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CoughCCoughCoughEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough2015-01-21T05:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000074.00000000000001151.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the different causes and types of coughs. Find out how you can take care of your child at home and how to make them more comfortable.</p><h2>What is a cough?</h2> <p>A cough is the body’s natural way of clearing mucus and irritating substances from the <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=lung-child">lungs</a>, airways and throat. It is a natural process that prevents substances other than air from entering the lungs, but it can make breathing difficult.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most coughs are due to common viruses and do not require treatment.</li> <li>To ease a cough, offer honey to children aged 12 months and older, expose your child to humid air and let your child get plenty of rest in a comfortable position.</li> <li>You do not need to change your child’s diet. Over-the-counter cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children under age six.</li> <li>See your child’s doctor if your child has a fever or breathing difficulties. Call 911 or go the nearest emergency department if your child is vomiting often, unable to feed or has noisy breathing because of a cough.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of coughs</h2> <h3>Infections</h3> <p>The most common cause of a cough is an <a href="/Article?contentid=783&language=English">upper respiratory infection caused by a virus</a>.</p> <p>A respiratory infection, such as the common cold, can cause mucus to build up in the nose. If this mucus drips from the nose into the throat, the body will cough so that the mucus will not enter the lungs.</p> <p>This automatic coughing is due to a “cough reflex”, a signal that travels between the brain and nerves in the airways. These nerves can become very sensitive during a viral respiratory infection. If they remain sensitive after the infection clears, or if an infection lingers, a child can develop a prolonged or chronic cough.</p> <p>A bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract or of the lower respiratory tract (lungs) can also cause a cough. Bacterial infections of the lungs can be more serious and require antibiotic treatment.</p> <h3>Exposure to irritating substances</h3> <p>Substances that irritate the airway, such as <a href="/article?contentid=1963&language=English">second-hand smoke</a>, can also cause a cough in children. Chronic coughs can result from exposure to an irritant over a long period.</p> <h3>Foreign objects in the airway</h3> <p>Young children who have swallowed a small object or choked on a small piece of food may have a sudden onset of severe coughing or difficulty breathing. This is a medical emergency.</p> <p>Sometimes foreign objects can cause a persistent cough that can last for weeks or months. Your child’s doctor can identify and treat the problem.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>If your child has a cough, see your child’s doctor if they:</p> <ul> <li>have difficulty breathing</li> <li>have a <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li> <li>have a blocked nose</li> <li>have the cough for over two weeks</li> </ul> <p>Tell your child’s doctor if your child has been exposed to possible infections or irritating substances.</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department or call 911 if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is unable to feed due to a cough</li> <li>is vomiting often because of a cough</li> <li>is choking on food or some other object</li> <li>has a barking cough and noisy breathing</li> <li>has breathing difficulties that do not settle after spending time in humid air</li> <li>has trouble catching their breath</li> <li>has blue lips or skin</li> <li>has a persistent cough</li> </ul>
السعالاالسعالCoughArabicRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPC;Janine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000074.00000000000001151.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>السعال انعكاس صحي يساعد على تنظيف الرئتين، وغالباً ما يكون علامة على المرض. اقرأ عن الاسباب، والمدة، والعلاج لحالات السعال عند الاطفال.</p>
咳嗽咳嗽CoughChineseSimplifiedRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough1990-01-01T05:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>咳嗽是有助于清理肺部的健康反应,通常是疾病的迹象。了解儿童咳嗽的原因、持续时间和治疗。</p>
咳嗽咳嗽CoughChineseTraditionalRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough1990-01-01T05:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>了解小兒咳嗽的不同病因,準確進行咳嗽的診斷,採取更對症的咳嗽治療方法。</p>
TouxTTouxCoughFrenchNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough2015-01-21T05:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000074.00000000000001151.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>En savoir plus sur les différentes causes et types de toux. Découvrez comment vous pouvez prendre soin de votre enfant à la maison et comment le mettre plus à l’aise.</p><h2>Qu’est-ce que la toux?</h2><p>La toux est la façon naturelle du corps d’éliminer le mucus et les substances irritantes des <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=lung-child">poumons</a>, des voies respiratoires et de la gorge. C’est un processus naturel qui empêche les substances autres que l’air d’entrer dans les poumons, mais il peut rendre la respiration difficile.</p><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>La majorité des toux sont causées par des virus courants et ne nécessitent aucun traitement.</li><li>Pour soulager la toux, offrez du miel aux enfants de 12 mois et plus, exposez votre enfant à l’air humidifié et laissez l’enfant se reposer dans une position confortable.</li><li>Vous n’avez pas besoin de changer le régime alimentaire de votre enfant. Les médicaments contre la toux et le rhume en vente libre ne sont pas recommandés pour les enfants de moins de six ans.</li><li>Consultez un médecin de votre enfant si votre enfant fait de la fièvre ou éprouve des difficultés à respirer. Appelez le 911 ou rendez-vous au service des urgences le plus proche si votre enfant vomit souvent, s’il est incapable de se nourrir ou a une respiration bruyante en raison d’une toux.</li></ul><h2>Causes de la toux</h2><h3>Infections</h3><p>La cause la plus courante de la toux est une <a href="/Article?contentid=783&language=French">infection des voies respiratoires supérieures causée par un virus</a>.</p><p>Une infection respiratoire, comme le rhume, peut provoquer l’accumulation de mucus dans le nez. Si ce mucus coule du nez dans la gorge, l’enfant se mettra à tousser pour empêcher le mucus de pénétrer dans les poumons.</p><p>Cette toux automatique est due à un réflexe tussigène, un signal qui se déplace entre le cerveau et les récepteurs dans les voies respiratoires. Ces récepteurs peuvent devenir très sensibles lors d’une infection respiratoire virale. S’ils demeurent sensibles après le début de l’infection, ou si une infection persiste, un enfant peut développer une toux prolongée ou chronique.</p><p>Une infection bactérienne des voies respiratoires supérieures ou des voies respiratoires inférieures (poumons) peut également provoquer une toux. Les infections bactériennes des poumons peuvent être plus graves et nécessiter un traitement antibiotique.</p><h3>Exposition à des substances irritantes</h3><p>Les substances qui irritent les voies respiratoires, comme la fumée secondaire, peuvent également provoquer une toux chez les enfants. La toux chronique peut résulter d’une exposition à un irritant sur une longue période.</p><h3>Objets étrangers dans les voies respiratoires</h3><p>Les jeunes enfants qui ont avalé un petit objet ou se sont étouffés avec un petit morceau de nourriture peuvent soudainement présenter une toux grave ou de la difficulté à respirer. Il s’agit d’une urgence médicale.</p><p>Parfois, des corps étrangers peuvent causer une toux persistante qui peut durer des semaines ou des mois. Le médecin de votre enfant peut identifier et traiter le problème.</p><h2>Quand consulter un médecin?</h2><p>Si votre enfant tousse, consultez le pédiatre s’il :</p><ul><li>a de la difficulté à respirer</li><li>a de la <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=French">fièvre</a></li><li>a le nez bouché</li><li>a une toux qui persiste pendant plus de deux semaines</li></ul><p>Informez le médecin de votre enfant si votre enfant a été exposé à d’éventuelles infections ou substances irritantes.</p><p>Rendez-vous au service des urgences le plus proche ou appelez le 911 si votre enfant :</p><ul><li>est incapable de se nourrir en raison de sa toux</li><li>vomit souvent en raison de sa toux</li><li>s’étouffe en mangeant ou avec un autre objet</li><li>a une toux grasse et une respiration bruyante</li><li>a des difficultés à respirer qui ne se résorbent pas après avoir passé du temps à l’air humidifié</li><li>a de la difficulté à reprendre son souffle</li><li>a les lèvres ou la peau bleue</li><li>a une toux persistante</li></ul>
