Iron: Guidelines to improve your child's intakeIIron: Guidelines to improve your child's intakeIron: Guidelines to improve your child's intakeEnglishNutritionChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NACardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2020-01-23T05:00:00Z7.7000000000000062.50000000000001085.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn what iron deficiency is and what you can feed your child to make sure they receive the amount of iron they need.</p><h2>What is iron?</h2><p>Iron is a mineral everyone needs to keep their body working at its best. Iron works by forming hemoglobin, which is an important part of red blood cells. Hemoglobin carries oxygen to all parts of the body.<br></p><p>When the body does not have enough iron, a child can develop iron-deficiency anemia. This means the body cells get less oxygen. This causes the child to look pale and feel tired, weak and irritable.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Hemoglobin</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Hemoglobin_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Iron atoms, heme and globin in hemoglobin molecules found in red blood cells" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Red blood cells contain hemoglobin. Hemoglobin has iron atoms which bind to oxygen atoms. Thus, red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of the body.</figcaption> </figure> <br><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Iron is a mineral that forms hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the body.</li> <li>Without enough iron, a child can develop iron-deficiency anemia. This means the body gets less oxygen, causing the child to look pale and feel tired, weak and irritable.</li> <li>Your child’s doctor may prescribe supplements if your child is iron deficient.</li> <li>Eating certain foods can also increase your child’s iron levels.</li> </ul><p>Signs and symptoms of iron deficiency include:</p><ul><li>fatigue</li><li>weakness</li><li>pale skin</li><li>shortness of breath</li><li><a href="/article?contentid=29&language=english">headache</a>, especially with activity</li><li>dizziness</li><li>cold hands and feet</li><li>poor appetite</li><li>craving for ice or clay</li></ul><h2>What causes iron-deficiency anemia?</h2><p>To be healthy, growing children need a constant supply of iron, otherwise their iron stores become low. Iron deficiency can occur in babies and children if they have a diet low in iron-containing foods, or if their bodies have trouble absorbing iron. </p><p>Possible causes of iron deficiency are:</p><ul><li>Drinking a lot of milk (more than 20 ounces, or 600 mL, per day) or juice (more than 4 ounces, or 120 mL, per day) every day. Children fill up with these low-iron fluids and do not get the amount of iron that their body needs.</li><li>Drinking from a bottle after two years of age. These children are at a higher risk of iron-deficiency anemia than those who stop bottle-feeding earlier.</li><li>Eating a diet poor in iron-containing foods.</li><li>Slow, chronic blood loss within the body.</li></ul><h2>Which foods are high in iron?</h2><p>Iron is found in many animal and plant food sources.</p><ul><li>Iron from animal sources is called heme iron. Our bodies can absorb heme iron better than non-heme iron.</li><li>Iron from plant sources is called non-heme iron. Our bodies can absorb non-heme iron when we eat it with foods that contain vitamin C (such as orange juice, citrus fruit, broccoli, strawberries, green or red peppers or tomato sauce) or when we eat it with sources of heme iron.</li></ul><p>The following table lists examples of heme iron foods and non-heme iron foods.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Heme iron foods (easy to absorb)</th><th>Non-heme iron foods (harder to absorb)</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td><p>Beef (hamburger, beef liver, corned beef, steak)</p><p>Lamb</p><p>Chicken (breast, thigh, chicken wings, chicken liver)</p><p>Turkey (dark meat has more iron)</p><p>Veal</p><p>Pork</p><p>Fish (haddock, halibut, salmon, tuna), canned in water</p><p>Sausages</p><p>Clams or oysters</p></td><td><p>Iron-fortified formula and iron-fortified infant cereal</p><p>Cream of wheat</p><p>Oatmeal</p><p>Iron-enriched breakfast cereals (Cheerios, corn flakes)</p><p>Beans: chick peas, lima beans, navy beans, kidney beans, lentils</p><p>Baked beans (canned)</p><p>Baked potato with skin</p><p>Dried fruit: dried apricots, dried figs, raisins</p><p>Prune