Muscle crampsMMuscle crampsMuscle crampsEnglishOrthopaedics/MusculoskeletalToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodySkeletal muscleConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-12-14T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC5.0000000000000082.0000000000000615.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Information about signs, symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of muscle cramps.</p><h2>What is a muscle cramp?</h2> <p>A muscle cramp happens when a muscle in the body tenses or stiffens up. Cramps are involuntary, which means your child cannot control them. A cramp comes on suddenly, without warning, and causes pain or discomfort. Your child may not be able to use the affected muscles for a short time. </p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>A muscle cramp is when a muscle in the body tenses or stiffens up.</li><li>The cramps are sharp, sudden and involuntary.</li><li>Most muscle cramps are not an emergency. Simple stretching and massage can help.</li> <li>To prevent muscle cramps, stretch before bed, drink lots of liquids and avoid exercising too hard when it is hot outside.</li></ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of muscle cramps</h2> <ul> <li>sharp muscle pain</li> <li>sudden muscle spasm, which is like a sudden seizure or twinge</li> <li>tightening of muscles, often in the legs</li> <li>a visible hard lump of muscle beneath the skin</li> <li>cramps that occur in your child's calf muscles or toes during sleep</li> </ul><h2>Causes of muscle cramps</h2> <p>Many things can cause a muscle cramp. Children often get muscle cramps if they play or exercise in warm weather without drinking enough water.</p> <h3>Common causes of muscle cramps include:</h3> <ul> <li>overusing a muscle</li> <li>dehydration</li> <li>physical activity in warm weather</li> <li>certain medications</li> <li>holding a position for too long</li> </ul> <p>Some children may have a particular medical condition that can lead to muscle cramps.</p> <h3>The following conditions may bring about muscle cramping: </h3> <ul> <li>not enough blood flow to muscles</li> <li>compressed nerves</li> <li>loss of certain minerals from the body</li> </ul><h2>Treatment of muscle cramps</h2> <p>Most muscle cramping in children is not an emergency. Simple stretching and massaging can help treat a muscle cramp. If your child gets a cramp in the calf muscle, ask them to straighten their leg and flex their foot.</p> <p>You can also switch back and forth between cold compresses and warm heating pads on the affected muscle area. These treatments will usually calm the cramping after a few minutes to an hour. To prevent any dehydration, be sure to give your child lots of liquids as well. </p> <h2>Rest and hydrate</h2> <p>Heat-related illnesses are often indicated by muscle cramps, along with weakness, nausea and vomiting. If your child has any of these symptoms, have them rest, cool off and drink lots of liquids. </p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <ul> <li>if the muscle cramps do not disappear in a few minutes</li> <li>if the muscle cramps are recurrent with no clear cause such as intense exercise or injury</li> </ul>
Crampes musculairesCCrampes musculairesMuscle crampsFrenchOrthopaedics/MusculoskeletalToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodySkeletal muscleConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-12-14T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC5.0000000000000082.0000000000000615.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Renseignements sur les signes, les symptômes, les causes, les traitements et la prévention des crampes musculaires. </p><h2>Qu’est ce qu’une crampe musculaire?</h2> <p>Une crampe musculaire se produit lorsqu’un muscle du corps se contracte ou se raidit. Les crampes sont involontaires, ce qui signifie que votre enfant ne peut les contrôler. Elles surviennent soudainement, à l’improviste, et provoquent de la douleur et un inconfort. Il se peut que votre enfant ne soit pas capable d’utiliser les muscles touchés pendant une courte période. </p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Une crampe musculaire se produit lorsqu’un muscle du corps se contracte ou se raidit. </li> <li>Les crampes sont vives, soudaines et involontaires.</li> <li>La plupart des crampes ne sont pas des situations d’urgence. Un simple étirement ou un massage peut aider au soulagement.</li> <li>Afin de prévenir les crampes musculaires, étirez-vous avant d’aller au lit, buvez beaucoup de liquides et évitez de faire des exercices trop intenses lorsqu’il fait chaud à l’extérieur.</li> </ul><h2>Signes et symptômes des crampes musculaires</h2> <ul> <li>douleur musculaire vive;</li> <li>spasme musculaire soudain, comme une crise ou un élancement soudain;</li> <li>resserrement des muscles, souvent dans les jambes;</li> <li>une bosse dure et visible des muscles sous la peau;</li> <li>crampes qui surviennent dans les muscles des mollets ou des orteils de votre enfant lorsqu’il dort.</li> </ul><h2>Causes des crampes musculaires</h2> <p>De nombreux facteurs peuvent provoquer une crampe musculaire. Les enfants ont souvent des crampes s'ils jouent ou font de l’exercice par temps chauds sans boire suffisamment d’eau. </p> <p>Voici certaines des causes courantes des crampes musculaires :</p> <ul> <li>surutiliser un muscle;</li> <li>déshydratation;</li> <li>l’activité physique lorsqu'il fait très chaud;</li> <li>certains médicaments;</li> <li>tenir une position trop longtemps.</li> </ul> <p>Certains enfants peuvent être atteints d’un état pathologique qui risque d’entraîner des crampes musculaires, par exemple :</p> <ul> <li>débit sanguin insuffisant vers les muscles;</li> <li>nerfs comprimés;</li> <li>perte de certains minéraux par l’organisme.</li> </ul><h2>Traitement des crampes musculaires</h2> <p>La plupart des crampes chez les enfants ne sont pas des situations d’urgence. Un simple étirement ou un massage peut aider à soulager la crampe musculaire. Si votre enfant a une crampe dans le muscle du mollet, demandez lui de mettre sa jambe droite et de fléchir son pied.</p> <p>Vous pouvez également alterner entre des compresses froides et des coussins chauffants sur la région du muscle touché. Ces traitements apaiseront certainement la crampe en quelques minutes, voire en une heure. Afin de prévenir la déshydratation, assurez-vous de donner beaucoup de liquides à votre enfant.</p> <h2>Repos et hydratation</h2> <p>Les maladies dûes à la chaleur se manifestent souvent par des crampes musculaires, ainsi qu’une faiblesse, des nausées et des vomissements. Si votre enfant présente l’un ou l’autre de ses symptômes, faites-le se reposer, se refroidir et boire beaucoup de liquides. </p><h2>Quand consulter un médecin?</h2> <ul> <li>si les crampes musculaires ne disparaissent pas en quelques minutes;</li> <li>si les crampes musculaires récidivent, sans cause précise;</li> <li>exercice intense ou blessure.</li> </ul>