ਖੰਘਖੰਘCoughPunjabiNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC74.00000000000006.000000000000001151.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ਖੰਘਣਾ (ਸਰੀਰ ਦਾ) ਇੱਕ ਸਿਹਤਮੰਦ ਪਰਤਾਵਾਂ ਕਾਰਜ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਜੋ ਫ਼ੇਫ਼ੜਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਸਾਫ ਼ਕਰਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਮਦਦ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ, ਅਤੇ ਅਕਸਰ ਬਿਮਾਰੀ ਦੀ ਨਿਸ਼ਾਨੀ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ। ਬੱਚਿਆਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਖੰਘਾਂ ਦੇ ਕਾਰਨਾਂ, ਅਤੇ ਇਲਾਜ ਬਾਰੇ ਪੜ੍ਹੋ।</p>
இருமல்இருமல்CoughTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2011-11-09T05:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>பிள்ளை இருமல் என்பது சுவாசப்பையை சுத்தம் செய்ய உதவும் வகையிலான ஒரு பலம்வாய்ந்த வெளியேற்றம், மேலும் பொதுவாக இவைகள் நோய்க்கான அறிகுறி. காரணங்கள் மற்றும் பிள்ளை இருமல் சிகிச்சை ஆகியவற்றைப் பற்றி படித்தறியுங்கள்.</p>
کھانسیککھانسیCoughUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>بچوں کی کھانسی ایک صحتمند ردعمل ہے جو پھیپھڑے کو صاف کرنے میں مدد کرتا ہے۔</p>
A tosseAA tosseCoughPortugueseNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC74.00000000000006.000000000000001151.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>A tosse constitui um reflexo saudável que ajuda a desobstruir os pulmões, sendo frequentemente um sinal de doença. Leia as causas, duração e tratamento da tosse infantil.</p>
TosTTosCoughSpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZBeth Gamulka, MDCM, FRCPCJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC07.000000000000001119.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>La tos es un reflejo saludable que limpia los pulmones, las causas de la tos suelen ser una enfermedad. Lea sobre los tipos de tos en niños y su tratamiento.</p>

 

 

Cough774.000000000000CoughCoughCEnglishRespiratoryChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Trachea;LungsTrachea;LungsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Cough2015-01-21T05:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000074.00000000000001151.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about the different causes and types of coughs. Find out how you can take care of your child at home and how to make them more comfortable.</p><h2>What is a cough?</h2> <p>A cough is the body’s natural way of clearing mucus and irritating substances from the <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=lung-child">lungs</a>, airways and throat. It is a natural process that prevents substances other than air from entering the lungs, but it can make breathing difficult.</p><h2>Types of cough</h2> <p>Depending on its cause, a cough can be wet, dry or barking. It can also be acute (lasting less than two weeks) or chronic (lasting more than four weeks).</p> <ul> <li>Children with <a href="/article?contentid=785&language=English">asthma</a> often have a cough that includes wheezing and fast breathing.</li> <li>Children with <a href="/Article?contentid=17&language=English">croup</a> have a cough that sounds like a bark. When they breathe in, it sounds noisy, but breathing may be normal when they are not coughing.</li> <li>Children with <a href="/Article?contentid=754&language=English">pertussis (whooping cough)</a> often have forceful spasms of coughing. These coughs have a “whoop” sound.</li> </ul> <p>If your child has only a mild cough or a cough and a runny nose, they usually get better within one or two weeks.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Most coughs are due to common viruses and do not require treatment.</li> <li>To ease a cough, offer honey to children aged 12 months and older, expose your child to humid air and let your child get plenty of rest in a comfortable position.</li> <li>You do not need to change your child’s diet. Over-the-counter cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children under age six.</li> <li>See your child’s doctor if your child has a fever or breathing difficulties. Call 911 or go the nearest emergency department if your child is vomiting often, unable to feed or has noisy breathing because of a cough.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of coughs</h2> <h3>Infections</h3> <p>The most common cause of a cough is an <a href="/Article?contentid=783&language=English">upper respiratory infection caused by a virus</a>.</p> <p>A respiratory infection, such as the common cold, can cause mucus to build up in the nose. If this mucus drips from the nose into the throat, the body will cough so that the mucus will not enter the lungs.</p> <p>This automatic coughing is due to a “cough reflex”, a signal that travels between the brain and nerves in the airways. These nerves can become very sensitive during a viral respiratory infection. If they remain sensitive after the infection clears, or if an infection lingers, a child can develop a prolonged or chronic cough.