Colds (viral upper respiratory infections)CColds (viral upper respiratory infections)Colds (viral upper respiratory infections)EnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Nose;TracheaNose;Nasopharynx;TracheaConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Runny nose;Sore throat;Eye discomfort and redness2013-10-23T04:00:00ZTrent Mizzi, BSc, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000066.00000000000001210.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Colds are caused by viral infections in the nose and throat. Learn the causes, duration, prevention and treatment of viral upper respiratory infections.</p> <h2>What is a cold?</h2><p>A cold is an infection of the nose and throat, caused by a virus. A cold is also called a viral upper respiratory infection. Many different viruses, up to 200, can cause a cold. In any given year, a child is likely to get from six to 12 colds. Having many colds does not mean your child has a weak immune system. Over the years, repeated exposure to different viruses helps your child to develop immunity to them. As your child gets older, they tend to get sick less often.<br></p> ​<h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Symptoms of the common cold include runny nose, coughing, sneezing and mild fever.</li> <li>Colds are caused by a virus which is easily spread from person to person.</li> <li>If your child has a cold, keep them comfortable, give lots of fluids and try using a humidifier.</li> <li>The best way to reduce the spread of colds is by washing hands often.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of colds</h2> <p>Symptoms of a cold may include the following:</p> <ul> <li>runny or stuffy nose</li> <li>sneezing</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">cough</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=748&language=English">sore throat</a></li> <li>red eyes</li> </ul> <p>Most colds last for about one week, but some can last longer. The cough may linger. It may last up to three weeks.</p> <p>Your child may have a fever with the cold. A fever usually happens at the beginning of the cold, and lasts for three to five days.</p> <p>The <a href="/Article?contentid=912&language=English">influenza</a> virus causes a respiratory infection with high fevers that can last up to seven days.</p> <h2>Taking care of your child with a cold</h2> <p>You cannot make a cold go away faster. During the illness, try to keep your child as comfortable as possible, and offer lots of fluids to drink.</p> <h3>Treatment for a runny nose or congestion</h3> <p>You can put some <a href="/Article?contentid=778&language=English">saline</a> (salt water) drops into your baby's nose to help loosen the mucus. You can use two to three drops of saline in each nostril several times daily. You can do this more often if your child needs it, especially before feeding and at bedtime. Put a drop of saline into one nostril, and then a drop into the other nostril, and alternate that way.</p> <p>After the saline drops, if you wish, you can remove mucus from the nostrils by using a soft rubber suction bulb. This is helpful for young babies because they need to breathe through their nose while breastfeeding or sucking on a bottle. When the nose is blocked, the baby cannot feed well. A cool mist vaporizer or humidifier in your child's bedroom can sometimes help loosen the mucus.</p> <h3>Treatment for fever</h3> <p>If your child has fever or pain, give them <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>. DO NOT give your child <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a>.</p> <h3>Treatment for cough</h3> <p>For most children, the cough is just a symptom of the cold. You can do nothing to make the cough go away faster. The cough will get better as the cold virus runs its course.</p> <p>Coughing is often worse at night because children are lying flat. For older children, try using extra pillows to raise their head.</p> <p>Sometimes a severe cough can be a sign of a complication, such as a chest infection or asthma. Your doctor can listen to your child's chest to decide if your child is having a complication.</p> <p>Over-the-counter and prescription cold medicines are of no help for children and do not make the illness go away faster. Most cold and flu medicines are safe, but they can cause unwanted side effects, such as drowsiness, dizziness, trouble falling asleep or rapid heart rate. They can also cause rare serious side effects. Talk to your doctor before giving cold medicines to a young child, especially if your child is taking other medicines or has health problems. Do not give your child cough and cold medicines if they are under six years of age.