About scoliosis

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Scoliosis is a condition that causes your child’s spine to curve sideways. Learn about the different types of scoliosis, some of its causes, and the risk factors that can increase your child's chance of developing a more severe curve.

Key points

  • Children with scoliosis have a curve in their spine.
  • There are three main types of scoliosis: idiopathic, congenital and neuromuscular. The most common type of scoliosis is idiopathic scoliosis, which typically develops at the beginning of puberty.
  • The exact cause of idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. There are likely many different contributing factors.
  • There is a greater risk that your child’s curve will increase if they are diagnosed at a young age, before they have begun their menstrual periods and/or if their bones are still growing.
Last updated: September 8th 2020