</p> <p>A bacterial infection of the upper respiratory tract or of the lower respiratory tract (lungs) can also cause a cough. Bacterial infections of the lungs can be more serious and require antibiotic treatment.</p> <h3>Exposure to irritating substances</h3> <p>Substances that irritate the airway, such as <a href="/article?contentid=1963&language=English">second-hand smoke</a>, can also cause a cough in children. Chronic coughs can result from exposure to an irritant over a long period.</p> <h3>Foreign objects in the airway</h3> <p>Young children who have swallowed a small object or choked on a small piece of food may have a sudden onset of severe coughing or difficulty breathing. This is a medical emergency.</p> <p>Sometimes foreign objects can cause a persistent cough that can last for weeks or months. Your child’s doctor can identify and treat the problem.</p><h2>How to care for a cough at home</h2> <h3>Help your child get enough sleep</h3> <p>When your child has a cough, they may have <a href="/Article?contentid=306&language=English">difficulty sleeping</a>. Their breathing is slower and shallower and they may need to cough during the night to keep their lungs clear of mucus.</p> <ul> <li>If a baby has a cough because of congestion in the nose, consider using a saline nasal wash and an aspirator to suck the mucus out of their nose. These products are available over-the-counter and may help your baby breathe more easily while they sleep.</li> <li>An older child with a cough may be more comfortable sleeping with their head raised on a pillow.</li> </ul> <p>If your child cannot sleep well at night, let them rest more during the day.</p> <h3>Offer small glasses of fluid often</h3> <p>Encourage your child to drink fluids to help them feel better. If your child is <a href="/Article?contentid=746&language=English">vomiting</a> (throwing up) after coughing, encourage them to drink small amounts of fluids more often.</p> <h3>Use humidity to loosen any mucus</h3> <p>Dry air tends to make coughs worse. A barky cough may get better after your child is exposed to humidified air, such as the steam from a shower. In the same way, a cool mist vaporizer or humidifier in your child’s bedroom may offer relief. If using a vaporizer, change the water and clean any filters at least once a day.</p> <h3>Do not change your child’s diet</h3> <p>You can and should continue breastfeeding a baby if they have a cough. Feeding your baby smaller amounts more often may help.</p> <p>Older children can continue to eat any type of solids or liquids. You do not need to remove milk from your child’s diet, as it does not create or increase mucus.</p> <h3>Offer honey</h3> <p>Children over 12 months old can take 1 to 2 teaspoons (5 to 10 mL) of pasteurized honey as needed to ease a cough. Do not give honey to babies under 12 months because of the risk of botulism (a disease that results from a toxin produced by bacteria in the honey).</p> <p>Other home remedies for cough are not recommended.</p> <h3>Avoid cough medicine</h3> <p>Cough and cold medicines are not recommended for children under age six years of age. Never give them to a child under age two. Cough syrups have side effects and can be dangerous or even lethal in young children because of certain ingredients.</p> <p>Children over the age of six may take a cough and cold medicine, but they have not been proven to reduce the length of a cough.</p> <h3>Avoid smoky places</h3> <p>Keep your child away from smoky places and other environmental irritants. Exposure to cigarette smoke can make coughs worse, especially if your child has reactive airways or asthma.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>If your child has a cough, see your child’s doctor if they:</p> <ul> <li>have difficulty breathing</li> <li>have a <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a></li> <li>have a blocked nose</li> <li>have the cough for over two weeks</li> </ul> <p>Tell your child’s doctor if your child has been exposed to possible infections or irritating substances.</p> <p>Go to your nearest emergency department or call 911 if your child:</p> <ul> <li>is unable to feed due to a cough</li> <li>is vomiting often because of a cough</li> <li>is choking on food or some other object</li> <li>has a barking cough and noisy breathing</li> <li>has breathing difficulties that do not settle after spending time in humid air</li> <li>has trouble catching their breath</li> <li>has blue lips or skin</li> <li>has a persistent cough</li> </ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/cough.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/cough.jpgcoughCough

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