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MalariaMMalariaMalariaEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Small Intestine;Large Intestine/Colon;BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC8.0000000000000057.0000000000000650.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An overview of malaria and the signs, symptoms, treatment and prevention of this infection passed on by mosquitoes.</p><h2>What is malaria?</h2> <p>Malaria is an infection caused by parasites. It is passed from person to person by mosquitoes. The infection leads to chills, fever, and other flu-like symptoms. If left untreated, malaria can be deadly. Children are most at risk for malaria. </p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Malaria is an infection. It is passed on by mosquitoes. Malaria can be caught while travelling in some parts of the world. </li> <li>The symptoms may be similar to a terrible flu.</li><li>If your child has malaria symptoms, see a doctor right away. </li><li>If left untreated, malaria can be deadly. </li><li>If you plan to visit an area affected by malaria, you need to prepare to avoid infection.</li></ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of malaria</h2> <p>Malaria symptoms usually appear six to 30 days after infection. Symptoms may take up to 12 months to show. The symptoms are similar to a terrible flu: </p> <ul> <li>fever</li> <li>chills</li> <li>headache</li> <li>nausea</li> <li>vomiting</li> <li>diarrhea</li> <li>extreme weakness</li> <li>muscle aches</li> <li>pain in the abdomen, back and joints</li> <li>coughing</li> <li>confusion</li> </ul> <p>Malaria is a dangerous cause of fever in children who return from travelling. Fever is a symptom, not a disease. It is the body's response to infections. A fever may mean that something serious is occurring. It needs to be investigated by a doctor.</p> <p>If your child shows several of these signs, see a doctor right away. If not treated properly, they can get worse rapidly. </p> <p>Once treated, symptoms usually go away in a few days. Some children take longer to recover. </p> <p>Many other diseases share the same signs as malaria. This may delay diagnosis in children. </p><h2>Malaria is common in some parts of the world</h2><ul><li>Africa</li><li>Asia</li><li>the Middle East</li><li>South America</li><li>Central America</li></ul><p>Children may catch the infection when visiting these areas. It is important to prepare ahead of time when travelling. Carry and take the proper medication.</p> <figure class="asset-c-100"><span class="asset-image-title">Countries where malaria is </span><span class="asset-image-title">common</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Malaria_occurrence_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="World map showing areas where there is risk of contracting malaria" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">There</figcaption><figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> is a risk of malaria in the countries on the map that are coloured in red. Data taken from the World Health Organization's World Malaria Report 2009. </figcaption> </figure><h2>What your child's doctor can do </h2> <p>If the doctor suspects malaria, your child may need to go to the hospital. Blood tests will help with diagnosis. Blood tests can determine what type of parasite caused the infection.</p><h2>Treatment</h2> <p>Malaria is treated with specifc medicine. The type and length of treatment depends on:</p> <ul> <li>the type of parasite </li> <li>the severity of the illness</li> <li>the age of the child</li> <li>the pattern of drug resistance in the area travelled</li> </ul> <p>Your child may need to see a doctor specializing in infectious diseases or tropical medicine. Extreme cases of malaria might require a special type of blood transfusion.