Sore throat and tonsillitisSSore throat and tonsillitisSore throat and tonsillitisEnglishOtolaryngologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Mouth;EsophagusMouth;EsophagusConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Abdominal pain;Cough;Fever;Nausea;Runny nose;Sore throat2019-10-04T04:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, Peng7.1000000000000068.00000000000001055.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>A sore throat is usually a symptom of an illness. Learn possible causes, how long it lasts, and how to take care of your child. </p>​​​<p>Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are infections in the throat that cause it to be sore. If the tonsils are primarily involved, it is called tonsillitis and if the throat is primarily involved it is called pharyngitis. Your child's throat may feel dry, itchy, scratchy or painful.</p><p>The tonsils are small pieces of tissue at the back of the mouth, on the sides towards the top. The tonsils are a part of the body's defensive lymphatic system. They help fight germs that cause infection and prevent you from getting sick.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Sore throats have many different causes.</li> <li>Most sore throats do not need antibiotics.</li> <li>Take your child to the doctor if your child has a sore throat and is unable to move their neck, is unable to drink or cannot swallow their saliva.</li> <li>You can help your child be more comfortable by giving plenty of liquids, soft foods and pain medicine if needed.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of a sore throat</h2><ul><li>Your child may say their throat or neck is sore.</li><li>Your child may say it hurts when swallowing, drinking or eating.</li><li>Your child may have a hoarse voice.</li><li>Younger children may refuse to eat or drink, take smaller amounts than usual, or cry when feeding and swallowing.</li></ul><h3>Some children may have other symptoms including:</h3><ul><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a>, cough and runny nose<br></li><li>nausea and stomach (tummy) pain</li><li>their throat may be redder than normal, possibly with pus. There can be more redness with both viral and bacterial throat infections.</li></ul><h2>Causes of a sore throat</h2><ul><li>Illnesses like a <a href="/Article?contentid=12&language=English">cold</a> or the <a href="/article?contentid=763&language=English">flu</a> can cause a sore throat.<br></li><li>Sometimes sore throats can be caused when children sleep with their mouths open and wake up with a dry mouth and sore throat.</li><li>Children with post-nasal drip may get sore throats from clearing their throats or coughing at night.</li><li>Certain viruses can cause sores in the mouth or throat, resulting in a sore throat.</li><li>Sore throats can be caused by a bacterial infection, most commonly by <a href="/Article?contentid=11&language=English">strep throat</a> (a family of bacteria called streptococcus). In this family, Group A Beta-Haemolytic Streptococcus (GABS) is the most common bacteria and can cause complications in other parts of the body.</li></ul><h2>​Caring for your child at home</h2><ul><li>If your child is having trouble swallowing, give soft foods that are easy to swallow.<br></li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=776&language=English">Give plenty of liquids</a>.<br></li><li>If your child is more than one year old, try giving pasteurized honey to soothe the throat and help with the cough (infants less than one year should not be given any honey).<br></li><li>Older children can try gargling with warm salt water.<br></li></ul><h3>​Sore throats caused by sleeping with the mouth open</h3><ul><li>Offer your child something to drink if their throat is sore.</li><li>Use a humidifier at night to put more moisture in the air. This may help prevent sore throats.</li></ul><p>If this happens often or if it is associated with snoring, breathing difficulty or excessive daytime sleepiness, discuss it with your health-care provider.<br></p><h3>​Sore throats caused by post-nasal drip</h3><ul><li>Rinsing the nasal passages with a saline solution can help to lessen throat clearing or coughing.</li></ul><h3>Sore throats caused by viruses</h3><p>If your child has a sore throat caused by a virus, you can:</p><ul><li>give your child <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a> to treat pain and fever. Follow the instructions on the label.</li><li>use a liquid preparation or rectal suppositories instead if your child’s throat is too sore to swallow pills.