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Prednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisonePPrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisonePrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisoneEnglishPharmacyBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyDigestive systemDrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2022-12-08T05:00:00Z6.1000000000000075.20000000000002045.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Information about what to eat to reduce the chances of side effects while taking prednisone.</p><p>Prednisone (a steroid drug) is a medication that is prescribed by your doctor to help manage disease. While you are taking prednisone, you will need to be mindful of what you eat and drink. </p><p>Prednisone has side effects, such as: </p><ul><li>weight gain</li><li>increased appetite</li><li>higher blood pressure</li><li>higher risk of developing <a href="/article?contentid=948&language=english">osteoporosis​</a> or steroid-induced diabetes</li></ul><p>This article will help you understand what to eat to reduce the chances of side effects while taking prednisone.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Prednisone has side effects such as weight gain, increased appetite, higher blood pressure and risk of developing osteoporosis and steroid-induced diabetes.</li><li>Eating a nutritious diet that is low in sodium (salt) and rich in calcium and vitamin D may help reduce some of these side effects.</li><li>Read food labels to help you choose better options.</li><li>Physical activity and good nutrition are part of a healthy lifestyle.</li><li>Include your family and friends for support.</li></ul><h2>What kinds of foods should you eat while you are taking prednisone? </h2><p>While taking prednisone, eat a healthy and balanced diet including foods that are:</p><ul><li>low in sodium (sodium is often called salt)</li><li>rich in calcium and vitamin D</li><li>low in added sugar<br></li></ul><h2>Foods that are low in sodium</h2><p>Many foods naturally contain sodium, but most sodium in the diet comes from added salt, either as table salt or as a preservative. Sodium is needed for many bodily functions, such as nerve and muscle function. Sodium also helps to control the amount of water in our bodies as well as our blood pressure.<br></p><p>Prednisone can cause your body to hold onto extra water. This causes swelling or puffines, usually around your eyes and ankles, and can also cause high blood pressure. Too much salt in your diet can make this problem worse.<br></p><h3>How to lower the amount of sodium in your diet</h3><p>These suggestions will help lower the amount of sodium in your diet:</p><ul><li>Do not add salt to meals or snacks.<br></li><li>Use less salt when cooking.</li><li>Rinse canned beans or vegetables to decrease the sodium content.<br></li><li>Avoid foods that are processed.</li><ul><li>For example, foods with MSG (monosodium glutamate), hot dogs, luncheon meats, bacon and sausages, canned foods, "TV dinners" and instant meals like soup, noodles and canned or frozen pasta dishes.</li></ul><li>Avoid condiments high in sodium.</li><ul><li>For example, soya sauce, hoisin sauce, steak sauce, ketchup, salad dressing and dips. Choose lower sodium options if available.</li></ul><li>Choose foods that are labelled low salt, sodium free or salt free.</li><li>Use salt alternatives for flavour more often.</li><ul><li>For example, fresh and/or dry herbs; spices, such as pepper, paprika and cumin; citrus, such as lemon or lime juice; and vinegar.</li></ul><li>Choose salt substitutes for flavour.</li><ul><li>For example, Mrs Dash®.</li></ul></ul><h2>Foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D</h2><p>Prednisone increases the risk of developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is when bones become weak and have a higher chance of breaking. Including enough calcium and vitamin D in your diet can help maintain strong bones.</p><p>Unless fortified, foods are not generally rich sources of vitamin D, so a vitamin D supplement is usually recommended by your health-care team to optimize your vitamin D levels.</p><h3>How much calcium and vitamin D do you need each day?<br></h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Age (in years)</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D*</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 – 3</td><td>700 mg </td><td>600 IU </td></tr><tr><td>4 – 8</td><td>1000 mg </td><td>600 IU </td></tr><tr><td>9 – 18</td><td>1300 mg </td><td>600 IU </td></tr></tbody></table><p>* You may need more vitamin D. Your health-care team will let you know how much.