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DyslexiaDDyslexiaDyslexiaEnglishNeurologyToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2021-08-06T04:00:00Z11.800000000000035.9000000000000611.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about dyslexia and strategies to support your child’s specific needs.</p><h2>​​What is dyslexia?</h2><p>Dyslexia is a neurologically-based learning disability that primarily affects <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=651&language=English">reading and spelling skills</a>. People with dyslexia have trouble with speech sounds and letter-sound associations (<a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=720&language=English">phonological processing</a>).</p><p>Children with dyslexia have age-appropriate intellectual abilities and motivation to learn. While dyslexia affects each child differently, extra support with reading and spelling can help them compensate. It is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of children are reported to have dyslexia.</p><p>Although dyslexia runs in families, a child may still have dyslexia if no one in the family does.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Dyslexia is a learning disability that primarily affects reading and spelling.</li><li>Interventions to support dyslexia include working with teachers, tutors and allied health professionals.</li><li>Children with dyslexia have age-appropriate intellectual abilities.</li><li>If you have concerns about your child’s reading or spelling abilities, you can speak with their teacher to explore whether a psychoeducational assessment is needed.</li></ul><h2>Potential signs of reading and spelling challenges</h2><p>There are many different signs that your child could have difficulties acquiring reading or spelling skills. Not all children will show all of the signs. At different grade levels, these difficulties may include:</p><h3>Preschool/Kindergarten</h3><ul><li>Trouble repeating nursery rhymes; rhyming words</li><li>Word mispronunciations</li><li>Trouble learning letter names</li><li>Difficulty playing word games</li></ul><h3>Early grade school (grades 1-2)</h3><ul><li>Poor recognition of letters</li><li>Trouble sounding out simple words (e.g., hat, sun, dog)</li><li>Many letter and number reversals</li><li>Reluctance when asked to read or spell</li><li>Inability to read words that cannot be sounded out (e.g., the)</li><li>Reading with great effort</li></ul><h2>Diagnosis of dyslexia</h2><p>If you suspect your child might have dyslexia, it is important to share your concerns with your child’s teachers. They will be able to observe your child’s learning and identify available resources and strategies to help support your child’s specific needs. If the resources and strategies provided by the school do not help improve your child’s learning, your child might benefit from a formal psychoeducational assessment.</p><p>If your child’s reading or spelling abilities are substantially below the expected level for their age, intellectual reasoning abilities and education, they may be diagnosed with dyslexia.</p><h2>How is dyslexia supported?</h2><p>Once diagnosed, teachers, tutors and allied health professionals can work with your child to support their reading and spelling through a variety of interventions which can include:</p><ul><li>Explicit teaching of sounds at the oral and printed level (i.e., teaching the sounds associated with individual letters and blending them together to form words)</li><li>Taking a multi-sensory approach to learning, for example:</li><ul><li>using visuals during story time</li><li>playing music or audio clips during a reading exercise</li><li>using tactile materials that children can touch and feel when introduced to new concepts</li></ul><li>Providing accommodations such as a note-taker, text-reading computer software or extra time to complete tasks</li></ul><h2>What should I do if I think my child may have dyslexia?</h2><p>The earlier dyslexia is diagnosed and supported, the sooner your child can develop competency in reading and spelling. If you have concerns about your child’s reading or spelling abilities, you can speak with their teacher to explore whether a psychoeducational assessment is needed.</p>