</li></ul><p>​Sore throats caused by a virus should go away in about seven days. Antibiotics will not help sore throats caused by viruses.<br></p><h3>Sore throats caused by strep throat</h3><p>Most strep throat (an infection caused by GABS bacteria) cases get better in three to seven days without <a href="/Article?contentid=1120&language=English">antibiotics</a>. Antibiotic treatment reduces the risk of other people becoming infected and reduces some of the complications associated with GABS.</p><h3>Sore throat caused by tonsillitis</h3><p>Tonsillitis may cause the tonsils to become enlarged, leading to difficulty swallowing, transient breathing difficulty or snoring at night. These symptoms improve as the tonsillitis gets better. Enlarged tonsils may be caused by a strep infection.<br></p><p>Persistently enlarged tonsils and/or adenoids may cause your child to have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This is when your child goes through long pauses between breaths while sleeping and can occur when your child's tonsils have become large enough to block your child's air passage. If you are concerned that your child may have OSA, discuss this with their health-care provider.<br></p><h3>​Treatments that will not help a sore throat</h3><p>Treatments that should not be used to help sore throat include:</p><ul><li>over-the-counter throat sprays. There is no evidence that over-the-counter sprays help with a sore throat. Some throat sprays may contain ingredients (Benzocaine) that may cause an allergic reaction or other problems.</li><li>throat lozenges or hard candies. These remedies are a choking hazard for young children.</li><li>any leftover medicine from family or friends. Leftover medicine may not be the right medicine or the right dose. You could harm your child without intending to.</li><li>Antibiotics will not help cure a sore throat caused by a virus.</li></ul><h2>​Complications of a sore throat</h2><p>Sore throats that are caused by viruses, throat clearing, dryness or irritants rarely have any long-term complications. These types of sore throats do not need antibiotics and tend to resolve on their own. </p><p>Throat infections caused by Group A strep can lead to diseases that affect the nervous system, heart (rheumatic fever) or kidneys (post streptococcal glomerulonephritis). Most of these complications can be avoided if the strep throat is treated.</p><p>Make an appointment with your child's doctor if:</p><ul><li>Your child has been in contact with someone with strep throat, or your child has had strep throat in the past.</li><li>Your child has a sore throat that lasts longer than a few days.</li></ul><p>Go to the nearest Emergency Department or call 911 if:</p><ul><li>Your child is having trouble breathing.</li><li>Your child is drooling or having a lot of trouble swallowing.</li><li>Your child is acting very sick.</li><li>Your child is having trouble moving their neck.</li></ul>
التهاب الحلق (التهاب البلعوم)االتهاب الحلق (التهاب البلعوم)Sore throat (pharyngitis)ArabicOtolaryngologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Mouth;EsophagusMouth;EsophagusConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Abdominal pain;Cough;Fever;Nausea;Runny nose;Sore throat2009-10-16T04:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan,HBArtsSc,MD, FRCPC6.0000000000000073.00000000000001131.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ان التهاب الحلق عادة ما يكون من اعراض المرض. اعرف ما هي الاسباب المحتملة، الى متى سيستمر، وكيف تعتني بطفلك.</p>
咽喉炎(咽炎)咽喉炎(咽炎)Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)ChineseTraditionalNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA1990-01-01T05:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan,HBArtsSc,MD, FRCPC73.00000000000006.000000000000001131.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>介紹小兒咽喉炎症狀和發病原因,以及咽喉炎治療與家庭護理方法</p>
Inflamação da garganta (faringite)IInflamação da garganta (faringite)Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)PortugueseNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan,HBArtsSc,MD, FRCPC73.00000000000006.000000000000001131.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>A inflamação da garganta e, geralmente, um sintoma de doença. Conheça as eventuais causas, quanto tempo demora a passar e como cuidar do seu filho.</p>
ਗਲ਼ੇ ਦਾ ਦਰਦ (ਫ਼ਾਰਨਜਿਟੀਸ)ਗਲ਼ੇ ਦਾ ਦਰਦ (ਫ਼ਾਰਨਜਿਟੀਸ)Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)PunjabiNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-11-01T04:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan,HBArtsSc,MD, FRCPC73.00000000000006.000000000000001131.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>ਗਲ਼ੇ ਦਾ ਦਰਦ ਆਮ ਕਰ ਕੇ ਬਿਮਾਰੀ ਦਾ ਲੱਛਣ ਹੁੰਦਾ ਹੈ। ਇਸ ਦੇ ਸੰਭਵ ਕਾਰਨਾਂ, ਇਹ ਕਿੰਨਾ ਸਮਾਂ ਰਹਿੰਦਾ ਹੈ ਅਤੇ ਆਪਣੇ ਬੱਚੇ ਦੀ ਸੰਭਾਲ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਕਰਨੀ ਹੈ ਬਾਰੇ ਸਿਖਿਆ ਹਾਸਲ ਕਰੋ।</p>
