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Thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)TThoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)Thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)EnglishOrthopaedics/MusculoskeletalPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)SpineSkeletal systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-29T05:00:00ZThe Certified Orthotists at the Centre for Orthotics and Medical Devices6.0000000000000068.00000000000002611.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Learn how to wear and take care of your TLSO Orthosis.</p><h2>What is a thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)?</h2><p>A thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis is a body brace designed to halt the progression of scoliosis. It is worn over an undershirt to protect the skin.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Thoracic lumbo sacral orthosis (TLSO)</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/TLSO_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Soft perforated lining, Velcro straps, front opening and plastic girdle on a TLSO" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">The TLSO is used to halt the curve progression of the spine of persons with scoliosis. It is created from molded plastic and custom made to fit each patient. It is worn over a long, seamless and snug-fitting cotton undershirt. It must be worn for the prescribed amount of time for it to be effective.</figcaption> </figure> <br> <br><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>The TLSO should be worn for 22 to 23 hours per day by the end of three weeks. </li> <li>This guide offers a suggested schedule to build up to the 22 to 23 hours slowly. You can make your own schedule if you prefer. </li> <li>If you are having problems with your orthosis or your skin and the problems do not go away, make an earlier clinic appointment. </li> <li>If you have any questions or problems, contact your orthotist. <br></li> </ul><h2>Goal and requirements</h2> <ul> <li>Goal: To wear the TLSO for 22 to 23 hours per day by the end of three weeks.</li> </ul> <p>This means that you need to:</p> <ul> <li>put on your orthosis properly </li> <li>start wearing your orthosis gradually </li> <li>look after your skin </li> <li>clean your orthosis every day </li> </ul> <p>For general information about wearing an orthosis for scoliosis, including instructions for making cotton undershirts, please see <a href="/Article?contentid=974&language=English">Scoliosis: Treatment with a spinal orthosis (spinal brace).</a><br></p><h2>Putting the orthosis on</h2> <ol> <li>To put the orthosis on, spread the orthosis at the bottom of the front opening. Slide the opening over one hip. Reach around the back and pull the rest of the orthosis around you. Make sure all the straps are outside the plastic girdle.</li> <li>Make sure the orthosis is not twisted and is facing straight ahead. The opening of the orthosis should be in the middle of your front. The cut-out at the back should be centered on the crease between the buttocks. The waist roll of the orthosis (the indentations inside) should sit at your waist, just above the hip bones. </li> <li>Do up the middle Velcro strap first, then the bottom and top straps. As you do up the orthosis, you should be checking the positioning to ensure that the waist rolls are properly positioned.</li> <li>At first, it may be easier to tighten the orthosis while lying down. Your spine will be straighter and you will have more room to tighten the orthosis properly. Once your spine gets used to the orthosis, you may be able to tighten it while standing up.</li> <li>Pull the extra cloth of the undershirt down around the bottom and top of the orthosis so that it is smooth. Make sure there are no wrinkles in the undershirt. Wrinkles can cause sores on your skin.</li> <li>Always do up the Velcro straps at the marked spots. Never loosen it. If you wear your orthosis loosely, you will have skin problems and discomfort. A loose orthosis will shift around each time you move and irritate your skin and prominent bones (ribs and hip bones). If you experience regular stomach bloating, you may slightly loosen the orthosis for a short time. </li> </ol><h2>At SickKids</h2> <h3>How much a TLSO costs</h3> <p>If you are an Ontario citizen, 75% of your spinal orthosis is paid for by the Assistive Devices Program (ADP). The remaining 25% is the responsibility of the family. Most private insurance companies may cover the cost of the client portion of the spinal orthosis. If you need help to pay for the orthosis, visit our reception desk for a listing of charitable organizations that may assist you. Please visit or contact The Centre for Orthotics for further information on pricing.</p> <p>All proceeds from orthotic treatment at The Centre for Orthotics go to support patient care and research at SickKids. For more information, please see <a href="http://www.centrefororthotics.ca/" target="_blank">www.centrefororthotics.ca</a>. </p>
