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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)CCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)EnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NAImmune systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+) CaregiversCough;Fever;Diarrhea;Headache;Runny nose;Nasal congestion;Sneezing;Vomiting;Fatigue2021-05-25T04:00:00Z10.400000000000051.60000000000001201.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Find information about coronaviruses and COVID-19. Learn about the signs and symptoms of COVID-19, who is at greatest risk, how it is spread, how it is diagnosed and how to prevent spread of the virus. Also find out what to do if you think your child may have COVID-19 and what to do if they have been diagnosed with COVID-19.</p><h2>What are coronaviruses and COVID-19?</h2><p>Coronaviruses (CoV) are a common and large family of viruses. Coronaviruses can cause a mild illness such as the common cold to a more severe illness such as pneumonia (infection of the lungs). Most people who become ill with a coronavirus will recover on their own with no specific antiviral treatment.</p><p>A new strain of coronavirus was identified in late 2019 and has spread across the globe, which has been named SARS-CoV-2. The disease that it causes is named COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019). Because there has been worldwide spread of COVID-19, the outbreak was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. There is serious global concern about this disease because it is very infectious, and it can cause severe pneumonia. In children COVID-19 generally causes a mild illness compared to adults. Children with COVID-19 can however spread the infection to others.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Most people who become ill with COVID-19 will recover on their own.</li><li>COVID-19 is an infection caused by SARS-CoV-2, a respiratory virus which spreads mainly through close contact with an infected person.</li><li>There are things you can do to lower your risk of getting COVID-19, such as washing your hands frequently, avoiding touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands, avoiding close contact with others and keeping at least two metres from others outside your household.</li> <li>Current public health guidelines on physical distancing recommend that you stay home as much as possible and avoid contact with others outside your household. If going out in public you must use a face covering in public indoor spaces and whenever physical distancing is a challenge.</li></ul><h2>What are COVID-19 signs and symptoms?</h2><p>Your child may have COVID-19 if they have some or all of the following symptoms:</p><ul><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=774&language=English">cough</a> or sneezing</li><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=748&language=English">sore throat</a><br></li><li>difficulty breathing or fast breathing</li><li>body aches</li><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=29&language=English">headache</a><br></li><li>chills</li><li>fatigue</li><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=7&language=English">diarrhea</a> and <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=746&language=English">vomiting</a></li><li>runny or stuffy nose</li><li>loss of the sense of smell or taste</li></ul><p>Once infected, symptoms can take up to 14 days to appear. Some people with COVID-19 have mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. In more severe cases people can have difficulty breathing and pneumonia in one or both lungs.</p> <p>There is a rare condition that may be related to COVID-19 that develops in children 1 to 2 months after they have had the infection. This condition is called <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3907&language=English">multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children</a> (MIS-C). This condition is caused by inflammation in the body that leads to a prolonged fever in the child. There are effective treatments for this condition.</p><h2>Who is at greatest risk of getting COVID-19?</h2><p>Even at this point, there is still a lot being learned about COVID-19. In general, it has been observed that serious illness from COVID-19 in children is less common than it is in adults. It appears that teenagers are more likely to get serious symptoms as compared with younger children. A small number of studies have suggested that children with underlying chronic health conditions such as obesity, severe neurodisability, chronic respiratory and cardiac conditions may be at higher risk for serious illness compared with other children their age.</p><h2>How is COVID-19 diagnosed?</h2><p>A diagnosis of COVID-19 is usually suspected based on symptoms and can be confirmed by laboratory testing. Testing may be required depending on exposure history with someone who was diagnosed with COVID-19, symptoms that are concerning for COVID-19, or as a screen before a planned procedure. A test that is commonly used involves putting a swab into a person’s nostrils in order to get a sample from the back of their nose. Refer to the most updated <a href="https://www.ontario.ca/page/2019-novel-coronavirus">Ontario general guidelines</a> for information on who should be tested for COVID-19 and ways of accessing testing.</p><h2>Is there any treatment available for COVID-19?