High cholesterol (hyperlipidemia)

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Learn about hyperlipidemia or high cholesterol in children, which increases the risk of early heart disease.

Key points

  • Hyperlipidemia is a high cholesterol level in the blood.
  • In children, hyperlipidemia is usually caused by a defective gene that is inherited from one or both parents. It can also be caused by poor diet or by certain medications.
  • Hyperlipidemia in children can lead to early heart disease.
  • Hyperlipidemia is treated with diet, exercise and medication.
Last updated: March 19th 2010