CoughCCoughCoughEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough2015-01-21T05:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000074.00000000000001151.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the different causes and types of coughs. Find out how you can take care of your child at home and how to make them more comfortable.</p><h2>What is a cough?</h2> <p>A cough is the body’s natural way of clearing mucus and irritating substances from the <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=lung-child">lungs</a>, airways and throat. It is a natural process that prevents substances other than air from entering the lungs, but it can make breathing difficult.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most coughs are due to common viruses and do not require treatment.</li> <li>To ease a cough, offer honey to children aged 12 months and older, expose your child to humid air and let your child get plenty of rest in a comfortable position.</li> <li>You do not need to change your child’s diet. Over-the-counter cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children under age six.</li> <li>See your child’s doctor if your child has a fever or breathing difficulties. Call 911 or go the nearest emergency department if your child is vomiting often, unable to feed or has noisy breathing because of a cough.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of coughs</h2> <h3>Infections</h3> <p>The most common cause of a cough is an <a href="/Article?contentid=783&language=English">upper respiratory infection caused by a virus</a>.</p> <p>A respiratory infection, such as the common cold, can cause mucus to build up in the nose. If this mucus drips from the nose into the throat, the body will cough so that the mucus will not enter the lungs.</p> <p>This automatic coughing is due to a “cough reflex”, a signal that travels between the brain and nerves in the airways. These nerves can become very sensitive during a viral respiratory infection. If they remain sensitive after the infection clears, or if an infection lingers, a child can develop a prolonged or chronic cough.</p> <p>A bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract or of the lower respiratory tract (lungs) can also cause a cough. Bacterial infections of the lungs can be more serious and require antibiotic treatment.</p> <h3>Exposure to irritating substances</h3> <p>Substances that irritate the airway, such as <a href="/article?contentid=1963&language=English">second-hand smoke</a>, can also cause a cough in children. Chronic coughs can result from exposure to an irritant over a long period.</p> <h3>Foreign objects in the airway</h3> <p>Young children who have swallowed a small object or choked on a small piece of food may have a sudden onset of severe coughing or difficulty breathing. This is a medical emergency.</p> <p>Sometimes foreign objects can cause a persistent cough that can last for weeks or months. Your child’s doctor can identify and treat the problem.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>If your child has a cough, see your child’s doctor if they:</p> <ul> <li>have difficulty breathing</li> <li>have a <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li> <li>have a blocked nose</li> <li>have the cough for over two weeks</li> </ul> <p>Tell your child’s doctor if your child has been exposed to possible infections or irritating substances.</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department or call 911 if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is unable to feed due to a cough</li> <li>is vomiting often because of a cough</li> <li>is choking on food or some other object</li> <li>has a barking cough and noisy breathing</li> <li>has breathing difficulties that do not settle after spending time in humid air</li> <li>has trouble catching their breath</li> <li>has blue lips or skin</li> <li>has a persistent cough</li> </ul>
TouxTTouxCoughFrenchNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough2015-01-21T05:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000074.00000000000001151.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>La toux est un réflexe de santé qui aide à dégager les poumons et souvent un signe de maladie. Renseignez-vous sur les causes, la durée et le traitement de la toux chez les enfants. </p><h2>Qu’est-ce que la toux?</h2> <p>La toux est un son et un mouvement produit par le corps pour dégager le mucus ou les substances irritantes qui se trouvent dans les poumons, les grosses voies respiratoires et la gorge. Il s’agit d’un symptôme courant qui peut accompagner beaucoup de maladies bénignes. Lorsqu’elle n’est pas accompagnée d’autres symptômes, la toux n’est pas un signe d’une maladie plus grave. </p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most coughs are due to common viruses and do not require treatment.</li> <li>To ease a cough, offer honey to children aged 12 months and older, expose your child to humid air and let your child get plenty of rest in a comfortable position.</li> <li>You do not need to change your child’s diet. Over-the-counter cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children under age six.</li> <li>See your child’s doctor if your child has a fever or breathing difficulties. Call 911 or go the nearest emergency department if your child is vomiting often, unable to feed or has noisy breathing because of a cough.</li> </ul><h2>Causes de la toux</h2> <h3>Infections</h3> <p>The most common cause of a cough is an <a href="/Article?contentid=783&language=English">upper respiratory infection caused by a virus</a>.</p> <p>A respiratory infection, such as the common cold, can cause mucus to build up in the nose. If this mucus drips from the nose into the throat, the body will cough so that the mucus will not enter the lungs.</p> <p>This automatic coughing is due to a “cough reflex”, a signal that travels between the brain and nerves in the airways. These nerves can become very sensitive during a viral respiratory infection. If they remain sensitive after the infection clears, or if an infection lingers, a child can develop a prolonged or chronic cough.