|Acute pain||2982.00000000000||Acute pain||Acute pain||A||English||Pain/Anaesthesia||Child (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)||Body||Nervous system||Symptoms||Caregivers
Adult (19+)||Pain||2019-01-25T05:00:00Z||Rebecca Pillai Riddell, PhD, CPsych||8.90000000000000||58.0000000000000||612.000000000000||Flat Content||Health A-Z||<p>Learn how the body experiences acute pain.</p>||<p>Acute pain is usually described as sharp or stinging pain. It typically comes and goes quickly and provides a warning signal to the body that something is wrong.</p>||<h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Pain occurs when the body's tissues are damaged from injuries, infections or painful procedures.</li><li>Acute pain tends to come on quickly and last a short time. It affects each child differently.</li></ul>||<p>Acute pain is typically caused by damage to the body's tissues from injuries, diseases, infections and/or painful medical or dental procedures.</p><p>Our bodies sense acute pain through specialized nerve cells called nociceptors. These are located around the body and sense when organs and tissues receive painful stimulation (for instance a pinprick to the skin).</p><p>The nociceptors send messages to the brain through nerve pathways to tell us that there is tissue damage. Because of how nociceptors send messages through the spinal cord, our body can react quickly to acute pain before our brain even knows it exists. For instance, if you accidentally touch a hot stove, your body reacts before your brain has figured out what has happened.</p><p>Acute pain tends to come on quickly but then gradually improves in an expected amount of time. Although it is common and lasts only a short time, it can sometimes be severe and need to be assessed and treated properly. Sometimes, if left untreated, significant acute pain can lead to chronic (long-term) pain.</p><p>Acute pain affects each child differently. It is also assessed and treated differently in
<a href="/Article?contentid=3634&language=English">infants and toddlers</a>,
<a href="/Article?contentid=3636&language=English">young children</a>,
<a href="/Article?contentid=3638&language=English">older children</a> and
<a href="/Article?contentid=3641&language=English">teens</a>.</p>||<h2>Websites</h2><p>Jokes to help distract toddlers and preschoolers<br><a href="https://kidsactivitiesblog.com/24447/jokes-for-kids/" target="_blank">https://kidsactivitiesblog.com/24447/jokes-for-kids</a></p><p>Preparing your child with cancer for painful procedures<br><a href="https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/children/preparing-your-child-medical-procedures" target="_blank">https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/children/preparing-your-child-medical-procedures</a></p><p>Managing needle pain for your child with cancer<br><a href="https://cancerkn.com/tips-manage-childs-needle-pain/" target="_blank">https://cancerkn.com/tips-manage-childs-needle-pain/</a></p><h2>Videos</h2><p>Pain management at SickKids<br><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_9_OQFo2APA" target="_blank">https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_9_OQFo2APA</a></p><p>Reducing the pain of vaccination in children (2 mins 18 secs)<br><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KgBwVSYqfps" target="_blank">https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KgBwVSYqfps</a></p><p>Reducing the pain of vaccination in children (20 mins 52 secs)<br><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=TGGDLhmqH8I" target="_blank">https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=2&v=TGGDLhmqH8I</a></p><p>Learning how to manage pain from medical procedures (Stanford Children's Health) (12 mins 58 secs)<br><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UbK9FFoAcvs&feature=youtu.be" target="_blank">https://youtu.be/UbK9FFoAcvs</a></p>||<p>Content developed by Rebecca Pillai Riddell, PhD, CPsych, OUCH Lab, York University, Toronto, in collaboration with:<br>Lorraine Bird, MScN, CNS, Fiona Campbell, BSc, MD, FRCA, Bonnie Stevens, RN, PhD, FAAN, FCAHS, Anna Taddio, BScPhm, PhD<br> Hospital for Sick Children</p><h3>References</h3><p>Blount, R. L., Cohen, L. L., Frank, N. C., Bachanas, P. J., Smith, A. J., Manimala, M. R., & Pate, J. T. (1997). The Child-Adult Medical Procedure Interaction Scale–Revised: An assessment of validity. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 22(1), 73-88.</p><p>Campbell, L., DiLorenzo, M., Atkinson, N., & Riddell, R. P. (2017a). Systematic Review: A Systematic Review of the Interrelationships Among Children's Coping Responses, Children's Coping Outcomes, and Parent Cognitive-Affective, Behavioral, and Contextual Variables in the Needle-Related Procedures Context. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 42(6), 611-621. <a href="https://academic.oup.com/jpepsy/article/42/6/611/3073481" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1093/jpepsy/jsx054</a></p><p>Campbell, L., Riddell, R. P., Cribbie, R., Garfield, H., & Greenberg, S. (2017b). Preschool children's coping responses and outcomes in the vaccination context: Child and caregiver transactional and longitudinal relationships. <em>Pain</em><em></em><em></em>. <a href="https://insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00006396-201802000-00015" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001092</a></p><p>Merkel, S., Voepel-Lewis, T., Shayevitz, J. R., & Malviya, S. (1997). The FLACC: a behavioral scale for scoring postoperative pain in young children. Pediatr Nurs, 23, 293-7.</p><p>Taddio A., McMurtry, C. M., Shah, V., Pillai Riddell, R. et al. Reducing pain during vaccine injections: clinical practice guideline. CMAJ 2015. DOI:10.1503 /cmaj.150391</p><p>Uman, L.S., Birnie, K.A., Noel, M., Parker, J.A., Chambers, C.T., McGrath, P.J., Kisely, S.R. (2013) Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents. <em>Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews</em> 2013, Doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD005179.pub3</p><p>von Baeyer, C.L., Jaaniste, T., Vo, H.L.T., Brunsdon, G., Lao, AH-C, Champion, G.D. Systematic review of self-report measures of pain intensity in 3- and 4-year-old children: Bridging a period of rapid cognitive development. <em>Journal of Pain</em>, 2017; 18(9):1017-1026.
<a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1526590017305199?via%3Dihub" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2017.03.005.</a></p>||https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/bleeding_first_aid.jpg||Acute pain||False|