</h2><p>Most people will generally recover from COVID-19 on their own without any specific antiviral or other prescription drug treatment. Antibiotics are not recommended for people with mild symptoms. Your health-care provider may recommend steps you can take to relieve symptoms.</p><p>Other treatment options can be discussed if someone requires hospitalization for COVID-19 due to serious symptoms.</p><h2>What should I do if my child has been diagnosed with COVID-19?</h2><p>If your child has been diagnosed with COVID-19 and remains well with mild symptoms, they may remain at home throughout their recovery. You will be contacted by public health who will advise you about isolation for your child and any other household members. If you have concerns about your child’s health or are unsure, you should contact your child’s primary health-care provider or Telehealth Ontario (1-866-797-0000). Bring your child to the emergency room and/or call an ambulance if your child develops more serious symptoms as described below.</p><h2>Should I bring my child to the hospital if I suspect they have COVID-19?</h2><p>If your child has mild symptoms and remains well, it may not be necessary to seek medical attention. You can use the <a href="https://covid-19.ontario.ca/self-assessment/">Ontario COVID-19 self-assessment tool</a> for guidance. If you have other concerns or are unsure, you should contact your child’s primary health-care provider or Telehealth Ontario (1-866-797-0000).</p><p>You should come to the hospital right away if your child has the following symptoms:</p><ul><li>fast breathing or trouble breathing</li><li>bluish skin color</li><li>not drinking enough fluids</li><li>not waking up or not interacting</li><li>being so irritable that the child does not want to be held</li></ul><p>In case of an emergency, call an ambulance and tell the emergency services team you are concerned your child may have COVID-19.</p><h2>References</h2><p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, March 28). Frequently Asked Questions and Answers. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html">https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html</a></p><p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, March 4). How COVID-2019 Spreads. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/transmission.html">https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/transmission.html</a></p><p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, March 18). Prevention & Treatment. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/prevention-treatment.html">https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/prevention-treatment.html</a></p><p>Government of Canada. (2020, March 31). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Frequently asked questions (FAQ). Retrieved from <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/frequently-asked-questions.html">https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/frequently-asked-questions.html</a></p><p>Government of Canada. (2020, March 31). Coronavirus infection: Symptoms and treatment. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/coronavirus.html">https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/coronavirus.html</a></p> <p>Government of Canada. (2020, March 25). New Order Makes Self-Isolation Mandatory for Individuals Entering Canada. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/news/2020/03/new-order-makes-self-isolation-mandatory-for-individuals-entering-canada.html">https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/news/2020/03/new-order-makes-self-isolation-mandatory-for-individuals-entering-canada.html</a></p><p>World Health Organization. (2020, March 18). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public">https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public</a></p><p>World Health Organization. (2020, March 9). Q&A on coronaviruses. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses">https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses</a></p>

 

 

 

 

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)3872.00000000000Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)CEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NAImmune systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+) CaregiversCough;Fever;Diarrhea;Headache;Runny nose;Nasal congestion;Sneezing;Vomiting;Fatigue2021-05-25T04:00:00Z10.400000000000051.60000000000001201.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Find information about coronaviruses and COVID-19. Learn about the signs and symptoms of COVID-19, who is at greatest risk, how it is spread, how it is diagnosed and how to prevent spread of the virus. Also find out what to do if you think your child may have COVID-19 and what to do if they have been diagnosed with COVID-19.</p><h2>What are coronaviruses and COVID-19?</h2><p>Coronaviruses (CoV) are a common and large family of viruses. Coronaviruses can cause a mild illness such as the common cold to a more severe illness such as pneumonia (infection of the lungs). Most people who become ill with a coronavirus will recover on their own with no specific antiviral treatment.</p><p>A new strain of coronavirus was identified in late 2019 and has spread across the globe, which has been named SARS-CoV-2. The disease that it causes is named COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019). Because there has been worldwide spread of COVID-19, the outbreak was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. There is serious global concern about this disease because it is very infectious, and it can cause severe pneumonia. In children COVID-19 generally causes a mild illness compared to adults. Children with COVID-19 can however spread the infection to others.