache;Nausea;Rash;Sore throat2015-01-07T05:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng8.0000000000000062.00000000000001155.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Mononucleosis, or mono is a type of viral infection. Learn about signs and symptoms and how to take care of your child at home.</p><h2>What is mononucleosis?</h2><p>Mononucleosis (mono) is a viral infection that is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). This virus spreads through infected saliva. In children, this may happen through <a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">coughing</a> or by handling or chewing toys that have been contaminated by the virus. In teens, the virus can spread through sharing food and drinks, or toothbrushes or through close, personal contact such as kissing.</p><p>Other viruses that can cause a mononucleosis-like illness include cytomegalovirus, <em>Toxoplasma gondii</em>, adenovirus and viral hepatitis.</p><br><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>In children, mono is a type of viral infection that can cause no symptoms or a mild febrile illness.</li> <li>Teens and young adults with mono often have other symptoms with their fever, including sore throat, headaches and swollen lymph nodes.</li> <li>Keep your child comfortable and hydrated while their body fights the illness.</li> <li>Avoid sports and heavy lifting. Injury to the spleen can cause severe internal bleeding.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of mono</h2> <p>A child or teen can have infectious mononucleosis from EBV for some time before showing any symptoms. This is known as the incubation time of a virus. The incubation time for mono can be up to 30 to 50 days in teens, but it is shorter for children.</p> <h3>Children</h3> <p>In children, mono typically shows very few or no symptoms. Any minor symptoms are usually limited to:</p> <ul> <li>a <a href="/Article?contentid=12&language=English">cold</a></li> <li>a mild to moderate <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a>, which is not dangerous and usually lasts less than two weeks.</li> </ul> <h3>Teens and young adults</h3> <p>Symptoms for this age group start slowly over one or two weeks. They can include:</p> <ul> <li>a <a href="/Article?contentid=748&language=English">sore throat</a></li> <li>tiredness, loss of energy and body aches</li> <li>large red tonsils covered with pus</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=777&language=English">swollen lymph nodes</a> in the neck, armpits, groin and elsewhere</li> <li>a fever for 10 to 14 days</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=29&language=English">headache</a></li> <li>nausea and loss of appetite</li> <li>abdominal pain</li> <li>a rash</li> <li>a slightly enlarged spleen</li> <li>a slightly enlarged liver</li> <li>jaundice.</li> </ul> <p>Most teens have only mild symptoms for a week. Even those with severe symptoms often feel completely better after two to four weeks.</p><h2>How a doctor diagnoses mono</h2> <p>Your child’s doctor will diagnose mono by examining your child and asking about any symptoms. They may also order blood tests to help confirm the diagnosis or rule out more serious (but less common) causes of your child's symptoms.</p><h2>What your child’s doctor can do for mono</h2> <p>Mononucleosis is a viral infection. Antibiotics cannot treat a virus, so, in most cases, your child’s doctor will suggest medicines to ease fever or pain. But if your child’s tonsils are so large that they are almost touching, the doctor may prescribe steroid medication to reduce the swelling.</p><h2>Complications of mono</h2> <p>Although it is not common, mono can sometimes cause more serious complications. These include:</p> <ul> <li>dehydration</li> <li>an enlarged spleen</li> <li>breathing problems</li> <li>a rash</li> </ul> <h3>Dehydration</h3> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=776&language=English">Dehydration</a> occurs when a sore throat prevents a child from drinking enough fluids. Try to prevent dehydration by giving your child pain medicines for their throat and small, frequent amounts of fluids.</p> <h3>Enlarged spleen</h3> <p>Mono can cause your child’s spleen to become enlarged (get bigger) and leave it at risk for <a href="/Article?contentid=1183&language=English">injury</a>. A hit to the stomach could rupture the enlarged spleen and cause internal bleeding. This is an emergency.