Asthma: An overviewAAsthma: An overviewAsthma: An overviewEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsLungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZSharon Dell, MD, BEng, FRCPC;Bonnie Fleming-Carroll, RN, MN, APN;Colleen Wilkinson, RN, MS7.0000000000000070.00000000000002125.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Asthma is a narrowing of the airways which results in difficulty breathing. Read about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of asthma. </p><h2>What is asthma?</h2><p>Asthma is a condition that affects your child’s lungs. The most common signs of asthma are wheezing, <a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">coughing</a> and trouble catching your breath. These signs can also occur with other health problems. Therefore, at first, it might be difficult for your doctor to make a diagnosis of asthma, especially in babies and young children.</p><p>Asthma may affect your child's lungs for the rest of their life. Sometimes your child will feel better. Other times your child will feel worse because of the asthma.</p> <br><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>The most common signs of asthma are wheezing, coughing and trouble catching your breath.</li> <li>When your child's asthma becomes a problem, their airways get much narrower and they have trouble getting air in and out of their lungs. </li> <li>Make sure that your child takes all medicines exactly as your child's doctor tells them to. </li> <li>Find out what triggers your child's asthma and help your child stay away from these things. </li> <li>If you see any early warning signs that your child's asthma is getting worse, follow the action plan that you made with your child's doctor. </li> <li>Danger signs of asthma include trouble talking, unusual sleepiness or trouble waking up, lips or skin looking blue and skin sucking in on the neck or chest as your child breathes. If you see any of these signs, have your child take their reliever medicine. Go to the nearest emergency department or call an ambulance. </li> </ul><h2>Triggers make your child's asthma worse</h2> <p>Triggers are things that make your child's asthma worse. Every child with asthma is bothered by <a href="/article?contentid=1484&language=English">different triggers</a>. Work with your child's doctor to find out which triggers bother your child, and how your child can stay away from these triggers. </p> <p>These are some common triggers:</p> <ul> <li>infections, such as <a href="/article?contentid=12&language=English">colds</a> and flu </li> <li>cigarette or tobacco smoke </li> <li>wood and oil smoke </li> <li>things that cause allergic reactions </li> <li>pets </li> <li>air pollution </li> <li>humid weather </li> <li>cold weather </li> <li>medicine, such as <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a> </li> <li>strong odours or sprays </li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=1485&language=English">exercise</a></li> </ul><h2>Asthma medicines</h2> <p>Medicines for asthma can keep your child's lungs healthy and keep your child's asthma from getting worse. These medicines do not cure asthma, but they can help keep your child's lungs healthy. </p> <p>Many of the medicines that your child may take for asthma are breathed in. The medicines that are breathed in are called inhaled medicines. Some of the best inhaled medicines for asthma are called corticosteroids. </p> <p>Inhaled medicines have been shown to be very safe in children with asthma. Your child can use them for years and grow to a normal adult height. </p> <p>After taking an inhaled medicine, your child should rinse the mouth or take a drink of water or juice. This helps stop any <a href="/Article?contentid=23&language=English">thrush</a> in the mouth.</p> <p>The main types of inhaled medicines that your child may take for asthma are called controllers and relievers.