Albinism and genetics

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Albinism is a genetic condition that causes a person to have no, or very little, pigment in the eyes and sometimes in the skin and hair also. Albinism is passed from parent to child because of a genetic mutation.

Key points

  • Albinism is a genetic condition.
  • There are two main types of albinism: OCA that affects the eyes, skin and hair and OA that affects only the eyes.
  • OCA usually has an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern.
  • OA has an X-linked recessive inheritance pattern. It affects only boys.
  • Genetic testing can help you make decisions about future children
Last updated: August 11th 2011