</p> <p>You can keep your child’s spleen safe by having your child avoid contact sports (see below), preventing <a href="/Article?contentid=6&language=English">constipation</a> and avoiding heavy lifting.</p> <p>If your child has sudden, severe pain in the abdomen (belly), call 911 or take them to the emergency department right away.</p> <h3>Breathing problems</h3> <p>Mono may cause breathing difficulties if your child’s throat is swollen and their airway is partially blocked. This could happen if there are enlarged tonsils, <a href="/Article?contentid=831&language=English">adenoids</a> or other lymph tissue at the back of the throat.</p> <p>A child may describe a feeling of “something being stuck” if they have a sore throat or difficulty breathing. Your child’s doctor can examine their throat to see if there is a risk of blockage and may prescribe medicines to reduce any swelling.</p> <h3>Rash</h3> <p>Sometimes patients with mono develop a <a href="/Article?contentid=791&language=English">rash after taking certain antibiotics</a>. This rash is copper-coloured and itchy and can develop after taking ampicillin or, less frequently, amoxicillin. If your child develops this kind of rash, ask their doctor about stopping the antibiotic. Your child may need a different antibiotic instead or may not need an antibiotic at all, as antibiotics will not treat mono.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>Call your child’s regular doctor if:</p> <ul> <li>your child cannot drink enough fluids and is not peeing</li> <li>your child is not back to school two weeks after being diagnosed with mono</li> <li>your child still has symptoms after four weeks</li> <li>you have other questions or concerns, for example about your child's return to sports.</li> </ul> <p>Call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is dehydrated</li> <li>has problems breathing</li> <li>has abdominal pain, especially high on their left side.</li> </ul>
تكثّر وحيدات النواة في الدم (داء وحيدات النواة الانتاني)تتكثّر وحيدات النواة في الدم (داء وحيدات النواة الانتاني)Mononucleosis (infectious mononucleosis)ArabicInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Abdominal pain;Fatigue;Fever;Headache;Nausea;Rash;Sore throat2010-03-05T05:00:00ZCarole P. O'Beirne,MSc, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000070.00000000000001194.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>تكثّر وحيدات النواة في الدم، او الاحادي هو نوع من عدوى فيروسية. تعلم عن علامات واعلااض وكيفية رعاية طفلك في المنزل.</p>
單核細胞增多症(傳染性單核細胞增多症)單核細胞增多症(傳染性單核細胞增多症)Mononucleosis (Infectious Mononucleosis)ChineseTraditionalNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA1990-01-01T05:00:00ZCarole P. O'Beirne,MSc, MD, FRCPC60.00000000000009.000000000000009.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z介紹兒童單核球細胞增多症症狀及治療方式,以及傳染性單核球增多症的預防方法
Mononucleose (mononucleose infecciosa)MMononucleose (mononucleose infecciosa)Mononucleosis (Infectious Mononucleosis)PortugueseNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZCarole P. O'Beirne,MSc, MD, FRCPC70.00000000000007.000000000000001194.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>A mononucleose é uma infecção viral causada pelo vírus Epstein-Barr (VEB), o qual é transmitido através da saliva infectada devido à partilha de algum copo, utensílios ou alimentos, assim como através da tosse, espirro e beijo.</p>
ਮੋਨੋਨਿਊਕਲਿਉਸਿੱਸ (ਲਾਗ ਫੈਲਾਉਣ ਵਾਲੀ ਮੋਨੋਨਿਊਕਲਿਉਸਿੱਸ)ਮੋਨੋਨਿਊਕਲਿਉਸਿੱਸ (ਲਾਗ ਫੈਲਾਉਣ ਵਾਲੀ ਮੋਨੋਨਿਊਕਲਿਉਸਿੱਸ)Mononucleosis (Infectious Mononucleosis)PunjabiNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-11-01T04:00:00ZCarole P. O'Beirne,MSc, MD, FRCPC60.00000000000009.000000000000009.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ਲਸਿਕਾ ਗਿਲਟੀਆਂ ਦੀ ਸੋਜ (ਮੋਨੋਨਿਊਕਲਿਓਸਿਸ), ਜਾਂ ਮੋਨੋ ਵਾਇਰਲ ਨਾਲ ਫੈਲਣ ਵਾਲੀ ਲਾਗ ਦੀ ਇੱਕ ਕਿਸਮ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ। ਇਸ ਦੀਆਂ ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨੀਆਂ ਅਤੇ ਲੱਛਣਾਂ ਅਤੇ ਘਰ ਵਿੱਚ ਆਪਣੇ ਬੱਚੇ ਦੀ ਦੇਖ-ਰੇਖ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਕਰਨੀ ਹੈ ਬਾਰੇ ਸਿੱਖੋ।</p>
Mononucleosis (mononucleosis infecciosa)MMononucleosis (mononucleosis infecciosa)Mononucleosis (Infectious Mononucleosis)SpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZCarole P. O'Beirne,MSc, MD, FRCPC60.00000000000009.000000000000009.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>La mononucleosis es un tipo de infección viral. Infórmese acerca de los signos, las causas de la mononucleosis y el tratamiento de la mononucleosis en casa.</p>