</p><h2>Complications</h2> <p>Severe complications include:</p> <ul> <li>brain damage</li> <li>severe anaemia</li> <li>shock</li> <li>seizure</li> <li>kidney failure</li> <li>coma</li> </ul><h2>When to seek medical assistance after treatment:</h2> <h3>See your child's regular doctor if:</h3> <ul> <li>your child's fever or other symptoms do not respond in one to two days to the medication</li> <li>your child misses days of medication</li> <li>your child has yellow eyes</li> </ul> <h3>Take your child to the nearest Emergency Department, or call 911 if necessary, if your child:</h3> <ul> <li>appears confused </li> <li>has a high fever that is not brought down by <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a></li> <li>has difficulty breathing</li> <li>has severe stomach pains</li> <li>is not able to tolerate medication by mouth</li> <li>has not passed urine in 8 hours or has very dark urine</li> <li>is fainting</li> <li>has had a seizure</li> <li>is lethargic </li> <li>is not looking well</li> <li>has abnormal bruising</li> <li>if you have any other concerns</li> </ul>
الملاريااالملارياMalariaArabicInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Small Intestine;Large Intestine/Colon;BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZNA8.0000000000000057.0000000000000650.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>نظرة عامة سهلة الفهم عن العلامات والاعراض والعلاج والوقاية من هذا المرض الذي ينتقل عن طريق البعوض.</p>
疟疾疟疾MalariaChineseSimplifiedInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Small Intestine;Large Intestine/Colon;BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z57.00000000000008.00000000000000650.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z简要概述了这种通过蚊子传播的传染病的迹象、症状、治疗和预防。<br><h2>什么是疟疾? </h2><p>疟疾是一种由寄生虫引起的传染病。它通过蚊子在人群中传播。该传染病可能引起寒颤、发烧及其他流感症状。如果不进行治疗,疟疾可能导致患者死亡。儿童是最易患疟疾的人群。 </p><h2>疟疾在世界上的有些区域较普遍: </h2><ul><li>非洲 </li><li>亚洲 </li><li>中东</li><li>南美洲 </li><li>中美洲 </li></ul><p>孩子在这些区域时可能感染此病。因此,必须在旅行前做好准备,携带或预先服用合适的药物。</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">疟疾常见的国家</span> <img alt="ALT TEXT HERE" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Malaria_occurrence_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">地图上标注为红色的国家有疟疾的风险。数据来自世界卫生组织的2009年世界疟疾报告。</figcaption> </figure> <h2>疟疾迹象和症状 </h2><p>疟疾症状通常在感染 6 至 30 天后出现。疟疾症状可能存在长达 12 个月。这些症状与严重流感症状相似: </p><ul><li>发烧</li><li>寒颤</li><li>头痛 </li><li>恶心 </li><li>呕吐 </li><li>腹泻</li><li>极度虚弱 </li><li>肌肉痛</li><li>腹部、背部或关节疼痛</li><li>咳嗽 </li><li>精神混乱 </li></ul><p>疟疾是孩子旅行后发烧的一个危险起因。发烧本身只是一种症状,不是疾病。它是身体对感染的一种反应。发烧可能意味着要出现严重的病况,因而,需要医生进行诊断。 </p><p>如果孩子出现上述其中几种症状,请立即去看医生。如果没有进行合理的治疗,病情会迅速恶化。 </p><p>通常,症状治疗后在几天内会消失。有些孩子可能需更长时间才能康复。 </p><p>有些疾病与疟疾的病症相同,可能会延迟诊断的时间。 </p><h2>并发症 </h2><p>严重的并发症包括: </p><ul><li>脑损伤</li><li>严重贫血 </li><li>休克 </li><li>癫痫</li><li>肾衰竭 </li><li>昏迷 </li></ul><h2>医生如何进行治疗 </h2><p>如果医生怀疑孩子患上疟疾,你应立即送孩子去医院。验血可能有助于医生进行诊断。通过验血可以确定引起感染的寄生虫类型。 </p><h2>治疗 </h2><p>使用抗疟药可治疗疟疾。治疗方式和治疗时间取决于: </p><ul><li>寄生虫类型 </li><li>病情严重程度 </li><li>孩子的年龄 </li><li>旅行区域内的抗药性型态 </li></ul><p>孩子需要去看专门研究传染病或热带医学的医生。极少数情况下,疟疾患者需要进行特殊类型的输血。 </p><h2>预防 </h2><p>如果你准备访问疟疾区域,你需要做准备,预防受染。抗疟药物是预防疟疾的最常用方法。必须按照医生嘱咐的剂量准确服药。在启程前几天、旅行中以及回家后几周内都要服用。 </p><p>其他预防疟疾的方法: </p><ul><li>使用喷有杀虫剂的蚊帐 </li><li>使用杀虫剂</li><li>穿长袖、长裤等防护性衣服 </li><li>从黄昏到黎明期间呆在室内 </li><li>在提供空调的地方使用空调,而不要打开窗户 </li></ul><h3>母乳喂养婴儿 </h3><p>如果孩子正在哺乳并且你正在服用抗疟药,孩子也还需要服用药物。 </p><h2>治疗何时寻求医生帮助: </h2><h3>以下情况下请联系医生: </h3><ul><li>服药后 1 至 2 天内,孩子的发烧或其他症状未缓解 </li><li>孩子几天未服药 </li><li>孩子眼睛发黄</li></ul><h3>如果孩子出现以下状况,将孩子送至最近的急诊部门或拨打 911: </h3><ul><li>迷糊不清 </li><li>发高烧,且服用退热净或布洛芬后未退烧 </li><li>呼吸困难 </li><li>严重胃痛 </li><li>无法口服药物 </li><li>8 小时内未排尿或尿色非常深 </li><li>昏厥 </li><li>抽搐 </li><li>昏睡不醒 </li><li>脸色不对 </li><li>异常淤青 </li><li>如果你存在其他担忧 </li></ul><h2>要点 </h2><ul><li>疟疾是一种传染病,通过蚊子传播。在世界上的某些区域旅行时可能感染疟疾 </li><li>其症状与严重流感症状相似 </li><li>如果孩子出现疟疾症状,请立即去看医生 </li><li>如果不进行治疗,疟疾可能导致患者死亡 </li><li>如果你准备访问疟疾感染区域,你需要做准备,预防受染 </li></ul>
瘧疾瘧疾MalariaChineseTraditionalInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Small Intestine;Large Intestine/Colon;BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z57.00000000000008.00000000000000650.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z簡要概述了這種通過蚊子傳播的傳染病的迹象、症狀、治療和預防。
MalariaMMalariaMalariaFrenchInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Small Intestine;Large Intestine/Colon;BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC8.0000000000000057.0000000000000650.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Aperçu de malaria et des signes, symptômes, traitement et prévention de cette infection transmise par les moustiques.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que la malaria?</h2> <p>La malaria, aussi appelée paludisme, est une infection causée par un parasite. Elle est transmise entre individus par les moustiques. L’infection cause des frissons, de la fièvre et d’autres symptômes qui ressemblent à ceux de la grippe. Sans traitement, la malaria peut être mortelle. Les enfants sont les personnes les plus à risque de contracter la malaria.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>La malaria (ou paludisme) est une infection. Elle est transmise par les moustiques. On peut contracter la malaria en voyageant dans certaines parties du monde.</li> <li>Les symptômes ressemblent à ceux d’une très grave grippe.</li> <li>Si votre enfant présente les symptômes de la malaria, consultez immédiatement un médecin.</li> <li>Sans traitement, la malaria peut être mortelle.</li> <li>Si vous prévoyez de visiter une région affectée par la malaria, vous devez vous préparer afin d’éviter une infection.</li> </ul><h2>Signes et symptômes de malaria</h2> <p>Les symptômes de malaria se manifestent habituellement entre 6 et 30 jours après l’infection. Les symptômes peuvent prendre jusqu’à 12 mois pour apparaître. Ils ressemblent à ceux d’une très grave grippe : </p> <ul> <li>fièvre;</li> <li>frissons;</li> <li>céphalées (maux de tête);</li> <li>nausée;</li> <li>vomissements;</li> <li>diarrhée;</li> <li>fatigue extrême;</li> <li>douleurs musculaires;</li> <li>douleur dans l’abdomen, le dos et les articulations;</li> <li>toux;</li> <li>confusion.</li> </ul> <p>La malaria est une cause dangereuse de fièvre chez les enfants qui reviennent de voyage​. La fièvre est un symptôme, et non une maladie. Il s’agit de la réaction du corps à l'infection. Une fièvre pourrait indiquer qu’il se passe quelque chose de grave. Il faut qu’un médecin effectue un examen.</p> <p>Si votre enfant présente plusieurs de ces signes, consultez immédiatement un médecin. Sans traitement adéquat, la fièvre peut s’aggraver rapidement.</p> <p>Une fois traités, les symptômes disparaissent habituellement après quelques jours. Certains enfants ont besoin de plus de temps pour récupérer.</p> <p>De nombreuses autres maladies ont des signes en commun avec la malaria. Il peut en résulter un retard du diagnostic chez les enfants.</p><h2>La malaria est courante dans certaines parties du monde</h2><ul><li>Afrique;</li><li>Asie;</li><li>Moyen-Orient;</li><li>Amérique du Sud;</li><li>Amérique centrale.</li></ul><p>Les enfants peuvent contracter l’infection en visitant ces régions. Il est important de se préparer avant de voyager. Apportez et prenez les médicaments convenables.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Pays où la malaria est chose courante</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Malaria_occurrence_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Carte du monde montrant les régions où il existe un risque de contracter la malaria" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Il y a un risque de contracter la malaria dans les pays sur la carte qui sont coloriés en rouge. Les données sont tirées du Rapport 2009 sur le paludisme dans le monde de l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé.</figcaption> </figure><h2>Ce que le médecin de votre enfant peut faire</h2> <p>Si le médecin soupçonne la malaria, votre enfant pourrait devoir aller à l’hôpital. Des prises de sang aideront à établir un diagnostic. Les prises de sang peuvent aider à déterminer quel type de parasite a causé l’infection.