</p> <h3>Controller medicines for asthma</h3> <p>A controller is a medicine that stops the lining in the airways from swelling. Your child will have less swelling and mucus when they use a controller every day. Examples of inhaled controller medicines are <a href="/Article?contentid=84&language=English">beclomethasone</a> (Qvar), <a href="/Article?contentid=87&language=English">budesonide</a> (Pulmicort), <a href="/Article?contentid=87&language=English">budesonide</a> plus formoterol (Symbicort), ciclesonide (Alvesco), <a href="/Article?contentid=143&language=English">fluticasone</a> (Flovent) and <a href="/Article?contentid=143&language=English">fluticasone</a> plus <a href="/Article?contentid=235&language=English">salmeterol</a> (Advair). An example of a pill form of controller medicine is <a href="/Article?contentid=193&language=English">montelukast</a> (Singulair). </p> <p>Your child should take a controller every day, even if they seem well. Make sure your child keeps using the controller until your doctor tells you it is OK to stop.</p> <h3>Reliever medicines for asthma</h3> <p>A reliever helps treat the signs of asthma such as a cough or wheeze.</p> <p>A reliever relaxes the muscle that goes around the airway. When the muscle relaxes, the airway opens. When the airway opens, your child will be able to breathe more easily. Examples of reliever medicines are <a href="/Article?contentid=234&language=English">salbutamol</a> (Airomir or Ventolin) and <a href="/Article?contentid=248&language=English">terbutaline</a> (Bricanyl).</p> <p>Your child should use a reliever when they are having problems with asthma. When your doctor says your child is better, they should stop using the reliever every day. Your doctor may tell your child to use a reliever before they exercise.</p><h2>In an emergency</h2> <p>See a doctor right away if:</p> <ul> <li>reliever medication does not work, or last for four hours OR </li> <li>your child is not improving after two or three days, OR </li> <li>your child is getting worse </li> </ul> <p>Go to the nearest emergency department if:</p> <ul> <li>your child is unable to eat, sleep or speak due to symptoms, OR </li> <li>your child's breathing appears jerky, or is sucking in at the throat or below the ribs, OR</li> <li>extra reliever medication does not work </li> </ul>
哮喘病哮喘病Asthma: An overviewChineseSimplifiedNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZSharon Dell, MD, BEng, FRCPCBonnie Fleming-Carroll, RN, MN, APNColleen Wilkinson, RN, MS70.00000000000007.000000000000002125.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z哮喘病是气道变窄,导致呼吸困难。了解哮喘病的病因、症状、诊断和治疗。
AsthmeAAsthmeAsthma: An overviewFrenchRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsLungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZSharon Dell, MD, BEng, FRCPC;Bonnie Fleming-Carroll, RN, MN, APN;Colleen Wilkinson, RN, MS7.0000000000000070.00000000000002125.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>L'asthme se caractérise par un rétrécissement des voies respiratoires qui rend la respiration difficile. Apprenez-en davantage sur les causes et les symptômes associés à l'asthme ainsi que sur la façon de la diagnostiquer et de la traiter.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que l’asthme?</h2><p>L'asthme est une affection qui touche les poumons de votre enfant. Les signes les plus courants de l'asthme sont une respiration sifflante, la <a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=French">toux</a> et l’essouflement. D'autres problèmes de santé peuvent également engendrer ces symptômes. Par conséquent, il pourrait être difficile pour votre médecin de diagnostiquer l'asthme, spécialement dans le cas d'un bébé et d'un jeune enfant.</p><p>L'asthme pourrait affecter les poumons de votre enfant pour le reste de sa vie. Parfois, votre enfant se sentira mieux. À d'autres moments, votre enfant se sentira pire en raison de l'asthme.</p><br><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Les signes les plus courants de l'asthme sont une respiration sifflante, la toux et l'essoufflement.</li> <li>Lorsque l’asthme de votre enfant devient un problème, ses voies respiratoires se rétrécissent beaucoup et il a de la difficulté à aspirer et à expirer l'air.</li> <li>Assurez-vous que votre enfant prend tous ses médicaments exactement tels que prescrits par son médecin.</li> <li>Détectez ce qui déclenche l'asthme de votre enfant et aidez votre enfant à éviter ces choses.</li> <li>Si vous détectez des signes laissant présager que l'asthme de votre enfant s'aggrave, suivez le plan d'action préparé avec le médecin de votre enfant. </li> <li>Les signes de danger associés à l'asthme comprennent la difficulté à parler, une léthargie inhabituelle ou de la difficulté à se réveiller, des lèvres ou une peau qui vire au bleu, et une succion de la peau au niveau de la gorge ou de la poitrine lorsque votre enfant respire. Si vous détectez l’un de ces signes, demandez à votre enfant de prendre son médicament de secours. Rendez-vous aux urgences les plus proches ou appelez une ambulance.