Types of epilepsyTTypes of epilepsyTypes of epilepsyEnglishNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2020-03-25T04:00:00Z10.400000000000045.5000000000000657.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Read about the types of epilepsy and the suggested treatments.</p><h2>What is epilepsy?</h2><p>Epilepsy, or a chronic seizure disorder, is a general term for a number of different conditions. Epilepsy is the same thing as a ‘seizure disorder’.</p><p>Epilepsies are classified by:</p><ul><li>whether seizures are generalized, focal or both</li><li>whether the seizure types and other features can be grouped together as an epilepsy syndrome</li><li>the cause of the epilepsy, when known</li></ul><h2>Key points<br></h2><ul><li>Epilepsy is the same thing as a seizure disorder. There are many types of epilepsy.</li><li>Most children have a generalized or focal epilepsy, while other children may have both. </li><li>When a child is diagnosed with an epilepsy syndrome, it means their clinical history, exam and tests, as well as responses to treatment are similar to that of a group of other children.</li><li>Determining the underlying cause for epilepsy is important for managing epilepsy.</li></ul><h2>Epilepsy management</h2><p>Determining the underlying cause for epilepsy is important to help manage epilepsy. For example, in children who are not responding to medication and have an abnormal structure in the brain, surgery can offer the possibility of seizure freedom. For other genetic epilepsies that are not responsive to medications, diet therapy or <a href="/article?contentid=2103&language=english">vagus nerve stimulation (VNS)</a> may be considered.</p><h2>Resources</h2><p><a href="https://www.epilepsydiagnosis.org/syndrome/epilepsy-syndrome-groupoverview.html">Epilepsy syndromes</a> — International League against Epilepsy</p>
Les types d’épilepsieLLes types d’épilepsieTypes of epilepsyFrenchNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2010-02-04T05:00:00Z12.000000000000023.00000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez-en davantage sur les trois types d’épilepsie suivants : symptomatique, cryptogénétique et idiopathique ainsi que sur les traitements proposés.</p><p>Parfois, l’épilepsie est causée par une blessure cérébrale particulière ou par une anomalie visible par résonance magnétique ou au tomodensitogramme, ou encore par un trouble métabolique. Lorsque l’épilepsie est un symptôme d’une autre maladie, il s’agit alors d’épilepsie symptomatique.</p> <p>Dans d’autres formes d’épilepsie, aucune cause sous-jacente n’est apparente. Ce type d’épilepsie est appelé épilepsie idiopathique.</p> <p>Lorsque les médecins ne connaissent pas exactement la cause des crises, mais qu’ils soupçonnent la présence d’une certaine anomalie sous-jacente cérébrale ou chimique, il s’agit d’épilepsie cryptogénétique.</p><ul><li>L’épilepsie idiopathique est le type d’épilepsie pour lequel il n’y a aucune cause sous-jacente apparente, comme dans les cas de crises néonatales bénignes, d’absences épileptiques infantiles et d’épilepsie myoclonique juvénile.</li> <li>L’épilepsie symptomatique est causée par des dommages connus au cerveau ou par une maladie sous-jacente telle qu’une tumeur cérébrale, un accident vasculaire cérébral ou un trouble métabolique.</li> <li>L’épilepsie cryptogénétique est un type d’épilepsie dont on ignore la cause sous-jacente.</li> <li>L’épilepsie idiopathique et cryptogénétique sont habituellement contrôlées à l’aide de médicaments. L’épilepsie symptomatique est contrôlée par le traitement de la cause sous-jacente à l’aide de médicaments ou de la chirurgie.</li></ul>

 

 

 

 