</p> <h3>Antibiotics</h3> <p>Antibiotics have no effect on cold viruses. Antibiotics can only treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics can also cause side effects such as diarrhea, nausea or rash.</p> <p>Your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic only if your child is showing signs of a bacterial complication.</p><h2>Colds can cause complications</h2> <p>Most of the time, colds are not serious. However, your child may get a bacterial infection because of the cold. This happens in about 5% to 10% of children with colds. Common bacterial infections include ear, throat, sinus and chest infections. Signs of these can include pain in the affected area, ongoing high fevers or trouble breathing.</p> <p>Children can also have trouble breathing if the cold virus triggers wheezing or asthma.</p> <p>Complications from colds happen more often in babies. Try to keep babies less than three months old away from children and adults with colds and other infectious illnesses.</p> <h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <h3>Call your child's doctor if:</h3> <ul> <li>your child is younger than three months old</li> <li>your child gets a fever several days after the start of a cold</li> <li>your child's fever lasts more than five days</li> <li>your child's runny nose lasts more than 10 days</li> <li>a yellow discharge develops in your child's eyes</li> <li>your baby cannot drink enough fluid because their nose is too stuffy</li> <li>your child has chest pain</li> <li>your child has ear pain or fluid draining from the ear</li> <li>your child has a very sore throat</li> </ul> <h3>Go to your nearest Emergency Department or call 911 if:</h3> <ul> <li>your child seems lethargic (very sleepy) or irritable (cranky)</li> <li>your child is having trouble breathing</li> <li>your child's lips look blue</li> <li>your child has a painful or stiff neck or a severe headache</li> </ul>
Rhumes (Infections virales des voies respiratoires supérieures)RRhumes (Infections virales des voies respiratoires supérieures)Colds (viral upper respiratory infections)FrenchInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Nose;TracheaNose;Nasopharynx;TracheaConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Runny nose;Sore throat;Eye discomfort and redness2013-10-23T04:00:00ZTrent Mizzi, BSc, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000066.00000000000001210.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Les rhumes sont causés par des infections virales du nez et de la gorge. Renseignez-vous sur les causes, la durée et la prévention et le traitement des infections virales des voies respiratoires supérieures.</p><br><h2>Qu’est-ce que le rhume?​</h2><p>Le rhume est une infection du nez et de la gorge causée par un virus. Il porte aussi le nom d’infection virale des voies respiratoires supérieures. Jusqu’à 200 virus distincts peuvent causer l’infection. Un enfant risque de contracter de 6 à 12 rhumes au cours de toute année donnée. Toutefois, le fait d’avoir de nombreux rhumes n’est pas un signe d’une faible défense immunitaire. Des expositions répétées à divers virus au fil des ans permettent de combattre ces micro organismes. Votre enfant aura donc moins tendance à attraper le rhume en vieillissant.</p> <h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Les symptômes du rhume sont l’écoulement nasal, la toux, les éternuements et une fièvre légère.</li> <li>Le rhume est causé par un virus qui se transmet facilement d’une personne à une autre.</li> <li>Si votre enfant est enrhumé, gardez le aussi à l'aise que possible, offrez lui beaucoup de liquides et essayer de le soulager à l’aide d’un humidificateur.</li> <li>La meilleure façon d’éviter la propagation du rhume est de se laver souvent les mains.</li> </ul><h2>Symptômes du rhume</h2> <p>Les symptômes du rhume sont les suivants :</p> <ul> <li>écoulement ou congestion nasal,</li> <li>éternuements,</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=French">toux</a>,</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=French">fièvre</a>,</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=748&language=French">mal de gorge</a>,</li> <li>rougeur des yeux.