juice</p><p>Pasta, enriched</p><p>Rice, enriched</p><p>Tofu, firm</p><p>Molasses, blackstrap</p><p>Broccoli</p><p>Spinach</p></td></tr><tr></tr></tbody></table><h2>Getting enough iron at different ages</h2><h3>Babies</h3><p>Breast milk contains enough iron to prevent anemia for the first four to six months of life. After this, babies need other sources of iron in their diet, such as iron-fortified cereal or meat. </p><p>If you choose to bottle-feed, use an iron-fortified formula until your baby is at least one year of age. Do not use "low iron" formulas. These formulas do not contain enough iron to meet your growing baby's needs. </p><p>To make sure your baby is getting enough iron, babies who are exclusively breastfed or formula fed until four to six months of age can be offered meat or iron-fortified cereal as a first food. You can also offer medium or firm tofu, peas, lentils and beans.<br></p><h3>Children and toddlers</h3><p>Children and toddlers who drink a lot of milk or juice are at risk for iron-deficiency anemia. To help children over two years of age get enough iron, you should: </p><ul><li>Remove all bottles and offer milk from a cup.</li><li>Limit milk intake to 2 cups (16 ounces, or 450 mL) every day.</li><li>Offer iron-containing foods every day.</li></ul><h2>How is iron deficiency treated?</h2><p>Oral iron supplements (<a href="/Article?contentid=136&language=English">ferrous fumarate</a> or ferrous sulfate) are required to treat iron-deficiency anemia. Supplements should be taken as prescribed by your doctor. Iron supplements are absorbed best when taken with a source of vitamin C, or on an empty stomach. They are absorbed poorly if taken with meals. Iron supplements should not be taken with milk or dairy products. </p><p>Please speak to your doctor, dietitian, or pharmacist for more information about taking iron supplements.</p><p>See your doctor if you notice that your child becomes pale or tired.</p>
Fer: directives pour améliorer la consommation de fer de votre enfantFFer: directives pour améliorer la consommation de fer de votre enfantIron: Guidelines to improve your child's intakeFrenchNutritionChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NACardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2020-01-23T05:00:00Z1061.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez ce qu’est la carence en fer et quels sont les aliments que vous pouvez offrir à votre enfant pour vous assurer qu’il consomme la quantité de fer dont il a besoin.</p><h2>Qu’est ce que le fer?</h2><p>Le fer est un minéral essentiel au bon fonctionnement du corps. Le fer participe à la formation de l’hémoglobine, qui représente une partie importante des globules rouges. L’hémoglobine transporte l’oxygène vers toutes les parties du corps. </p><p>Lorsque le corps manque de fer, l’enfant peut développer une anémie due à une carence en fer. Cela signifie que les cellules du corps reçoivent moins d’oxygène. Votre enfant aura alors l’air pâle et se sentira fatigué, faible et irritable. </p> <figure class="asset-c-80"><span class="asset-image-title">Hémoglobine</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Hemoglobin_MED_ILL_FR.jpg" alt="Les atomes de fer, l’hème et la globine dans les molécules d’hémoglobine qui se trouvent dans les globules rouges" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Les globules rouges contiennent de l'hémoglobine. L'hémoglobine contient des atomes de fer qui se combinent à des atomes d'oxygène. Par conséquent, les globules rouges transportent de l'oxygène dans tout le corps.</figcaption> </figure><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Le fer est le minéral qui forme l’hémoglobine, laquelle transporte l’oxygène vers toutes les parties du corps.</li> <li>Lorsque le corps manque de fer, l’enfant peut développer une anémie due à une carence en fer. Cela signifie que l’organisme reçoit moins d’oxygène; l’enfant a alors l’air pâle et se sent fatigué, faible et irritable.</li> <li>Si votre enfant a une carence en fer, son médecin peut lui prescrire des suppléments.</li> <li>La consommation de certains aliments peut également faire augmenter le taux de fer de votre enfant.</li> </ul><p>Les signes et symptomes d'une carence en fer incluent :</p><ul><li>la fatigue;</li><li>la faiblesse;</li><li>la peau pâle;</li><li>l'ensoufflement;</li><li>les maux de têtes, surtout quand il se présentent avec l'activité;</li><li>des étourdissements;</li><li>les mains et les pieds froids;</li><li>un manque d'appétit;</li><li>des envies de glace ou d'argile.