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Angiography AAngiography Angiography EnglishOtherChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyArteriesTestsCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2020-11-16T05:00:00Z10.400000000000054.70000000000001628.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Learn what angiography is and how it is done using image guidance.</p><h2>What is an angiography?</h2> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Kidney angiogram</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PMD_angiogram_renal_EN.jpg" alt="Identification of kidney and arteries in a kidney angiogram" /> </figure> <p>Angiography is a procedure that uses a special dye, called contrast dye, and X-rays to see the arteries inside your child’s body. An artery is a blood vessel, which carries blood away from the heart to the tissues in the body. An angiography is performed by interventional radiologists either through the radial artery (wrist) or femoral artery (groin).</p><p>The X-ray images provided by an angiography are called angiograms.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>An angiography uses medical imaging to create a map of the arteries so they can be seen by X-rays. Contrast dye is injected through an artery to outline its shape.</li><li>Angiography is usually a low-risk procedure.</li><li>You will be asked to sign a consent form before the procedure.</li><li>Be calm, honest and tell your child what to expect. Children feel less nervous and scared when they are given information about what will happen to them.</li><li>Your child will most likely be given a general anaesthetic.</li><li>If the angiography is performed through the wrist, your child’s upper limb/wrist should be immobilized with the provided splint overnight.</li><li>If the angiography is performed through the groin, your child should remain in the recovery area for five hours after the procedure on their back with their leg kept straight. Slow ambulation should begin after 5 hours if there are no concerns at the accessed groin site.</li></ul><h2>On the day of the angiography</h2><p>Arrive at the hospital two hours before the planned time of your child’s procedure. Once you are checked in, your child will be dressed in a hospital gown, weighed and assessed by a nurse. You will also be able to speak to the interventional radiologist who will be doing the angiography, and the anesthetist who will be giving your child medication to make them comfortable during the procedure.</p><p>During the angiography, you will be asked to wait in the surgical waiting area.</p><h2>Your child will have medicine for pain</h2><p>Children are given medicine for treatments that may be frightening, uncomfortable or painful. For angiography, most children are given <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1261&language=English">general anaesthesia</a> as well as <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=3001&language=English">local anaesthesia</a> at the groin or arm where the catheter is inserted to make sure they are comfortable. Occasionally, in older children, angiography is done with local anaesthesia only.</p><h2>How an angiography is done</h2><p>The interventional radiologist will insert a flexible tube, called a catheter, into an artery in the groin (the femoral artery) or in the arm (the radial, brachial or axillary artery). The catheter is then directed into the area that requires imaging. Next, contrast dye is injected through the catheter. The dye is a clear, colourless liquid that helps to outline the arteries so they show up on X-rays, which are used to take pictures of the arteries.</p><p>Some children will be given blood thinners during the procedure to prevent the blood in the artery from clotting and blocking the artery.</p><p>When the procedure is finished, the catheter is taken out, and the radiologist presses on the artery in the groin or arm to stop any bleeding. If done through the groin, the insertion site will have a small clear dressing. If done through the wrist, your child will have a compression wrist band specifically designed to stop bleeding at the wrist access site.</p><p>An angiography can take between one to two hours, depending on how complex the arteries being examined are. It can also take longer if any additional treatments are done to the arteries.</p><h2>After the angiography</h2><p>Once the angiography is complete, your child will be moved to the recovery area. The interventional radiologist will come and talk to you about the details of the procedure. As soon as your child starts to wake up, a nurse will come and get you.</p><p>If the angiography was performed through the groin, your child should remain in the recovery area for five hours after the procedure on their back with their leg kept straight. Some pressure may be applied at the insertion site in the groin to prevent further bleeding. Slow ambulation should begin after 5 hours if there are no concerns at the accessed groin site.