</p><h3>Foods rich in calcium<br></h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Beverages<br></th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 cup milk (skim, 1%, 2%, 3.25% or chocolate)</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup fortified milk alternative<br></td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup fortified orange juice</td><td>300 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr></tbody></table><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Foods — Dairy</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 cup yogurt (plain or fruit flavoured)</td><td>200 mg</td><td>10 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup Greek yogurt</td><td>500 – 700 mg</td><td>0 – 85 IU</td></tr><tr><td>2 oz (50 g) hard and non-processed cheese such as cheddar<br></td><td>350 mg</td><td>80 IU (3)<br></td></tr><tr><td>2 oz (50 g) mozzarella cheese</td><td>290 mg</td><td>80 IU (9)<br></td></tr><tr><td>½ cup 2% cottage cheese</td><td>133 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr></tbody></table><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Foods — Other</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>¾ cup cooked broccoli</td><td>50 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup baked beans</td><td>160 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td>3.5 oz fatty fish (wild) such as salmon, tuna and mackerel</td><td>N/A</td><td>300 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 oz (30 g) canned salmon with bones</td><td>78 mg</td><td>130 IU</td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Eat a variety of foods each day<br></h2><p>Eating a balanced diet means eating foods from all food groups (vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes) every day and being careful not to eat too much or too little of certain foods. Different foods provide different types and amounts of nutrients needed for growth and development, so variety and balance are important for health.</p><p>Prednisone can make you feel hungrier. It is common to gain weight while taking prednisone. While some weight gain is needed for growth, too much weight gain can be harmful and can lead to overweight or obesity, as well as other health problems. This is why it is important to structure meals and snacks throughout the day to prevent eating too much food. Eating too much food (calories), even if it is healthy food, can cause too much weight gain.</p><h3>How much food should I eat per day?</h3> <figure><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Canadas_Food_Guide.jpg" alt="Plate that is half covered with vegetables and fruit, with the other half split between whole grains and protein foods" /> </figure> <p> <a href="/article?contentid=1436&language=english">Canada’s Food Guide</a> no longer recommends a specific number of servings of each food group per day. Instead, Health Canada encourages a colourful plate with recommendations on how to structure meals. Try incorporating these key recommendations at each meal into your daily lifestyle: </p><ul><li>Have plenty of vegetables and fruits (at least half of the plate for each meal and snack).</li><li>Eat protein-rich foods.</li><ul><li>Proteins make up about one quarter of the plate. Choose plant-based proteins more often, such as legumes, lentils, eggs, dairy and even some whole grains like quinoa.</li></ul><li>Choose water to drink.</li><li>Choose whole grains more often.</li><ul><li>Whole grains make up about one quarter of the plate.</li></ul><li>Limit foods with added sugar and processed foods.</li></ul><p>Examples of snacks that would meet these recommendations:</p><ul><li>fresh fruit</li><li>yogurt parfait made with Greek yogurt, fresh fruit and granola</li><li>raw vegetables with dip</li><li>grapes and almonds</li><li>whole grain bread with unsweetened nut butter</li><li>whole grain crackers with natural (not processed) cheddar cheese</li><li>plain popcorn</li></ul><h2>Good food choices</h2><p>This table provides examples of foods to choose more often and foods to choose less often while taking prednisone.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Food group</th><th>Choose most often</th><th>Choose less often</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Fruits and vegetables</td><td><p>Raw, steamed, roasted or grilled vegetables</p><p>Homemade soups</p><p>Canned fruits packed in water</p><p>Baked or mashed potatoes</p><p>Green salad</p></td><td><p>Fried or battered vegetables, including French fries</p><p>Pickles or pickled vegetables</p><p>Instant soups</p><p>Instant noodles</p><p>Canned fruits in syrup</p></td></tr><tr><td>Grain products</td><td><p>Low-sugar cereals (< 8 grams/serving)</p><p>Pasta with low-sodium tomato sauce</p><p>Whole grain breads</p><p>Unsalted crackers</p><p>Rice cakes</p><p>Air-popped popcorn</p><p>Oatmeal</p><p>Whole grains (e.g., barley, quinoa, millet, buckwheat)</p></td><td><p>Sugary cereals</p><p>Pasta with cream sauce</p><p>Fried rice</p><p>Cheese or nut bread</p><p>Salted crackers</p><p>Microwave popcorn</p><p>Donuts, cakes, cookies</p></td></tr><tr><td>Milk and alternatives</td><td><p>Plain milk</p><p>Unsweetened milk alternatives</p><p>Plain or real fruit yogurt</p><p>Low-sugar yogurt drinks</p><p>Cheese (watch portion sizes; e.g., mozzarella, cheddar, paneer)</p></td><td><p>Chocolate milk</p><p>Sweetened milk/milk alternatives</p><p>Pudding</p><p>Ice cream</p><p>Processed cheese products (e.g., cream cheese, cheese slices, cheese spread)</p></td></tr><tr><td>Meats and alternatives</td><td><p>Fresh meat, poultry, fish</p><p>Fish canned in water</p><p>Eggs</p><p>Beans and lentils</p><p>Tofu</p></td><td><p>Fatty or battered meats</p><p>Fried chicken, fish, seafood</p><p>Salted or smoked meat and fish</p><p>Deli meats (ham, corned beef, bologna)</p><p>Hot dogs</p></td></tr><tr><td>Other foods</td><td><p>Unsalted nuts</p><p>Granola bars (low in sugar)</p><p>Unsalted trail mix</p><p>Dried unsweetened fruits</p></td><td><p>Kool-Aid</p><p>Regular soda/pop</p><p>Chocolate bars</p><p>Energy bars</p><p>Candies</p><p>Potato chips, cheezies, flavoured popcorn</p></td></tr></tbody></table><h2>How to learn more about the sodium, sugar and saturated fat in the foods you eat</h2><h3>Reading food labels</h3> <figure><span class="asset-image-title">Nutrition Facts label</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Prednisone_nutrition_label_CHART_IMG_EN.jpg" alt="Nutrition label with serving size, percent daily value, major nutrients, ingredients and health claims" /> </figure> <p>Food labels will help you learn more about the products you buy and to pick better choices. It is helpful to learn how to read a nutrition label.