</li></ul><h2>Qu’est ce qui cause une anémie due à une carence en fer?</h2><p>Pour être en santé, les enfants qui grandissent ont besoin d’un approvisionnement constant en fer, sinon, ils développent une carence. La carence en fer peut se produire chez les bébés et les enfants qui ont un régime à faible teneur en fer ou dont l’organisme a de la difficulté à absorber le fer.</p><p>Les causes possibles d’une carence en fer sont :</p><ul><li>Boire beaucoup de lait (plus de 600 ml, ou 20 oz, par jour) ou de jus (plus de 120 ml, ou 4 oz, par jour) chaque jour. Les enfants se remplissent de ces liquides à faible teneur en fer et n’obtiennent pas la quantité de fer dont leur corps a besoin.</li><li>Boire au biberon après l’âge de deux ans. Ces enfants sont plus susceptibles de développer une anémie due à une carence en fer que ceux qui ont cessé le biberon plus tôt.</li><li>Avoir un régime contenant peu d’aliments riches en fer.</li><li>Des pertes sanguines lentes et chroniques dans l'organisme.</li></ul><h2>Quels sont les aliments riches en fer?</h2><p>Le fer se retrouve dans de nombreux aliments d’origine animale et d’origine végétale.</p><ul><li>Le fer d’origine animale est appelé « fer hémique ». Notre corps absorbe mieux le fer hémique que le fer non hémique.</li><li>Le fer d’origine végétale est appelé « fer non hémique ». Notre organisme peut absorber du fer non hémique lorsque nous le consommons avec des aliments qui contiennent de la vitamine C (comme le jus d’orange, le jus d’agrumes, le brocoli, les fraises, les poivrons verts et rouges, ou la sauce tomate) ou lorsque nous le mangeons avec des sources de fer hémique.</li></ul><p>Le tableau suivant donne des exemples d’aliments contenant du fer hémique et d’aliments contenant du fer non hémique.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Aliments contenant du fer hémique (facile à absorber)</th><th>Aliments contenant du fer non hémique (plus difficile à absorber)</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td><p>Bœuf (hamburger/steack hâché), foie de bœuf, bœuf salé, bifteck)</p><p>Agneau</p><p>Poulet (poitrine, cuisse, ailes, foie)</p><p>Dinde (la viande brune contient plus de fer)</p><p>Veau</p><p>Porc</p><p>Poisson (églefin, flétan, saumon, thon) conservé dans l’eau</p><p>Saucisses</p><p>Myes (palourdes) ou huîtres</p></td><td><p>Lait maternisé enrichi en fer et céréales pour bébés enrichies en fer</p><p>Crème de blé</p><p>Gruau</p><p>Céréales enrichies en fer (Cheerios, Corn Flakes)</p><p>Fèves : pois chiches, haricots de Lima, petits haricots ronds blancs, haricots communs, lentilles</p><p>Haricots au lard (en conserve)</p><p>Pomme de terre au four avec la peau</p><p>Fruits déshydratés : abricots déshydratés, figues sèches, raisins</p><p>Jus de prunes</p><p>Pâtes enrichies</p><p>Riz enrichi</p><p>Tofu ferme</p><p>Mélasse</p><p>Brocoli</p><p>Épinards</p></td></tr></tbody></table><h2>Consommer assez de fer à différents âges</h2><h3>Les bébés</h3><p>Le lait maternel contient assez de fer pour prévenir l’anémie pendant les quatre à six premiers mois de vie. Ensuite, les bébés ont besoin d’autres sources de fer dans leur régime, comme les céréales enrichies en fer ou la viande. </p><p>Si vous choisissez le biberon, utilisez une préparation pour nourrissons enrichie en fer jusqu’à ce que votre bébé soit âgé d’au moins un an. N’utilisez pas de lait maternisé « pauvre en fer ». Ces préparations ne contiennent pas assez de fer pour répondre aux besoins de votre bébé qui grandit.</p><p>Afin de vous assurer que votre bébé consomme assez de fer, il est possible de donner de la viande ou des céréales enrichies en fer comme premier aliment aux bébés qui ont été exclusivement allaités ou nourris au lait maternisé jusqu’à l’âge de quatre à six mois. Vous pouvez aussi offrir le tofu moyennement ferme ou ferme, les pois, les lentilles et les fèves.<br></p><h3>Les enfants et les bambins</h3><p>Les enfants et les bambins qui boivent beaucoup de lait ou de jus risque une anémie due à une carence en fer. Pour aider les enfants âgés de plus de deux ans à consommer suffisamment de fer, vous devriez :</p><ul><li>retirer tous les biberons et servir le lait dans un gobelet;</li><li>limiter la consommation de lait à deux tasses (450 ml ou 16 oz) par jour;</li><li>servir des aliments riches en fer chaque jour.</li></ul><h2>Comment traite-t-on la carence en fer?