HIV and pregnancyHHIV and pregnancyHIV and pregnancyEnglishInfectious DiseasesPrenatalBodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2013-12-18T05:00:00ZDebra Louch, RN;Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP;Georgina MacDougall, RN8.0000000000000066.0000000000000968.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>If you are infected with HIV and pregnant, learn how certain medicines can lower the risk of passing HIV on to your baby.</p><h2>What is HIV?</h2> <p>HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. <a href="/Article?contentid=910&language=English">HIV</a> is a virus that infects certain cells of the immune system. It makes the immune system weaker over time. This puts a person at risk for other serious infections.</p> <p>A woman who is infected with HIV (HIV-positive) can unknowingly pass the infection onto her baby during pregnancy, at birth or through breastfeeding. Some women do not know they have HIV until they are pregnant and get tested.</p> <h2>Healthy pregnancy and HIV</h2> <p>All pregnant women or women who are considering pregnancy should have a test for HIV. If you are HIV-positive, you should be seeing an HIV specialist. There is no cure for HIV, but there are many medicines that can help keep you healthy. Some medicines are not safe during pregnancy. Your HIV specialist will recommend the safest and best combination of medications for you during your pregnancy.</p> <p>Your HIV specialist will monitor the amount of HIV in your blood (viral load) to make sure the medicines are working. Keeping your viral load under control will help protect your baby from getting infected with HIV.</p> <p>You should also see an obstetrician during your pregnancy. An obstetrician is a doctor who has received special training in the care of women during pregnancy, labour and delivery, and the first few weeks after childbirth.</p> <p>Your family doctor or the clinic where you were diagnosed can refer you to an HIV specialist and an obstetrician.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>All pregnant women should be tested for HIV during pregnancy.</li> <li>Pregnant women who are infected with HIV should take medicines to lower the risk of passing HIV to their baby.</li> <li>If you take medicines and your viral load is low by the time of delivery, the risk of passing HIV to your baby becomes very low.</li> <li>If your viral load is greater than 1000 copies/mL at the time of delivery, having a C-section reduces the risk of passing HIV to your baby.</li> <li>If your viral load is less than 1000 copies/mL, then having a C-section does not give any extra benefit to your baby. You should be able to have a normal (vaginal) delivery.</li> </ul><h2>Taking HIV medicine during pregnancy lowers the risk of passing the virus to your baby</h2><p>If a pregnant woman has HIV and does not receive medicine during pregnancy or delivery, the risk of infection for the baby is around 25%. This means one in four babies will be infected.</p><p>The risk that your baby will be infected with HIV is much lower if:</p><ul><li>You take HIV medicines regularly as prescribed.</li><li>Your health-care team knows about your condition so they can deliver proper care during childbirth.</li><li>After being born, your baby takes medicines for six weeks.</li><li>You give formula to your baby and do not breast feed.</li></ul><p>In this case, the risk of infection to your baby is less than 1%. This means that fewer than one in 100 babies will be infected.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">HIV: Medication and viral load</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/HIV_Viral_load_MED_ILL_EN.png" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Taking HIV medication helps reduce the number of HIV in the blood (viral load). When viral load is low, the risk of passing HIV to your baby is reduced.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>When and how long you take HIV medicine depends on your situation</h3><p>Your HIV specialist will discuss the timing of your HIV medicine with you.</p><ul><li>If you need to take medicine for your own health, you will keep taking medicine after your baby is born.</li><li>If you do not need HIV medicine for your own health, you still need to take medication during your pregnancy. When your baby is born, talk to your HIV specialist about your medicine to see if you should continue taking them or not.</li></ul><h2>Normal delivery vs. C-section (caesarean section)</h2><p>If your viral load is greater than 1000 copies/mL near the time of delivery, having a C-section will reduce the risk of passing HIV to your baby. A high viral load can happen for any of these reasons:</p><ul><li>if the medicines are not working, that is if the virus is resistant to the combination of medicines you are taking</li><li>if you started taking medicine late in the pregnancy</li><li>if you are not taking the medicine regularly</li></ul><p>If your viral load is less than 1000 copies/mL, your obstetrician will not likely recommend you have a C-section. It's easier for you to recover for a vaginal delivery. Also, a C-section will not be safer for your baby.</p><p>Talk to your HIV specialist and your obstetrician about what kind of delivery is best for you.</p><h2>What to do when you go into labour</h2><p>Keep taking your medicines, even when you start to go into labour. Go to the hospital soon after you suspect you are in labour. You should be given an additional medicine called zidovudine (AZT) intravenously. It is best to receive it at least two to four hours before the baby is born.</p><h2>For more information</h2> <p>If you are planning on getting pregnant, talk to your health-care provider. They can help you make the safest choices. For more information, please visit <a href="http://www.thebody.com/content/art16969.html">http://www.thebody.com/content/art16969.html</a></p> <p>If you have any questions or concerns, contact your doctor or the HIV clinic. For more information, please see the following:</p> <ul> <li>Motherisk <a target="_blank" href="http://www.motherisk.org/">www.motherisk.org</a></li> <li>CATIE: Community AIDS Treatment Information Exchange <a target="_blank" href="http://www.catie.ca/">www.catie.ca</a></li> </ul>