Orthèse thoracique-lombo-sacréeOOrthèse thoracique-lombo-sacréeThoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)FrenchOrthopaedics/MusculoskeletalPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)SpineSkeletal systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-29T05:00:00ZThe Certified Orthotists at the Centre for Orthotics and Medical Devices6.0000000000000068.00000000000002611.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez comment porter une orthèse thoracique-lombo-sacrée et comment en prendre soin.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce qu’une orthèse thoracique-lombo-sacrée?</h2><p>Une orthèse thoracique-lombo-sacrée est un appareil orthopédique pour le corps qui sert à arrêter la progression de la scoliose. Elle se porte sur un maillot de corps pour protéger la peau.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Orthèse dorso-lombo-sacrée</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/TLSO_EQUIP_ILL_FR.jpg" alt="La paroi souple et perforée, les courroies de Velcro, l’ouverture du devant et le corset en plastique sur l’appareil" /> <figcaption class="“asset-image-caption”">L'orthèse dorso-lombo-sacrée sert à freiner la progression de la courbure de la colonne vertébrale chez une personne atteinte d'une scoliose. L'orthèse est fabriquée de plastique moulé et faite sur mesure pour s'adapter à chaque patient. Elle est portée sur une longue combinaison de coton sans couture et bien ajustée. L'orthèse doit être portée pendant la durée prescrite afin d'être efficace.</figcaption> </figure><h2>Principaux points à retenir</h2> <ul><li>L’orthèse thoracique-lombo-sacrée devrait être portée de 22 à 23 heures par jour au bout de trois semaines.</li> <li>Le présent guide suggère un calendrier pour atteindre graduellement les 22 à 23 heures par jour. Vous pouvez également faire votre propre calendrier si vous préférez.</li> <li>Si vous avez des problèmes avec votre orthèse ou votre peau et que les problèmes ne partent pas, devancez votre rendez-vous à la clinique.</li> <li>Si vous avez des questions ou des problèmes, communiquez avec votre orthésiste.</li> </ul><h2>But et exigences</h2> <ul> <li>But : Porter l’orthèse thoracique-lombo-sacrée de 22 à 23 heures par jour d’ici trois semaines.</li> </ul> <p>Cela signifie que vous devez :</p> <ul> <li>mettre votre orthèse correctement,</li> <li>commencer graduellement à porter votre orthèse,</li> <li>prendre soin de votre peau,</li> <li>nettoyer votre orthèse tous les jours.</li> </ul> <p>Pour obtenir des renseignements généraux sur le port d’une orthèse pour une scoliose, y compris des instructions pour fabriquer un maillot de corps, veuillez consulter <a href="/Article?contentid=974&language=French">« Scoliose : Traitement avec une orthèse vertébrale (corset dorsal) »</a></p><h2>Mettre l’orthèse</h2> <ol> <li>Pour mettre l’orthèse, écartez l’orthèse au bas de l’ouverture à l’avant. Faites glisser l’ouverture sur une hanche. Attrapez l’orthèse dans le dos et tirez-la pour la ramener autour de vous. Assurez-vous que toutes les sangles se trouvent à l’extérieur de la gaine de plastique.</li> <li>Assurez-vous que l’orthèse n’est pas tordue et qu’elle fait bien face vers l’avant. L’ouverture de l’orthèse devrait se trouver au milieu de l’avant de votre corps. La découpe à l’arrière devrait être centrée sur la raie entre les fesses. Le rouleau de taille de l’orthèse (indentations vers l’intérieur) devrait se trouver au niveau de votre taille, juste au-dessus des os des hanches. </li> <li> Attachez d’abord la sangle Velcro du milieu, puis celles du bas et du haut. Au fur et à mesure que vous attachez l’orthèse, vous devriez vérifier sa position pour vous assurer que les rouleaux de la taille sont bien placés.</li> <li>Au début, il sera peut-être plus facile de serrer l’orthèse en étant couché, car votre colonne vertébrale sera alors plus droite. Vous aurez également plus de place pour resserrer correctement l’orthèse. Une fois que votre colonne vertébrale s’habituera à l’orthèse, vous pourrez peut-être la resserrer en étant debout.</li> <li>Tirez sur le maillot de corps vers le bas et le haut de l’orthèse pour vous assurer qu’il est bien lisse. Assurez-vous que le maillot ne présente aucun pli, car les plis pourraient blesser votre peau.