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Subcutaneous injections: Injecting at homeSSubcutaneous injections: Injecting at homeSubcutaneous injections: Injecting at homeEnglishPharmacyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANADrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-11-25T05:00:00ZSharifa Habib, RN(EC), MN, NP-PaedsBrenda Graydon, RNCeline Menezes, RN71.00000000000006.000000000000001332.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Step-by-step instructions for parents on giving injections into the fatty layer below the skin (subcutaneous) at home.</p><h2>What are subcutaneous injections?</h2> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_BDsyringe_layers_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Cross-section of skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscle with needle injected at a 45-degree angle" /> </figure> <p>A subcutaneous (SC) injection is a medicine that is injected into the fatty layer just below the skin. This is called the subcutaneous layer. It is just above the muscle.<br></p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>A subcutaneous injection is a medicine that is injected into the fatty layer just below the skin. It is just above the muscle.</li> <li>The injection site varies with the age of your child.</li> <li>Insert needle directly through the skin at a 45° angle into the fatty layer.</li> <li>Give the injection quickly, and do not pull back on the plunger (aspirate) prior to injection.</li> <li>Discard the needle and syringe in a thick, plastic bottle or sharps container with a lid.</li> <li>Do not discard the needle in your regular garbage.</li> </ul><h2>What does it mean if there is bruising at the injection site?</h2> <p>This can happen from time to time. It is not harmful. It usually means the needle has nicked a tiny blood vessel. To reduce the chance of bruising, apply gentle pressure to the site with a dry piece of cotton or a clean finger after injecting. Also, be careful not to pinch the skin too tightly or insert the needle too slowly. If you have too much bruising, consult your health-care team. </p> <h2>What would happen if an air bubble was accidentally injected into your child?</h2> <p>It is not harmful to inject an air bubble under the skin. However, if you are injecting air rather than medicine, your child may not be getting the full dose, which may mean they are not being properly treated. </p><h2>When to call the doctor</h2> <p>Call the doctor if your child experiences:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a> or chills</li> <li>swelling or redness at the injection site that does not go away</li> </ul><h2>Birth to 12 months</h2><p>For newborns and infants, inject medicine into the middle of the thigh where there is a lot of fatty tissue. This is called the anterolateral thigh muscle. Use the front, outer top of the thigh. Do not use the inner thigh or back of the thigh.</p><h2>12 months and older</h2><p>For children older than 12 months, medicines can be injected into two sites.</p><ul class="akh-steps"><li> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Thigh injection site</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_site_baby_thigh_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Lower body of baby with marking on thigh" /> </figure> <p>Middle of the thigh. Inject medicine into the middle of the thigh where there is a lot of fatty tissue.This is called the anterolateral thigh muscle. Use the front, outer top of the thigh. Do not use the inner thigh or back of the thigh. </p></li><li> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Triceps injection site</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_triceps_back_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Upper body of child with markings on backs of upper arms" /> </figure> <p>Back of the arm. This is the fatty tissue over the back part of the upper arm.</p></li></ul><p>Points to keep in mind:</p><ul><li>Change sites with each injection. </li><li>Separate each injection by at least one inch.</li><li>Avoid areas that are bruised, scarred from injuries, swollen or tender.</li></ul><h2>Injection sites and needle sizes</h2> <p>The injection site depends on the age of your child. The diameter of the needles also varies depending on your child's age. This size is described in units called "gauge numbers". Needles with larger diameters have smaller gauge numbers. Even though these needles are larger, the injection is quicker and less painful for your child. </p> <p>The needle should be 16mm in length. You might be given a shorter needle for specific drugs. Check with your health-care provider to ensure you have the right length needle.</p> <p>The gauge of the needle is ________.</p> <p>Your child's injection site is _______.</p>