DyslexieDDyslexieDyslexiaFrenchNeurologyToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2015-09-29T04:00:00Z000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Découvrez comment déterminer si votre enfant souffre de dyslexie et ce que vous pouvez faire pour l’aider.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que la dyslexie?</h2> <p>La dyslexie est un trouble d'apprentissage au niveau de l'<a href="/Article?contentid=651&language=French">aptitude à lire et à écrire​</a>. Les dyslexiques ont de la difficulté à comprendre l'interaction entre les lettres et les sons et à découper les mots en phonèmes distincts. Ils ont également du mal à associer les lettres aux sons. Il s’agit de la source de leur problème en lecture et en écriture. Il n'y aucun lien avec l'intelligence, le comportement ou la motivation.</p> <p>Les enfants souffrant de dyslexie sont tout aussi intelligents que les autres enfants de leur âge. Alors que la dyslexie touche chaque enfant différemment, la plupart auront besoin d’aide complémentaire pour apprendre à lire et à écrire. La dyslexie est fréquente et touche entre 5 et 10 p. 100 des enfants.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>La dyslexie est un trouble d'apprentissage au niveau de la lecture et de l'écriture.</li> <li>Des enseignants, des tuteurs et des spécialistes en lecture peuvent aider l’enfant dyslexique.</li> <li>Les enfants dyslexiques sont en moyenne aussi intelligents que les autres de leur âge. Avec de l’aide, ils peuvent avoir une vie normale et réussie.</li> <li>Plus tôt l’enfant dyslexique reçoit de l’aide, meilleurs sont les résultats. Si vous soupçonnez que votre enfant peut souffrir de dyslexie, le faire évaluer sans tarder afin de pouvoir prévoir une intervention.</li> </ul><h2>Comment puis-je savoir si mon enfant est dyslexique?</h2> <p>Le principal symptôme d’un enfant souffrant de dyslexie est qu’il ne sait pas lire aussi bien que les autres enfants de son âge ou de son niveau scolaire. Les enfants dyslexiques ont souvent des problèmes à prononcer des mots et à apprendre des lettres. Puis, ils auront plus tard des problèmes avec l’orthographe et la lecture des mots à haute voix. Ils peuvent aussi avoir de la difficulté :</p> <ul> <li>à apprendre à parler;</li> <li>à diviser les mots en sons;</li> <li>à apprendre des jeux de rimes;</li> <li>à mémoriser des formules mathématiques;</li> <li>à apprendre une langue étrangère;</li> <li>à organiser des idées.</li> </ul> <p>Tous les enfants qui présentent ces difficultés ne seront pas dyslexiques.</p> <p>C'est un mythe répandu que les dyslexiques lisent à l'envers. Bien que l’écriture à l’envers et l’inversion des mots (p. ex. tar pour rat) puissent faire partie de la dyslexie, il s’agit aussi d’une étape normale du développement de la lecture chez beaucoup d'enfants.</p><h2>Quelles en sont les causes?</h2> <p>La dyslexie est un trouble neurologique causé par une différence dans la façon dont le cerveau traite les mots écrits. Ce trouble touche des personnes de tous les milieux et de différents niveaux d'intelligence; il peut être héréditaire. Un parent dyslexique est plus susceptible d'avoir un enfant dyslexique qu’un parent qui ne l’est pas. Un enfant peut toutefois être dyslexique même si aucun membre de sa famille n’a de la difficulté à lire.</p><h2>Traitement de la dyslexie</h2> <p>La dyslexie est un trouble permanent qui exige une éducation spécialisée dispensée par des enseignants, des tuteurs et des spécialistes en lecture. Leurs interventions aident les enfants dyslexiques à élaborer des stratégies pour lire et écrire. Ces enfants peuvent aussi avoir besoin d'une aide complémentaire à l’école, voire écouter des leçons préenregistrées ou avoir plus de temps pour faire un examen.</p> <p>Même si la plupart des enfants dyslexiques ont des niveaux d'intelligence normaux, ils se sentent souvent « stupides » à cause de leurs problèmes en lecture. À mesure qu'ils avancent à l'école, ils peuvent avoir des problèmes d'estime de soi parce que la lecture devient une partie plus importante de leurs études. Il est important d'encourager les enfants souffrant de dyslexie à continuer à s’améliorer en lecture même si c'est difficile. Avec l'aide nécessaire, beaucoup de dyslexiques s’installent avec succès dans une carrière.</p><h2>Que faire si je soupçonne que mon enfant est dyslexique?</h2> <p>Plus tôt la dyslexie est diagnostiquée et traitée, plus facile il sera pour votre enfant de surmonter les obstacles auxquels il est confronté. Si vous pensez que votre enfant souffre de dyslexie, il faut en parler à son médecin et à son enseignant. Ils peuvent vous aider à le faire évaluer pour déterminer si c’est le cas.</p>