</p> <p>A bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract or of the lower respiratory tract (lungs) can also cause a cough. Bacterial infections of the lungs can be more serious and require antibiotic treatment.</p> <h3>Exposure to irritating substances</h3> <p>Substances that irritate the airway, such as second-hand smoke, can also cause a cough in children. Chronic coughs can result from exposure to an irritant over a long period.</p> <h3>Foreign objects in the airway</h3> <p>Young children who have swallowed a small object or choked on a small piece of food may have a sudden onset of severe coughing or difficulty breathing. This is a medical emergency.</p> <p>Sometimes foreign objects can cause a persistent cough that can last for weeks or months. Your child’s doctor can identify and treat the problem.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>If your child has a cough, see your child’s doctor if they:</p> <ul> <li>have difficulty breathing</li> <li>have a <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li> <li>have a blocked nose</li> <li>have the cough for over two weeks.</li> </ul> <p>Tell your child’s doctor if your child has been exposed to possible infections or irritating substances.</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department or call 911 if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is unable to feed due to a cough</li> <li>is vomiting often because of a cough</li> <li>is choking on food or some other object</li> <li>has a barking cough and noisy breathing</li> <li>has breathing difficulties that do not settle after spending time in humid air</li> <li>has trouble catching their breath</li> <li>has blue lips or skin</li> <li>has a persistent cough.</li> </ul>
السعالاالسعالCoughArabicRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPC;Janine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000074.00000000000001151.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>السعال انعكاس صحي يساعد على تنظيف الرئتين، وغالباً ما يكون علامة على المرض. اقرأ عن الاسباب، والمدة، والعلاج لحالات السعال عند الاطفال.</p>
咳嗽咳嗽CoughChineseSimplifiedRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough1990-01-01T05:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z咳嗽是有助于清理肺部的健康反应,通常是疾病的迹象。了解儿童咳嗽的原因、持续时间和治疗。<br>
咳嗽咳嗽CoughChineseTraditionalRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough1990-01-01T05:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z了解小兒咳嗽的不同病因,準確進行咳嗽的診斷,採取更對症的咳嗽治療方法
A tosseAA tosseCoughPortugueseNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC74.00000000000006.000000000000001151.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>A tosse constitui um reflexo saudável que ajuda a desobstruir os pulmões, sendo frequentemente um sinal de doença. Leia as causas, duração e tratamento da tosse infantil.</p>
ਖੰਘਖੰਘCoughPunjabiNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC74.00000000000006.000000000000001151.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ਖੰਘਣਾ (ਸਰੀਰ ਦਾ) ਇੱਕ ਸਿਹਤਮੰਦ ਪਰਤਾਵਾਂ ਕਾਰਜ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਜੋ ਫ਼ੇਫ਼ੜਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਸਾਫ ਼ਕਰਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਮਦਦ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ, ਅਤੇ ਅਕਸਰ ਬਿਮਾਰੀ ਦੀ ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨੀ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ। ਬੱਚਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਖੰਘਾਂ ਦੇ ਕਾਰਨਾਂ, ਅਤੇ ਇਲਾਜ ਬਾਰੇ ਪੜ੍ਹੋ।</p>
TosTTosCoughSpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>La tos es un reflejo saludable que limpia los pulmones, las causas de la tos suelen ser una enfermedad. Lea sobre los tipos de tos en niños y su tratamiento.</p>
இருமல்இருமல்CoughTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2011-11-09T05:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>பிள்ளை இருமல் என்பது சுவாசப்பையை சுத்தம் செய்ய உதவும் வகையிலான ஒரு பலம்வாய்ந்த வெளியேற்றம், மேலும் பொதுவாக இவைகள் நோய்க்கான அறிகுறி. காரணங்கள் மற்றும் பிள்ளை இருமல் சிகிச்சை ஆகியவற்றைப் பற்றி படித்தறியுங்கள்.</p>
کھانسیککھانسیCoughUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Zبچوں کی کھانسی ایک صحتمند ردعمل ہے جو پھیپھڑے کو صاف کرنے میں مدد کرتا ہے۔

 

 

Cough774.000000000000CoughCoughCEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough2015-01-21T05:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000074.00000000000001151.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the different causes and types of coughs. Find out how you can take care of your child at home and how to make them more comfortable.</p><h2>What is a cough?</h2> <p>A cough is the body’s natural way of clearing mucus and irritating substances from the <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=lung-child">lungs</a>, airways and throat. It is a natural process that prevents substances other than air from entering the lungs, but it can make breathing difficult.</p><h2>Types of cough</h2> <p>Depending on its cause, a cough can be wet, dry or barking. It can also be acute (lasting less than two weeks) or chronic (lasting more than four weeks).</p> <ul> <li>Children with <a href="/article?contentid=785&language=English">asthma</a> often have a cough that includes wheezing and fast breathing.</li> <li>Children with <a href="/Article?contentid=17&language=English">croup</a> have a cough that sounds like a bark. When they breathe in, it sounds noisy, but breathing may be normal when they are not coughing.</li> <li>Children with <a href="/Article?contentid=754&language=English">pertussis (whooping cough)</a> often have forceful spasms of coughing. These coughs have a “whoop” sound.</li> </ul> <p>If your child has only a mild cough or a cough and a runny nose, they usually get better within one or two weeks.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most coughs are due to common viruses and do not require treatment.