فيروس نقص المناعة البشرية والحملففيروس نقص المناعة البشرية والحملHIV and pregnancyArabicInfectious DiseasesPrenatalBodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPC;Debra Louch, RN;Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP8.0000000000000068.00000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ابحث عن معلومات حول مرد الايدز و فيروس نقص المناعة البشرية الذي يمكن ان يؤثر على الجنين خلال الحمل. فيروس نقص المناعة البشرية يجعل ضعف في جهاز المناعة.</p>
HIV(人体免疫缺陷病毒)与怀孕HHIV(人体免疫缺陷病毒)与怀孕HIV and pregnancyChineseSimplifiedInfectious DiseasesPrenatalBodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FP68.00000000000008.000000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z如果你感染了 HIV,了解某些药物怎样降低将 HIV 传给孩子的风险。
HIV(人體免疫缺陷病毒)與懷孕HHIV(人體免疫缺陷病毒)與懷孕HIV and PregnancyChineseTraditionalInfectious DiseasesPrenatalBodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FP68.00000000000008.000000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z了解嬰兒HIV感染途徑及原因,對HIV孕婦採取適當護理,預防HIV感染
O VIH e a gravidezOO VIH e a gravidezHIV and PregnancyPortugueseNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPC Debra Louch, RN Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP68.00000000000008.000000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>VIH na gravidez: VIH é o vírus da imunodeficiência humana. Saiba quais são os efeitos da imunodeficiência humana na gravidez e os medicamentos para VIH.</p>
ਐੱਚਆਈਵੀ (HIV) ਅਤੇ ਗਰਭਐੱਚਆਈਵੀ (HIV) ਅਤੇ ਗਰਭHIV and PregnancyPunjabiNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2011-04-12T04:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP68.00000000000008.000000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ਜੇ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਐੱਚਆਈਵੀ ਹੋ ਗਈ ਹੋਵੇ, ਕੁਝ ਦਵਾਈਆਂ ਐੱਚਆਈਵੀ ਨੂੰ ਤੁਹਾਡੇ ਬੇਬੀ ਨੂੰ ਲੱਗਣ ਦੇ ਖ਼ਤਰੇ ਨੂੰ ਘਟਾ ਸਕਦੀਆਂ ਹਨ।</p>
El VIH y el embarazoEEl VIH y el embarazoHIV and PregnancySpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP68.00000000000008.000000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Conozca los medicamentos para el VIH que pueden disminuir el riesgo de transmitir el VIH durante el embarazo. Lea consejos para el parto de mujeres con VIH.</p>
VVU na mimbaVVVU na mimbaHIV and PregnancySwahiliPregnancyAdult (19+)NAImmune systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP68.00000000000008.000000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Kama wewe umeambukizwa VVU, jifunza jinsi baadhi ya madawa yanaweza kupunguza hatari ya kupitisha V VU kwa mtoto wako.</p>
HIV யும் கர்ப்பமும்HHIV யும் கர்ப்பமும்HIV and PregnancyTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP68.00000000000008.000000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>நீங்கள் கர்ப்பத்தின் போது HIV-யால் தாக்கப்பட்டிருந்தால், உங்களது குழந்தைக்கு HIV தொற்றுவதற்கான அபாயத்தை குறிப்பிட்ட சில மருந்துகள் எவ்வாறு குறைக்கமுடியும் என்பதை தெரிந்து கொள்ளுங்கள்.</p>
حمل اور ایچ آئ ویححمل اور ایچ آئ ویHIV and PregnancyUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-12-17T05:00:00ZJason Brophy, MD, DTM, FRCPCDebra Louch, RNAri Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPCStanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP68.00000000000008.000000000000001110.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>اگر آپ کو دوران حمل HIV سے متاثر ہوجاتی ہیں تو معلوم کریں کہ کس طرح کچھ مخصوص معالجات سے آپ کے بچے کو HIV منتقل ہونے کا خطرہ کم ہوجاتا ہے۔</p><br>

 

 

HIV and pregnancy908.000000000000HIV and pregnancyHIV and pregnancyHEnglishInfectious DiseasesPrenatalBodyImmune systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2013-12-18T05:00:00ZDebra Louch, RN;Ari Bitnun, MD, MSc, FRCPC;Stanley Read, MD, PhD, FRCPC, FAAP;Georgina MacDougall, RN8.0000000000000066.0000000000000968.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>If you are infected with HIV and pregnant, learn how certain medicines can lower the risk of passing HIV on to your baby.</p><h2>What is HIV?</h2> <p>HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. <a href="/Article?contentid=910&language=English">HIV</a> is a virus that infects certain cells of the immune system. It makes the immune system weaker over time. This puts a person at risk for other serious infections.</p> <p>A woman who is infected with HIV (HIV-positive) can unknowingly pass the infection onto her baby during pregnancy, at birth or through breastfeeding. Some women do not know they have HIV until they are pregnant and get tested.</p> <h2>Healthy pregnancy and HIV</h2> <p>All pregnant women or women who are considering pregnancy should have a test for HIV. If you are HIV-positive, you should be seeing an HIV specialist. There is no cure for HIV, but there are many medicines that can help keep you healthy. Some medicines are not safe during pregnancy. Your HIV specialist will recommend the safest and best combination of medications for you during your pregnancy.</p> <p>Your HIV specialist will monitor the amount of HIV in your blood (viral load) to make sure the medicines are working. Keeping your viral load under control will help protect your baby from getting infected with HIV.