Dolor de garganta (faringitis)DDolor de garganta (faringitis)Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)SpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan,HBArtsSc,MD, FRCPC73.00000000000006.000000000000001131.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>Un dolor de garganta suele ser síntoma de una infección como la faringitis. Infórmese sobre los síntomas y el tratamiento de la faringitis en niños.</p>
தொண்டை வலி (ஃபரிஞ்ஜைடிஸ்)தொண்டை வலி (ஃபரிஞ்ஜைடிஸ்)Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)TamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan,HBArtsSc,MD, FRCPC73.00000000000006.000000000000001131.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>பிள்ளைகளின் தொண்டை அழற்சி என்பது பொதுவாக ஒரு நோயின் அறிகுறி. அடித் தொண்டை அழற்சியின் காரணங்கள், அடித் தொண்டை அழற்சி எவ்வளவு காலம் நீடிக்கும் என்பதைப் பற்றி தெரிந்து கொள்ளுங்கள்.</p>
گلے کی سوزش (حلق کی سوزش)گگلے کی سوزش (حلق کی سوزش)Sore Throat (Pharyngitis)UrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2009-10-16T04:00:00ZJanine A. Flanagan, HBArtsSc, MD, FRCPC73.00000000000006.000000000000001131.00000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>گلے کی سوزش اُس وقت ہوتی ہے جب بچہ گلا دُکھنے کی شکایت کرتا ہے۔ آپ کے بچے کا گلا سُوکھا، خارش والا، خراشوں والا، یا تکلیف دہ محسوس ہو سکتا ہے۔</p>
Mal de gorge et amygdaliteMMal de gorge et amygdaliteSore throat and tonsillitisFrenchOtolaryngologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Mouth;EsophagusMouth;EsophagusConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Abdominal pain;Cough;Fever;Nausea;Runny nose;Sore throat2019-10-04T04:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, Peng545.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Le mal de gorge est habituellement le symptôme d’une maladie. Renseignez-vous au sujet des causes possibles, de la durée et de la façon de prendre soin de votre enfant. <br></p><p>La pharyngite et l’amygdalite sont des infections douloureuses de la gorge. On parle d’amygdalite si ce sont principalement les amygdales qui font mal et de pharyngite si c’est surtout la gorge qui est douloureuse. La gorge de votre enfant peut alors être sèche ou sensible ou le démanger.<br></p><p>Les amygdales sont deux petits organes situés à l’arrière de la bouche, aux côtés et vers le haut. Ils font partie du système lymphatique qui assure la défense de l’organisme. Les amygdales contribuent à combattre les bactéries causant des infections pour vous éviter d’être malade.<br></p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Les causes des maux de gorge sont nombreuses.</li> <li>Le traitement de la plupart des maux de gorge n’exige pas la prise d’antibiotiques.</li> <li>Amenez votre enfant chez le médecin s’il a mal à la gorge et ne peut pas bouger son cou, il est incapable de boire ou il est incapable d'avaler sa salive.<br></li> <li>Pour soulager votre enfant, donnez-lui beaucoup de liquides, des aliments mous et, au besoin, des analgésiques.</li> </ul><h2>Signes et symptômes du mal de gorge</h2><ul><li>Votre enfant peut se plaindre d’avoir mal à la gorge ou au cou.</li><li>Il peut aussi se plaindre de douleurs lorsqu’il avale, boit ou mange.<br></li><li>Votre enfant peut avoir la voix rauque.</li><li>Les tout-petits peuvent refuser de manger ou de boire, manger ou boire moins que d’habitude ou pleurer lors des tétées ou en avalant.</li></ul><h3>Certains enfants peuvent aussi présenter d’autres symptômes, dont les suivants :</h3><ul><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=French">fièvre</a>, toux et écoulement nasal;<br></li><li>nausée et douleurs abdominales (mal de ventre);<br></li><li>gorge plus rouge que d’habitude et pouvant présenter des sécrétions (tant les infections virales que bactériennes peuvent causer une rougeur plus intense).</li></ul><h2>Causes du mal de gorge</h2><ul><li>Les maladies comme le <a href="/article?contentid=12&language=French">rhume</a> ou la <a href="/article?contentid=763&language=French">grippe</a> peuvent provoquer un mal de gorge. </li><li>Quand les enfants dorment la bouche ouverte, ils peuvent parfois avoir la bouche sèche et avoir mal à la gorge lorsqu’ils se réveillent.</li><li>Chez les enfants présentant un écoulement rhino-pharyngé ou post-nasal (écoulements de mucus dans la gorge), les raclements et la toux durant la nuit peuvent causer un mal de gorge.