</li> </ul> <p>En général, le rhume dure environ une semaine mais peut se prolonger. La toux peut persister pendant trois semaines au plus.</p> <p>Le rhume peut être accompagné de fièvre. Celle ci se manifeste habituellement au début du rhume et dure de trois à cinq jours.</p> <p>Les virus de la <a href="/Article?contentid=912&language=French">grippe </a>provoque une infection des voies respiratoires accompagnée d’une forte fièvre pouvant durer jusqu’à sept jours.</p><h2>Comment soigner un enfa​nt enrhumé</h2> <p>Il n’existe aucun moyen de faire passer un rhume plus rapidement. Tant que votre enfant est enrhumé, essayez de le garder aussi à l'aise que possible, et offrez lui beaucoup de liquides.</p> <h3>Écoulement​ ou congestion nasal</h3> <p>Pour un bébé, utilisez de l’<a href="/Article?contentid=778&language=French">eau saline</a> (sel de mer) pour déloger le mucus du nez. Il faudra deux à trois gouttes dans chaque narine plusieurs fois par jour. Faites-le plus souvent au besoin, surtout avant de nourrir votre enfant et de le coucher. Vous devez mettre une goutte à la fois en alternant de narine.</p> <p>Après avoir mis les gouttes, vous pouvez retirer le mucus des narines à l’aide d’une poire à succion. Il est préférable de le faire chez les nourrissons puisqu’ils doivent respirer par le nez quand on les allaite ou lorsqu’ils boivent au biberon, ils ne peuvent pas bien téter quand ils ont le nez congestionné. Placer un vaporisateur à vapeur froide ou un humidificateur dans la chambre à coucher peut parfois aider à libérer le mucus.</p> <h3>Fièvre</h3> <p>Pour calmer la fièvre ou la douleur, vous pouvez donner de l’<a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=French">acétaminophène</a> (Tylenol ou Tempra) ou de l’<a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=French">ibuprofène</a> (Motrin ou Advil). ÉVITEZ l'<a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=French">aspirine</a> (AAS ou acide acétylsalicylique).</p> <h3>T​oux</h3> <p>Chez la plupart des enfants, la toux est simplement un symptôme du rhume. Vous ne pouvez rien faire pour qu’elle cesse plus rapidement. La toux s’atténuera à mesure que le virus disparaît.</p> <p>Les enfants toussent davantage la nuit parce qu’ils sont couchés à plat. Si votre enfant est assez vieux, essayez de lui soulever la tête à l’aide d’oreillers.</p> <p>Une toux grave peut parfois être un signe de complication, comme une infection pulmonaire ou l’asthme. Votre médecin devra ausculter la poitrine de votre enfant pour y explorer les bruits afin de déterminer si le rhume se complique.</p> <p>Les médicaments contre le rhume en vente libre ou sur ordonnance sont inutiles pour les enfants et ne permettent pas une guérison plus rapide. Même si les médicaments contre le rhume et la grippe sont habituellement inoffensifs, ils peuvent avoir des effets indésirables comme de la somnolence, des étourdissements, des battements de cœur accélérés et de la difficulté à s’endormir. Des effets secondaires graves sont aussi possibles, mais ils sont rares. Renseignez vous auprès de votre médecin avant d’administrer des médicaments contre la toux et le rhume à un enfant en bas âge, surtout si celui ci prend d’autres médicaments ou éprouve d’autres problèmes de santé. N’en donnez jamais à un enfant de moins de 6 ans.</p> <h3>Antibio​tiques</h3> <p>Les antibiotiques n’ont aucun effet sur les virus du rhume. Ils ne sont efficaces que dans le cas des infections bactériennes. De plus, ils peuvent causer des diarrhées, des nausées ou des éruptions cutanées.</p> <p>Votre médecin ne prescrira un antibiotique que si votre enfant présente des symptômes d’une complication bactérienne.</p><h2>Les rhumes peuvent présenter des complications</h2> <p>Les rhumes sont généralement bénins. Ils peuvent toutefois aboutir à une infection bactérienne, ce qui se produit dans environ 5 à 10 % des cas chez les enfants enrhumés. Les infections bactériennes courantes touchent les oreilles, la gorge, les sinus et les poumons. Des douleurs à l’endroit infecté, une forte fièvre persistante ou de la difficulté à respirer en constituent des symptômes.</p> <p>Les enfants peuvent aussi avoir de la difficulté à respirer si le virus du rhume déclenche une respiration sifflante ou l’asthme.</p> <p>Les rhumes entraînent plus souvent des complications chez les bébés. Il faut éviter autant que possible le contact des bébés âgés de moins de trois mois avec les enfants et les adultes qui ont le rhume ou d’autres maladies infectieuses.