 

 

Muscle cramps952.000000000000Muscle crampsMuscle crampsMEnglishOrthopaedics/MusculoskeletalToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodySkeletal muscleConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-12-14T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC5.0000000000000082.0000000000000615.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Information about signs, symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of muscle cramps.</p><h2>What is a muscle cramp?</h2> <p>A muscle cramp happens when a muscle in the body tenses or stiffens up. Cramps are involuntary, which means your child cannot control them. A cramp comes on suddenly, without warning, and causes pain or discomfort. Your child may not be able to use the affected muscles for a short time. </p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>A muscle cramp is when a muscle in the body tenses or stiffens up.</li><li>The cramps are sharp, sudden and involuntary.</li><li>Most muscle cramps are not an emergency. Simple stretching and massage can help.</li> <li>To prevent muscle cramps, stretch before bed, drink lots of liquids and avoid exercising too hard when it is hot outside.</li></ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of muscle cramps</h2> <ul> <li>sharp muscle pain</li> <li>sudden muscle spasm, which is like a sudden seizure or twinge</li> <li>tightening of muscles, often in the legs</li> <li>a visible hard lump of muscle beneath the skin</li> <li>cramps that occur in your child's calf muscles or toes during sleep</li> </ul><h2>Causes of muscle cramps</h2> <p>Many things can cause a muscle cramp. Children often get muscle cramps if they play or exercise in warm weather without drinking enough water.</p> <h3>Common causes of muscle cramps include:</h3> <ul> <li>overusing a muscle</li> <li>dehydration</li> <li>physical activity in warm weather</li> <li>certain medications</li> <li>holding a position for too long</li> </ul> <p>Some children may have a particular medical condition that can lead to muscle cramps.</p> <h3>The following conditions may bring about muscle cramping: </h3> <ul> <li>not enough blood flow to muscles</li> <li>compressed nerves</li> <li>loss of certain minerals from the body</li> </ul><h2>Treatment of muscle cramps</h2> <p>Most muscle cramping in children is not an emergency. Simple stretching and massaging can help treat a muscle cramp. If your child gets a cramp in the calf muscle, ask them to straighten their leg and flex their foot.</p> <p>You can also switch back and forth between cold compresses and warm heating pads on the affected muscle area. These treatments will usually calm the cramping after a few minutes to an hour. To prevent any dehydration, be sure to give your child lots of liquids as well. </p> <h2>Rest and hydrate</h2> <p>Heat-related illnesses are often indicated by muscle cramps, along with weakness, nausea and vomiting. If your child has any of these symptoms, have them rest, cool off and drink lots of liquids. </p><h2>Prevention</h2> <p>You can help your child avoid muscle cramps by offering plenty of fluids during and after playing and exercising. Urge your child to drink water or a sports drink every 15 minutes when active. Also, warn your child not to exercise too hard when it is warm or hot outside. </p> <h2>Stretching</h2> <p>Encourage your child to do calf stretches before bed to prevent cramps. Ask your child to sit on the floor and stretch their legs out in front of themselves. Then ask your child to flex their feet, bend at the waist and gently try to touch their toes. Your child should not point their toes.</p> <h2>Drinking lots of liquids</h2> <p>Encourage your child to drink lots of liquids throughout the day. When exercising, try to have your child drink about every 15 minutes.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <ul> <li>if the muscle cramps do not disappear in a few minutes</li> <li>if the muscle cramps are recurrent with no clear cause such as intense exercise or injury</li> </ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/muscle_cramps.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/muscle_cramps.jpgMuscle cramps

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