</p><h3>Serving size</h3><p>The serving size on a label tells you how much of that product contains each of the nutrients below. If you eat more or less than the serving size listed, you are eating more or less of all the nutrients listed. Be mindful of serving size listed and the serving size you eat.</p><h3>Major nutrients</h3><p>The major nutrients, such as calories or protein, on a nutrition facts label are bolded. The nutrition facts label will tell you how much of the major nutrients there are per serving size listed.</p><ul><li>A low-sodium food contains less than 140 mg of sodium per serving.</li><li>Choose foods with less than 8 g of sugar per serving as part of healthy eating and while taking prednisone.</li></ul><h3>Percent daily value (% DV)</h3><p>The % DV is found on the right-hand side of a nutrition facts table. It is a guide to help you make informed food choices. It shows you if the serving size has a little or a lot of nutrient:</p><ul><li>5% DV or less is a little</li><li>15% DV or more is a lot</li></ul><h3>Ingredients</h3><p>Ingredients are listed in order of weight, from the largest to the smallest amount. When an ingredient is listed near the beginning of the list, it means that the product has a lot of this ingredient. Also, a type of ingredient can be listed more than once using a different word. For example, sucrose, glucose, fructose, dextrose, corn syrup and honey all mean sugar.</p><p>So, if the ingredient label lists salt, sodium, fats, oils or sugars near the start of the list or many times, as part of healthy eating, it is ideal to find an alternative to this product or eat the product less often or in limited amounts.</p>
Prednisone : que manger lorsque vous prenez de la prednisonePPrednisone : que manger lorsque vous prenez de la prednisonePrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisoneFrenchPharmacyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyDigestive systemDrug treatmentAdult (19+) CaregiversNA2011-10-13T04:00:00ZHealth (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Renseignements pour les parents et les enfants portant sur la manière de s’alimenter afin de réduire les risques d’effets indésirables lorsqu’on prend de la prednisone.</p><p>La prednisone est un médicament (un stéroïde) qui est prescrit par votre médecin dans le cas de certaines maladies. Pendant que vous prenez de la prednisone, vous aurez besoin de modifier ce que vous mangez et buvez.</p><p>La prednisone présente certains effets indésirables, y compris :</p><ul><li>un gain de poids;</li><li>une augmentation de l’appétit;</li><li>une pression artérielle élevée;</li><li>un risque plus élevé de développer de l’<a href="/Article?contentid=948&language=French">ostéoporose</a> ou un diabète induit par l’usage de stéroïdes.</li></ul><p>Le présent document expliquera ce que vous pouvez manger et boire lorsque vous prenez de la prednisone afin d’atténuer ces effets indésirables.</p><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>La prednisone présente des effets indésirables comme un gain de poids, une augmentation de l’appétit, une pression artérielle élevée et un risque plus élevé de développer de l’ostéoporose ou un diabète induit par l’usage de stéroïdes.</li><li>Avoir une alimentation saine et équilibrée qui est pauvre en sodium (sel), riche en calcium et en vitamine D et à faible teneur en calories peut aider à résoudre certains de ces problèmes. Vous devriez aussi essayer d’être actif physiquement.</li><li>Lisez les étiquettes des aliments que vous pensez manger afin de faire un choix sain.</li><li>Demander le soutien de votre famille et de vos amis.</li></ul><h2>Quels aliments devriez-vous manger lorsque vous prenez de la prednisone?</h2><p>Lorsque vous prenez de la prednisone, vous devez avoir une alimentation saine et équilibrée qui est :</p><ul><li>à faible teneur en sodium (aussi nommé « sel »);</li><li>riche en calcium et en vitamine D;</li><li>à faible teneur en calories.</li></ul><h2>Consommez des aliments à faible teneur en sodium<br></h2><p>Nous obtenons du sodium des aliments que nous mangeons et la majeure partie provient du sel. Le sodium aide à contrôler la quantité d’eau présente dans notre corps de même que notre tension artérielle.</p><p>Vous devez consommer des aliments à faible teneur en sodium, car la prednisone peut entraîner de la rétention d’eau dans votre corps. Cette rétention cause de l’enflure ou des gonflements, habituellement autour des yeux et des chevilles. Ce problème peut s’aggraver si votre alimentation contient une trop grande quantité de sel.