</p><h2>Traitement</h2> <p>On soigne la malaria avec des médicaments spécifique nommés médicaments antipaludiques. Le type et la durée du traitement dépend de :</p> <ul> <li>le type de parasite;</li> <li>la gravité de la maladie;</li> <li>l’âge de l’enfant;</li> <li>la tendance de la résistance aux médicaments dans la région visitée.</li> </ul> <p>Votre enfant pourrait devoir consulter un médecin spécialiste des maladies infectieuses ou de la médecine tropicale. Les cas de malaria extrêmes pourraient exiger un type spécial de transfusion sanguine.</p><h2>Complications</h2> <p>Les graves complications comprennent, sans toutefois s’y limiter, les suivantes :</p> <ul> <li>dommages cérébraux;</li> <li>grave anémie;</li> <li>choc;</li> <li>convulsions;</li> <li>insuffisance rénale;</li> <li>coma.</li> </ul><h2>Quand demander de l’aide médicale après le traitement</h2> <h3>Consultez le médecin de votre enfant si :</h3> <ul> <li>la fièvre ou les autres symptômes de votre enfant ne s’atténuent pas après un ou deux jours de médication;</li> <li>votre enfant rate des journées de médication;</li> <li>votre enfant a les yeux jaunes.</li> </ul> <h3>Emmenez votre enfant au service d’urgence le plus proche, ou composez le 911 au besoin, si votre enfant :</h3> <ul> <li>semble confus;</li> <li>a une forte fièvre que l'acétaminophène ou l’ibuprofène n’atténue pas;</li> <li>a de la difficulté à respirer;</li> <li>a de graves douleurs d’estomac;</li> <li>ne tolère pas la prise de médicaments par la bouche;</li> <li>n’a pas uriné depuis 8 jours ou a une urine très foncée;</li> <li>perd connaissance;</li> <li>a convulsé;</li> <li>est léthargique;</li> <li>semble se sentir mal;</li> <li>a des ecchymoses anormales;</li> <li>si vous avez des autres inquiétudes.</li> </ul>
MalariaMMalariaMalariaSpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z57.00000000000008.00000000000000650.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z
மலேரியா நோய்மலேரியா நோய்MalariaTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z57.00000000000008.00000000000000650.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z
ملیریامملیریاMalariaUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z57.00000000000008.00000000000000650.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z

 

 

Malaria904.000000000000MalariaMalariaMEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Small Intestine;Large Intestine/Colon;BodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC8.0000000000000057.0000000000000650.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An overview of malaria and the signs, symptoms, treatment and prevention of this infection passed on by mosquitoes.</p><h2>What is malaria?</h2> <p>Malaria is an infection caused by parasites. It is passed from person to person by mosquitoes. The infection leads to chills, fever, and other flu-like symptoms. If left untreated, malaria can be deadly. Children are most at risk for malaria. </p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Malaria is an infection. It is passed on by mosquitoes. Malaria can be caught while travelling in some parts of the world. </li> <li>The symptoms may be similar to a terrible flu.</li><li>If your child has malaria symptoms, see a doctor right away. </li><li>If left untreated, malaria can be deadly. </li><li>If you plan to visit an area affected by malaria, you need to prepare to avoid infection.</li></ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of malaria</h2> <p>Malaria symptoms usually appear six to 30 days after infection. Symptoms may take up to 12 months to show. The symptoms are similar to a terrible flu: </p> <ul> <li>fever</li> <li>chills</li> <li>headache</li> <li>nausea</li> <li>vomiting</li> <li>diarrhea</li> <li>extreme weakness</li> <li>muscle aches</li> <li>pain in the abdomen, back and joints</li> <li>coughing</li> <li>confusion</li> </ul> <p>Malaria is a dangerous cause of fever in children who return from travelling. Fever is a symptom, not a disease. It is the body's response to infections. A fever may mean that something serious is occurring. It needs to be investigated by a doctor.