 

 

 

 

Dyslexia307.000000000000DyslexiaDyslexiaDEnglishNeurologyToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANervous systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2021-08-06T04:00:00Z11.800000000000035.9000000000000611.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about dyslexia and strategies to support your child’s specific needs.</p><h2>​​What is dyslexia?</h2><p>Dyslexia is a neurologically-based learning disability that primarily affects <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=651&language=English">reading and spelling skills</a>. People with dyslexia have trouble with speech sounds and letter-sound associations (<a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=720&language=English">phonological processing</a>).</p><p>Children with dyslexia have age-appropriate intellectual abilities and motivation to learn. While dyslexia affects each child differently, extra support with reading and spelling can help them compensate. It is estimated that 10 to 15 percent of children are reported to have dyslexia.</p><p>Although dyslexia runs in families, a child may still have dyslexia if no one in the family does.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Dyslexia is a learning disability that primarily affects reading and spelling.</li><li>Interventions to support dyslexia include working with teachers, tutors and allied health professionals.</li><li>Children with dyslexia have age-appropriate intellectual abilities.</li><li>If you have concerns about your child’s reading or spelling abilities, you can speak with their teacher to explore whether a psychoeducational assessment is needed.</li></ul><h2>Potential signs of reading and spelling challenges</h2><p>There are many different signs that your child could have difficulties acquiring reading or spelling skills. Not all children will show all of the signs. At different grade levels, these difficulties may include:</p><h3>Preschool/Kindergarten</h3><ul><li>Trouble repeating nursery rhymes; rhyming words</li><li>Word mispronunciations</li><li>Trouble learning letter names</li><li>Difficulty playing word games</li></ul><h3>Early grade school (grades 1-2)</h3><ul><li>Poor recognition of letters</li><li>Trouble sounding out simple words (e.g., hat, sun, dog)</li><li>Many letter and number reversals</li><li>Reluctance when asked to read or spell</li><li>Inability to read words that cannot be sounded out (e.g., the)</li><li>Reading with great effort</li></ul><h2>Diagnosis of dyslexia</h2><p>If you suspect your child might have dyslexia, it is important to share your concerns with your child’s teachers. They will be able to observe your child’s learning and identify available resources and strategies to help support your child’s specific needs. If the resources and strategies provided by the school do not help improve your child’s learning, your child might benefit from a formal psychoeducational assessment.</p><p>If your child’s reading or spelling abilities are substantially below the expected level for their age, intellectual reasoning abilities and education, they may be diagnosed with dyslexia.</p><h2>How is dyslexia supported?</h2><p>Once diagnosed, teachers, tutors and allied health professionals can work with your child to support their reading and spelling through a variety of interventions which can include:</p><ul><li>Explicit teaching of sounds at the oral and printed level (i.e., teaching the sounds associated with individual letters and blending them together to form words)</li><li>Taking a multi-sensory approach to learning, for example:</li><ul><li>using visuals during story time</li><li>playing music or audio clips during a reading exercise</li><li>using tactile materials that children can touch and feel when introduced to new concepts</li></ul><li>Providing accommodations such as a note-taker, text-reading computer software or extra time to complete tasks</li></ul><h2>How can I help my child?</h2><ul><li>Read to your child every day</li><li>Play word games (rhyming, adding/deleting sounds from words)</li><li>Engage your child in reading rhymes, highlighting the rhythms and patterns</li><li>Expose your child to alphabet books and puzzles</li></ul><p>Children with dyslexia may be discouraged and their slow progress may impact their self-esteem. It is important to encourage children with dyslexia to engage with reading and also find activities at which they excel. With proper diagnosis and support, children with dyslexia can compensate for their challenges and succeed academically.</p><h2>What should I do if I think my child may have dyslexia?</h2><p>The earlier dyslexia is diagnosed and supported, the sooner your child can develop competency in reading and spelling. If you have concerns about your child’s reading or spelling abilities, you can speak with their teacher to explore whether a psychoeducational assessment is needed.</p><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/dyslexia.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/dyslexia.jpgDyslexiaFalse

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