</p><p>Consommer des aliments à faible teneur en sodium peut aussi aider à contrôler la <a href="/Article?contentid=1257&language=English">tension artérielle</a>.</p><h3>Comment diminuer la quantité de sodium présente dans votre alimentation</h3><p>Les présentes suggestions aideront à diminuer la quantité de sodium présent dans votre alimentation :</p><ul><li>placez la salière hors de la vue;</li><li>employez moins de sel lorsque vous cuisinez;</li><li>ne salez pas vos aliments;</li><li>évitez les aliments transformés, comme les hot-dogs, les viandes froides, le bacon et les saucisses, les aliments en conserves, les plats surgelés, les aliments contenant du GMS (glutamate monosodique) de même que les soupes, les nouilles et les plats instantanés;</li><li>évitez la sauce soya, la sauce hoisin et les autres sauces à haute teneur en sodium. Choisissez les versions à faible teneur en sodium lorsqu’elles sont disponibles. Choisissez des aliments étiquetés comme étant faibles en sel, sans sodium ou sans sel;</li><li>afin d’ajouter de la saveur, employez des substituts du sel comme les fines herbes ou autres assaisonnements de type « Mrs Dash ».</li></ul><h2>Consommez des aliments riches en calcium et en vitamine D</h2><p>La prednisone augmente le risque de développer de l’ostéoporose. L’ostéoporose survient lorsque les os s’amincissent et présentent un plus haut risque de fracture. Vous assurer d’obtenir suffisamment de calcium et de vitamine D dans votre alimentation peut aider à renforcer vos os.</p><p>De quelle quantité de calcium et de vitamine D avez-vous besoin chaque jour?</p><h3>De quelle quantité de calcium et de vitamine D avez-vous besoin chaque jour?</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Âge (années)</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamine D*</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 à 3</td><td>500 mg </td><td>400 UI </td></tr><tr><td>4 à 8</td><td>800 mg </td><td>400 UI </td></tr><tr><td>9 à 18</td><td>1 300 mg </td><td>400 UI </td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><p align="left">* Vous pourriez avoir besoin de davantage de vitamine D. Votre médecin ou votre nutritionniste vous indiquera quelle quantité.</p></td></tr></tbody></table><p>Vous pourriez avoir besoin de davantage de vitamine D. Votre médecin ou votre nutritionniste vous indiquera quelle quantité.</p><h3>Quels aliments constituent de bonnes sources de calcium et de vitamine D?</h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th> <br> </th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamine D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Boissons</h3></td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de lait (écrémé, 1 %, 2 %, 3,25 % ou au chocolat)</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 UI</td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de boisson de soya enrichie</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 UI</td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de jus d’orange enrichi</td><td>300 mg</td><td>S.O.</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Aliments — Produits laitiers</h3></td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de yogourt (nature ou aromatisé aux fruits)</td><td>200 mg</td><td>10 UI</td></tr><tr><td>2 on (50 g) de fromage non transformé et à pâte ferme comme le Cheddar, le Colby ou l’Edam</td><td>350 mg</td><td>80 UI</td></tr><tr><td>2 on (50 g) de fromage mozzarella</td><td>290 mg</td><td>80 IU</td></tr><tr><td>½ tasse de fromage cottage faible en matières grasses ou de fromage à la crème allégé</td><td>75 mg</td><td>S.O.</td></tr><tr><td valign="top" colspan="3"><h3 align="left">Aliments — Autres</h3></td></tr><tr><td>¾ tasse de brocoli cuit</td><td>50 mg</td><td>S.O.</td></tr><tr><td>1 tasse de légumineuses cuites</td><td>160 mg</td><td>S.O.</td></tr><tr><td>3,5 oz de poisson gras (sauvage) comme le saumon, le thon et le maquereau</td><td>S.O.</td><td>300 UI</td></tr><tr><td>1 on (30 g) de saumon en conserve avec les arêtes</td><td>78 mg</td><td>130 UI</td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Consommez des aliments à faible teneur en calories</h2><p>La prednisone peut augmenter votre sensation de faim. Vous devrez alors choisir des aliments à faible teneur en calories afin de ne pas prendre trop de poids. Une certaine prise de poids est nécessaire à la croissance, et un gain de poids peut se produire alors que vous prenez de la prednisone, mais un gain de poids trop important est nuisible : il peut mener à un surpoids, à l’obésité et à d’autres problèmes de santé.</p><p>Consommer des aliments à faible teneur en calories peut aussi aider à prévenir la présence de concentrations élevées en glucose et en cholestérol (un type de matière grasse) dans le sang. Les aliments faibles en calories comprennent :</p><ul><li>des fruits et des légumes frais ou congelés;</li><li>des produits laitiers faibles en matières grasses;</li><li>des viandes maigres et des substituts;</li><li>des produits céréaliers à haute teneur en fibres.</li></ul><p>Évitez les aliments sucrés et la malbouffe.</p><p>En plus de consommer des aliments à faible teneur en calories, il est aussi important que vous soyez physiquement actif. En surveillant votre apport calorique et en étant actif, vous aiderez à prévenir une prise de poids.