</p><p>If the angiography was performed through the wrist, your child should remain in the recovery area for 30 min after the procedure on their back with their arm kept straight with the provided splint. Your child will also have a compression wrist band specifically designed to stop bleeding at the access site. The band will be removed before your child’s discharge home.</p><p>Your child’s upper limb/wrist should be immobilized with the provided splint overnight. Your child should not lift anything greater than 2 kg for 72 hours. They should not text, flex or bend with the procedure-site hand for 12 hours.</p><h2>Going home</h2><p>In most cases, children go home the same day as the procedure. This usually occurs about six hours after an angiography through the groin, and about 3-4 hours after an angiography through the wrist. Your child’s nurse will let you know when they are well enough to go home.</p><p>For more details on how to care for your child after an angiography, please see <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1222&language=English">Angiography through the radial artery (wrist): Caring for your child at home after the procedure</a> or <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3902&language=English">Angiography through the femoral artery (groin): Caring for your child at home after the procedure</a>.</p><h2>Visiting the clinic before the procedure</h2><p>Your child may have a clinic visit with the interventional radiologist before the procedure. During the visit, you should expect:</p><ul><li>A health assessment to make sure your child is healthy, and that it is safe to have <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1261&language=English">general anaesthesia</a> and to go ahead with the procedure.</li><li>An overview of the procedure and a review of the consent form with an interventional radiologist.</li><li>Blood work, if needed.</li></ul><h2>Giving consent before the procedure</h2><p>Before the procedure, the interventional radiologist will go over how and why the procedure is done, as well as the potential benefits and risks. They will also discuss what will be done to reduce these risks and will help you weigh benefits against the risks. It is important that you understand all potential risks and benefits of the angiography and that all of your questions are answered. If you agree to the procedure, you can give consent for the angiography by signing the consent form. The procedure will not be done unless you give your consent.</p><h2>How to prepare your child for the procedure</h2><p>Before any treatment, it is important to talk to your child about what will happen. When talking to your child, use words they can understand. Let your child know that medicines will be given to make them feel comfortable during the procedure.</p><p>Children feel less anxious and scared when they know what to expect. Children also feel less worried when they see their parents are calm and supportive.</p><h2>If your child becomes ill within two days before the procedure</h2><p>It is important that your child is healthy on the day of their procedure. If your child starts to feel unwell or has a fever within two days before the angiography, let your doctor know. Your child’s procedure may need to be rebooked.</p><h2>Food, drink and medicines before the procedure</h2><ul><li><a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/Eating-guidelines/index.html">Your child’s stomach must be empty</a> before general anaesthetic.</li><li>If your child has special needs during fasting, talk to your doctor to make a plan.</li><li>Your child can take their regular morning medicines with a sip of water up to two hours before the procedure.</li><li>Medicines such as <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a>, <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=198&language=English">naproxen</a> or <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>, <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=265&language=English">warfarin</a>, or enoxaparin may increase the risk of bleeding. If your child is on any of these medications, consult with your child’s doctor and interventional radiologist before the procedure to create a plan of care.</li></ul><h2>At SickKids</h2><p>If you have any concerns in the first 48 hours, call the <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/IGT/index.html">Image Guided Therapy (IGT) clinic</a> at (416) 813- 7654 ext. 201804. Speak to the IGT clinic nurse during working hours or leave a non-urgent message.</p><p>If you have concerns and it is after working hours, see your primary care provider or go to the nearest Emergency Department. You can also call the Hospital for Sick Children switchboard at (416) 813-7500 and ask them to page a member of your child’s health-care team or the interventional radiology fellow on call.</p><p>For more information on fasting see <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/Eating-guidelines/index.html">Eating and drinking before surgery</a>.</p><p>For more information on preparing your child for their procedure see <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/index.html">Coming for surgery</a>.</p>