</p> <p>If your child shows several of these signs, see a doctor right away. If not treated properly, they can get worse rapidly. </p> <p>Once treated, symptoms usually go away in a few days. Some children take longer to recover. </p> <p>Many other diseases share the same signs as malaria. This may delay diagnosis in children. </p><h2>Malaria is common in some parts of the world</h2><ul><li>Africa</li><li>Asia</li><li>the Middle East</li><li>South America</li><li>Central America</li></ul><p>Children may catch the infection when visiting these areas. It is important to prepare ahead of time when travelling. Carry and take the proper medication.</p> <figure class="asset-c-100"><span class="asset-image-title">Countries where malaria is </span><span class="asset-image-title">common</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Malaria_occurrence_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="World map showing areas where there is risk of contracting malaria" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">There</figcaption><figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> is a risk of malaria in the countries on the map that are coloured in red. Data taken from the World Health Organization's World Malaria Report 2009. </figcaption> </figure><h2>What your child's doctor can do </h2> <p>If the doctor suspects malaria, your child may need to go to the hospital. Blood tests will help with diagnosis. Blood tests can determine what type of parasite caused the infection.</p><h2>Treatment</h2> <p>Malaria is treated with specifc medicine. The type and length of treatment depends on:</p> <ul> <li>the type of parasite </li> <li>the severity of the illness</li> <li>the age of the child</li> <li>the pattern of drug resistance in the area travelled</li> </ul> <p>Your child may need to see a doctor specializing in infectious diseases or tropical medicine. Extreme cases of malaria might require a special type of blood transfusion.</p><h2>Complications</h2> <p>Severe complications include:</p> <ul> <li>brain damage</li> <li>severe anaemia</li> <li>shock</li> <li>seizure</li> <li>kidney failure</li> <li>coma</li> </ul><h2>Prevention</h2> <p>If you plan to visit a malarial area, you need to prepare to avoid infection. Anti-malarial medications are the most common way to prevent infection. It is important to take the medication exactly as ordered. It is taken a few days before departure, throughout your trip, and then a few weeks after returning home. </p> <p>Other ways to protect against malaria:</p> <ul> <li>use a bed net treated with insecticide</li> <li>use insect repellents</li> <li>wear protective clothing like long sleeves and pants</li> <li>stay indoors from dusk to dawn</li> <li>use air conditioners where available, instead of opening windows </li> </ul> <h3>Breastfed babies</h3> <p>If your child is being breastfed and you are taking medication for malaria, your baby also still needs medication. </p><h2>When to seek medical assistance after treatment:</h2> <h3>See your child's regular doctor if:</h3> <ul> <li>your child's fever or other symptoms do not respond in one to two days to the medication</li> <li>your child misses days of medication</li> <li>your child has yellow eyes</li> </ul> <h3>Take your child to the nearest Emergency Department, or call 911 if necessary, if your child:</h3> <ul> <li>appears confused </li> <li>has a high fever that is not brought down by <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a></li> <li>has difficulty breathing</li> <li>has severe stomach pains</li> <li>is not able to tolerate medication by mouth</li> <li>has not passed urine in 8 hours or has very dark urine</li> <li>is fainting</li> <li>has had a seizure</li> <li>is lethargic </li> <li>is not looking well</li> <li>has abnormal bruising</li> <li>if you have any other concerns</li> </ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/malaria.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/malaria.jpgMalariaFalse

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