</p> <p>You should also see an obstetrician during your pregnancy. An obstetrician is a doctor who has received special training in the care of women during pregnancy, labour and delivery, and the first few weeks after childbirth.</p> <p>Your family doctor or the clinic where you were diagnosed can refer you to an HIV specialist and an obstetrician.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>All pregnant women should be tested for HIV during pregnancy.</li> <li>Pregnant women who are infected with HIV should take medicines to lower the risk of passing HIV to their baby.</li> <li>If you take medicines and your viral load is low by the time of delivery, the risk of passing HIV to your baby becomes very low.</li> <li>If your viral load is greater than 1000 copies/mL at the time of delivery, having a C-section reduces the risk of passing HIV to your baby.</li> <li>If your viral load is less than 1000 copies/mL, then having a C-section does not give any extra benefit to your baby. You should be able to have a normal (vaginal) delivery.</li> </ul><h2>Taking HIV medicine during pregnancy lowers the risk of passing the virus to your baby</h2><p>If a pregnant woman has HIV and does not receive medicine during pregnancy or delivery, the risk of infection for the baby is around 25%. This means one in four babies will be infected.</p><p>The risk that your baby will be infected with HIV is much lower if:</p><ul><li>You take HIV medicines regularly as prescribed.</li><li>Your health-care team knows about your condition so they can deliver proper care during childbirth.</li><li>After being born, your baby takes medicines for six weeks.</li><li>You give formula to your baby and do not breast feed.</li></ul><p>In this case, the risk of infection to your baby is less than 1%. This means that fewer than one in 100 babies will be infected.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">HIV: Medication and viral load</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/HIV_Viral_load_MED_ILL_EN.png" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Taking HIV medication helps reduce the number of HIV in the blood (viral load). When viral load is low, the risk of passing HIV to your baby is reduced.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>When and how long you take HIV medicine depends on your situation</h3><p>Your HIV specialist will discuss the timing of your HIV medicine with you.</p><ul><li>If you need to take medicine for your own health, you will keep taking medicine after your baby is born.</li><li>If you do not need HIV medicine for your own health, you still need to take medication during your pregnancy. When your baby is born, talk to your HIV specialist about your medicine to see if you should continue taking them or not.</li></ul><h2>Normal delivery vs. C-section (caesarean section)</h2><p>If your viral load is greater than 1000 copies/mL near the time of delivery, having a C-section will reduce the risk of passing HIV to your baby. A high viral load can happen for any of these reasons:</p><ul><li>if the medicines are not working, that is if the virus is resistant to the combination of medicines you are taking</li><li>if you started taking medicine late in the pregnancy</li><li>if you are not taking the medicine regularly</li></ul><p>If your viral load is less than 1000 copies/mL, your obstetrician will not likely recommend you have a C-section. It's easier for you to recover for a vaginal delivery. Also, a C-section will not be safer for your baby.</p><p>Talk to your HIV specialist and your obstetrician about what kind of delivery is best for you.</p><h2>What to do when you go into labour</h2><p>Keep taking your medicines, even when you start to go into labour. Go to the hospital soon after you suspect you are in labour. You should be given an additional medicine called zidovudine (AZT) intravenously. It is best to receive it at least two to four hours before the baby is born.</p><h2>What to expect when your baby is born</h2><p>Do not breastfeed your baby. Give formula instead. Breastfeeding is one way of passing HIV from mother to child.</p><p>For more information, please read <a href="/Article?contentid=899&language=English">HIV and your baby</a>.</p><p>Your baby will be given AZT within the first 24 hours after birth. You will need to give your baby this medicine twice a day for the first six weeks of life. This can further reduce the risk of HIV infection in your baby. Your baby will also need blood tests for HIV.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Giving Oral Medication</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/oral_medication_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> </figure><h2>For more information</h2> <p>If you are planning on getting pregnant, talk to your health-care provider. They can help you make the safest choices. For more information, please visit <a href="http://www.thebody.com/content/art16969.html">http://www.thebody.com/content/art16969.html</a></p> <p>If you have any questions or concerns, contact your doctor or the HIV clinic. For more information, please see the following:</p> <ul> <li>Motherisk <a target="_blank" href="http://www.motherisk.org/">www.motherisk.org</a></li> <li>CATIE: Community AIDS Treatment Information Exchange <a target="_blank" href="http://www.catie.ca/">www.catie.ca</a></li> </ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/HIV_pregnancy.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/HIV_pregnancy.jpgHIV and pregnancy

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