Angiographie guidée par l’imageAAngiographie guidée par l’imageAngiogram using image guidanceFrenchOtherChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyArteriesTestsCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2016-02-09T05:00:00Z8.0000000000000061.00000000000001181.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Découvrez ce qu’est une angiographie et comment elle se déroule guidée par l’image.</p><h2>Qu’est qu’une angiographie?</h2> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Angiographie rénale</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PMD_angiogram_renal_FR.jpg" alt="Identification du rein et des artères dans une angiographie rénale" /> </figure> <p>Une angiographie est une technique effectuée par un radiologiste d’intervention. Il utilise un colorant spécial, appelé agent de contraste, et des rayons X afin d’examiner les artères de votre enfant. Une artère est un vaisseau sanguin qui transporte le sang du cœur vers les tissus dans le corps.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Une angiographie se fait à l’aide de l’imagerie médicale afin de créer une carte des artères et de les rendre visibles sous rayons X. Un colorant, l'agent de contraste, est injecté dans l’artère afin d’en exposer la forme.</li> <li>L’angiographie présente normalement peu de risques.</li> <li>On vous demandera de signer un formulaire de consentement.</li> <li>Restez calme, soyez honnête et expliquez à votre enfant à quoi s’attendre. Les enfants sont moins anxieux et ont moins peur quand ils savent ce qui les attend.</li> <li>On administrera probablement une anesthésie générale à votre enfant.</li></ul><h2>Le jour de l’angiographie</h2><p>Rendez-vous à l’hôpital deux heures avant l’heure prévue de l’intervention. Après son admission, le personnel infirmier revêt votre enfant d’une blouse d’hôpital, le pèse et évalue son état de santé. Vous pourrez parler au radiologiste d’intervention et à l’anesthésiste. Celui-ci administre les médicaments qui mettront votre enfant à l’aise.</p><p>Durant l’angiographie, on vous demande d’attendre dans la salle d’attente de la chirurgie.</p><h2>Votre enfant prendra des médicaments antidouleur</h2><p>On administre des médicaments aux enfants pour des soins qui peuvent être effrayants, inconfortables ou douloureux. Dans le cas d’une angiographie, on leur administre une <a href="/article?contentid=1261&language=French">anesthésie générale</a>. On leur administre aussi un <a href="/article?contentid=3001&language=French">anesthésique local</a> dans l’aine ou dans le bras où le cathéter est inséré afin de s’assurer qu’ils sont à l’aise. À l’occasion, les enfants plus âgés ne reçoivent qu’un anesthésique local pour une angiographie.</p><h2>Déroulement de l’angiographie</h2><p>Le radiologiste d’intervention insère un petit tube, appelé un cathéter, dans une artère de l’aine (la région supérieure de la jambe) ou du bras. Le cathéter est ensuite dirigé vers la région qu'on veut observer. Un colorant spécial, appelé agent de contraste, est alors injecté dans le cathéter. Il s’agit d’un liquide clair et incolore qui aide à exposer les artères afin de les rendre visibles dans une radiographie. Le médecin utilise ensuite des rayons X spéciaux pour obtenir des images des artères.</p><p>On donne parfois des anticoagulants aux enfants durant l’angiographie afin de prévenir la formation de caillots dans l’artère.</p><p>Une fois l'intervention terminée, le cathéter est retiré. Le radiologiste presse sur l’artère de l’aine ou du bras pour faire cesser le saignement.</p><p>Une angiographie peut prendre entre 45 minutes et deux heures, selon la complexité des artères examinées. Cela peut être plus long si d’autres interventions sont effectuées au niveau des artères.</p><h2>Après l'intervention</h2><p>Après l’angiographie, votre enfant sera conduit dans la salle de réveil. Le radiologiste viendra vous faire part du déroulement de l’intervention. Dès que votre enfant se réveillera, le personnel infirmier viendra vous chercher.</p><p>Dans la salle de réveil, votre enfant doit rester couché sur le dos et garder la jambe ou le bras bien droit habituellement pendant six heures. Il se peut qu’il faille presser sur le site de ponction afin d’empêcher tout saignement.</p><h2>Retour à la maison</h2><p>La plupart des enfants rentrent à la maison le jour même, soit environ six heures après l’intervention. Le personnel infirmier vous dira quand l'état de santé de votre enfant sera adéquat pour un retour à la maison. </p><p>Pour en savoir plus sur les soins à donner à votre enfant, lire <a href="/Article?contentid=1222&language=French">Angiogramme – prendre soin de votre enfant après l’intervention</a>.</p><h2>Consultation en clinique avant l’angiographie</h2><p>Il se peut que votre enfant doive consulter le radiologiste d’intervention pour une pré-évaluation. Lors du rendez-vous à la clinique, il faut s’attendre :</p><ul><li>à une évaluation de l’état de santé de votre enfant. On veut établir s’il est indiqué de lui administrer une <a href="/Article?contentid=1261&language=French">anesthésie générale</a> et de procéder;</li><li>à une explication du déroulement de l’angiographie et à une revue du formulaire de consentement par un radiologiste d’intervention;</li><li>au besoin, à des analyses de sang.