Antibody-mediated inflammatory disorders

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Antibody-mediated neuroinflammatory disorders are conditions where the body’s immune system attacks its own cells in the central nervous system (the brain, spinal cord, and/or optic nerves). Learn about the different types of antibody-mediated neuroinflammatory brain disorders and what the signs and symptoms are for each.

Key points

  • In antibody-mediated neuroinflammatory disease, abnormal antibodies are produced by the body that attack the body's own tissues of the central nervous system (CNS). When this happens, inflammation of the tissues in the brain, spine and optic (eye) nerves can occur, which can cause neurologic symptoms.
  • Currently, there are a few known antibodies that can cause antibody-mediated neuroinflammatory brain disorders. Three of the known disorders are described here.
Last updated: February 17th 2021