Emergency medicineEmergency medicineEmergency MedicineEEnglishNANANANANATeen (13-18 years) Adult (22+) CaregiversNALanding PageLearning Hub<p>There are many reasons a child may need to go to the Emergency Department. This page highlights common conditions such as cough and injuries such as bone fractures.</p><p>There are many reasons a child may need to go to the Emergency Department. These can range from coughs and fever, to injuries such as bone fractures and ankle sprains. This page highlights some common conditions and injuries that are often treated in the Emergency Department.</p><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Infections</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Most children who contract infections such as fever, colds, or the flu will recover completely and can be treated at home. However, some serious infections will require a trip to the emergency department. Learn how to tell when to take your child to the hospital.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">Fever</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=12&language=English">Colds (viral upper respiratory infections)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=793&language=English">Cold sores (herpes simplex)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=8&language=English">Ear infection (otitis media)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=756&language=English">Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=755&language=English">Herpangina and hand-foot-and-mouth disease</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=912&language=English">Influenza (flu): Protecting your family</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=784&language=English">Pneumonia</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=764&language=English">Respiratory synctial virus (RSV)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=757&language=English">Roseola</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=751&language=English">Scarlet fever</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=11&language=English">Strep throat</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=935&language=English">Urinary tract infection</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Allergic disorders<br></h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>A child’s allergic or anaphylactic reaction can be a scary experience. Find out about the symptoms of an allergic reaction, what can trigger it and how they are treated. Your child should go to the hospital if they have received epinephrine (EpiPen or Allerject).</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=804&language=English">Allergies</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=781&language=English">Anaphylaxis: How to recognize and respond to a severe allergic reaction</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=785&language=English">Asthma: An overview</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Ear, nose, throat and eye disorders</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Learn more about common disorders such as ear infections, pink eye and strep throat and when they require a visit to the emergency department. Although they are not often serious, these disorders can affect your child’s hearing, speech and vision.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Ear disorders</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=8&language=English">Ear infection (otitis media)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=747&language=English">Swimmer's ear (otitis externa)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Eye disorders</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=782&language=English">Pink eye (conjunctivitis)</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Nose disorders</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=749&language=English">Nosebleed</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Throat disorders</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=831&language=English">Enlarged adenoids</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=748&language=English">Sore throat and tonsillitis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=11&language=English">Strep throat</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Gastrointestinal disorders</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders affect the digestive system and often cause bowel problems and abdominal pain. Some can be treated at home while others may require more specialized treatment in hospital. Learn what to do for a child with a GI disorder.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Common GI disorders</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=6&language=English">Constipation</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=776&language=English">Dehydration</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=7&language=English">Diarrhea</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=907&language=English">Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=746&language=English">Vomiting</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>General surgery</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=818&language=English">Appendicitis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=932&language=English">Hernia</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=958&language=English">Intussusception: Before and after surgery</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Genital and reproductive disorders</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Genital and reproductive disorders can include inflammation and infection in the genitals and may require emergency attention. Learn more about these disorders, how to prevent them, and when to see a doctor.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=885&language=English">Labial agglutination</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=887&language=English">Vulvovaginitis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1125&language=English">Foreskin problems in boys</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Head injuries and brain disorders</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>The nervous system controls the muscles in the body, interprets information and transmits thoughts and emotions. Conditions such as concussions and seizures can affect the nervous system. Learn the signs and symptoms and when to take a child to the emergency department.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=766&language=English">Head injury and concussion</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=838&language=English">Sport-related concussion</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=29&language=English">Headache</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=779&language=English">Fainting</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=2060&language=English">Signs and symptoms of seizures</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1&language=English">Febrile seizures (Convulsions caused by fever)</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Lung and breathing disorders</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Lung and breathing disorders such as asthma, bronchiolitis and pneumonia affect the respiratory system. Your child may need to go to hospital if they have trouble breathing. Find out more information about these conditions, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=785&language=English">Asthma: An overview</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1476&language=English">Asthma: Using a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) with a spacer</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=765&language=English">Bronchiolitis</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=12&language=English">Colds (viral upper respiratory infections)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=774&language=English">Cough</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=17&language=English">Croup</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=784&language=English">Pneumonia</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=764&language=English">Respiratory synctial virus (RSV)</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Mouth and tooth disorders</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Teething can be uncomfortable for most children. However, some mouth and tooth disorders can be painful and make it difficult for your child to eat and drink. Find out how you can help your child and which dental issues should be looked at by a doctor.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1994&language=English">Teeth: Dental care for children</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=304&language=English">Teething</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Newborns</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Many newborn issues, including colic and diaper rash, do not usually require medical attention. However, if these issues persist, it may be necessary to consult your doctor or visit the emergency department. Find out more about these conditions and how to treat them.</p><p></p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=295&language=English">Colic</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=26&language=English">Diaper rash</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=778&language=English">Nasal congestion : How to clear your baby's dry, stuffy nose</a></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Skin conditions</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Rashes produced by conditions and infections such as hives, herpangina, and scarlet fever usually go away on their own or with appropriate treatment, but certain symptoms should be checked out in the emergency department. Learn what to expect with each condition and how it's treated.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Skin inflammation, rash and bites</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=791&language=English">Ampicillin or amoxicillin rash: Caring for your child's rash</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=789&language=English">Hives</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=800&language=English">Insect bites</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=769&language=English">Poison ivy</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Skin infections and disease</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=793&language=English">Cold sores (herpes simplex)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=773&language=English">Eczema (atopic dermatitis)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=794&language=English">Fungal infections</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=755&language=English">Herpangina and hand-foot-and-mouth disease</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=796&language=English">Impetigo</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=797&language=English">Scabies</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=751&language=English">Scarlet fever</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=757&language=English">Roseola</a></li></ol></li></ol></div><div class="panel panel-primary"><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h2 class="panel-title">Sprains, strains and fractures</h2></div><div class="panel-body list-group" style="display:none;"><p>Sprains and strains involve injuries to the ligaments, muscle or tendon while fractures affect the bones. Treatment depends on the severity of the injury and may require a cast or sling. Learn what to expect when your child comes to the emergency department.</p></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Sprains and strains</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=929&language=English">Ankle sprains</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=930&language=English">Pulled elbow</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=931&language=English">Soft tissue injuries</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Fractures</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1179&language=English">Ankle fractures, minor</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1180&language=English">Elbow fracture</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1181&language=English">Forearm fracture</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1182&language=English">Fractured clavicle (Collarbone)</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1184&language=English">Lower leg fracture</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1185&language=English">Upper arm (humerus) fracture</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1186&language=English">Wrist fracture</a></li></ol></li><li><div class="panel-heading clickable"> <span class="pull-right panel-heading-collapsable-icon"> <i class="mdi mdi-chevron-down"></i></span> <h3>Care at home</h3></div><ol class="list-group" style="display:none;"><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1178&language=English">Cast care: Arm or leg cast</a></li><li class="list-group-item"> <a class="overview-links" href="/Article?contentid=1048&language=English">Crutches: How to use</a></li></ol></li></ol></div>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/ED_Learning_hub.jpged,er

 

 

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