Injections sous-cutanées : comment les administrer à la maisonIInjections sous-cutanées : comment les administrer à la maisonSubcutaneous injections: Injecting at homeFrenchPharmacyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANADrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-11-25T05:00:00ZSharifa Habib, RN(EC), MN, NP-PaedsBrenda Graydon, RNCeline Menezes, RN71.00000000000006.000000000000001332.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Instructions illustrées à l'intention des parents : administration des injections dans la couche de graisse (sous-cutanée) en-dessous de la peau.</p><h2>Qu'est-ce qu'une injection sous-cutanée (SC)?</h2><p>Une injection SC est l'injection d'un médicament dans la couche de graisse juste au-dessous de la peau. Il s'agit de la couche sous-cutanée qui se trouve juste au-dessus du muscle. </p> <figure><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_BDsyringe_layers_EQUIP_ILL_FR.jpg" alt="Le peau, le tissu sous-cutané et le muscle avec une aiguille insérée à un angle de quarante-cinq degrés" /> </figure><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>Une injection SC est l'injection d'un médicament dans la couche de graisse juste au-dessous de la peau et directement au-dessus du muscle.</li><li>Le site d'injection varie selon l'âge de votre enfant.</li><li>Insérez l'aiguille dans la peau sans pli cutané sous un angle de 45o par rapport à la couche de graisse.</li><li>Donnez l'injection rapidement et ne retirez pas le piston (n'aspirez pas) avant l'injection.</li><li>Placez l'aiguille et la seringue dans une bouteille en plastique épais ou un contenant pour objets tranchants avec un couvercle.</li><li>Ne jetez pas l'aiguille avec vos déchets ménagers ordinaires.</li></ul><h2>Pourquoi y a-t-il des ecchymoses au site de l'injection?</h2> <p>Cela arrive de temps à autre; c'est normal. Cela se produit habituellement lorsque l'aiguille accroche un petit vaisseau sanguin. Pour réduire la chance de développer des ecchymoses, appliquez après l'injection une légère pression au site avec un morceau de coton humide ou un doigt propre. Également, prenez garde de ne pas trop pincer la peau ou d'insérer l'aiguille trop lentement. S'il y a trop d'ecchymoses, consultez votre équipe de soins de santé.</p> <h2>Que se passerait-il si une bulle d'air était injectée accidentellement?</h2> <p>Il n'est pas nocif d'injecter une bulle d'air sous la peau, mais si vous injectez de l'air plutôt que le médicament, votre enfant pourrait ne pas obtenir la dose complète, ce qui pourrait signifier qu'il ne reçoit pas un traitement approprié.</p><h2>Quand appeler le médecin</h2> <p>Appelez le médecin si votre enfant présente l'un des symptômes suivants :</p> <ul> <li>de la fièvre ou des frissons;</li> <li>une enflure ou une rougeur persistante au site de l'injection.</li></ul><h2>De la naissance à 12 mois</h2><p>Chez les nouveau-nés et les nourrissons, injectez les médicaments dans le milieu de la cuisse où la couche de graisse est plus épaisse. C'est ce qu'on appelle le muscle antérolatéral de la cuisse. Utilisez la face externe du haut de la cuisse. Évitez la face interne ou l'arrière de la cuisse.</p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Site d'injection sur la cuisse</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_site_baby_thigh_EQUIP_ILL_FR.jpg" alt="Le bas du corps d’un bébé avec une marque sur la cuisse" /> </figure> <h2>12 mois et plus</h2><p>Chez les enfants âgés de plus de 12 mois, il y a deux sites d'injection possibles.</p><ul><li>Le milieu de la cuisse. Injectez le médicament dans le milieu de la cuisse où la couche de graisse est plus épaisse. C'est ce qu'on appelle le muscle antérolatéral de la cuisse. Utilisez la face externe du haut de la cuisse. Évitez la face interne ou l'arrière de la cuisse.</li><li>La partie arrière du bras ou la couche de graisse qui recouvre la partie arrière du bras supérieur.<br><figure><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_triceps_back_EQUIP_ILL_FR.jpg" alt="Le haut du corps d’un enfant avec des marques sur l’arrière des parties supérieures des bras" /> </figure></li></ul><p>À retenir :</p><ul><li>Alterner le site avec chaque injection.</li><li>Séparer chaque injection d'au moins un pouce.</li><li>Éviter les régions meurtries, cicatrisées, enflées ou sensibles. </li></ul> <br><h2>Sites d'injection et taille des aiguilles</h2> <p>Le site d'injection varie selon l'âge de votre enfant, tout comme le diamètre des aiguilles. Ce dernier est exprimé en unités appelées le « calibre » de l'aiguille. Plus son diamètre est grand, plus petit est le calibre de l'aiguille. Avec une plus grosse aiguille, l'injection est plus rapide et cause moins de douleur à votre enfant.</p> <p>L'aiguille devrait mesurer 16 mm de longueur. Pour certains médicaments, on peut vous donner une aiguille plus courte. Vérifiez avec votre fournisseur de soins de santé pour vous assurer que vous avez la longueur d'aiguille qui convient.</p> <p>Le calibre de l'aiguille est : ________.<br>Le site d'injection de votre enfant est : _______.</p>

 

 