</li></ul><h2>Accorder son consentement</h2><p>Avant de procéder, le radiologiste explique le déroulement et la raison-d'être de l'intervention et il expose ses bienfaits et les risques qui y sont associés. Il énonce les mesures prévues pour réduire ces risques et il vous aide à mettre en balance les bienfaits et les risques. Il importe de comprendre tous les risques et les bienfaits possibles de l’angiographie. Assurez-vous d’obtenir des réponses à toutes vos questions. En signant le formulaire de consentement, vous acceptez l’intervention. C'est le parent ou le tuteur légal qui doit signer le formulaire à la place d'un jeune enfant. Sans votre consentement, l'intervention ne peut pas avoir lieu.</p><h2>Pour préparer votre enfant</h2><p>Avant toute intervention médicale, il importe de parler à votre enfant de ce qui va se passer. Utilisez des mots qu'il peut comprendre. Dites-lui qu’il recevra des médicaments qui le mettront à l’aise pendant l’intervention.</p><p>Les enfants sont moins anxieux et ont moins peur quand ils savent ce qui les attend. Les enfants sont aussi moins inquiets quand leurs parents sont calmes et démontrent leur soutien.</p><h2>Si votre enfant tombe malade dans les deux jours précédant l’angiographie</h2><p>Il est important que votre enfant soit en bonne santé le jour de l’angiographie. S’il se sent mal ou a une fièvre dans les deux jours qui la précèdent, prévenez votre médecin. Il se peut que l'intervention doive être reportée.</p><h2>Boire, manger et prendre des médicaments</h2><ul><li>L'<a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/Eating-guidelines/index.html">estomac de votre enfant </a> (en anglais) doit être vide avant une sédation ou une anesthésie générale.</li><li>Si votre enfant a des besoins particuliers pendant le jeûne, adressez-vous à votre médecin.</li><li>Votre enfant peut prendre ses médicaments habituels du matin avec une gorgée d’eau deux heures avant l’intervention.</li><li>Les médicaments tels que l’<a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=French">acide acétylsalicylique (AAS)</a>, le <a href="/Article?contentid=198&language=French">naproxen</a>, l'<a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=French">ibuprofène</a>, le <a href="/Article?contentid=265&language=French">warfarine</a>, ou l'<a href="/Article?contentid=129&language=French">énoxaparine</a> peuvent augmenter le risque de saignement. Ne pas administrer ces médicaments à votre enfant avant l’intervention sans l’autorisation de son médecin et du radiologiste d’intervention.</li></ul><h2>À l'hôpital SickKids</h2><p>À l'hôpital SickKids, les radiologistes d’intervention sont affectés au <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/IGT/index.html">Service d’imagerie diagnostique à la Clinique de la thérapie guidée par image </a>(en anglais). Pour joindre la clinique, faire le 416-813-6504. Vous pouvez parler au personnel durant les heures de travail, entre 8 h et 15 h, ou encore lui demander de transmettre un message.</p><p>Pour en savoir plus sur le jeûne, lire la section portant sur <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/Eating-guidelines/index.html">boire et manger avant une chirurgie</a> (en anglais).</p><p>Pour savoir comment bien préparer votre enfant, lire la section portant sur <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/index.html">se préparer à une chirurgie​ </a> (en anglais).</p>

 

 

 

 

Angiography 2440.00000000000Angiography Angiography AEnglishOtherChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyArteriesTestsCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2020-11-16T05:00:00Z10.400000000000054.70000000000001628.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ProcedureHealth A-Z<p>Learn what angiography is and how it is done using image guidance.</p><h2>What is an angiography?</h2> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Kidney angiogram</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PMD_angiogram_renal_EN.jpg" alt="Identification of kidney and arteries in a kidney angiogram" /> </figure> <p>Angiography is a procedure that uses a special dye, called contrast dye, and X-rays to see the arteries inside your child’s body. An artery is a blood vessel, which carries blood away from the heart to the tissues in the body. An angiography is performed by interventional radiologists either through the radial artery (wrist) or femoral artery (groin).</p><p>The X-ray images provided by an angiography are called angiograms.</p><h2>Reasons for an angiography<br></h2><ul><li>To help doctors identify narrowed, enlarged and blocked blood vessels and plan treatment.</li><li>To determine if there is blood leaking out of the vessels and into other parts of the body.</li><li>To help doctors diagnose different diseases that involve blood vessels.</li></ul><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>An angiography uses medical imaging to create a map of the arteries so they can be seen by X-rays. Contrast dye is injected through an artery to outline its shape.