</p> <h2>Quand c​onsulter un médecin</h2> <h3>Communiquez ave​c le médecin si :</h3> <ul> <li>votre enfant est âgé de moins de trois mois,<br></li> <li>il fait une poussée de fièvre plusieurs jours après le début du rhume,</li> <li>sa fièvre persiste plus de cinq jours,</li> <li>il présente encore des écoulements de nez au bout de dix jours,</li> <li>il présente un écoulement de liquide jaunâtre des yeux,</li> <li>il n'arrive pas à boire assez de liquides parce qu’il a le nez bouché,</li> <li>il a des douleurs à la poitrine,</li> <li>il a un mal d’oreille ou présente un écoulement d’oreille,</li> <li>il a très mal à la gorge.</li> </ul> <h3>Rendez-vous au service d’urgence le plus proche ou composez immédiatement le 911 si votre enfant :</h3> <ul> <li>semble léthargique (très endormi) ou irritable (de très mauvaise humeur),</li> <li>a de la difficulté à respirer,</li> <li>semble avoir les lèvres bleutées,</li> <li>a des douleurs ou des raideurs au cou ou a très mal à la tête.</li> </ul>

 

 

Colds (viral upper respiratory infections)12.0000000000000Colds (viral upper respiratory infections)Colds (viral upper respiratory infections)CEnglishInfectious DiseasesChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Nose;TracheaNose;Nasopharynx;TracheaConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough;Fever;Runny nose;Sore throat;Eye discomfort and redness2013-10-23T04:00:00ZTrent Mizzi, BSc, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000066.00000000000001210.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Colds are caused by viral infections in the nose and throat. Learn the causes, duration, prevention and treatment of viral upper respiratory infections.</p> <h2>What is a cold?</h2><p>A cold is an infection of the nose and throat, caused by a virus. A cold is also called a viral upper respiratory infection. Many different viruses, up to 200, can cause a cold. In any given year, a child is likely to get from six to 12 colds. Having many colds does not mean your child has a weak immune system. Over the years, repeated exposure to different viruses helps your child to develop immunity to them. As your child gets older, they tend to get sick less often.<br></p> ​<h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Symptoms of the common cold include runny nose, coughing, sneezing and mild fever.</li> <li>Colds are caused by a virus which is easily spread from person to person.</li> <li>If your child has a cold, keep them comfortable, give lots of fluids and try using a humidifier.</li> <li>The best way to reduce the spread of colds is by washing hands often.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of colds</h2> <p>Symptoms of a cold may include the following:</p> <ul> <li>runny or stuffy nose</li> <li>sneezing</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">cough</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=748&language=English">sore throat</a></li> <li>red eyes</li> </ul> <p>Most colds last for about one week, but some can last longer. The cough may linger. It may last up to three weeks.</p> <p>Your child may have a fever with the cold. A fever usually happens at the beginning of the cold, and lasts for three to five days.</p> <p>The <a href="/Article?contentid=912&language=English">influenza</a> virus causes a respiratory infection with high fevers that can last up to seven days.</p> <h2>Colds spread by contact with other people who have colds</h2> <p>You get a cold if a person with a cold coughs, sneezes or does not wash their hands and then touches your hands. Colds are not caused by cold air or drafts. Children catch colds from family members, playmates and caregivers. Children who go to daycare or who have siblings tend to get more colds.</p><h2>Taking care of your child with a cold</h2> <p>You cannot make a cold go away faster. During the illness, try to keep your child as comfortable as possible, and offer lots of fluids to drink.</p> <h3>Treatment for a runny nose or congestion</h3> <p>You can put some <a href="/Article?contentid=778&language=English">saline</a> (salt water) drops into your baby's nose to help loosen the mucus. You can use two to three drops of saline in each nostril several times daily. You can do this more often if your child needs it, especially before feeding and at bedtime. Put a drop of saline into one nostril, and then a drop into the other nostril, and alternate that way.