تپ غدّی جو کہ خون کی ایک بیماری ہے (متعدی تپ غدّی)تتپ غدّی جو کہ خون کی ایک بیماری ہے (متعدی تپ غدّی)Mononucleosis (Infectious Mononucleosis)UrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZCarole P. O'Beirne, MSc, MD, FRCPC60.00000000000009.000000000000009.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Zتپ غدی یا مونو وائرل انفیکشن کی ایک قسم ھے۔ اس کے نشانات اور علامات جاننے کے لئے سیکھیے اور یہ کہ آپ اپنے بچے کی گھر پر دیکھ بھال کس طرح کر سکتے ھیں
MononucléoseMMononucléoseMononucleosisFrenchInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Abdominal pain;Fatigue;Fever;Headache;Nausea;Rash;Sore throat2015-01-07T05:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng8.0000000000000062.00000000000001155.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>La mononucléose, ou mono, est un type d’infection virale. Découvrez les signes et les symptômes de la mono et comment prendre soin de votre enfant à la maison.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que la mononucléose?</h2><p>La mononucléose (mono) est une infection virale qui est généralement causée par le virus d’Epstein-Barr. Ce virus se propage par la salive infectée. Chez les enfants, la contamination peut se produire par <a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=French">la toux </a> ou en manipulant ou mâchant des jouets qui ont été contaminés par le virus. Chez les adolescents, le virus peut se propager par le partage de nourriture, de boissons ou de brosses à dents ou par le contact rapproché et intime, comme les baisers.</p><p>D’autres virus qui peuvent causer une maladie de type mononucléose comprennent le cytomégalovirus, <em>Toxoplasma gondii</em>, l’adénovirus et l’hépatite virale.</p><br><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Chez les enfants, la mono est un type d’infection virale qui peut ne provoquer aucun symptôme ou n’entraîner qu’une maladie fébrile bénigne.</li> <li>Les adolescents et les jeunes adultes atteints de la mono présentent souvent d’autres symptômes en plus de la fièvre, y compris les maux de gorge, les maux de tête et des ganglions lymphatiques enflés.</li> <li>Assurez le confort de votre enfant et maintenez-le hydraté pendant que son corps combat la maladie.</li> <li>Évitez qu’il ne pratique des sports ou qu’il ne soulève des objets lourds. Une lésion de la rate peut provoquer de graves hémorragies internes.</li> </ul><h2>Les signes et les symptômes de la mono</h2> <p>Un enfant ou un adolescent peut avoir la mononucléose infectieuse du virus d’Epstein-Barr pendant un certain temps avant que des symptômes n’apparaissent. Cette période sans symptômes est appelée la période d’incubation d’un virus. La période d’incubation de la mono peut durer jusqu’à 30 à 50 jours chez les adolescents, mais elle est plus courte chez les enfants.</p> <h3>Enfants</h3> <p>Chez les enfants, la mono présente généralement très peu ou pas de symptômes. Les symptômes mineurs sont généralement limités à:</p> <ul> <li>un <a href="/Article?contentid=12&language=French">rhume</a></li> <li>une <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=French">fièvre</a>, légère à modérée, qui n’est pas dangereuse et dure généralement moins de deux semaines.</li> </ul> <h3>Les adolescents et les jeunes adultes<br></h3> <p>Les symptômes pour ce groupe d’âge apparaissent lentement, pendant une ou deux semaines. Ils peuvent comprendre:</p> <ul> <li>a <a href="/Article?contentid=748&language=French"> maux de gorge</a></li> <li>de la fatigue, la perte d’énergie et des courbatures</li> <li>des amygdales rouges et gonflées, couvertes de pus</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=777&language=French"> ganglions lymphatiques enflés </a> au niveau du cou, des aisselles, de l’aine et ailleurs</li> <li>une fièvre pendant 10 à 14 jours</li> <li>des <a href="/Article?contentid=29&language=French">maux de tête</a></li> <li>des nausées et une perte d’appétit</li> <li>des douleurs abdominales</li> <li>une éruption cutanée</li> <li>une rate légèrement dilatée</li> <li>un foie légèrement dilaté</li> <li>la jaunisse.</li> </ul> <p>La plupart des adolescents ne présentent que des symptômes bénins, pendant une semaine. Même ceux qui présentent des symptômes graves se sentent souvent tout à fait mieux après deux à quatre semaines. </p><h2>Comment un médecin diagnostique-t-il la mono?</h2> <p>Le médecin de votre enfant peut diagnostiquer la mono en examinant votre enfant et en posant des questions sur les symptômes. Il peut également demander qu’il passe des tests sanguins afin d’aider à confirmer le diagnostic ou d’exclure des causes plus graves (mais moins communes) des symptômes de votre enfant.