Hypertension (high blood pressure)

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Learn about the causes and treatment of hypertension, or high blood pressure.

Key points

  • Blood pressure is a measurement of how hard the heart pumps blood through the body.
  • Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is diagnosed based on a person's age, gender and height.
  • Symptoms can include headaches, blurred vision, puffy hands or feet or shortness of breath.
  • Hypertension is usually treated with diet, exercise and, sometimes, medications.
  • Go to the nearest emergency department or call 911 immediately if your child has a seizure, has a very severe, persistent headache, becomes lethargic or becomes very short of breath.
Last updated: May 11th 2022