</p> <p>After the saline drops, if you wish, you can remove mucus from the nostrils by using a soft rubber suction bulb. This is helpful for young babies because they need to breathe through their nose while breastfeeding or sucking on a bottle. When the nose is blocked, the baby cannot feed well. A cool mist vaporizer or humidifier in your child's bedroom can sometimes help loosen the mucus.</p> <h3>Treatment for fever</h3> <p>If your child has fever or pain, give them <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a>. DO NOT give your child <a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid (ASA)</a>.</p> <h3>Treatment for cough</h3> <p>For most children, the cough is just a symptom of the cold. You can do nothing to make the cough go away faster. The cough will get better as the cold virus runs its course.</p> <p>Coughing is often worse at night because children are lying flat. For older children, try using extra pillows to raise their head.</p> <p>Sometimes a severe cough can be a sign of a complication, such as a chest infection or asthma. Your doctor can listen to your child's chest to decide if your child is having a complication.</p> <p>Over-the-counter and prescription cold medicines are of no help for children and do not make the illness go away faster. Most cold and flu medicines are safe, but they can cause unwanted side effects, such as drowsiness, dizziness, trouble falling asleep or rapid heart rate. They can also cause rare serious side effects. Talk to your doctor before giving cold medicines to a young child, especially if your child is taking other medicines or has health problems. Do not give your child cough and cold medicines if they are under six years of age.</p> <h3>Antibiotics</h3> <p>Antibiotics have no effect on cold viruses. Antibiotics can only treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics can also cause side effects such as diarrhea, nausea or rash.</p> <p>Your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic only if your child is showing signs of a bacterial complication.</p><h2>Colds can cause complications</h2> <p>Most of the time, colds are not serious. However, your child may get a bacterial infection because of the cold. This happens in about 5% to 10% of children with colds. Common bacterial infections include ear, throat, sinus and chest infections. Signs of these can include pain in the affected area, ongoing high fevers or trouble breathing.</p> <p>Children can also have trouble breathing if the cold virus triggers wheezing or asthma.</p> <p>Complications from colds happen more often in babies. Try to keep babies less than three months old away from children and adults with colds and other infectious illnesses.</p> <h2>Preventing colds</h2> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=1981&language=English">Washing hands</a> is the most important way to reduce the spread of colds. Wash your hands and your child's hands often. Wash after coughing, sneezing, wiping the nose or coming into contact with someone who has a cold. If soap and water are not available, use alcohol-based hand sanitizers.</p> <p>Immunizations or vaccinations do not prevent colds, but they can help protect your child from developing complications.</p> <p>Vitamin C and Echinacea have not been shown to prevent or shorten colds.</p> <h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <h3>Call your child's doctor if:</h3> <ul> <li>your child is younger than three months old</li> <li>your child gets a fever several days after the start of a cold</li> <li>your child's fever lasts more than five days</li> <li>your child's runny nose lasts more than 10 days</li> <li>a yellow discharge develops in your child's eyes</li> <li>your baby cannot drink enough fluid because their nose is too stuffy</li> <li>your child has chest pain</li> <li>your child has ear pain or fluid draining from the ear</li> <li>your child has a very sore throat</li> </ul> <h3>Go to your nearest Emergency Department or call 911 if:</h3> <ul> <li>your child seems lethargic (very sleepy) or irritable (cranky)</li> <li>your child is having trouble breathing</li> <li>your child's lips look blue</li> <li>your child has a painful or stiff neck or a severe headache</li> </ul> <img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/colds_viral.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/colds_viral.jpgcoldColds (viral upper respiratory infections)

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