</li></ul><h2>Déclencheurs qui aggravent l'asthme de votre enfant</h2><p>Les déclencheurs sont des choses qui aggravent l'asthme de votre enfant. Chaque enfant qui souffre d'asthme est affecté par différents déclencheurs. Travaillez avec le médecin de votre enfant afin de découvrir quels sont les déclencheurs pour votre enfant et déterminer comment votre enfant peut les éviter. </p><p>Voici certains déclencheurs courants :</p><ul><li>les infections, comme le rhume et la grippe </li><li>la cigarette ou la fumée du tabac</li><li>la fumée de bois et de l'huile</li><li>les choses qui engendrent des réactions allergiques</li><li>les animaux</li><li>la pollution de l’air</li><li>les températures humides </li><li>les températures froides</li><li>les médicaments, comme l’<a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=French">AAS (aspirine</a>) ou l’<a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=French">ibuprofène</a></li><li>les odeurs fortes ou les vaporisateurs</li><li>l'<a href="/Article?contentid=1485&language=French">exercice</a></li></ul> <h2>Médicaments contre l'asthme</h2> <p>Les médicaments contre l'asthme peuvent aider les poumons de votre enfant à demeurer sains et peuvent empêcher l'asthme de votre enfant de s'aggraver. Ces médicaments ne guérissent pas l'asthme mais peuvent aider les poumons de votre enfant à demeurer sains.</p> <p>De nombreux médicaments que votre enfant pourrait prendre pour l'asthme doivent être inhalés. Parmi les meilleurs médicaments inhalés pour l'asthme, on retrouve les corticostéroïdes. </p> <p>On a démontré que les médicaments inhalés sont sans danger pour les enfants qui souffrent d'asthme. Votre enfant peut les utiliser pendant des années sans que cela ne l'empêche d'atteindre une taille normale une fois adulte.</p> <p>Après l'inhalation de tels médicaments, votre enfant devrait se rincer la bouche ou boire de l'eau ou du jus. Cela aide à prévenir la <a href="/Article?contentid=23&language=French">candidose buccale</a>.</p> <p>Les principaux types de médicaments inhalés que votre enfant pourrait prendre pour l'asthme sont des médicaments de contrôle et des médicaments de secours.</p> <h3>Médicaments de contrôle pour l'asthme</h3> <p>Un médicament de contrôle empêche les paroies des voies respiratoires d’enfler. Les voies respiratoires de votre enfant seront moins enflées et produiront moins de mucus s'il utilise un médicament de contrôle tous les jours. Parmi les médicaments de contrôle inhalés, on retrouve le <a href="/Article?contentid=84&language=French">béclométhasone</a> (Qvar), le <a href="/Article?contentid=84&language=French">budesonide</a> (Pulmicort), le budesonide plus formotérol (Symbicort), le ciclesonide (Alvesco), le <a href="/Article?contentid=143&language=French">fluticasone</a> (Flovent) et le fluticasone plus <a href="/Article?contentid=235&language=French">salmeterol</a> (Advair). Un exemple de médicament de contrôle sous forme de comprimé est le <a href="/Article?contentid=193&language=French">montelukast</a> (Singulair).<br></p> <p>Votre enfant devrait prendre son médicament de contrôle tous les jours même s'il semble se porter bien. Assurez-vous que votre enfant continue d'utiliser le médicament de contrôle jusqu'à ce que votre médecin indique qu'il peut arrêter de le prendre.</p> <h3>Médicaments de secours pour l'asthme</h3> <p>Un médicament de secours soulage les symptômes de l'asthme tel que la toux ou le sifflement respiratoire.</p> <p>Un médicament de secours permet de détendre le muscle qui entoure les voies respiratoires. Lorsque le muscle se détend, les voies respiratoires s'ouvrent. Lorsque les voies respiratoires s’ouvrent, votre enfant commence à respirer plus aisément. Parmi les médicaments de secours, on retrouve le <a href="/Article?contentid=234&language=French">salbutamol</a> (Airomir or Ventolin) et la <a href="/Article?contentid=248&language=French">terbutaline</a> (Bricanyl), par exemple.