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que le médecin de votre enfant peut faire contre la mono?</h2> <p>La mononucléose est une infection virale. Les antibiotiques ne permettent pas de traiter un virus, de sorte que, dans la plupart des cas, le médecin de votre enfant vous proposera des médicaments pour soulager la fièvre ou la douleur. Mais si les amygdales de votre enfant sont si gonflées qu’elles se touchent presque, le médecin peut prescrire des médicaments stéroïdiens pour réduire le gonflement.</p><h2>Les complications de la mono</h2> <p>Bien que cela ne soit pas courant, la mono peut parfois entraîner des complications plus graves. Celles-ci comprennent:</p> <ul> <li>la déshydratation</li> <li>une splénomégalie</li> <li>des problèmes respiratoires</li> <li>une éruption cutanée.</li> </ul> <h3>Déshydratation</h3> <p>La déshydratation se produit quand un mal de gorge empêche l’enfant de boire suffisamment. Tentez de prévenir la déshydratation en administrant à votre enfant des médicaments antidouleur pour la gorge et de petites quantités fréquentes de liquide.</p> <h3>Splénomégalie</h3> <p>La mono peut causer une dilatation de la rate de votre enfant et ainsi lui faire courir un risque de <a href="/Article?contentid=1183&language=French">lésions</a>. Un coup à l’estomac pourrait rompre la rate dilatée et provoquer une hémorragie interne. Il s'agit là d'une urgence.</p> <p>Vous pouvez maintenir la rate de votre enfant en bonne santé en évitant qu’il ne pratique les sports de contact (voir ci-dessous), en prévenant la <a href="/Article?contentid=6&language=French">constipation</a> et en évitant qu’il ne soulève des objets lourds.</p> <p>Si votre enfant éprouve une douleur soudaine et sévère au niveau de l’abdomen (ventre), appelez le 911 ou emmenez-le immédiatement au service d’urgences.</p> <h3>Problèmes respiratoires</h3> <p>La mono peut provoquer des difficultés respiratoires si la gorge de votre enfant enfle et que ses voies respiratoires sont partiellement bloquées. Cela pourrait se produire en cas d’hypertrophie des amygdales, des <a href="/Article?contentid=831&language=French">végétations adénoïdes</a> ou d’un autre tissu lymphatique à l’arrière de la gorge.</p> <p>Un enfant peut décrire une sensation de « quelque chose de coincé » s’il a mal à la gorge ou des difficultés à respirer. Le médecin de votre enfant peut examiner sa gorge pour déterminer s’il y a un risque de blocage et peut prescrire des médicaments pour réduire le gonflement.</p> <h3>Éruption</h3> <p>Parfois, les patients atteints de la mono développent une éruption cutanée après la prise de certains antibiotiques. Cette éruption est de couleur cuivre et accompagnée de démangeaisons; elle peut se développer après <a href="/Article?contentid=791&language=French">la prise d’ampicilline ou, moins fréquemment, d’amoxicilline</a>. Si votre enfant développe ce genre d’éruption cutanée, demandez à son médecin si vous devez arrêter la prise d’antibiotique. Votre enfant peut avoir besoin de prendre un autre antibiotique ou devoir arrêter la prise d’antibiotiques, car ces derniers ne traiteront pas la mono.</p><h2>Quand consulter un médecin?</h2> <p>Appelez le médecin habituel de votre enfant si:</p> <ul> <li>votre enfant ne peut pas boire suffisamment de liquides et ne fait pas pipi</li> <li>votre enfant n’est pas retourné à l’école deux semaines après que la mono a été diagnostiquée</li> <li>votre enfant présente encore des symptômes après quatre semaines</li> <li>vous avez d’autres questions ou des préoccupations, par exemple sur le retour de votre enfant aux activités sportives.</li> </ul> <p>Appelez le 911 ou rendez-vous au service d’urgence le plus proche si votre enfant:</p> <ul> <li>est déshydraté</li> <li>a des problèmes respiratoires</li> <li>a une douleur abdominale, plus particulièrement vers le haut, sur le côté gauche.</li> </ul>
ஒற்றை உட்கரு அணுமிகைப்பு (தொற்றும் தன்மையுள்ள ஒற்றை உட்கரு அணுமிகைப்பு)ஒற்றை உட்கரு அணுமிகைப்பு (தொற்றும் தன்மையுள்ள ஒற்றை உட்கரு அணுமிகைப்பு)Mononucleosis (Infectious Mononucleosis)TamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZCarole P. O'Beirne,MSc, MD, FRCPC60.00000000000009.000000000000009.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ஒற்றை உட்கரு அணுமிகைப்பு என்பது கிருமித் தொற்றுள்ள உமிழ்நீரினால் பரப்பப்படுகின்ற ஒரு வைரஸ் தொற்றுநோயாகும். பிள்ளைகளின் ஒற்றை உட்கரு அணுமிகைப்பு காரணங்கள் மற்றும் அது எவ்வாறு சிகிச்சையளிக்கப் படுகிறது என்பதைப் பற்றி தெரிந்துகொள்ளுங்கள்.</p>

 

 