</li> <li>Attachez toujours les sangles Velcro au niveau des endroits marqués. Ne les desserrez pas. Si vous portez l’orthèse trop lâchement serrée, vous aurez des problèmes de peau et sentirez un inconfort. Une orthèse lâche se déplacera chaque fois que vous bougerez et irritera votre peau et les os proéminents (côtes et os des hanches). Si vous avez régulièrement des ballonnements d’estomac, vous pouvez desserrer légèrement l’orthèse pour un court laps de temps. </li> </ol><h2>À l’hôpital SickKids :</h2> <h3>Combien coûte une orthèse thoracique-lombo-sacrée</h3> <p>Si vous résidez en Ontario, le Programme d’appareils et accessoires fonctionnels (PAAF) couvrira 75 % des frais de votre orthèse vertébrale et vous devrez assumer le solde (les 25 % qui restent). La plupart des sociétés d’assurance privées peuvent assumer la portion du client. Si vous avez besoin d’aide pour payer l’orthèse, demandez au personnel à la réception une liste d’organismes de charité qui pourraient vous aider. Veuillez consulter le Centre d’orthétique pour obtenir plus de renseignements sur les prix.</p> <p>Tous les profits des traitements orthétiques du Centre d’orthétique sont destinés aux soins des patients et la recherche à l’hôpital SickKids. Pour plus de renseignements, consultez le site à l’adresse<a href="http://www.centrefororthotics.ca/" target="_blank">www.centrefororthotics.ca</a>. </p>

 

 

Thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)975.000000000000Thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)Thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)TEnglishOrthopaedics/MusculoskeletalPre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)SpineSkeletal systemNon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-12-29T05:00:00ZThe Certified Orthotists at the Centre for Orthotics and Medical Devices6.0000000000000068.00000000000002611.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Learn how to wear and take care of your TLSO Orthosis.</p><h2>What is a thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)?</h2><p>A thoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis is a body brace designed to halt the progression of scoliosis. It is worn over an undershirt to protect the skin.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Thoracic lumbo sacral orthosis (TLSO)</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/TLSO_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Soft perforated lining, Velcro straps, front opening and plastic girdle on a TLSO" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">The TLSO is used to halt the curve progression of the spine of persons with scoliosis. It is created from molded plastic and custom made to fit each patient. It is worn over a long, seamless and snug-fitting cotton undershirt. It must be worn for the prescribed amount of time for it to be effective.</figcaption> </figure> <br> <br><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>The TLSO should be worn for 22 to 23 hours per day by the end of three weeks. </li> <li>This guide offers a suggested schedule to build up to the 22 to 23 hours slowly. You can make your own schedule if you prefer. </li> <li>If you are having problems with your orthosis or your skin and the problems do not go away, make an earlier clinic appointment. </li> <li>If you have any questions or problems, contact your orthotist. <br></li> </ul><h2>Skin care</h2> <p>It is very important to prevent skin breakdown (sore, red, raw skin). The skin under the orthosis needs to be toughened up, especially where the orthosis presses the hardest. </p> <p>To protect the skin:</p> <ul> <li>Take a bath or shower every day. </li> <li>Always wear a close-fitting, 100% cotton undershirt (tubular knit) without side seams against your skin. You can also use a T-shirt worn inside out so that the side seems are not against your skin. </li> <li>Wear the orthosis with the straps at the marked spots. If you wear the orthosis loosely, it will move around and cause more skin problems. </li> <li>Put on a clean, fresh undershirt at least once per day. In warm weather, it is advisable to change it two to four times per day, depending on how heavily you sweat. The drier you keep the undershirt, the more comfortable you will be. </li> </ul> <p>To toughen your skin:</p> <ul> <li>Do not use creams, lotions or powder under the orthosis. They soften the skin. </li> </ul> <p>To monitor your skin:</p> <ul> <li>Each time you remove the orthosis, check your skin right away for redness. If