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Animal bites: First aidAAnimal bites: First aidAnimal bites: First aidEnglishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2015-06-10T04:00:00ZElizabeth Berger​, BA, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, MHPE7.0000000000000068.0000000000000946.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Animal bites are not uncommon. Learn how to properly care for your child if they have been bitten or scratched.</p><p>Children can be bitten or scratched by different types of animals. The majority of bites happen around the home by animals that are known to children but stray animals are also known to bite children. Bites often occur when children tease, provoke, or have their faces too close to the animal. Even though your child is only playing, the animal may not understand this and react otherwise. </p> <p>An animal scratch can be just as severe as an animal bite. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>In most cases, children are bitten by common pets like dogs or cats.</li> <li>Bites are most dangerous when they come from an animal that may have rabies.</li> <li>Infection is the most common complication of bite injuries. It is important to keep an eye on your child’s wound. If fever, redness or swelling occur, seek medical attention right away.</li> </ul><h2>How to treat an animal bite</h2> <p>If your child has been bitten by an animal, sponge away visible dirt and wash the wound with running water. With a clean, dry towel, pat the wound dry. </p> <h3>When to seek immediate medical attention for an animal bite</h3> <p>All bites that break the skin should be seen by a doctor right away. Depending on the animal, the type of bite and location of the bite, your child’s doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection. If the wound appears deep, your child may need stitches. They may need a thorough evaluation for possible injury to structures under the skin. Your child may also need treatment to prevent rabies or tetanus.</p> <h3>Seek medical attention right away if:</h3> <ul> <li>you think your child has been bitten by an animal with rabies</li> <li>your child has been bitten by an animal that is not known</li> <li>your child has been bitten on the head or neck</li> <li>the skin appears split or broken</li> <li>the wound appears deep</li> <li>the wound turns red, begins to swell or is painful or if your child develops fever</li> </ul>
动物和人咬伤:急救动物和人咬伤:急救Animal bites: First aidChineseSimplifiedNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-12-01T05:00:00Z68.00000000000007.00000000000000946.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>动物和人咬伤并不少见。如果你的孩子被咬伤或抓伤,学习如何正确地护理你的孩子。</p>
Morsures d’animaux: Premiers soinsMMorsures d’animaux: Premiers soinsAnimal bites: First aidFrenchNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2015-06-10T04:00:00ZElizabeth Berger​, BA, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, MHPE7.0000000000000068.0000000000000946.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Les morsures d’animaux sont courantes. Apprenez comment administrer les soins appropriés à votre enfant s’il a été mordu ou griffé par un animal.</p><p>Diverses espèces d’animaux peuvent mordre ou griffer les enfants. La plupart du temps, les enfants se font mordre à proximité du domicile par des animaux qu’ils connaissent, bien que les animaux errants puissent aussi être responsables des morsures. C’est souvent lorsque les enfants agacent ou provoquent l’animal ou approchent le visage trop près de lui qu’ils sont mordus. Même si votre enfant veut simplement jouer, l’animal risque de ne pas comprendre et de réagir différemment.</p> <p>Une égratignure d’animal peut être aussi grave qu’une morsure d’animal.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li>En général, les enfants sont mordus par des animaux de compagnie courants comme les chiens et les chats.</li> <li>Les morsures les plus dangereuses sont celles des animaux susceptibles d’avoir la rage.</li> <li>Les infections constituent la complication la plus fréquente des morsures d’animaux. Il est important de surveiller l’état de la plaie. Assurez-vous d’obtenir des soins médicaux immédiats si la zone atteinte devient rouge ou enfle ou si votre enfant présente une fièvre.</li></ul><h2>Comment traiter une morsure d’animal</h2> <p>Si votre enfant a été mordu par un animal, épongez la plaie pour enlever les saletés visibles, puis lavez-la sous l’eau courante. Séchez ensuite la plaie en la tapotant à l’aide d’une serviette propre et sèche.</p> <h3>Quand obtenir des soins médicaux immédiats en cas de morsure d’animal</h3> <p>Toutes les morsures qui percent la peau exigent d’être examinées par un médecin dans les meilleurs délais. Selon l’espèce animale, le type de morsure et la zone touchée, le médecin pourrait prescrire des antibiotiques afin de prévenir l’infection de la plaie. Si celle-ci semble profonde, votre enfant aura peut-être besoin de points de suture. Un examen approfondi pourrait aussi être nécessaire afin de repérer les lésions éventuelles aux tissus sous la peau. La morsure pourrait également exiger un traitement contre la rage ou le tétanos.</p> <h3>Assurez-vous d’obtenir des soins médicaux immédiats si :</h3> <ul><li>vous croyez que votre enfant a été mordu par un animal atteint de la rage,</li> <li>votre enfant a été mordu par un animal inconnu,</li> <li>la morsure est située sur la tête ou le cou,</li> <li>la peau semble avoir été fendue ou percée,</li> <li>la plaie semble profonde,</li> <li>la zone atteinte devient rouge, se met à enfler ou est douloureuse ou si votre enfant présente une fièvre.</li></ul>