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>Most people who become ill with COVID-19 will recover on their own.</li><li>COVID-19 is an infection caused by SARS-CoV-2, a respiratory virus which spreads mainly through close contact with an infected person.</li><li>There are things you can do to lower your risk of getting COVID-19, such as washing your hands frequently, avoiding touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands, avoiding close contact with others and keeping at least two metres from others outside your household.</li> <li>Current public health guidelines on physical distancing recommend that you stay home as much as possible and avoid contact with others outside your household. If going out in public you must use a face covering in public indoor spaces and whenever physical distancing is a challenge.</li></ul><h2>What are COVID-19 signs and symptoms?</h2><p>Your child may have COVID-19 if they have some or all of the following symptoms:</p><ul><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=774&language=English">cough</a> or sneezing</li><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=748&language=English">sore throat</a><br></li><li>difficulty breathing or fast breathing</li><li>body aches</li><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=29&language=English">headache</a><br></li><li>chills</li><li>fatigue</li><li> <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=7&language=English">diarrhea</a> and <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=746&language=English">vomiting</a></li><li>runny or stuffy nose</li><li>loss of the sense of smell or taste</li></ul><p>Once infected, symptoms can take up to 14 days to appear. Some people with COVID-19 have mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. In more severe cases people can have difficulty breathing and pneumonia in one or both lungs.</p> <p>There is a rare condition that may be related to COVID-19 that develops in children 1 to 2 months after they have had the infection. This condition is called <a href="https://www.aboutkidshealth.ca/Article?contentid=3907&language=English">multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children</a> (MIS-C). This condition is caused by inflammation in the body that leads to a prolonged fever in the child. There are effective treatments for this condition.</p><h2>Who is at greatest risk of getting COVID-19?</h2><p>Even at this point, there is still a lot being learned about COVID-19. In general, it has been observed that serious illness from COVID-19 in children is less common than it is in adults. It appears that teenagers are more likely to get serious symptoms as compared with younger children. A small number of studies have suggested that children with underlying chronic health conditions such as obesity, severe neurodisability, chronic respiratory and cardiac conditions may be at higher risk for serious illness compared with other children their age.</p><h2>How does COVID-19 spread?</h2><p>The virus that causes COVID-19 is a respiratory virus which spreads mainly through close contact with an infected person. The virus can be transmitted through small droplets projected from the nose or mouth of an infected person through coughing or exhaling which can then be breathed in by other people nearby. These droplets can also land on objects or surfaces and infect other people when they touch these objects or surfaces and then touch their face before washing their hands. Many people with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms, especially during the early phase of the disease. You can get COVID-19 from someone who is only experiencing very mild symptoms or even no symptoms at all.</p><h2>How is COVID-19 diagnosed?</h2><p>A diagnosis of COVID-19 is usually suspected based on symptoms and can be confirmed by laboratory testing. Testing may be required depending on exposure history with someone who was diagnosed with COVID-19, symptoms that are concerning for COVID-19, or as a screen before a planned procedure. A test that is commonly used involves putting a swab into a person’s nostrils in order to get a sample from the back of their nose. Refer to the most updated <a href="https://www.ontario.ca/page/2019-novel-coronavirus">Ontario general guidelines</a> for information on who should be tested for COVID-19 and ways of accessing testing.</p><h2>Is there any treatment available for COVID-19?</h2><p>Most people will generally recover from COVID-19 on their own without any specific antiviral or other prescription drug treatment. Antibiotics are not recommended for people with mild symptoms. Your health-care provider may recommend steps you can take to relieve symptoms.</p><p>Other treatment options can be discussed if someone requires hospitalization for COVID-19 due to serious symptoms.</p><h2>What should I do if my child has been diagnosed with COVID-19?</h2><p>If your child has been diagnosed with COVID-19 and remains well with mild symptoms, they may remain at home throughout their recovery. You will be contacted by public health who will advise you about isolation for your child and any other household members. If you have concerns about your child’s health or are unsure, you should contact your child’s primary health-care provider or Telehealth Ontario (1-866-797-0000). Bring your child to the emergency room and/or call an ambulance if your child develops more serious symptoms as described below.