Types of epilepsy2058.00000000000Types of epilepsyTypes of epilepsyTEnglishNeurologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BrainNervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+) EducatorsNA2020-03-25T04:00:00Z10.400000000000045.5000000000000657.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Read about the types of epilepsy and the suggested treatments.</p><h2>What is epilepsy?</h2><p>Epilepsy, or a chronic seizure disorder, is a general term for a number of different conditions. Epilepsy is the same thing as a ‘seizure disorder’.</p><p>Epilepsies are classified by:</p><ul><li>whether seizures are generalized, focal or both</li><li>whether the seizure types and other features can be grouped together as an epilepsy syndrome</li><li>the cause of the epilepsy, when known</li></ul><h2>Epilepsy types</h2><p>There are several different types of epilepsy. Most children with epilepsy have either a generalized epilepsy or focal epilepsy, while some children may have both. Each epilepsy type has different characteristics.</p><h3>Generalized epilepsies</h3><ul><li>In a generalized epilepsy, the seizures begin on both sides of the brain at the same time.</li><li>An EEG will show generalized spike and slow wave discharges.</li><li>Generalized epilepsies include seizure types such as absence, myoclonic, atonic, tonic and tonic-clonic seizures.</li></ul><h3>Focal epilepsies</h3><ul><li>In a focal epilepsy, the seizure begins in one part of the brain or several different parts in the brain.</li><li>An EEG will show spike and wave discharges coming from one or more brain regions.</li><li>Focal epilepsies include seizure types such as focal motor seizures with and without impaired awareness and focal non-motor seizures with and without impaired awareness.</li></ul><h3>Combined generalized and focal epilepsy</h3><ul><li>Some children can have both generalized and focal seizures.</li><li>An EEG will show both generalized spike and wave discharges and abnormalities in discrete brain regions.</li><li>Common examples of combined generalized and focal epilepsies are Dravet syndrome and <a href="/article?contentid=2078&language=english">Lennox-Gastaut syndrome</a>.</li></ul><h2>Epilepsy syndromes</h2><p>When your child is diagnosed with an epilepsy syndrome, it means that your child’s clinical history, exam and tests are similar to that of a group of other children. These conditions may also have similar responses to treatment and similar outcomes. Some of the common syndromes are <a href="/article?contentid=2076&language=english">childhood absence epilepsy</a>, Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.</p><h2>Idiopathic generalized epilepsy</h2><p>Idiopathic means there is no clear underlying cause for seizures and epilepsy. Idiopathic generalized epilepsy refers to epilepsy in which the doctors are unable to identify a structural problem with the brain or a metabolic disorder to explain seizures, and the seizures are generalized.</p><h3>Genetics</h3><p>Parents or siblings of a child with idiopathic epilepsy may have a history of seizures. Researchers are discovering that many idiopathic epilepsy syndromes have an associated genetic component. For this reason, the term idiopathic generalized epilepsy is sometimes also used to refer to genetic generalized epilepsies. </p><p>With a diagnosis of idiopathic generalized epilepsy, your child is more likely to outgrow their seizures.</p><p>Some examples of idiopathic generalized epilepsies include:</p><ul><li><a href="/article?contentid=2076&language=english">childhood and juvenile absence epilepsy</a></li><li><a href="/article?contentid=2077&language=english">juvenile myoclonic epilepsy</a></li><li>generalized <a href="/article?contentid=2066&language=english">tonic-clonic seizures</a> alone</li></ul><h2>Self-limited focal epilepsies</h2><p>Self-limited epilepsies typically begin in childhood and then usually go away on their own. Epilepsies that fall under this classification include:</p><ul><li><a href="/article?contentid=2073&language=english">benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes</a></li><li>occipital epilepsies of childhood with early onset, which are described as Panayiotopoulos</li><li>occipital epilepsies those with late onset, which are described as Gastaut, not to be confused with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome </li></ul><p>To read more about each specific syndrome, please see <a href="/article?contentid=2082&language=english">Generalized epilepsy syndromes</a> and <a href="/article?contentid=2081&language=english">Partial epilepsy syndromes</a>.</p><h2>Key points<br></h2><ul><li>Epilepsy is the same thing as a seizure disorder. There are many types of epilepsy.</li><li>Most children have a generalized or focal epilepsy, while other children may have both. </li><li>When a child is diagnosed with an epilepsy syndrome, it means their clinical history, exam and tests, as well as responses to treatment are similar to that of a group of other children.</li><li>Determining the underlying cause for epilepsy is important for managing epilepsy.</li></ul><h2>Epilepsy management</h2><p>Determining the underlying cause for epilepsy is important to help manage epilepsy. For example, in children who are not responding to medication and have an abnormal structure in the brain, surgery can offer the possibility of seizure freedom. For other genetic epilepsies that are not responsive to medications, diet therapy or <a href="/article?contentid=2103&language=english">vagus nerve stimulation (VNS)</a> may be considered.</p><h2>Resources</h2><p><a href="https://www.epilepsydiagnosis.org/syndrome/epilepsy-syndrome-groupoverview.html">Epilepsy syndromes</a> — International League against Epilepsy</p>Types of epilepsyFalse