Rheumatic fever

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Rheumatic fever can develop when strep throat is not treated fully with antibiotics. Find out about what symptoms children with rheumatic fever experience and how it is treated.

Key points

  • Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease that can develop as result of strep throat.
  • Treating a strep throat infection with antibiotics can prevent rheumatic fever.
  • A child with rheumatic fever may have a fever, joint pain, a rash, chest pain, difficulty breathing or uncontrollable movements of their face, arms or legs.
  • Rheumatic fever can permanently damage the heart valves.
Last updated: June 26th 2023