</p><h2>What are effective measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19?</h2><ul> <li>Like other respiratory viruses, including influenza, it is recommended that you wash your hands frequently by using soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not readily available, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol can also be used.</li><li>Try not to touch your face, nose and eyes.</li><li>Practice cough etiquette by keeping a distance from other people and coughing and sneezing into your flexed elbow or using a tissue to cover your mouth and nose. If you use a tissue, throw it away immediately and then wash your hands.</li><li>Avoid close contact with people who have a fever or cough as feasible. Due to the rates of COVID-19 in our community, Public Health Ontario does not recommend close contact with anyone outside your household.</li><li>In accordance to currently available evidence, in order to limit the spread of COVID-19, the use of a face covering or face mask is currently recommended by Public Health Ontario for all individuals in public indoor spaces.</li><li>When visiting SickKids, masks are recommended to children able and willing to wear masks safely – generally children 6 years and older. SickKids is providing masks to all family caregivers and children. Masks will be provided at the Entry Screening desks.</li><li>As per Canada's Emergency Order implemented on March 25, 2020, any person entering Canada by air, sea or land are required to self-isolate for 14 days whether or not they have symptoms of COVID-19.</li><li>Please refer to your local public health unit for further guidance on the recommended physical distancing measures and other measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19 that may apply in your area.</li></ul><h2>Should I bring my child to the hospital if I suspect they have COVID-19?</h2><p>If your child has mild symptoms and remains well, it may not be necessary to seek medical attention. You can use the <a href="https://covid-19.ontario.ca/self-assessment/">Ontario COVID-19 self-assessment tool</a> for guidance. If you have other concerns or are unsure, you should contact your child’s primary health-care provider or Telehealth Ontario (1-866-797-0000).</p><p>You should come to the hospital right away if your child has the following symptoms:</p><ul><li>fast breathing or trouble breathing</li><li>bluish skin color</li><li>not drinking enough fluids</li><li>not waking up or not interacting</li><li>being so irritable that the child does not want to be held</li></ul><p>In case of an emergency, call an ambulance and tell the emergency services team you are concerned your child may have COVID-19.</p><h2>References</h2><p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, March 28). Frequently Asked Questions and Answers. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html">https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.html</a></p><p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, March 4). How COVID-2019 Spreads. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/transmission.html">https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/transmission.html</a></p><p>Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, March 18). Prevention & Treatment. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/prevention-treatment.html">https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/about/prevention-treatment.html</a></p><p>Government of Canada. (2020, March 31). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Frequently asked questions (FAQ). Retrieved from <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/frequently-asked-questions.html">https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/frequently-asked-questions.html</a></p><p>Government of Canada. (2020, March 31). Coronavirus infection: Symptoms and treatment. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/coronavirus.html">https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/coronavirus.html</a></p> <p>Government of Canada. (2020, March 25). New Order Makes Self-Isolation Mandatory for Individuals Entering Canada. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/news/2020/03/new-order-makes-self-isolation-mandatory-for-individuals-entering-canada.html">https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/news/2020/03/new-order-makes-self-isolation-mandatory-for-individuals-entering-canada.html</a></p><p>World Health Organization. (2020, March 18). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public">https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public</a></p><p>World Health Organization. (2020, March 9). Q&A on coronaviruses. Retrieved from <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses">https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/q-a-coronaviruses</a></p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Coronavirus_disease_2019--COVID-19.jpgCoronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)False Learn about the signs and symptoms of COVID-19, who is at greatest risk, how it is diagnosed and how to prevent spread of the virus.

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