</li> <li>To ease a cough, offer honey to children aged 12 months and older, expose your child to humid air and let your child get plenty of rest in a comfortable position.</li> <li>You do not need to change your child’s diet. Over-the-counter cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children under age six.</li> <li>See your child’s doctor if your child has a fever or breathing difficulties. Call 911 or go the nearest emergency department if your child is vomiting often, unable to feed or has noisy breathing because of a cough.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of coughs</h2> <h3>Infections</h3> <p>The most common cause of a cough is an <a href="/Article?contentid=783&language=English">upper respiratory infection caused by a virus</a>.</p> <p>A respiratory infection, such as the common cold, can cause mucus to build up in the nose. If this mucus drips from the nose into the throat, the body will cough so that the mucus will not enter the lungs.</p> <p>This automatic coughing is due to a “cough reflex”, a signal that travels between the brain and nerves in the airways. These nerves can become very sensitive during a viral respiratory infection. If they remain sensitive after the infection clears, or if an infection lingers, a child can develop a prolonged or chronic cough.</p> <p>A bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract or of the lower respiratory tract (lungs) can also cause a cough. Bacterial infections of the lungs can be more serious and require antibiotic treatment.</p> <h3>Exposure to irritating substances</h3> <p>Substances that irritate the airway, such as <a href="/article?contentid=1963&language=English">second-hand smoke</a>, can also cause a cough in children. Chronic coughs can result from exposure to an irritant over a long period.</p> <h3>Foreign objects in the airway</h3> <p>Young children who have swallowed a small object or choked on a small piece of food may have a sudden onset of severe coughing or difficulty breathing. This is a medical emergency.</p> <p>Sometimes foreign objects can cause a persistent cough that can last for weeks or months. Your child’s doctor can identify and treat the problem.</p><h2>How to care for a cough at home</h2> <h3>Help your child get enough sleep</h3> <p>When your child has a cough, they may have <a href="/Article?contentid=306&language=English">difficulty sleeping</a>. Their breathing is slower and shallower and they may need to cough during the night to keep their lungs clear of mucus.</p> <ul> <li>If a baby has a cough because of congestion in the nose, consider using a saline nasal wash and an aspirator to suck the mucus out of their nose. These products are available over-the-counter and may help your baby breathe more easily while they sleep.</li> <li>An older child with a cough may be more comfortable sleeping with their head raised on a pillow.</li> </ul> <p>If your child cannot sleep well at night, let them rest more during the day.</p> <h3>Offer small glasses of fluid often</h3> <p>Encourage your child to drink fluids to help them feel better. If your child is <a href="/Article?contentid=746&language=English">vomiting</a> (throwing up) after coughing, encourage them to drink small amounts of fluids more often.</p> <h3>Use humidity to loosen any mucus</h3> <p>Dry air tends to make coughs worse. A barky cough may get better after your child is exposed to humidified air, such as the steam from a shower. In the same way, a cool mist vaporizer or humidifier in your child’s bedroom may offer relief. If using a vaporizer, change the water and clean any filters at least once a day.</p> <h3>Do not change your child’s diet</h3> <p>You can and should continue breastfeeding a baby if they have a cough. Feeding your baby smaller amounts more often may help.</p> <p>Older children can continue to eat any type of solids or liquids. You do not need to remove milk from your child’s diet, as it does not create or increase mucus.</p> <h3>Offer honey</h3> <p>Children over 12 months old can take 1 to 2 teaspoons (5 to 10 mL) of pasteurized honey as needed to ease a cough. Do not give honey to babies under 12 months because of the risk of botulism (a disease that results from a toxin produced by bacteria in the honey).</p> <p>Other home remedies for cough are not recommended.</p> <h3>Avoid cough medicine</h3> <p>Cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children under age six years of age. Never give them to a child under age two. Cough syrups have side effects and can be dangerous or even lethal in young children because of certain ingredients.</p> <p>Children over the age of six may take a cough and cold medicine, but they have not been proven to reduce the length of a cough.</p> <h3>Avoid smoky places</h3> <p>Keep your child away from smoky places and other environmental irritants. Exposure to cigarette smoke can make coughs worse, especially if your child has reactive airways or asthma.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>If your child has a cough, see your child’s doctor if they:</p> <ul> <li>have difficulty breathing</li> <li>have a <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li> <li>have a blocked nose</li> <li>have the cough for over two weeks</li> </ul> <p>Tell your child’s doctor if your child has been exposed to possible infections or irritating substances.</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department or call 911 if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is unable to feed due to a cough</li> <li>is vomiting often because of a cough</li> <li>is choking on food or some other object</li> <li>has a barking cough and noisy breathing</li> <li>has breathing difficulties that do not settle after spending time in humid air</li> <li>has trouble catching their breath</li> <li>has blue lips or skin</li> <li>has a persistent cough</li> </ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/cough.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/cough.jpgcoughCough

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