</li><li>Certains virus peuvent causer des lésions (plaies) dans la bouche ou la gorge qui entraînent un mal de gorge.</li><li>Les maux de gorge peuvent être causés par une infection bactérienne, généralement par l’<a href="/Article?contentid=11&language=French">angine streptococcique</a>, (à savoir une famille de bactérie appelé streptocoque). Dans cette famille, la bactérie streptocoque bêta-hémolytique du groupe A (SBGA), qui est la plus courante, peut causer des complications à d’autres organes du corps.<br></li></ul><h2>​Prendre soin de votre enfant à domicile</h2><ul><li>Si votre enfant a du mal à avaler, donnez-lui des aliments mous faciles à absorber.</li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=776&language=French">Faites-le boire beaucoup de liquides.</a></li><li>Si votre enfant a plus d’un an, essayez de lui donner du miel pasteurisé pour apaiser le mal de gorge et réduire la toux (les nourrissons âgés moins d'un an ne devront pas consommer du miel).<br></li><li>Les enfants plus âgés peuvent tenter de se gargariser avec de l'eau chaude salée.<br></li></ul><h3>​Maux de gorge causés par le fait de dormir la bouche ouverte<br></h3><ul><li>Offrez à boire à votre enfant s’il a mal à la gorge.</li><li>Faites fonctionner un humidificateur la nuit afin d’augmenter le taux d’humidité de l'air. Cela peut contribuer à prévenir les maux de gorge.</li></ul><p>Si votre enfant présente souvent des maux de gorge ou si ceux-ci sont associés à des ronflements, à des difficultés de respiration ou à une somnolence excessive pendant la journée, demandez conseil auprès de votre fournisseur de soins de santé.</p><h3>​Maux de gorge causés par l’écoulement rhino-pharyngé ou post-nasal</h3><ul><li>Rincer les voies nasales avec une solution saline peut permettre de diminuer les raclements ou la toux.</li></ul><h3>Maux de gorge causés par un virus<br></h3><p>Si votre enfant souffre d'un mal de gorge causé par un virus, vous pouvez :</p><ul><li>donner de l’<a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=French">acétaminophène</a> ou de l’<a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=French">ibuprofène</a> pour calmer la douleur et la fièvre de votre enfant. Suivez la posologie recommandée sur le contenant;<br></li><li>utiliser une préparation liquide ou des suppositoires si la gorge de votre enfant fait trop mal pour avaler des pilules.</li></ul><p>Les maux de gorge d’origine virale disparaissent généralement au bout de sept jours environ. Les antibiotiques seront inefficaces contre les maux de gorge causés par un virus.<br></p><h3>Maux de gorge causés par l’angine streptococcique</h3><p>La plupart des cas d’angine streptococcique (infection causée par la bactérie SBGA) s’améliorent au bout de trois à sept jours sans exiger d’<a href="/Article?contentid=1120&language=French">antibiotiques</a>. Toutefois, l’antibiothérapie réduit le risque de transmission et de certaines des complications associées à l’infection streptococcique du groupe A.</p><h3>Mal de gorge causé par l’amygdalite</h3><p>L’amygdalite peut provoquer l’enflure des amygdales, ce qui peut causer des difficultés à avaler, des problèmes passagers de respiration ou des ronflements durant la nuit. Ces symptômes s’atténuent cependant à mesure que l’amygdalite guérit. L'angine streptococcique peut aussi provoquer l'enflure des amygdales.<br></p><p>L’enflure persistante des amygdales ou des végétations adénoïdes pourrait causer l’apnée obstructive du sommeil (AOS) chez votre enfant. L’AOS est une affection caractérisée par des pauses prolongées entre les respirations durant le sommeil. Elle peut se manifester quand les amygdales sont assez enflées pour obstruer les voies respiratoires. Si vous pensez que votre enfant pourrait être atteint de l'AOS, discutez-en avec son fournisseur de soins de santé.<br></p><h3>Traitements inefficaces pour le mal de gorge</h3><p>Les suivants sont des traitements qui ne devront pas être utilisés pour le mal de gorge.</p><ul><li>N’utilisez pas d’aérosols en vente libre. Il n’y a aucune pe qu’ils favorisent le soulagement du mal de gorge. De plus, certains aérosols peuvent contenir des ingrédients comme la benzocaïne qui peuvent causer une réaction allergique ou d’autres problèmes.</li><li>Ne donnez pas de pastilles pour la gorge ou de bonbons durs aux tout-petits, car ils risquent de s’étouffer.</li><li>N’employez jamais les restes de médicaments des membres de la famille ou des amis. Comme les médicaments ou leurs doses ne sont pas nécessairement appropriés, vous pourriez involontairement faire du mal à votre enfant.