Subcutaneous injections: Injecting at home998.000000000000Subcutaneous injections: Injecting at homeSubcutaneous injections: Injecting at homeSEnglishPharmacyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANADrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-11-25T05:00:00ZSharifa Habib, RN(EC), MN, NP-PaedsBrenda Graydon, RNCeline Menezes, RN71.00000000000006.000000000000001332.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Step-by-step instructions for parents on giving injections into the fatty layer below the skin (subcutaneous) at home.</p><h2>What are subcutaneous injections?</h2> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_BDsyringe_layers_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Cross-section of skin, subcutaneous tissue and muscle with needle injected at a 45-degree angle" /> </figure> <p>A subcutaneous (SC) injection is a medicine that is injected into the fatty layer just below the skin. This is called the subcutaneous layer. It is just above the muscle.<br></p><h2>Getting your child to take needles</h2> <p>Children take their cues from their parents. Any fear or dislike you have of needles may make your child afraid too. Some parents find that reminding themselves that the injection allows their child to survive and stay healthy makes injection time easier. For example, if parents say, "I need to give your injection so you will have lots of energy to play and to grow," the child begins to understand. Follow up each needle with a big hug and kiss, and get on with the day's activities.</p> <h2>Who should give the injection?</h2> <p>In many families, one person takes on most of the responsibilities for injections. However, there may be problems when that person is not there. It is important for all regular caregivers to share the responsibility of giving the injection. Your child should feel safe and confident with any of them. Single-parent families should get the help of a friend or relative. Some families work out a schedule. One parent might take care of the morning injections and the other parent looks after evening injections.</p> <p>Sharing the burden is also important to cope with the daily demands of your child's condition and to prevent parent burnout.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>A subcutaneous injection is a medicine that is injected into the fatty layer just below the skin. It is just above the muscle.</li> <li>The injection site varies with the age of your child.</li> <li>Insert needle directly through the skin at a 45° angle into the fatty layer.</li> <li>Give the injection quickly, and do not pull back on the plunger (aspirate) prior to injection.</li> <li>Discard the needle and syringe in a thick, plastic bottle or sharps container with a lid.</li> <li>Do not discard the needle in your regular garbage.</li> </ul><h2>What does it mean if there is bruising at the injection site?</h2> <p>This can happen from time to time. It is not harmful. It usually means the needle has nicked a tiny blood vessel. To reduce the chance of bruising, apply gentle pressure to the site with a dry piece of cotton or a clean finger after injecting. Also, be careful not to pinch the skin too tightly or insert the needle too slowly. If you have too much bruising, consult your health-care team. </p> <h2>What would happen if an air bubble was accidentally injected into your child?</h2> <p>It is not harmful to inject an air bubble under the skin. However, if you are injecting air rather than medicine, your child may not be getting the full dose, which may mean they are not being properly treated. </p><h2>How to make injections less painful for your child</h2><h3>Medicines</h3><ul><li>Topical anaesthetic agents, such as EMLA, lidocaine, tetracaine can be applied to the site before giving the injection. Your pharmacist or nurse can tell you how long to apply these agents before your child's injection.</li><li>Sugar mixture (oral sucrose 24%). You can make this at home by mixing one packet of sugar to two teaspoons of water. Place a few drops of the mixture onto your baby's tongue a few minutes before the injection and while you are giving the injection. This will make it less painful for your baby. This works in children up to 18 months of age.</li></ul><h3>Distraction</h3><p>Babies can be distracted with colourful mobiles and mirrors. Younger children can be distracted with blowing bubbles or party blowers, reading a favourite book, playing with a musical toy or with the use of virtual reality glasses. Older children can choose what they wish to be distracted with: a hand-held video game, for example.</p><h3>Imagery and Relaxation</h3><p>Ask your child to try to imagine a pleasant experience. As your child focuses on something other than the pain, ask them to describe it using all their senses. Your child can also pick an image that feels relaxing to them. You can also suggest other sensations such as sound, smell, taste and touch that go with the situation. You may suggest that as they breathe steadily in and out, they are blowing away the tension in their muscles.</p><div class="akh-series"><div class="row"><div class="col-md-12"> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Straddle position</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_baby_straddle_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Mother holding baby sitting up on her lap, facing toward her chest" /> </figure> <h3>Reducing pain for babies and toddlers</h3><ul><li>Straddle your baby on your lap so that they are facing you and their limbs on are on each side of you. This is similar to giving your child a "bear-hug". This position is easy to do when there are two people present. The other person can inject on one of the injection sites as you securely hold your baby in place.<br></li><li>Breastfeeding is a good time to give your baby an injection. This will make the injection less painful. This is possible if there is a second person available to give the injection while you are feeding.