Medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) ketogenic diet therapy for epilepsy

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Learn about the benefits and limitations of the medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) ketogenic diet therapy for childhood epilepsy, how the diet is started, and how to use it at home.

Key points

  • The MCT diet is a form of ketogenic diet therapy.
  • The MCT diet includes a supplement called MCT oil, which contains medium-chain triglycerides.
  • The MCT diet allows more carbohydrates, less fat and a wider range of food choices than the classic ketogenic diet.
  • Limitations include the cost of MCT oil and negative side effects such as diarrhea, vomiting, bloating and cramps.
  • The diet needs to be followed carefully under the guidance of your child’s ketogenic diet therapy team, which could include a neurologist, nurse practitioner, nurse and dietitian.
Last updated: March 12th 2021