</p><p>N’OUBLIEZ PAS : il est plus facile de contrôle votre poids que de perdre du poids.</p><h3>Quelle quantité d’aliments devriez-vous consommer chaque jour?</h3><p>Le tableau suivant présente le nombre de portions quotidiennes recommandées chaque jour que vous devriez consommer selon le Guide alimentaire canadien pour manger sainement.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th></th><th colspan="3">Enfants</th><th colspan="2">Adolescents</th></tr><tr><th>Genre</th><th colspan="3">Filles et garçons</th><th>Filles</th><th>Garçons</th></tr><tr><th>Age </th><th>2 à 3</th><th>4 à 8</th><th>9 à 13</th><th>14 à 18</th><th>14 à 18</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td></td><td colspan="5"><h3 align="center">Nombre de portions recommandé par jour</h3></td></tr><tr><td>Fruits et légumes</td><td>4</td><td>5</td><td>6</td><td>7</td><td>8</td></tr><tr><td>Produits céréaliers</td><td>3</td><td>4</td><td>6</td><td>6</td><td>7</td></tr><tr><td>Lait et substituts</td><td>2</td><td>2</td><td>3 to 4</td><td>3 to 4</td><td>3 to 4</td></tr><tr><td>Viande et substituts</td><td>1</td><td>1</td><td>1 to 2</td><td>2</td><td>3</td></tr></tbody></table><p>1 portion de fruits et légumes représente :</p><ul><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de légumes frais, congelés ou en conserve;</li><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de légumes cuits;</li><li>1 tasse (250 ml) de légumes verts et feuillus crus;</li><li>1 fruit;</li><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de jus de fruits à 100 % non sucré.</li></ul><p>1 portion de produits céréaliers représente :</p><ul><li>1 tranche de pain;</li><li>½ bagel OU ½ pain pita OU ½ tortilla;</li><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de riz, de quinoa ou de couscous cuits;</li><li>¾ tasse (180 ml) de céréale chaude OU 1 tasse (30 g) de céréales à déjeuner sèches;</li><li>½ tasse (125 ml) de pâtes alimentaires cuites.</li></ul><p>1 portion de lait et substituts représente :</p><ul><li>1 tasse (250 ml) de lait;</li><li>1 tasse (250 ml) de boisson de soya, de riz ou d’amande enrichie;</li><li>¾ tasse (175 g) de yogourt;</li><li>1,5 oz (50 g) de fromage.</li></ul><p>1 portion de viande et substituts représente :</p><ul><li>2,5 oz (75 g ou ou ½ tasse) de poisson, de mollusques, de volaille ou de viande maigre;</li><li>¾ tasse (150 g) de tofu;</li><li>¾ tasse de légumineuses, de haricots ou de fèves de soya cuits;</li><li>2 œufs;</li><li>2 c. à tab. (30 ml) de beurre d’arachides;</li><li>¼ tasse de noix écalées et de graines.</li></ul> <h2>Quelques choix alimentaires sains</h2><p>Le tableau suivant présente des exemples d’aliments à choisir et à éviter lorsque vous prenez de la prednisone.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Groupe alimentaire</th><th>Choisissez</th><th>Évitez</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Fruits et légumes</td><td><p>Légumes cuits à la vapeur</p><p>Tranches de concombre</p><p>Soupes maison</p><p>Fruits en conserve dans l’eau</p><p>Pommes de terre bouillies ou en purée</p><p>Salades vertes accompagnées de vinaigrette réduite en matières grasses </p></td><td><p>Légumes frits ou pannés</p><p>Cornichons ou légumes marinés</p><p>Nouilles instantanées « Mr. Noodles », soupes instantanées « Cup of Soup »</p><p>Fruits en conserve dans le sirop</p><p>Frites</p><p>Salades à base de mayonnaise (aux œufs ou au thon) ou servies avec de la vinaigrette non réduite en matières </p></td></tr><tr><td>Produits céréaliers</td><td><p>Céréales à déjeuner non sucrées</p><p>Pâtes alimentaires et sauce aux tomates</p><p>Riz cuit à la vapeur</p><p>Pains de grains entiers </p><p>Craquelins non salés</p><p>Galettes de riz soufflé</p><p>Maïs soufflé réduit en matières grasses et à faible teneur en sodium, cuit au four à micro-onde</p><p>Muffins faibles en matières grasses </p></td><td><p>Céréales à déjeuner sucrées</p><p>Pâtes alimentaires et sauce à la crème</p><p>Riz frit</p><p>Pain au fromage ou aux noix</p><p>Craquelins salés</p><p>Croustilles</p><p>Maïs soufflé au beurre</p><p>Beignes, gâteaux </p></td></tr><tr><td>Lait et substituts</td><td><p>Lait écrémé ou 1 %</p><p>Yogourt à 0 % de matières grasses</p><p>Pudding à 0 % de matières grasses</p><p>Yogourt glacé à faible teneur en matières grasses</p><p>Fromages et tartinades réduits en matières grasses (4 %, 7 %, 15 % de matières grasses) </p></td><td><p>Lait 2 % ou 3,25 %</p><p>Yogourt régulier</p><p>Pudding régulier</p><p>Crème glacée</p><p>Fromage non réduit en matières grasses (35 % de matières grasses), fromage transformé, tartinade de fromage Cheeze Whiz </p></td></tr><tr><td>Viandes et substituts</td><td><p>Coupes de viandes maigres</p><p>Volaille sans la peau</p><p>Jambon cuit frais et autres viandes</p><p>Rôti de bœuf, de porc, d’agneau, de chèvre</p><p>Poisson en conserve dans l’eau </p></td><td><p>Viandes grasses ou pannées</p><p>Poulet frit</p><p>Viandes fumées ou salées</p><p>Charcuteries, viandes froides, jambon forêt-noire, bœuf en conserve</p><p>Saucisson de Bologne</p><p>Poisson en conserve dans l’huile </p></td></tr><tr><td>Autres aliments</td><td><p>Boisson Kool-Aid sans sucre, boisson Crystal Light</p><p>Boissons gazeuses diète</p><p>Gomme à mâcher sans sucre</p><p>Barres tendres réduites en matières grasses, mélange montagnard</p><p>Fruits séchés</p><p>Maïs soufflé réduit en matières grasses et en sodium, bretzels non salés </p></td><td><p>Boisson Kool-Aid</p><p>Boissons gazeuses régulières</p><p>Gommes à mâcher sucrées</p><p>Barres de chocolat</p><p>Barres d’énergie</p><p>Bonbons</p><p>Croustilles, croustilles au fromage, noix salées</p></td></tr></tbody></table>

 

 

 

 

Prednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisone1201.00000000000Prednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisonePrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisonePEnglishPharmacyBaby (1-12 months);Toddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyDigestive systemDrug treatmentCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2022-12-08T05:00:00Z6.1000000000000075.20000000000002045.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Information about what to eat to reduce the chances of side effects while taking prednisone.</p><p>Prednisone (a steroid drug) is a medication that is prescribed by your doctor to help manage disease. While you are taking prednisone, you will need to be mindful of what you eat and drink. </p><p>Prednisone has side effects, such as: </p><ul><li>weight gain</li><li>increased appetite</li><li>higher blood pressure</li><li>higher risk of developing <a href="/article?contentid=948&language=english">osteoporosis​</a> or steroid-induced diabetes</li></ul><p>This article will help you understand what to eat to reduce the chances of side effects while taking prednisone.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Prednisone has side effects such as weight gain, increased appetite, higher blood pressure and risk of developing osteoporosis and steroid-induced diabetes.</li><li>Eating a nutritious diet that is low in sodium (salt) and rich in calcium and vitamin D may help reduce some of these side effects.</li><li>Read food labels to help you choose better options.</li><li>Physical activity and good nutrition are part of a healthy lifestyle.</li><li>Include your family and friends for support.</li></ul><h2>What kinds of foods should you eat while you are taking prednisone? </h2><p>While taking prednisone, eat a healthy and balanced diet including foods that are:</p><ul><li>low in sodium (sodium is often called salt)</li><li>rich in calcium and vitamin D</li><li>low in added sugar<br></li></ul><h2>Foods that are low in sodium</h2><p>Many foods naturally contain sodium, but most sodium in the diet comes from added salt, either as table salt or as a preservative. Sodium is needed for many bodily functions, such as nerve and muscle function. Sodium also helps to control the amount of water in our bodies as well as our blood pressure.<br></p><p>Prednisone can cause your body to hold onto extra water. This causes swelling or puffines, usually around your eyes and ankles, and can also cause high blood pressure. Too much salt in your diet can make this problem worse.<br></p><h3>How to lower the amount of sodium in your diet</h3><p>These suggestions will help lower the amount of sodium in your diet:</p><ul><li>Do not add salt to meals or snacks.<br></li><li>Use less salt when cooking.</li><li>Rinse canned beans or vegetables to decrease the sodium content.<br></li><li>Avoid foods that are processed.</li><ul><li>For example, foods with MSG (monosodium glutamate), hot dogs, luncheon meats, bacon and sausages, canned foods, "TV dinners" and instant meals like soup, noodles and canned or frozen pasta dishes.</li></ul><li>Avoid condiments high in sodium.</li><ul><li>For example, soya sauce, hoisin sauce, steak sauce, ketchup, salad dressing and dips. Choose lower sodium options if available.</li></ul><li>Choose foods that are labelled low salt, sodium free or salt free.</li><li>Use salt alternatives for flavour more often.</li><ul><li>For example, fresh and/or dry herbs; spices, such as pepper, paprika and cumin; citrus, such as lemon or lime juice; and vinegar.</li></ul><li>Choose salt substitutes for flavour.</li><ul><li>For example, Mrs Dash®.</li></ul></ul><h2>Foods that are rich in calcium and vitamin D</h2><p>Prednisone increases the risk of developing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is when bones become weak and have a higher chance of breaking. Including enough calcium and vitamin D in your diet can help maintain strong bones.</p><p>Unless fortified, foods are not generally rich sources of vitamin D, so a vitamin D supplement is usually recommended by your health-care team to optimize your vitamin D levels.</p><h3>How much calcium and vitamin D do you need each day?<br></h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Age (in years)</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D*</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 – 3</td><td>700 mg </td><td>600 IU </td></tr><tr><td>4 – 8</td><td>1000 mg </td><td>600 IU </td></tr><tr><td>9 – 18</td><td>1300 mg </td><td>600 IU </td></tr></tbody></table><p>* You may need more vitamin D. Your health-care team will let you know how much.