<br></li><li>Let your child suck on a pacifier during the injection. Many toddlers and babies find this soothing and feel less pain during the injection. You can also dip the pacifier in the sugar mixture (described above). </li></ul></div></div></div> <br><h2>When to call the doctor</h2> <p>Call the doctor if your child experiences:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a> or chills</li> <li>swelling or redness at the injection site that does not go away</li> </ul><h2>Birth to 12 months</h2><p>For newborns and infants, inject medicine into the middle of the thigh where there is a lot of fatty tissue. This is called the anterolateral thigh muscle. Use the front, outer top of the thigh. Do not use the inner thigh or back of the thigh.</p><h2>12 months and older</h2><p>For children older than 12 months, medicines can be injected into two sites.</p><ul class="akh-steps"><li> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Thigh injection site</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_site_baby_thigh_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Lower body of baby with marking on thigh" /> </figure> <p>Middle of the thigh. Inject medicine into the middle of the thigh where there is a lot of fatty tissue.This is called the anterolateral thigh muscle. Use the front, outer top of the thigh. Do not use the inner thigh or back of the thigh. </p></li><li> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Triceps injection site</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_triceps_back_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Upper body of child with markings on backs of upper arms" /> </figure> <p>Back of the arm. This is the fatty tissue over the back part of the upper arm.</p></li></ul><p>Points to keep in mind:</p><ul><li>Change sites with each injection. </li><li>Separate each injection by at least one inch.</li><li>Avoid areas that are bruised, scarred from injuries, swollen or tender.</li></ul><h2>Preparing the medicine</h2><p>You will need:</p><ul><li>a vial of medicine</li><li>_____ ml syringe with a _____ mm needle</li><li>a cotton ball</li><li>a container to throw away needles. This can be a thick, plastic bottle or a sharps container with a lid.</li></ul><p>Check the date on the medicine bottle to make sure it has not expired.</p><h2>Giving a SC injection </h2><ol class="akh-steps"><li> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_wash_skin_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Cleaning upper arm with sponge and soapy water" /> </figure> <p>Choose the injection spot. Clean the skin with soap and water (do not need to use an alcohol swab) and pat dry. Try to change injection sites with each injection you give. For example, inject into the left thigh in the morning and right thigh at night.</p></li><li> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_pinch_tissue_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Pinching skin of upper arm" /> </figure> <p>Pinch up on the fatty (subcutaneous) tissue to prevent injection into muscle.</p></li><li> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_BDsyringe_angle_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Inserting needle into upper arm at a 45-degree angle" /> </figure> <p>Insert needle at a 45° angle to the skin. You do not need to pull back on the syringe plunger after inserting the needle (aspirate).</p></li><li>Give the drug rapidly to reduce pain. Firmly push the plunger down as far as it will go.</li><li>Pull the needle out gently at the same angle you put it in. As you take out the needle, let go of the skin roll.</li><li> <figure> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_avoid_bruising_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Holding cotton ball to upper arm" /> </figure> <p>Apply firm pressure with a cotton ball to the injection site for 30 seconds following each injection to reduce the chance of bruising. Do not rub the area as it may irritate the skin.</p></li><li>Put the needle and syringe in a thick, plastic bottle or sharps container with a lid. Do not try to put the cap back on the needle. This is for safety. When the container is full, bring it to your local pharmacy. They can safely dispose of it for you. Do not put it in your regular garbage.</li></ol><h2>Some medicines need to be injected at 90° angle</h2><p>Your child's nurse will let you know when you need to make a SC injection at 90°.</p><h2>Injection sites and needle sizes</h2> <p>The injection site depends on the age of your child. The diameter of the needles also varies depending on your child's age. This size is described in units called "gauge numbers". Needles with larger diameters have smaller gauge numbers. Even though these needles are larger, the injection is quicker and less painful for your child. </p> <p>The needle should be 16mm in length. You might be given a shorter needle for specific drugs. Check with your health-care provider to ensure you have the right length needle.</p> <p>The gauge of the needle is ________.</p> <p>Your child's injection site is _______.</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Injection_subcutaneous_BDsyringe_layers_EQUIP_ILL_EN.jpgSubcutaneous injections: Injecting at homeFalse

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