</h2><p>Des suppléments en fer à prendre par voie orale (<a href="/article?contentid=136&language=french">fumarate ferreux</a> ou sulfate ferreux) sont nécessaires pour traiter l’anémie due à une carence en fer. Les suppléments devraient être administrés selon les indications de votre médecin. Ils sont mieux absorbés lorsqu’ils sont pris avec une source de vitamine C, ou lorsque votre enfant a l’estomac vide. Ils sont mal absorbés s’ils sont pris avec des repas. Les suppléments en fer ne devraient pas être pris avec du lait ou des produits laitiers.</p><p>Veuillez parler à votre médecin, à votre diététiste ou à votre pharmacien pour obtenir de plus amples renseignements sur la façon de prendre les suppléments en fer.</p><p>Consultez votre médecin si vous remarquez que votre enfant devient fatigué ou que sa peau devient pâle.</p>

 

 

Iron: Guidelines to improve your child's intake1916.00000000000Iron: Guidelines to improve your child's intakeIron: Guidelines to improve your child's intakeIEnglishNutritionChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NACardiovascular systemConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2020-01-23T05:00:00Z7.7000000000000062.50000000000001085.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn what iron deficiency is and what you can feed your child to make sure they receive the amount of iron they need.</p><h2>What is iron?</h2><p>Iron is a mineral everyone needs to keep their body working at its best. Iron works by forming hemoglobin, which is an important part of red blood cells. Hemoglobin carries oxygen to all parts of the body.<br></p><p>When the body does not have enough iron, a child can develop iron-deficiency anemia. This means the body cells get less oxygen. This causes the child to look pale and feel tired, weak and irritable.</p> <figure class="asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Hemoglobin</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Hemoglobin_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="Iron atoms, heme and globin in hemoglobin molecules found in red blood cells" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Red blood cells contain hemoglobin. Hemoglobin has iron atoms which bind to oxygen atoms. Thus, red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of the body.</figcaption> </figure> <br><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Iron is a mineral that forms hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the body.</li> <li>Without enough iron, a child can develop iron-deficiency anemia. This means the body gets less oxygen, causing the child to look pale and feel tired, weak and irritable.</li> <li>Your child’s doctor may prescribe supplements if your child is iron deficient.</li> <li>Eating certain foods can also increase your child’s iron levels.</li> </ul><p>Signs and symptoms of iron deficiency include:</p><ul><li>fatigue</li><li>weakness</li><li>pale skin</li><li>shortness of breath</li><li><a href="/article?contentid=29&language=english">headache</a>, especially with activity</li><li>dizziness</li><li>cold hands and feet</li><li>poor appetite</li><li>craving for ice or clay</li></ul><h2>What causes iron-deficiency anemia?</h2><p>To be healthy, growing children need a constant supply of iron, otherwise their iron stores become low. Iron deficiency can occur in babies and children if they have a diet low in iron-containing foods, or if their bodies have trouble absorbing iron. </p><p>Possible causes of iron deficiency are:</p><ul><li>Drinking a lot of milk (more than 20 ounces, or 600 mL, per day) or juice (more than 4 ounces, or 120 mL, per day) every day. Children fill up with these low-iron fluids and do not get the amount of iron that their body needs.</li><li>Drinking from a bottle after two years of age. These children are at a higher risk of iron-deficiency anemia than those who stop bottle-feeding earlier.</li><li>Eating a diet poor in iron-containing foods.</li><li>Slow, chronic blood loss within the body.</li></ul><h2>Which foods are high in iron?</h2><p>Iron is found in many animal and plant food sources.</p><ul><li>Iron from animal sources is called heme iron. Our bodies can absorb heme iron better than non-heme iron.</li><li>Iron from plant sources is called non-heme iron. Our bodies can absorb non-heme iron when we eat it with foods that contain vitamin C (such as orange juice, citrus fruit, broccoli, strawberries, green or red peppers or tomato sauce) or when we eat it with sources of heme iron.</li></ul><p>The following table lists examples of heme iron foods and non-heme iron foods.