</li><li>Les antibiotiques n’ont aucun effet sur les maux de gorge d’origine virale.</li></ul><h2>​Complications des maux de gorge</h2><p>Les maux de gorge causés par des virus, les raclements, la sécheresse ou les irritants entraînent rarement des complications à long terme. </p><p>Les infections de la gorge causées par le SBGA peuvent entraîner des maladies touchant le système nerveux, le cœur (fièvre rhumatismale) ou les reins (glomérulonéphrite post-streptococcique). On peut éviter la plupart de ces complications en traitant l’angine streptococcique est traitée.</p><h2>Quand consulter un médecin</h2><p> <strong>Prenez un rendez-vous avec le médecin :</strong></p><ul><li>si votre enfant a été en présence d’une personne atteinte d’angine streptococcique ou s’il a lui-même souffert de cette infection dans le passé;</li><li>si votre enfant a un mal à la gorge qui dure plus de quelques jours.</li></ul><p> <strong>Amenez votre enfant au service des urgences le plus près ou composez le 911 :</strong></p><ul><li>s’il a du mal à respirer,</li><li>s’il bave ou avale très difficilement,</li><li>s’il est très malade;</li><li>s'il a du mal à bouger son cou.</li></ul>

 

 

Sore throat and tonsillitis748.000000000000Sore throat and tonsillitisSore throat and tonsillitisSEnglishOtolaryngologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)Mouth;EsophagusMouth;EsophagusConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)Abdominal pain;Cough;Fever;Nausea;Runny nose;Sore throat2019-10-04T04:00:00ZShawna Silver, MD, FRCPC, FAAP, Peng7.1000000000000068.00000000000001055.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>A sore throat is usually a symptom of an illness. Learn possible causes, how long it lasts, and how to take care of your child. </p>​​​<p>Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are infections in the throat that cause it to be sore. If the tonsils are primarily involved, it is called tonsillitis and if the throat is primarily involved it is called pharyngitis. Your child's throat may feel dry, itchy, scratchy or painful.</p><p>The tonsils are small pieces of tissue at the back of the mouth, on the sides towards the top. The tonsils are a part of the body's defensive lymphatic system. They help fight germs that cause infection and prevent you from getting sick.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Sore throats have many different causes.</li> <li>Most sore throats do not need antibiotics.</li> <li>Take your child to the doctor if your child has a sore throat and is unable to move their neck, is unable to drink or cannot swallow their saliva.</li> <li>You can help your child be more comfortable by giving plenty of liquids, soft foods and pain medicine if needed.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of a sore throat</h2><ul><li>Your child may say their throat or neck is sore.</li><li>Your child may say it hurts when swallowing, drinking or eating.</li><li>Your child may have a hoarse voice.</li><li>Younger children may refuse to eat or drink, take smaller amounts than usual, or cry when feeding and swallowing.</li></ul><h3>Some children may have other symptoms including:</h3><ul><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=30&language=English">fever</a>, cough and runny nose<br></li><li>nausea and stomach (tummy) pain</li><li>their throat may be redder than normal, possibly with pus. There can be more redness with both viral and bacterial throat infections.</li></ul><h2>Causes of a sore throat</h2><ul><li>Illnesses like a <a href="/Article?contentid=12&language=English">cold</a> or the <a href="/article?contentid=763&language=English">flu</a> can cause a sore throat.<br></li><li>Sometimes sore throats can be caused when children sleep with their mouths open and wake up with a dry mouth and sore throat.</li><li>Children with post-nasal drip may get sore throats from clearing their throats or coughing at night.</li><li>Certain viruses can cause sores in the mouth or throat, resulting in a sore throat.</li><li>Sore throats can be caused by a bacterial infection, most commonly by <a href="/Article?contentid=11&language=English">strep throat</a> (a family of bacteria called streptococcus). In this family, Group A Beta-Haemolytic Streptococcus (GABS) is the most common bacteria and can cause complications in other parts of the body.</li></ul><h2>​Caring for your child at home</h2><ul><li>If your child is having trouble swallowing, give soft foods that are easy to swallow.<br></li><li> <a href="/Article?contentid=776&language=English">Give plenty of liquids</a>.