 

 

Animal bites: First aid1040.00000000000Animal bites: First aidAnimal bites: First aidAEnglishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANon-drug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2015-06-10T04:00:00ZElizabeth Berger​, BA, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, MHPE7.0000000000000068.0000000000000946.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Animal bites are not uncommon. Learn how to properly care for your child if they have been bitten or scratched.</p><p>Children can be bitten or scratched by different types of animals. The majority of bites happen around the home by animals that are known to children but stray animals are also known to bite children. Bites often occur when children tease, provoke, or have their faces too close to the animal. Even though your child is only playing, the animal may not understand this and react otherwise. </p> <p>An animal scratch can be just as severe as an animal bite. </p><h2>Health risks of animal bites</h2> <p>Animal bites rarely cause severe health risks in children. The most dangerous bites are those from animals that have rabies including raccoons, skunks, bats and foxes. If you think that your child may have been bitten by one of these animals, you need to seek medical attention right away. </p> <p>Infection is the most common complication of bite injuries, regardless of the species of biting animal. Animal scratches and bites contain germs that can cause infection. If your child’s wound is deep, it is more likely that an infection will occur. Cat bites tend to become infected more than dog bites. Signs that an infection has set in include fever, pain, redness and swelling around the bite or scratch. Pus or other discharge may drain from the wound. Also, red lines may rise from the wound and extend toward the central part of the body. This may indicate that infection is spreading. If your child shows no sign of infection after three or four days, then it is likely an infection has not occurred. </p> <p>Other diseases transmitted with bites include <a href="/Article?contentid=759&language=English">tetanus</a> and cat scratch disease. Be sure to have your child’s updated immunization records with you when you see the doctor. If you can identify the animal or properly detain it, make sure you do it safely. If you know the animal and you are able to obtain a vaccination record, bring that information with you when you see the doctor. It may be necessary to notify the police or the local Public Health authority because the animal may need to be evaluated by animal welfare authorities or a veterinarian.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>In most cases, children are bitten by common pets like dogs or cats.</li> <li>Bites are most dangerous when they come from an animal that may have rabies.</li> <li>Infection is the most common complication of bite injuries. It is important to keep an eye on your child’s wound. If fever, redness or swelling occur, seek medical attention right away.</li> </ul><h2>How to prevent animal bites</h2> <p>The best way to prevent an animal bite is proper training and supervision. Teach your children how to behave around animals. All young children should be closely supervised when in the presence of an animal and from an early age, taught to respect animals. Make sure your child always asks the dog’s owner if they can pet it. Children should never approach a strange animal unless given permission by its owner. </p> <p>Encourage your child to not bother animals while they are eating or tending to their young. Teach your child to approach an animal slowly and in a way that does not surprise the animal. Be sure your child knows the difference between playing and teasing. Also, teach your child to keep their face away from a dog’s face.</p><h2>How to treat an animal bite</h2> <p>If your child has been bitten by an animal, sponge away visible dirt and wash the wound with running water. With a clean, dry towel, pat the wound dry. </p> <h3>When to seek immediate medical attention for an animal bite</h3> <p>All bites that break the skin should be seen by a doctor right away. Depending on the animal, the type of bite and location of the bite, your child’s doctor may prescribe antibiotics to prevent infection. If the wound appears deep, your child may need stitches. They may need a thorough evaluation for possible injury to structures under the skin. Your child may also need treatment to prevent rabies or tetanus.</p> <h3>Seek medical attention right away if:</h3> <ul> <li>you think your child has been bitten by an animal with rabies</li> <li>your child has been bitten by an animal that is not known</li> <li>your child has been bitten on the head or neck</li> <li>the skin appears split or broken</li> <li>the wound appears deep</li> <li>the wound turns red, begins to swell or is painful or if your child develops fever</li> </ul>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Animal_bites_first_aid.jpgAnimal bites: First aid

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