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NosebleedNNosebleedNosebleedEnglishOtolaryngologyToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NoseArteries;VeinsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Bleeding2014-08-18T04:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng6.0000000000000074.0000000000000660.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn how to treat and prevent nosebleeds in children.</p><div class="asset-video"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/ROy7O_3Zr18?rel=0" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div><h2>What is a nosebleed?</h2><p>The nasal septum is the wall between the two nostrils and is rich in blood vessels. A nosebleed occurs when the septum is picked or knocked or gets too dry.</p><p>Nosebleeds are very common in children. Although the septum bleeds very easily, nosebleeds are usually not serious.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Nosebleeds occur when the wall between the two nostrils, called the nasal septum, is aggravated.</li> <li>Nose picking and air dryness are the most common causes of nosebleeds.</li> <li>To treat a nosebleed at home, lean your child's head forward. Gently squeeze the soft part of your child's nose for 10 to 15 minutes.</li> <li>To help prevent nosebleeds, use a humidifier in your child's bedroom. Using creams on the nasal septum can also prevent dryness.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of nosebleeds</h2> <figure><span class="asset-image-title">Blood vessels in the </span><span class="asset-image-title">nose</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_nasal_blood_vessels_EN.jpg" alt="Side view of a child’s face with nasal septum and blood vessels in the nose identified" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">The</figcaption><figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> nasal septum is the wall in the nose that divides the two nostrils. It is rich in blood vessels that can bleed very easily if the septum is picked or knocked or gets too dry.</figcaption> </figure> <p>The most common causes of nosebleeds are:</p><ul><li>nose picking, which children often do when the air is dry and mucus inside the nose is dry and crusty</li><li>air dryness, for example in an extremely dry climate or in indoor heat during the winter</li></ul><p>Less common causes of nosebleeds are:<br></p><ul><li>infections such as rhinosinusitis, which leads to inflammation and more frequent nose blowing</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1043&language=English">bleeding</a> or clotting disorders</li><li>injuries to the nose</li><li>foreign objects in the nose (for example small objects that small children can often stick up their nostril)</li><li>drug use (for example anti-coagulants (medicines that prevent blood clotting), nasal sprays and some recreational drugs).</li></ul><h2>How a doctor can help your child with a nosebleed</h2> <p>If your child is having repeated nosebleeds, your child’s doctor will examine them to find out where the bleeding is coming from inside the nose.</p> <p>If the bleeding does not stop, the doctor may treat the bleeding with a medical procedure called <a href="/Article?contentid=1250&language=English">nasal cautery</a>. During cautery, the doctor uses a tool to chemically burn the area of the bleeding. This prevents further bleeding episodes.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>See a doctor right away if:</p> <ul> <li>your child's bleeding goes on for more than 20 minutes</li> <li>the bleeding is caused by a blow to the face, a fall or another type of injury.</li> </ul>
Saignement de nezSSaignement de nezNosebleedFrenchOtolaryngologyToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NoseArteries;VeinsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Bleeding2014-08-18T04:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng6.0000000000000074.0000000000000660.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez comment traiter et prévenir les saignements de nez de votre enfant.</p><div class="asset-video"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/ROy7O_3Zr18?rel=0&hl=fr&cc_load_policy=1" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div><h2>Qu’est ce qu’un saignement de nez?</h2><p>La cloison nasale, qui est la paroi séparant les deux narines, renferme un grand nombre de vaisseaux sanguins. Un saignement survient quand la cloison est très sèche, qu’on la frappe ou qu’on la gratte.</p><p>Les saignements de nez sont très courants chez les enfants. Même si la cloison nasale saigne facilement, les saignements sont habituellement sans gravité.</p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Les saignements de nez se produisent lorsque la paroi entre les deux narines, appelée cloison nasale, est irritée.</li> <li>Les causes les plus courantes des saignements de nez sont la sécheresse de l’air et le grattage de l’intérieur du nez.</li> <li>Pour faire cesser un saignement de nez à domicile, penchez la tête de votre enfant vers l’avant et serrez doucement la partie molle du nez juste au-dessus des narines durant 10 à 15 minutes.</li> <li>L’installation d’un humidificateur dans la chambre de votre enfant peut aider à prévenir les saignements de nez. Appliquer des crèmes sur la cloison nasale peut aussi prévenir la sécheresse du nez.</li> </ul><h2>Causes des saignements de nez</h2> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Vaisseaux sanguins dans le nez</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_nasal_blood_vessels_Fr.jpg" alt="Vue latérale du septum nasal et des vaisseaux sanguins dans le nez" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Les deux narines sont séparées par une cloison appelée septum nasal, lequel contient de nombreux vaisseaux sanguins. En présence de saignements de nez à répétition, la cautérisation nasale permet d'obturer les vaisseaux sanguins en cause.</figcaption> </figure> <p>Les causes les plus courantes des saignements de nez sont :</p><ul><li>le grattage dans le nez, ce que font souvent les enfants quand l’air est sec et que le mucus y est sec et croûteux,</li><li>la sécheresse de l’air, par exemple, dans les régions où le climat est extrêmement sec ou causée par le chauffage intérieur durant l’hiver.</li></ul><p>Les causes moins courantes des saignements de nez sont:</p><ul><li>les infections comme les rhino-sinusites qui entraînent une inflammation ainsi que des mouchages plus fréquents,<br></li><li>les problèmes de <a href="/Article?contentid=1043&language=French">saignement</a> ou de coagulation,</li><li>les blessures au nez,</li><li>l’insertion d’objets dans le nez (par exemple, de petits objets que les enfants peuvent souvent insérer dans leurs narines),</li><li>l’usage de médicaments (par exemple, d’anticoagulants, lesquels empêchent la coagulation du sang, certaines pulvérisations nasales et certaines drogues à usage récréatif).</li></ul><h2>Que peut faire un médecin pour aider votre enfant s’il saigne du nez?</h2> <p>Si votre enfant a des saignements de nez à répétition, son médecin examinera l’intérieur de son nez afin de déterminer d’où provient l’écoulement.</p> <p>Si le saignement ne cesse pas, le médecin pourrait utiliser une technique médicale appelée cautérisation nasale. Cela consiste à obturer les vaisseaux sanguins à l’aide de substances chimiques dans la zone d’où provient l’écoulement, ce qui permet de prévenir tout saignement ultérieur.</p><h2>Quand consulter un médecin</h2> <p>Consultez immédiatement un médecin si :</p> <ul> <li>les saignements de nez de votre enfant durent plus de 20 minutes, </li> <li>les saignements sont causés par un coup au visage, une chute ou une autre blessure.</li> </ul>