<br></li><li>If your child is more than one year old, try giving pasteurized honey to soothe the throat and help with the cough (infants less than one year should not be given any honey).<br></li><li>Older children can try gargling with warm salt water.<br></li></ul><h3>​Sore throats caused by sleeping with the mouth open</h3><ul><li>Offer your child something to drink if their throat is sore.</li><li>Use a humidifier at night to put more moisture in the air. This may help prevent sore throats.</li></ul><p>If this happens often or if it is associated with snoring, breathing difficulty or excessive daytime sleepiness, discuss it with your health-care provider.<br></p><h3>​Sore throats caused by post-nasal drip</h3><ul><li>Rinsing the nasal passages with a saline solution can help to lessen throat clearing or coughing.</li></ul><h3>Sore throats caused by viruses</h3><p>If your child has a sore throat caused by a virus, you can:</p><ul><li>give your child <a href="/Article?contentid=62&language=English">acetaminophen</a> or <a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a> to treat pain and fever. Follow the instructions on the label.</li><li>use a liquid preparation or rectal suppositories instead if your child’s throat is too sore to swallow pills.</li></ul><p>​Sore throats caused by a virus should go away in about seven days. Antibiotics will not help sore throats caused by viruses.<br></p><h3>Sore throats caused by strep throat</h3><p>Most strep throat (an infection caused by GABS bacteria) cases get better in three to seven days without <a href="/Article?contentid=1120&language=English">antibiotics</a>. Antibiotic treatment reduces the risk of other people becoming infected and reduces some of the complications associated with GABS.</p><h3>Sore throat caused by tonsillitis</h3><p>Tonsillitis may cause the tonsils to become enlarged, leading to difficulty swallowing, transient breathing difficulty or snoring at night. These symptoms improve as the tonsillitis gets better. Enlarged tonsils may be caused by a strep infection.<br></p><p>Persistently enlarged tonsils and/or adenoids may cause your child to have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). This is when your child goes through long pauses between breaths while sleeping and can occur when your child's tonsils have become large enough to block your child's air passage. If you are concerned that your child may have OSA, discuss this with their health-care provider.<br></p><h3>​Treatments that will not help a sore throat</h3><p>Treatments that should not be used to help sore throat include:</p><ul><li>over-the-counter throat sprays. There is no evidence that over-the-counter sprays help with a sore throat. Some throat sprays may contain ingredients (Benzocaine) that may cause an allergic reaction or other problems.</li><li>throat lozenges or hard candies. These remedies are a choking hazard for young children.</li><li>any leftover medicine from family or friends. Leftover medicine may not be the right medicine or the right dose. You could harm your child without intending to.</li><li>Antibiotics will not help cure a sore throat caused by a virus.</li></ul><h2>​Complications of a sore throat</h2><p>Sore throats that are caused by viruses, throat clearing, dryness or irritants rarely have any long-term complications. These types of sore throats do not need antibiotics and tend to resolve on their own. </p><p>Throat infections caused by Group A strep can lead to diseases that affect the nervous system, heart (rheumatic fever) or kidneys (post streptococcal glomerulonephritis). Most of these complications can be avoided if the strep throat is treated.</p><h2>​Prevent a sore throat<br></h2><p><a href="/article?contentid=1981&language=English">Wash your hands​</a> and your child’s hands often. This will help to stop the spread of germs and lower the chances of getting a sore throat caused by infection or virus.</p><p>Make an appointment with your child's doctor if:</p><ul><li>Your child has been in contact with someone with strep throat, or your child has had strep throat in the past.</li><li>Your child has a sore throat that lasts longer than a few days.</li></ul><p>Go to the nearest Emergency Department or call 911 if:</p><ul><li>Your child is having trouble breathing.</li><li>Your child is drooling or having a lot of trouble swallowing.</li><li>Your child is acting very sick.</li><li>Your child is having trouble moving their neck.</li></ul><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/sore_throat_tonsillitis.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/sore_throat_tonsillitis.jpgsorethroatSore throat and tonsillitisFalse