</p><h3>Foods rich in calcium<br></h3><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Beverages<br></th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 cup milk (skim, 1%, 2%, 3.25% or chocolate)</td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup fortified milk alternative<br></td><td>300 mg</td><td>100 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup fortified orange juice</td><td>300 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr></tbody></table><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Foods — Dairy</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>1 cup yogurt (plain or fruit flavoured)</td><td>200 mg</td><td>10 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup Greek yogurt</td><td>500 – 700 mg</td><td>0 – 85 IU</td></tr><tr><td>2 oz (50 g) hard and non-processed cheese such as cheddar<br></td><td>350 mg</td><td>80 IU (3)<br></td></tr><tr><td>2 oz (50 g) mozzarella cheese</td><td>290 mg</td><td>80 IU (9)<br></td></tr><tr><td>½ cup 2% cottage cheese</td><td>133 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr></tbody></table><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Foods — Other</th><th>Calcium</th><th>Vitamin D</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>¾ cup cooked broccoli</td><td>50 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td>1 cup baked beans</td><td>160 mg</td><td>N/A</td></tr><tr><td>3.5 oz fatty fish (wild) such as salmon, tuna and mackerel</td><td>N/A</td><td>300 IU</td></tr><tr><td>1 oz (30 g) canned salmon with bones</td><td>78 mg</td><td>130 IU</td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Eat a variety of foods each day<br></h2><p>Eating a balanced diet means eating foods from all food groups (vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes) every day and being careful not to eat too much or too little of certain foods. Different foods provide different types and amounts of nutrients needed for growth and development, so variety and balance are important for health.</p><p>Prednisone can make you feel hungrier. It is common to gain weight while taking prednisone. While some weight gain is needed for growth, too much weight gain can be harmful and can lead to overweight or obesity, as well as other health problems. This is why it is important to structure meals and snacks throughout the day to prevent eating too much food. Eating too much food (calories), even if it is healthy food, can cause too much weight gain.</p><h3>How much food should I eat per day?</h3> <figure><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Canadas_Food_Guide.jpg" alt="Plate that is half covered with vegetables and fruit, with the other half split between whole grains and protein foods" /> </figure> <p> <a href="/article?contentid=1436&language=english">Canada’s Food Guide</a> no longer recommends a specific number of servings of each food group per day. Instead, Health Canada encourages a colourful plate with recommendations on how to structure meals. Try incorporating these key recommendations at each meal into your daily lifestyle: </p><ul><li>Have plenty of vegetables and fruits (at least half of the plate for each meal and snack).</li><li>Eat protein-rich foods.</li><ul><li>Proteins make up about one quarter of the plate. Choose plant-based proteins more often, such as legumes, lentils, eggs, dairy and even some whole grains like quinoa.</li></ul><li>Choose water to drink.</li><li>Choose whole grains more often.</li><ul><li>Whole grains make up about one quarter of the plate.</li></ul><li>Limit foods with added sugar and processed foods.</li></ul><p>Examples of snacks that would meet these recommendations:</p><ul><li>fresh fruit</li><li>yogurt parfait made with Greek yogurt, fresh fruit and granola</li><li>raw vegetables with dip</li><li>grapes and almonds</li><li>whole grain bread with unsweetened nut butter</li><li>whole grain crackers with natural (not processed) cheddar cheese</li><li>plain popcorn</li></ul><h2>Good food choices</h2><p>This table provides examples of foods to choose more often and foods to choose less often while taking prednisone.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Food group</th><th>Choose most often</th><th>Choose less often</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td>Fruits and vegetables</td><td><p>Raw, steamed, roasted or grilled vegetables</p><p>Homemade soups</p><p>Canned fruits packed in water</p><p>Baked or mashed potatoes</p><p>Green salad</p></td><td><p>Fried or battered vegetables, including French fries</p><p>Pickles or pickled vegetables</p><p>Instant soups</p><p>Instant noodles</p><p>Canned fruits in syrup</p></td></tr><tr><td>Grain products</td><td><p>Low-sugar cereals (< 8 grams/serving)</p><p>Pasta with low-sodium tomato sauce</p><p>Whole grain breads</p><p>Unsalted crackers</p><p>Rice cakes</p><p>Air-popped popcorn</p><p>Oatmeal</p><p>Whole grains (e.g., barley, quinoa, millet, buckwheat)</p></td><td><p>Sugary cereals</p><p>Pasta with cream sauce</p><p>Fried rice</p><p>Cheese or nut bread</p><p>Salted crackers</p><p>Microwave popcorn</p><p>Donuts, cakes, cookies</p></td></tr><tr><td>Milk and alternatives</td><td><p>Plain milk</p><p>Unsweetened milk alternatives</p><p>Plain or real fruit yogurt</p><p>Low-sugar yogurt drinks</p><p>Cheese (watch portion sizes; e.g., mozzarella, cheddar, paneer)</p></td><td><p>Chocolate milk</p><p>Sweetened milk/milk alternatives</p><p>Pudding</p><p>Ice cream</p><p>Processed cheese products (e.g., cream cheese, cheese slices, cheese spread)</p></td></tr><tr><td>Meats and alternatives</td><td><p>Fresh