 

 

Nosebleed749.000000000000NosebleedNosebleedNEnglishOtolaryngologyToddler (13-24 months);Preschooler (2-4 years);School age child (5-8 years);Pre-teen (9-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NoseArteries;VeinsConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Bleeding2014-08-18T04:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, PEng6.0000000000000074.0000000000000660.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn how to treat and prevent nosebleeds in children.</p><div class="asset-video"> <iframe src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/ROy7O_3Zr18?rel=0" frameborder="0"></iframe> </div><h2>What is a nosebleed?</h2><p>The nasal septum is the wall between the two nostrils and is rich in blood vessels. A nosebleed occurs when the septum is picked or knocked or gets too dry.</p><p>Nosebleeds are very common in children. Although the septum bleeds very easily, nosebleeds are usually not serious.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Nosebleeds occur when the wall between the two nostrils, called the nasal septum, is aggravated.</li> <li>Nose picking and air dryness are the most common causes of nosebleeds.</li> <li>To treat a nosebleed at home, lean your child's head forward. Gently squeeze the soft part of your child's nose for 10 to 15 minutes.</li> <li>To help prevent nosebleeds, use a humidifier in your child's bedroom. Using creams on the nasal septum can also prevent dryness.</li> </ul><h2>Causes of nosebleeds</h2> <figure><span class="asset-image-title">Blood vessels in the </span><span class="asset-image-title">nose</span><img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_nasal_blood_vessels_EN.jpg" alt="Side view of a child’s face with nasal septum and blood vessels in the nose identified" /><figcaption class="asset-image-caption">The</figcaption><figcaption class="asset-image-caption"> nasal septum is the wall in the nose that divides the two nostrils. It is rich in blood vessels that can bleed very easily if the septum is picked or knocked or gets too dry.</figcaption> </figure> <p>The most common causes of nosebleeds are:</p><ul><li>nose picking, which children often do when the air is dry and mucus inside the nose is dry and crusty</li><li>air dryness, for example in an extremely dry climate or in indoor heat during the winter</li></ul><p>Less common causes of nosebleeds are:<br></p><ul><li>infections such as rhinosinusitis, which leads to inflammation and more frequent nose blowing</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=1043&language=English">bleeding</a> or clotting disorders</li><li>injuries to the nose</li><li>foreign objects in the nose (for example small objects that small children can often stick up their nostril)</li><li>drug use (for example anti-coagulants (medicines that prevent blood clotting), nasal sprays and some recreational drugs).</li></ul><h2>How a doctor can help your child with a nosebleed</h2> <p>If your child is having repeated nosebleeds, your child’s doctor will examine them to find out where the bleeding is coming from inside the nose.</p> <p>If the bleeding does not stop, the doctor may treat the bleeding with a medical procedure called <a href="/Article?contentid=1250&language=English">nasal cautery</a>. During cautery, the doctor uses a tool to chemically burn the area of the bleeding. This prevents further bleeding episodes.</p><h2>How you can help a child with a nosebleed</h2> <p>Although there may appear to be a lot of blood during a nosebleed, most nosebleeds are not life threatening and can be easily treated at home.</p> <ol> <li>Stay calm. If you are calm, your child will calm down. This will make the nosebleed easier to treat.</li> <li>Have your child sit upright in a chair or on your lap. Keeping the head above the heart slows the bleeding.</li> <li>Have your child lean forward. This prevents blood from draining down the throat, which can irritate your child's stomach or cause gagging or <a href="/Article?contentid=746&language=English">vomiting</a>. Do not let your child lean back until the bleeding is under control.</li> <li>Using your thumb and index finger, gently squeeze the soft portion of your child's nose. This is the area located above the nostrils and below the bony ridge that forms the bridge of the nose. Putting pressure on the nasal bones will not stop the nosebleed.</li> <li>Pinch the nose for 10 to 15 minutes (without stopping). If you stop applying pressure too soon, the nose may start bleeding again.</li> <li>Once the bleeding has stopped, have your child play quietly. Urge your child not to blow, pick, rub or sniff their nose for the next few hours.</li> </ol><h2>How to prevent nosebleeds</h2> <ul> <li>Clip your child's nails short to prevent nose picking.</li> <li>If your home is very dry, try keeping a humidifier in your child's room near the bed. </li> <li>Keep your child's nasal septum moistened with lubricating creams or ointments such as petroleum jelly. </li> <li>If your child uses nasal sprays, try to spray them to the outer sides of the nostrils, not onto the septum.</li> </ul><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>See a doctor right away if:</p> <ul> <li>your child's bleeding goes on for more than 20 minutes</li> <li>the bleeding is caused by a blow to the face, a fall or another type of injury.</li> </ul>nosebleedhttps://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/IMD_nasal_blood_vessels_EN.jpgNosebleedFalse

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