</li><li>Angiography is usually a low-risk procedure.</li><li>You will be asked to sign a consent form before the procedure.</li><li>Be calm, honest and tell your child what to expect. Children feel less nervous and scared when they are given information about what will happen to them.</li><li>Your child will most likely be given a general anaesthetic.</li><li>If the angiography is performed through the wrist, your child’s upper limb/wrist should be immobilized with the provided splint overnight.</li><li>If the angiography is performed through the groin, your child should remain in the recovery area for five hours after the procedure on their back with their leg kept straight. Slow ambulation should begin after 5 hours if there are no concerns at the accessed groin site.</li></ul><h2>Results</h2><p>The doctor who ordered the procedure will receive the results of your child’s angiography. You will need to make an appointment with them to discuss your child’s results.</p><h2>On the day of the angiography</h2><p>Arrive at the hospital two hours before the planned time of your child’s procedure. Once you are checked in, your child will be dressed in a hospital gown, weighed and assessed by a nurse. You will also be able to speak to the interventional radiologist who will be doing the angiography, and the anesthetist who will be giving your child medication to make them comfortable during the procedure.</p><p>During the angiography, you will be asked to wait in the surgical waiting area.</p><h2>Your child will have medicine for pain</h2><p>Children are given medicine for treatments that may be frightening, uncomfortable or painful. For angiography, most children are given <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1261&language=English">general anaesthesia</a> as well as <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=3001&language=English">local anaesthesia</a> at the groin or arm where the catheter is inserted to make sure they are comfortable. Occasionally, in older children, angiography is done with local anaesthesia only.</p><h2>How an angiography is done</h2><p>The interventional radiologist will insert a flexible tube, called a catheter, into an artery in the groin (the femoral artery) or in the arm (the radial, brachial or axillary artery). The catheter is then directed into the area that requires imaging. Next, contrast dye is injected through the catheter. The dye is a clear, colourless liquid that helps to outline the arteries so they show up on X-rays, which are used to take pictures of the arteries.</p><p>Some children will be given blood thinners during the procedure to prevent the blood in the artery from clotting and blocking the artery.</p><p>When the procedure is finished, the catheter is taken out, and the radiologist presses on the artery in the groin or arm to stop any bleeding. If done through the groin, the insertion site will have a small clear dressing. If done through the wrist, your child will have a compression wrist band specifically designed to stop bleeding at the wrist access site.</p><p>An angiography can take between one to two hours, depending on how complex the arteries being examined are. It can also take longer if any additional treatments are done to the arteries.</p><h2>After the angiography</h2><p>Once the angiography is complete, your child will be moved to the recovery area. The interventional radiologist will come and talk to you about the details of the procedure. As soon as your child starts to wake up, a nurse will come and get you.</p><p>If the angiography was performed through the groin, your child should remain in the recovery area for five hours after the procedure on their back with their leg kept straight. Some pressure may be applied at the insertion site in the groin to prevent further bleeding. Slow ambulation should begin after 5 hours if there are no concerns at the accessed groin site.</p><p>If the angiography was performed through the wrist, your child should remain in the recovery area for 30 min after the procedure on their back with their arm kept straight with the provided splint. Your child will also have a compression wrist band specifically designed to stop bleeding at the access site. The band will be removed before your child’s discharge home.</p><p>Your child’s upper limb/wrist should be immobilized with the provided splint overnight. Your child should not lift anything greater than 2 kg for 72 hours. They should not text, flex or bend with the procedure-site hand for 12 hours.</p><h2>Going home</h2><p>In most cases, children go home the same day as the procedure. This usually occurs about six hours after an angiography through the groin, and about 3-4 hours after an angiography through the wrist. Your child’s nurse will let you know when they are well enough to go home.