HIV and your baby

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Learn how to lower the risk of passing HIV to your baby and how the doctor can tell if your baby has HIV once they are born.

Key points

  • One in four babies of HIV-positive mothers will be infected with HIV if the mother does not receive proper care and medication during pregnancy and delivery.
  • The risk of passing HIV onto the baby can be lowered if the mother's viral load is undetectable throughout the pregnancy, if mother and baby take their medicines and if the baby is formula fed and not breastfed.
  • Your baby will be tested several times, several months apart to make sure they do not have HIV infection.
  • Your baby will need follow-up care to see if the medicines cause any side effects.
Last updated: December 18th 2013