</p> <p>Votre enfant devrait utiliser un médicament de secours lorsqu'il éprouve des problèmes d'asthme. Une fois que votre médecin aura jugé que votre enfant se porte mieux, il pourra cesser d'utiliser le médicament de secours tous les jours. Votre médecin pourrait dire à votre enfant d'utiliser le médicament de secours avant de faire de l'exercice.</p> <h2>En cas d'urgence</h2> <p>Veuillez consulter un médecin immédiatement dans les cas suivants :</p> <ul> <li>Le médicament de secours ne fonctionne pas ou ne fait effet que pendant 4 heures OU </li> <li>L'état de votre enfant ne s'améliore pas après 2 ou 3 jours OU</li> <li>L'état de votre enfant s'aggrave</li></ul> <p>Rendez-vous aux urgences les plus proches dans les cas suivants :</p> <ul> <li>Votre enfant ne peut manger, dormir ou parler en raison des symptômes OU</li> <li>La respiration de votre enfant semble saccadée ou vous dénotez une succion au niveau de la gorge et entre les côtes OU</li> <li>L’utilisation de quantités supplémentaires du médicament de secours ne permet pas de soulager les symptômes</li></ul>

 

 

Asthma: An overview785.000000000000Asthma: An overviewAsthma: An overviewAEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)LungsLungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZSharon Dell, MD, BEng, FRCPC;Bonnie Fleming-Carroll, RN, MN, APN;Colleen Wilkinson, RN, MS7.0000000000000070.00000000000002125.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Asthma is a narrowing of the airways which results in difficulty breathing. Read about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of asthma. </p><h2>What is asthma?</h2><p>Asthma is a condition that affects your child’s lungs. The most common signs of asthma are wheezing, <a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">coughing</a> and trouble catching your breath. These signs can also occur with other health problems. Therefore, at first, it might be difficult for your doctor to make a diagnosis of asthma, especially in babies and young children.</p><p>Asthma may affect your child's lungs for the rest of their life. Sometimes your child will feel better. Other times your child will feel worse because of the asthma.</p> <br><h2>When your child's asthma becomes a problem</h2><p>When your child's asthma becomes a problem, their airways get much narrower. When this happens, your child has problems getting air in and out of their lungs. </p> <figure class="asset-c-80"><span class="asset-image-title">Narrowing of airways in asthma</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Asthma_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">During an asthma attack, the muscles around the airways get tight. The airways become narrow, making it hard to breathe.</figcaption> </figure> <p>Three things happen to narrow the airways when your child has a problem with asthma:</p><ol><li>The lining on the inside of the airways gets thick and swells. You will hear this called inflammation.</li><li>The muscles around the airways get tight. You will hear this called bronchospasm or bronchoconstriction.</li><li>The airways make a lot of clear, thick liquid called mucus. This mucus is thicker than normal and may block the airways.</li></ol><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>The most common signs of asthma are wheezing, coughing and trouble catching your breath.</li> <li>When your child's asthma becomes a problem, their airways get much narrower and they have trouble getting air in and out of their lungs. </li> <li>Make sure that your child takes all medicines exactly as your child's doctor tells them to. </li> <li>Find out what triggers your child's asthma and help your child stay away from these things. </li> <li>If you see any early warning signs that your child's asthma is getting worse, follow the action plan that you made with your child's doctor. </li> <li>Danger signs of asthma include trouble talking, unusual sleepiness or trouble waking up, lips or skin looking blue and skin sucking in on the neck or chest as your child breathes. If you see any of these signs, have your child take their reliever medicine. Go to the nearest emergency department or call an ambulance. </li> </ul><h2>Triggers make your child's asthma worse</h2> <p>Triggers are things that make your child's asthma worse. Every child with asthma is bothered by <a href="/article?contentid=1484&language=English">different triggers</a>. Work with your child's