Heart conditions: CongenitalHeart conditions: CongenitalHeart conditions: CongenitalHEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesAdult (19+) CaregiversNA2018-03-15T04:00:00ZLanding PageCollection Hub<p>Congenital heart conditions are present at birth. They are defects that are caused when parts of the heart do not form properly. They occur very early in a pregnancy, often even before a woman knows she is pregnant.</p><p>Congenital heart conditions are present at birth. They are defects that are caused when parts of the heart do not form properly. They occur very early in a pregnancy, often even before a woman knows she is pregnant. These defects can include holes in parts of the heart, or missing or malformed parts of the heart.</p><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">The heart and the circulatory system</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>The heart is a vital organ that sits between the lungs in your chest. It pumps blood around the body through a network a blood vessels (arteries and veins). Learn about the heart’s anatomy, its role in the body and how it works.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1577&language=English">The normal heart</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1579&language=English">The circulatory system before and after birth</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1578&language=English">Blood</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Aortic atresia</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn about aortic atresia where there is no opening from the left ventricle of the heart into the aorta. Read about some of the tests and procedures used to diagnose and treat the condition. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1605&language=English">Aortic atresia</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=59&language=English">Heart catheterization: Getting ready for the procedure</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1645&language=English">Heart catheterization test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1666&language=English">Heart catheterization</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1214&language=English">Heart catheterization: Caring for your child after the procedure</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Aortic stenosis</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Aortic stenosis occurs when the aortic valve is unable to open completely. Learn about the tests used to diagnose this condition and how it is treated. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1606&language=English">Aortic stenosis</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=59&language=English">Heart catheterization: Getting ready for the procedure</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1645&language=English">Heart catheterization test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1666&language=English">Heart catheterization</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1214&language=English">Heart catheterization: Caring for your child after the procedure</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1669&language=English">Balloon (dilatation) valvuloplasty</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1664&language=English">Surgical valvotomy</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Atrial septal defect</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>An atrial septal defect is an opening in the wall between the two atria of the heart. Learn about the different types, and how they are diagnosed and treated. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1607&language=English">Atrial septal defect (ASD)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1659&language=English">Atrial septal defect (ASD) and Ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1670&language=English">Closure device insertion</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=46&language=English">Atrial septal defect: Closure in the heart catheterization lab</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Atrioventricular septal defect</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn about atrioventricular septal defect and how it is diagnosed. This condition occurs when the atria and ventricles have not separated properly and also the mitral and tricuspid valves have not separated. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1608&language=English">Atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1585&language=English">Heart murmurs</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Bicuspid aortic valve</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>A bicuspid aortic valve occurs when there are two instead of three leaflets in the aortic valve. Find out more about the condition and how it is diagnosed. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1609&language=English">Bicuspid aortic valve</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1585&language=English">Heart murmurs</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Cardiomyopathy</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>With cardiomyopathy the muscle of the heart is affected and is no longer able to pump effectively. Find information on the different types of cardiomyopathy and how it is treated.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1627&language=English">Diagnosis of cardiomyopathy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1628&language=English">Dilated cardiomyopathy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1629&language=English">Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1630&language=English">Restrictive cardiomyopathy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1631&language=English">Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC)</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Coarctation of the aorta</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Find out about coarctation of the aorta and how it is diagnosed. This condition occurs when there is a narrowing of the major artery leading away from the heart. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1610&language=English">Coarctation of the aorta</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1667&language=English">Balloon angioplasty</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=53&language=English">Coarctation and recoarctation of the aorta: Balloon angioplasty in the heart catheterization lab</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=59&language=English">Heart catheterization: Getting ready for the procedure</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1214&language=English">Heart catheterization: Caring for your child after the procedure</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA)</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn about complete transposition of the great arteries and how this condition will affect your baby. Find out how the condition is diagnosed and how it is treated with surgery. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1611&language=English">Complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1668&language=English">Balloon atrial septostomy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1656&language=English">Arterial switch procedure</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1212&language=English">After heart surgery: Caring for your child</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Ebstien's anomaly</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Ebstein's anomaly occurs then the tricuspid valve is in the right ventricle. Learn how this condition is diagnosed and treated. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1613&language=English">Ebstein's anomaly</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1585&language=English">Heart murmurs</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Hypoplastic left heart syndrome</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>With hypoplastic left heart syndrome the left side of the heart is underdeveloped. Learn more about how this condition is diagnosed and how it is treated with surgery.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1614&language=English">Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1660&language=English">Norwood procedure</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1658&language=English">Bi-directional cavopulmonary anastomosis (Glenn procedure)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1661&language=English">Fontan procedure</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Interrupted aortic arch</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Interrupted aortic arch occurs when the aorta does not develop properly. Learn more about how this condition is diagnose and how it is treated with surgery. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1615&language=English">Interrupted aortic arch</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Mitral valve prolapse</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn about mitral valve prolapse and how it is diagnosed. The condition occurs when the leaflets of the valve bulge back into the left atrium of the heart. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1616&language=English">Mitral valve prolapse</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1585&language=English">Heart murmurs</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Patent ductus arteriosus</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Patent ductus arteriosus happens when the opening between the aorta and the pulmonary artery that is present before birth does not close. Learn how this condition is diagnosed and treated. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1617&language=English">Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1802&language=English">Diagnosis of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1585&language=English">Heart murmurs</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1839&language=English">Treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1011&language=English">Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA): Closure in the heart catheterization lab</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Pulmonary atresia</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn about pulmonary atresia where there is no opening from the right ventricle of the heart into the pulmonary artery. Read about some of the tests and procedures used to diagnose and treat the condition. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1618&language=English">Pulmonary atresia</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1645&language=English">Heart catheterization test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1666&language=English">Heart catheterization</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1668&language=English">Balloon atrial septostomy</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1657&language=English">Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunts</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1658&language=English">Bi-directional cavopulmonary anastomosis (Glenn procedure)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1661&language=English">Fontan procedure</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Pulmonary stenosis</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Pulmonary stenosis occurs when the pulmonary valve is unable to open completely. Learn about the tests used to diagnose this condition and how it is treated. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1619&language=English">Pulmonary stenosis</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3></h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1669&language=English">Balloon (dilatation) valvuloplasty</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1015&language=English">Pulmonary artery stenosis: Balloon angioplasty in the heart catheterization lab</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Tetralogy of Fallot</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Tetrology of Fallot is a condition made up of four heart defects. Learn how this condition is diagnosed and what is does to treat it. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1621&language=English">Tetralogy of Fallot</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1645&language=English">Heart catheterization test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1666&language=English">Heart catheterization</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1023&language=English">Ventricular septal defect: Closure in the heart catheterization lab</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Total anomalous pulmonary venous return</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Total anomalous pulmonary venous return occurs when the vessels returning blood to the heart from the lungs are not connected correctly. Learn how this condition is diagnosed and how it is treated with surgery. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1622&language=English">Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1645&language=English">Heart catheterization test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1666&language=English">Heart catheterization</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1670&language=English">Closure device insertion</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=46&language=English">Atrial septal defect: Closure in the heart catheterization lab</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Tricuspid atresia</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn about tricuspid atresia where there is no opening between the right atrium and the right ventricle of the heart. Read about some of the tests and procedures used to diagnose and treat the condition. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1623&language=English">Tricuspid atresia</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1658&language=English">Bi-directional cavopulmonary anastomosis (Glenn procedure)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1661&language=English">Fontan procedure</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Truncus arteriosus</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn about truncus arteriosus where there is only a single artery coming out of the ventricles instead of the pulmonary artery and the aorta. Read about some of the tests and procedures used to diagnose and treat this condition. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1023&language=English">Truncus arteriosus</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1645&language=English">Heart catheterization test</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1666&language=English">Heart catheterization</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatments and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1624&language=English">Ventricular septal defect: Closure in the heart catheterization lab</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Ventricular septal defect</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>An ventricular septal defect is an opening in the wall between the two ventricles of the heart. Learn about the different types, and how they are diagnosed and treated.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1626&language=English">Ventricular septal defect (VSD)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Tests and diagnosis</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1274&language=English">Echocardiogram</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1642&language=English">Echocardiogram (heart ultrasound)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1647&language=English">Imaging tests: X-ray, MRI and CT scan</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1276&language=English">Electrocardiogram (ECG) test</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Treatment and procedures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1023&language=English">Ventricular septal defect: Closure in the heart catheterization lab</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1670&language=English">Closure device insertion</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Other rare conditions</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn about other types of rare congenital heart conditions such as dextrocardia, single ventricle anomalies and vascular ring. </p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Overview</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1612&language=English">Dextrocardia</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1620&language=English">Single ventricle anomalies</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1625&language=English">Vascular ring</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"><i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">The health-care team</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Read about the different health-care professionals and teams that will be involved with your child's care.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1591&language=English">Cardiology treatment team</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1597&language=English">Family support for the child with a congenital heart condition</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1594&language=English">Genetics team</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1595&language=English">Nursing team</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1598&language=English">Nutrition and feeding consultants for patients with congenital heart disease</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1596&language=English">Palliative and bereavement care team</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1169&language=English">Pharmacists</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1599&language=English">Respiratory therapists: Helping children with congenital heart conditions</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1593&language=English">Rehabilitation therapists for children with heart disease</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1592&language=English">Surgical teams for children with heart conditions</a></li></ol></div>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/heart_learning_hub.pngcongenitalheart

 

 

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