Mononucleosis901.000000000000MononucleosisMononucleosisMEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Abdominal pain;Fatigue;Fever;Headache;Nausea;Rash;Sore throat2015-01-07T05:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng8.0000000000000062.00000000000001155.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Mononucleosis, or mono is a type of viral infection. Learn about signs and symptoms and how to take care of your child at home.</p><h2>What is mononucleosis?</h2><p>Mononucleosis (mono) is a viral infection that is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). This virus spreads through infected saliva. In children, this may happen through <a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">coughing</a> or by handling or chewing toys that have been contaminated by the virus. In teens, the virus can spread through sharing food and drinks, or toothbrushes or through close, personal contact such as kissing.</p><p>Other viruses that can cause a mononucleosis-like illness include cytomegalovirus, <em>Toxoplasma gondii</em>, adenovirus and viral hepatitis.</p><br><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>In children, mono is a type of viral infection that can cause no symptoms or a mild febrile illness.</li> <li>Teens and young adults with mono often have other symptoms with their fever, including sore throat, headaches and swollen lymph nodes.</li> <li>Keep your child comfortable and hydrated while their body fights the illness.</li> <li>Avoid sports and heavy lifting. Injury to the spleen can cause severe internal bleeding.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of mono</h2> <p>A child or teen can have infectious mononucleosis from EBV for some time before showing any symptoms. This is known as the incubation time of a virus. The incubation time for mono can be up to 30 to 50 days in teens, but it is shorter for children.</p> <h3>Children</h3> <p>In children, mono typically shows very few or no symptoms. Any minor symptoms are usually limited to:</p> <ul> <li>a <a href="/Article?contentid=12&language=English">cold</a></li> <li>a mild to moderate <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a>, which is not dangerous and usually lasts less than two weeks.</li> </ul> <h3>Teens and young adults</h3> <p>Symptoms for this age group start slowly over one or two weeks. They can include:</p> <ul> <li>a <a href="/Article?contentid=748&language=English">sore throat</a></li> <li>tiredness, loss of energy and body aches</li> <li>large red tonsils covered with pus</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=777&language=English">swollen lymph nodes</a> in the neck, armpits, groin and elsewhere</li> <li>a fever for 10 to 14 days</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=29&language=English">headache</a></li> <li>nausea and loss of appetite</li> <li>abdominal pain</li> <li>a rash</li> <li>a slightly enlarged spleen</li> <li>a slightly enlarged liver</li> <li>jaundice.</li> </ul> <p>Most teens have only mild symptoms for a week. Even those with severe symptoms often feel completely better after two to four weeks.</p><h2>How a doctor diagnoses mono</h2> <p>Your child’s doctor will diagnose mono by examining your child and asking about any symptoms. They may also order blood tests to help confirm the diagnosis or rule out more serious (but less common) causes of your child's symptoms.</p><h2>What your child’s doctor can do for mono</h2> <p>Mononucleosis is a viral infection. Antibiotics cannot treat a virus, so, in most cases, your child’s doctor will suggest medicines to ease fever or pain. But if your child’s tonsils are so large that they are almost touching, the doctor may prescribe steroid medication to reduce the swelling.</p><h2>Complications of mono</h2> <p>Although it is not common, mono can sometimes cause more serious complications. These include:</p> <ul> <li>dehydration</li> <li>an enlarged spleen</li> <li>breathing problems</li> <li>a rash</li> </ul> <h3>Dehydration</h3> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=776&language=English">Dehydration</a> occurs when a sore throat prevents a child from drinking enough fluids. Try to prevent dehydration by giving your child pain medicines for their throat and small, frequent amounts of fluids.