doctor to find out which triggers bother your child, and how your child can stay away from these triggers. </p> <p>These are some common triggers:</p> <ul> <li>infections, such as <a href="/article?contentid=12&language=English">colds</a> and flu </li> <li>cigarette or tobacco smoke </li> <li>wood and oil smoke </li> <li>things that cause allergic reactions </li> <li>pets </li> <li>air pollution </li> <li>humid weather </li> <li>cold weather </li> <li>medicine, such as <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a> </li> <li>strong odours or sprays </li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=1485&language=English">exercise</a></li> </ul><h2>Asthma medicines</h2> <p>Medicines for asthma can keep your child's lungs healthy and keep your child's asthma from getting worse. These medicines do not cure asthma, but they can help keep your child's lungs healthy. </p> <p>Many of the medicines that your child may take for asthma are breathed in. The medicines that are breathed in are called inhaled medicines. Some of the best inhaled medicines for asthma are called corticosteroids. </p> <p>Inhaled medicines have been shown to be very safe in children with asthma. Your child can use them for years and grow to a normal adult height. </p> <p>After taking an inhaled medicine, your child should rinse the mouth or take a drink of water or juice. This helps stop any <a href="/Article?contentid=23&language=English">thrush</a> in the mouth.</p> <p>The main types of inhaled medicines that your child may take for asthma are called controllers and relievers.</p> <h3>Controller medicines for asthma</h3> <p>A controller is a medicine that stops the lining in the airways from swelling. Your child will have less swelling and mucus when they use a controller every day. Examples of inhaled controller medicines are <a href="/Article?contentid=84&language=English">beclomethasone</a> (Qvar), <a href="/Article?contentid=87&language=English">budesonide</a> (Pulmicort), <a href="/Article?contentid=87&language=English">budesonide</a> plus formoterol (Symbicort), ciclesonide (Alvesco), <a href="/Article?contentid=143&language=English">fluticasone</a> (Flovent) and <a href="/Article?contentid=143&language=English">fluticasone</a> plus <a href="/Article?contentid=235&language=English">salmeterol</a> (Advair). An example of a pill form of controller medicine is <a href="/Article?contentid=193&language=English">montelukast</a> (Singulair). </p> <p>Your child should take a controller every day, even if they seem well. Make sure your child keeps using the controller until your doctor tells you it is OK to stop.</p> <h3>Reliever medicines for asthma</h3> <p>A reliever helps treat the signs of asthma such as a cough or wheeze.</p> <p>A reliever relaxes the muscle that goes around the airway. When the muscle relaxes, the airway opens. When the airway opens, your child will be able to breathe more easily. Examples of reliever medicines are <a href="/Article?contentid=234&language=English">salbutamol</a> (Airomir or Ventolin) and <a href="/Article?contentid=248&language=English">terbutaline</a> (Bricanyl).</p> <p>Your child should use a reliever when they are having problems with asthma. When your doctor says your child is better, they should stop using the reliever every day. Your doctor may tell your child to use a reliever before they exercise.</p><h2>Helping your child feel better</h2> <p>There are some ways that you can help your child feel better:</p> <ul> <li>Learn more about your child's asthma by reading this page, reading other resources on asthma and asking your doctor questions. </li> <li>Make sure that your child takes all medicines exactly as your child's doctor tells them to. </li> <li>Know what triggers your child's asthma and try to stay away from these things. Triggers are things that make your child's asthma worse. </li> </ul> <h2>Early warning signs that your child's asthma is getting worse</h2> <p>Problems with asthma can start slowly over hours or days. The small changes that happen in your child's body when they are having problems with asthma are called early warning signs. </p> <p>Early warning signs are different for each child. You may find that they are not easy to see. Here are some common early warning signs. </p> <h3>Things that you can see or hear in your child</h3> <ul> <li>a cough that will not go away </li> <li>coughing until vomiting </li> <li>coughing at night </li> <li>wheezing </li> <li>trouble catching their breath </li> <li>tired soon after beginning to play or exercise </li> <li>breathing faster than usual </li> <li>grumpy, cranky, out of sorts </li> <li>signs of a cold </li> <li>sneezing </li> </ul> <h3>Things that your child may tell you</h3> <ul> <li>"I'm tired."