the redness lasts longer than half an hour, keep a close watch on these areas for bruising, purple discoloration, open sores or blisters. At the first sign of these symptoms, call your orthotist right away. Do not wait until your skin is raw or bleeding. </li> <li>If the skin breaks down and becomes sore, red or raw, do not wear the orthosis until the skin heals. This will take one day or more. If this happens, call your orthotist right away. The problem may be solved over the phone. Do not use creams, powder or lotions. If irritation persists, call your orthopaedic surgeon or family doctor. </li> <li>Sometimes the skin over the waist and hips gets darker. When the orthosis treatment is over, your skin will return to normal. </li> <li>Continue your skin care regimen even after you are comfortable in the orthosis. </li> <li>Make an earlier clinic appointment if your orthosis or skin problems continue. </li> </ul> <h2>Cleaning the orthosis</h2> <p>The hard plastic outer shell and the inner soft plastic foam must be cleaned every day. Use a cloth with antibacterial sanitizer to clean the lining, then wipe the lining thoroughly with a damp cloth. Make sure all the sanitizer is wiped off the inside, as it could cause skin irritation. Clean the hard plastic outer shell with a damp cloth as needed. </p> <p>A terry towel can help dry the orthosis. The orthosis will dry by itself in 20 to 30 minutes. If the orthosis is needed soon, a blow dryer set on cool can be used to dry it in five to 10 minutes. </p> <p>Never put the orthosis in water or put it under the tap. Make sure the metal and leather parts do not get wet.</p> <p>Do not leave the orthosis in very hot sun, in a hot car during the summer, or by a warm radiator. The plastic may soften and lose its shape. </p> <h2>Clothing</h2> <p>Loose-fitting clothes will not reveal the outline of your orthosis. Pants usually will be at least one size larger. Pants with elastic waistbands or drawstrings may fit more easily. </p> <h2>Physiotherapy</h2> <p>If your physician recommends it, a physiotherapist will give you exercises to do.</p> <h2>Physical activity</h2> <p>Orthosis wear tends to produce lazy muscles, especially in the stomach and lower back area, so it is extremely important to be as physically active as possible. You should participate in as many sports as you can and do the exercise prescribed by your physiotherapist daily. </p> <p>Some sports such as baseball and bicycling may be done with the orthosis on. Other activities that need a lot of flexibility, like ballet, trampoline and gymnastics, may be more difficult to do with the orthosis. </p> <p>Activities that require you to correct your balance quickly or need increased flexibility or increased air intake must be done with the orthosis off. These include: </p> <ul> <li>skating </li> <li>snowboarding </li> <li>downhill skiing </li> <li>horseback riding </li> </ul> <p>When the orthosis is removed for sports, it is considered hours out of the orthosis. If you spend more than two hours out of the orthosis, simply continue with the schedule as closely as possible.</p> <p>If you swim in salt water, wash the orthosis well with fresh water, then towel-dry it. Generally, you may swim without your orthosis since the water will support your back. Check with your doctor for specific instructions about swimming and other activities. </p><h2>Goal and requirements</h2> <ul> <li>Goal: To wear the TLSO for 22 to 23 hours per day by the end of three weeks.</li> </ul> <p>This means that you need to:</p> <ul> <li>put on your orthosis properly </li> <li>start wearing your orthosis gradually </li> <li>look after your skin </li> <li>clean your orthosis every day </li> </ul> <p>For general information about wearing an orthosis for scoliosis, including instructions for making cotton undershirts, please see <a href="/Article?contentid=974&language=English">Scoliosis: Treatment with a spinal orthosis (spinal brace).</a><br></p><h2>Putting the orthosis on</h2> <ol> <li>To put the orthosis on, spread the orthosis at the bottom of the front opening. Slide the opening over one hip. Reach around the back and pull the rest of the orthosis around you. Make sure all the straps are outside the plastic girdle.</li> <li>Make sure the orthosis is not twisted and is facing straight ahead. The opening of the orthosis should be in the middle of your front. The cut-out at the back should be centered on the crease between the buttocks. The waist roll of the orthosis (the indentations inside) should sit at your waist, just above the hip bones. </li> <li>Do up the middle Velcro strap first, then the bottom and top straps. As you do up the orthosis, you should be checking the positioning to ensure that the waist rolls are properly positioned.