</p> <h3>Enlarged spleen</h3> <p>Mono can cause your child’s spleen to become enlarged (get bigger) and leave it at risk for <a href="/Article?contentid=1183&language=English">injury</a>. A hit to the stomach could rupture the enlarged spleen and cause internal bleeding. This is an emergency.</p> <p>You can keep your child’s spleen safe by having your child avoid contact sports (see below), preventing <a href="/Article?contentid=6&language=English">constipation</a> and avoiding heavy lifting.</p> <p>If your child has sudden, severe pain in the abdomen (belly), call 911 or take them to the emergency department right away.</p> <h3>Breathing problems</h3> <p>Mono may cause breathing difficulties if your child’s throat is swollen and their airway is partially blocked. This could happen if there are enlarged tonsils, <a href="/Article?contentid=831&language=English">adenoids</a> or other lymph tissue at the back of the throat.</p> <p>A child may describe a feeling of “something being stuck” if they have a sore throat or difficulty breathing. Your child’s doctor can examine their throat to see if there is a risk of blockage and may prescribe medicines to reduce any swelling.</p> <h3>Rash</h3> <p>Sometimes patients with mono develop a <a href="/Article?contentid=791&language=English">rash after taking certain antibiotics</a>. This rash is copper-coloured and itchy and can develop after taking ampicillin or, less frequently, amoxicillin. If your child develops this kind of rash, ask their doctor about stopping the antibiotic. Your child may need a different antibiotic instead or may not need an antibiotic at all, as antibiotics will not treat mono.</p><h2>Taking care of your child with mono at home</h2> <h3>Fever and pain medicines</h3> <p>Give your child <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a> to ease the discomfort of swollen lymph nodes or fever. Always follow the instructions on the package.</p> <h3>Relief for sore throat</h3> <p>If your child finds it painful to eat and drink, try:</p> <ul> <li>giving soft foods that are easy to swallow, such as soups, ice cream, pudding or yogurt</li> <li>avoiding highly salted, spicy or acidic (vinegar or citrus fruits) foods if they make the pain worse</li> <li>letting your child take their fluids through a straw or sippy cup</li> <li>having your child gargle with warm salt water (older children and teens)</li> <li>giving your child ice cubes and lozenges to suck (older children and teens). Do not give lozenges or cubes to young children, as they are a choking hazard.</li> </ul> <h3>Fluids</h3> <p>Make sure your child drinks plenty of fluids. Your child is getting enough fluid if:</p> <ul> <li>they urinate (pee) at least two or three times a day</li> <li>they have moist eyes and tears when they cry</li> <li>their mouth is moist and has saliva.</li> </ul> <h3>Rest and activity</h3> <p>Your child will likely need to rest, but they do not need to be isolated or stay in bed. Usually children slow down when they have a fever and then become more active when they feel better.</p> <h3>Returning to school</h3> <p>Children can go back to school when their fever is gone and they can swallow normally. Most children are ready to return to their normal routine in two to four weeks.</p> <h3>Sports</h3> <p>All children with mono should avoid contact sports for at least four weeks or until cleared by their doctor. This is to prevent damage to the spleen if it became enlarged.</p><h2>How to prevent mono from spreading</h2> <p>Mono is most contagious while your child has a fever. After the fever is gone, the virus is still carried in the saliva in small amounts for up to six months. To prevent the spread of the mono virus, your child should use separate drinking glasses and utensils. Teens with mono should avoid kissing until the fever has been gone for several days.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>Call your child’s regular doctor if:</p> <ul> <li>your child cannot drink enough fluids and is not peeing</li> <li>your child is not back to school two weeks after being diagnosed with mono</li> <li>your child still has symptoms after four weeks</li> <li>you have other questions or concerns, for example about your child's return to sports.</li> </ul> <p>Call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is dehydrated</li> <li>has problems breathing</li> <li>has abdominal pain, especially high on their left side.</li> </ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Mononucleosis.jpgMononucleosis

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