</li> <li>"My chest hurts."</li> <li>'It is hard to breathe."</li> <li>"There's a funny noise (wheezing) when I'm breathing."</li> </ul> <h3>What you should do if your child has any early warning signs</h3> <p>If you see any of these early warning signs, follow the action plan that you made with your doctor.</p> <p>If you do not have an action plan, talk to your doctor about making one.</p> <h2>Danger signs that your child's asthma is getting worse</h2> <p>If your child has any of the danger signs listed here, make sure you follow the action plan that you made with your doctor.</p> <ul> <li>unable to stop coughing and vomiting </li> <li>having trouble talking </li> <li>feeling unusually sleepy, difficulty waking them up </li> <li>lips or skin looking blue </li> <li>skin sucking in (indrawing) on the neck or chest as your child breathes </li> </ul> <p>Have your child take their reliever medicine just as your child's action plan says to.</p> <p>Go to the nearest emergency department, or call an ambulance.</p> <h2>Asthma and exercise</h2> <p>Your child with asthma can be active and play sports. All children should play and exercise. Your child needs to stay fit and needs to play with other children. </p> <h3>Exercise can make some children's asthma worse</h3> <p>We know that exercise can make some children's asthma worse. Children can get the warning signs of asthma during exercise or after exercise. </p> <p>There are things your child can do for his asthma while exercising:</p> <ul> <li>Your child will have less problems with exercise if they are taking regular controller medicines.</li> <li>Make sure your child always starts and ends any exercise with easy, gentle exercises. These are called warm-up and cool-down exercises. </li> <li>Your doctor may tell your child to take their reliever medicine before exercising. Remember, a reliever medicine helps treat the signs of asthma such as a cough or wheeze. If your child uses this medicine 15 or 20 minutes before exercising, it may make the warning signs of asthma less. </li> <li>If your child's asthma gets worse when they exercise, your child should exercise for a short time and take breaks in between exercises.</li> <li>If your child starts to wheeze while exercising, they should stop the activity. Your child should then follow the action plan that you made with your child's doctor. </li> </ul> <h2>Important things to remember</h2> <p>Even when your child seems better, they may have swollen airways for six to eight weeks or longer after their asthma was a problem. Your child should keep taking their controller medicine. </p> <p>You should follow the action plan that you made with your doctor. The action plan is a written plan that tells you and your child what to do every day to manage the asthma. This plan also explains what to do if your child's asthma gets worse. </p> <p>You can help stop another problem with asthma if you try to keep your child away from the things that make their asthma worse (asthma triggers).</p> <p>If your child is six years or older, ask your doctor about a "blowing" test for asthma called pulmonary function testing. This test is used for diagnosis and monitoring of asthma.</p><h2>In an emergency</h2> <p>See a doctor right away if:</p> <ul> <li>reliever medication does not work, or last for four hours OR </li> <li>your child is not improving after two or three days, OR </li> <li>your child is getting worse </li> </ul> <p>Go to the nearest emergency department if:</p> <ul> <li>your child is unable to eat, sleep or speak due to symptoms, OR </li> <li>your child's breathing appears jerky, or is sucking in at the throat or below the ribs, OR</li> <li>extra reliever medication does not work </li> </ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/asthma.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/asthma.jpgasthmaAsthma: An overviewFalse

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