</p><p>For more details on how to care for your child after an angiography, please see <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=1222&language=English">Angiography through the radial artery (wrist): Caring for your child at home after the procedure</a> or <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3902&language=English">Angiography through the femoral artery (groin): Caring for your child at home after the procedure</a>.</p><h2>Visiting the clinic before the procedure</h2><p>Your child may have a clinic visit with the interventional radiologist before the procedure. During the visit, you should expect:</p><ul><li>A health assessment to make sure your child is healthy, and that it is safe to have <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/article?contentid=1261&language=English">general anaesthesia</a> and to go ahead with the procedure.</li><li>An overview of the procedure and a review of the consent form with an interventional radiologist.</li><li>Blood work, if needed.</li></ul><h2>Giving consent before the procedure</h2><p>Before the procedure, the interventional radiologist will go over how and why the procedure is done, as well as the potential benefits and risks. They will also discuss what will be done to reduce these risks and will help you weigh benefits against the risks. It is important that you understand all potential risks and benefits of the angiography and that all of your questions are answered. If you agree to the procedure, you can give consent for the angiography by signing the consent form. The procedure will not be done unless you give your consent.</p><h2>How to prepare your child for the procedure</h2><p>Before any treatment, it is important to talk to your child about what will happen. When talking to your child, use words they can understand. Let your child know that medicines will be given to make them feel comfortable during the procedure.</p><p>Children feel less anxious and scared when they know what to expect. Children also feel less worried when they see their parents are calm and supportive.</p><h2>If your child becomes ill within two days before the procedure</h2><p>It is important that your child is healthy on the day of their procedure. If your child starts to feel unwell or has a fever within two days before the angiography, let your doctor know. Your child’s procedure may need to be rebooked.</p><h2>Food, drink and medicines before the procedure</h2><ul><li><a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/Eating-guidelines/index.html">Your child’s stomach must be empty</a> before general anaesthetic.</li><li>If your child has special needs during fasting, talk to your doctor to make a plan.</li><li>Your child can take their regular morning medicines with a sip of water up to two hours before the procedure.</li><li>Medicines such as <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a>, <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=198&language=English">naproxen</a> or <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>, <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=265&language=English">warfarin</a>, or enoxaparin may increase the risk of bleeding. If your child is on any of these medications, consult with your child’s doctor and interventional radiologist before the procedure to create a plan of care.</li></ul><h2>Risks of an angiography</h2><p>Angiography is usually a low-risk procedure. Major complications are extremely rare in experienced centres. The risk may increase depending on your child’s condition, age and health.</p><p>The risks of an angiography include:</p><ul><li>pain, bruising or bleeding in the groin or arm where the catheter was inserted</li><li>infection</li><li>a bulge or weakness in the artery wall (pseudoaneurysm) where the catheter was inserted</li><li>poor circulation to the leg or arm where the catheter was inserted</li><li>clotting (blockage) of the arteries examined</li><li>damage to the arteries examined (dissection, rupture, blockage)</li><li>bleeding inside the body in the area examined</li><li>allergy to X-ray contrast dye</li><li>reduced function of organ and tissue (stroke, paralysis, organ loss), which is rare</li></ul><h2>At SickKids</h2><p>If you have any concerns in the first 48 hours, call the <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/IGT/index.html">Image Guided Therapy (IGT) clinic</a> at (416) 813- 7654 ext. 201804. Speak to the IGT clinic nurse during working hours or leave a non-urgent message.</p><p>If you have concerns and it is after working hours, see your primary care provider or go to the nearest Emergency Department. You can also call the Hospital for Sick Children switchboard at (416) 813-7500 and ask them to page a member of your child’s health-care team or the interventional radiology fellow on call.</p><p>For more information on fasting see <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/Eating-guidelines/index.html">Eating and drinking before surgery</a>.</p><p>For more information on preparing your child for their procedure see <a href="http://www.sickkids.ca/VisitingSickKids/Coming-for-surgery/index.html">Coming for surgery</a>.</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/PMD_angiogram_renal_EN.jpgAngiography False

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