</li> <li>At first, it may be easier to tighten the orthosis while lying down. Your spine will be straighter and you will have more room to tighten the orthosis properly. Once your spine gets used to the orthosis, you may be able to tighten it while standing up.</li> <li>Pull the extra cloth of the undershirt down around the bottom and top of the orthosis so that it is smooth. Make sure there are no wrinkles in the undershirt. Wrinkles can cause sores on your skin.</li> <li>Always do up the Velcro straps at the marked spots. Never loosen it. If you wear your orthosis loosely, you will have skin problems and discomfort. A loose orthosis will shift around each time you move and irritate your skin and prominent bones (ribs and hip bones). If you experience regular stomach bloating, you may slightly loosen the orthosis for a short time. </li> </ol><h2>Getting used to wearing the orthosis</h2> <p>Getting comfortable using your orthosis is like getting used to new tight shoes. The following program is designed to help your skin and muscles adjust to having the orthosis on. It is a gradual build-up of time that usually takes two to three weeks. </p> <p>As you read through this section, refer to the <a href="/Article?contentid=1118&language=English">orthosis daily wear schedule</a>. You will follow 5 stages of orthosis wear, starting with six hours, then building up to eight, then 14, then 16 and finally 22 to 23 hours per day. This is simply a guide. You may make your own schedule as long as it is gradual and the brace is worn full-time after three weeks. </p> <p>Pin the orthosis daily wear schedule to a bulletin board and check off each day as you complete it. If you fall behind, do not skip days. Keep following the schedule as closely as possible. </p> <h3>Stage 1 (Day 1 to Day 5)</h3> <ul> <li>Goal: To wear the orthosis for 6 hours after school. </li> </ul> <p>Follow the instructions in day 1 to day 5 for building up to six hours. If you start your orthosis wear during school holidays, follow the same time periods suggested in the schedule. When you have completed day 5, go on to Stage 2. </p> <h3>Stage 2 (Day 6 to Day 10)</h3> <ul> <li>Goal: To wear the orthosis for eight hours to bed. </li> </ul> <p>Follow the instructions in day 6 to day 10 for building up to eight hours. Try to wear the orthosis all through the night, the first night if possible. When you reach day 10, go on to Stage 3. </p> <h3>Stage 3 (Day 11 to Day 15)</h3> <ul> <li>Goal: To wear the orthosis for 14 hours, after school and to bed. </li> </ul> <p>Follow the instructions in day 11 to day 15 for building up to 14 hours. This stage should be relatively easy once you have mastered sleeping in the orthosis. Leave the orthosis on for the entire time, except for skin care before bed. When you reach day 15, go on to Stage 4. </p> <h3>Stage 4 (Day 16 to Day 17)</h3> <ul> <li>Goal: To wear the orthosis for 16 hours, to school and to bed. </li> </ul> <p>On day 16, do not wear the orthosis until you go to bed, then put the orthosis on and do not remove it until lunchtime. Day 17 is the same except the orthosis is left on all day at school. </p> <h3>Stage 5 (Day 18 to Day 20)</h3> <ul> <li>Goal: To wear the orthosis for 22 to 23 hours. </li> </ul> <p>By the end of this stage, you will be into full-time orthosis wear. You may take your daily two hours out of the orthosis whenever you wish: for example, to take gym at school, to eat dinner and so on. </p><h2>At SickKids</h2> <h3>How much a TLSO costs</h3> <p>If you are an Ontario citizen, 75% of your spinal orthosis is paid for by the Assistive Devices Program (ADP). The remaining 25% is the responsibility of the family. Most private insurance companies may cover the cost of the client portion of the spinal orthosis. If you need help to pay for the orthosis, visit our reception desk for a listing of charitable organizations that may assist you. Please visit or contact The Centre for Orthotics for further information on pricing.</p> <p>All proceeds from orthotic treatment at The Centre for Orthotics go to support patient care and research at SickKids. For more information, please see <a href="http://www.centrefororthotics.ca/" target="_blank">www.centrefororthotics.ca</a>. </p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/TLSO_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpgThoracic-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO)False

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