</p><table class="akh-table"><thead><tr><th>Heme iron foods (easy to absorb)</th><th>Non-heme iron foods (harder to absorb)</th></tr></thead><tbody><tr><td><p>Beef (hamburger, beef liver, corned beef, steak)</p><p>Lamb</p><p>Chicken (breast, thigh, chicken wings, chicken liver)</p><p>Turkey (dark meat has more iron)</p><p>Veal</p><p>Pork</p><p>Fish (haddock, halibut, salmon, tuna), canned in water</p><p>Sausages</p><p>Clams or oysters</p></td><td><p>Iron-fortified formula and iron-fortified infant cereal</p><p>Cream of wheat</p><p>Oatmeal</p><p>Iron-enriched breakfast cereals (Cheerios, corn flakes)</p><p>Beans: chick peas, lima beans, navy beans, kidney beans, lentils</p><p>Baked beans (canned)</p><p>Baked potato with skin</p><p>Dried fruit: dried apricots, dried figs, raisins</p><p>Prune juice</p><p>Pasta, enriched</p><p>Rice, enriched</p><p>Tofu, firm</p><p>Molasses, blackstrap</p><p>Broccoli</p><p>Spinach</p></td></tr><tr></tr></tbody></table><h2>Getting enough iron at different ages</h2><h3>Babies</h3><p>Breast milk contains enough iron to prevent anemia for the first four to six months of life. After this, babies need other sources of iron in their diet, such as iron-fortified cereal or meat. </p><p>If you choose to bottle-feed, use an iron-fortified formula until your baby is at least one year of age. Do not use "low iron" formulas. These formulas do not contain enough iron to meet your growing baby's needs. </p><p>To make sure your baby is getting enough iron, babies who are exclusively breastfed or formula fed until four to six months of age can be offered meat or iron-fortified cereal as a first food. You can also offer medium or firm tofu, peas, lentils and beans.<br></p><h3>Children and toddlers</h3><p>Children and toddlers who drink a lot of milk or juice are at risk for iron-deficiency anemia. To help children over two years of age get enough iron, you should: </p><ul><li>Remove all bottles and offer milk from a cup.</li><li>Limit milk intake to 2 cups (16 ounces, or 450 mL) every day.</li><li>Offer iron-containing foods every day.</li></ul><h2>How is iron deficiency treated?</h2><p>Oral iron supplements (<a href="/Article?contentid=136&language=English">ferrous fumarate</a> or ferrous sulfate) are required to treat iron-deficiency anemia. Supplements should be taken as prescribed by your doctor. Iron supplements are absorbed best when taken with a source of vitamin C, or on an empty stomach. They are absorbed poorly if taken with meals. Iron supplements should not be taken with milk or dairy products. </p><p>Please speak to your doctor, dietitian, or pharmacist for more information about taking iron supplements.</p><h2>Preventing iron deficiency: Tips to increase iron intake</h2><p>Providing children with foods high in iron can increase iron stores and prevent iron deficiency from occurring.</p><ul><li>Limit cow’s milk to 2 cups (16 ounces, or 500 mL) per day.</li><li>Limit juice to 1/2 to 1 cup (4 to 8 ounces, or 120 to 240 mL) per day.</li><li>Serve beef, pork, lamb, chicken, dark turkey meat, organ, beans or legumes every day.</li><li>Select cereal, bread, rice, and pasta with the words "enriched" or "fortified" on the label.</li></ul><h3>You can also try:</h3><ul><li>Serving citrus fruit (orange, grapefruit, tomato) with iron containing foods to increase absorption: for example, hamburgers with orange juice to drink, orange wedges with meat, chicken with broccoli, or spaghetti and meatballs with tomato sauce.</li><li>Adding dried peas or beans to soups and casseroles.</li><li>Using liquid from canned peas and beans for gravies, soups, and stews.</li><li>Serving liver pate or sardines on whole-wheat crackers or toast.</li><li>Sprinkling dried fruit (dates, raisins, prunes, apricots) on cereal.</li><li>Adding raisins to lunches, favourite desserts, and hot cereal.</li><li>Using oats, whole-wheat flour, and bran when baking.</li><li>Adding blackstrap molasses to muffins, baked beans, gingerbread, and cereals.</li><li>Adding beef to tomato or pasta sauce.</li><li>Adding chunks of ham to macaroni and cheese.</li><li>Serving baked beans with pork and tomato sauce.</li><li>Using kidney, lima, or navy beans with cooking.</li><li>Using whole-wheat or enriched breads and cereals.</li><li>Serving cream of wheat or oatmeal for a snack.</li><li>Offering water for thirst in between meals and snacks.</li></ul><p>See your doctor if you notice that your child becomes pale or tired.</p>ironindiethttps://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Hemoglobin_MED_ILL_EN.jpgIron: Guidelines to improve your child's intakeFalse