meat, poultry, fish</p><p>Fish canned in water</p><p>Eggs</p><p>Beans and lentils</p><p>Tofu</p></td><td><p>Fatty or battered meats</p><p>Fried chicken, fish, seafood</p><p>Salted or smoked meat and fish</p><p>Deli meats (ham, corned beef, bologna)</p><p>Hot dogs</p></td></tr><tr><td>Other foods</td><td><p>Unsalted nuts</p><p>Granola bars (low in sugar)</p><p>Unsalted trail mix</p><p>Dried unsweetened fruits</p></td><td><p>Kool-Aid</p><p>Regular soda/pop</p><p>Chocolate bars</p><p>Energy bars</p><p>Candies</p><p>Potato chips, cheezies, flavoured popcorn</p></td></tr></tbody></table><h2>How to learn more about the sodium, sugar and saturated fat in the foods you eat</h2><h3>Reading food labels</h3> <figure><span class="asset-image-title">Nutrition Facts label</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Prednisone_nutrition_label_CHART_IMG_EN.jpg" alt="Nutrition label with serving size, percent daily value, major nutrients, ingredients and health claims" /> </figure> <p>Food labels will help you learn more about the products you buy and to pick better choices. It is helpful to learn how to read a nutrition label.</p><h3>Serving size</h3><p>The serving size on a label tells you how much of that product contains each of the nutrients below. If you eat more or less than the serving size listed, you are eating more or less of all the nutrients listed. Be mindful of serving size listed and the serving size you eat.</p><h3>Major nutrients</h3><p>The major nutrients, such as calories or protein, on a nutrition facts label are bolded. The nutrition facts label will tell you how much of the major nutrients there are per serving size listed.</p><ul><li>A low-sodium food contains less than 140 mg of sodium per serving.</li><li>Choose foods with less than 8 g of sugar per serving as part of healthy eating and while taking prednisone.</li></ul><h3>Percent daily value (% DV)</h3><p>The % DV is found on the right-hand side of a nutrition facts table. It is a guide to help you make informed food choices. It shows you if the serving size has a little or a lot of nutrient:</p><ul><li>5% DV or less is a little</li><li>15% DV or more is a lot</li></ul><h3>Ingredients</h3><p>Ingredients are listed in order of weight, from the largest to the smallest amount. When an ingredient is listed near the beginning of the list, it means that the product has a lot of this ingredient. Also, a type of ingredient can be listed more than once using a different word. For example, sucrose, glucose, fructose, dextrose, corn syrup and honey all mean sugar.</p><p>So, if the ingredient label lists salt, sodium, fats, oils or sugars near the start of the list or many times, as part of healthy eating, it is ideal to find an alternative to this product or eat the product less often or in limited amounts.</p><h2>Tips at home</h2><h3>Being mindful when you cook</h3><ul><li>Use non-stick pots and frying pans so less (or no) fat or oil needs to be added to prevent food from sticking.</li><li>Avoid frying foods in oil. Instead, use an air fryer, bake, broil, roast or barbecue foods.</li><li>Trim the fat you can see off of your meat.</li><li>Take the skin off chicken and turkey.</li><li>Limit adding sauces, condiments, salad dressings and gravy to your foods.</li></ul><h3>Be mindful when you eat</h3><ul><li>Eat at the kitchen table and not in front of the TV, tablet or other screen.</li><li>Keep the salt, butter and margerine off the table to avoid adding extra to your prepared foods.</li><li>If you are hungry for more food after you finish your meal, have more vegetables or fruit before having a second helping of the meal./li> </li></ul><h3>Getting enough physical activity</h3><p>While being aware of a varied balanced diet is important, physical activity is just as important for your health. See <a href="/article?contentid=642&language=english">Physical activity: Guidelines for children and teens</a> for the amount and types of physical activity that are recommended for your child's age.</p><h3>Eating healthy together as a family</h3><p>Support and encourage each other to eat healthy and live a healthy lifestyle with regular physical activity. Get your parents, brothers and sisters, friends, grandparents, babysitters, neighbours and teachers excited about the foods you are eating and the regular physical activity you participate in.</p><h2>How long will you have to focus on eating foods that are low in sodium?</h2><p>You need to eat foods that are low in sodium the entire time that you are taking prednisone. Usually, the amount of prednisone you take is slowly lowered and then stopped. When you stop taking prednisone, it is encouraged to continue eating foods low in sodium as this is recommended as part of a healthy eating for your entire family. Your risk of side effects from eating a diet higher in salt are lower when you stop taking prednisone, so your medical team may advise that you can be a little less strict with your salt intake. If you are restarted on prednisone, you may need to reduce the amount of sodium in your diet again.</p>prednisonediethttps://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Prednisone_nutrition_label_CHART_IMG_EN.jpgPrednisone: What to eat while you are taking prednisoneFalse

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