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Turner syndromeTTurner syndromeTurner syndromeEnglishGeneticsChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-17T04:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC7.0000000000000063.0000000000000631.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An overview of the causes, symptoms and complications of Turner syndrome. This syndrome affects only girls and women.</p><h2>What is Turner syndrome?</h2> <p>Turner syndrome (TS) is a condition that affects only girls and women. Girls with TS have a similar set of features including short stature, lack of sexual development at puberty and a webbing of the neck. TS affects one in every 2,000 to 2,500 baby girls. Most girls with TS can expect to lead healthy, productive and happy lives.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Turner syndrome affects only girls and women. </li> <li>Girls with TS have a similar set of features including short stature, lack of sexual development at puberty, and webbing of the neck. </li> <li>Most girls with TS can expect to lead healthy, productive and happy lives.</li> <li>TS is not an inherited condition, but it is due to a missing chromosome.</li> <li>Complications include heart abnormalities and scoliosis. </li> <li>Some girls are treated with hormones to stimulate growth and puberty.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of Turner syndrome</h2> <p>Girls and women with TS can have different signs and symptoms. Physical and mental development varies for every TS child. </p> <h3>Infant</h3> <ul> <li>heart and blood vessel abnormalities</li> <li>extra skin folds at the side and back of the neck</li> <li>small and puffy hands and feet</li> </ul> <h3>School-aged child</h3> <ul> <li>slow growth</li> <li>smaller in stature compared with peers</li> <li>recurrent ear infections</li> <li>hearing problems</li> <li>eye and vision problems</li> <li>learning difficulties</li> <li>wide set nipples</li> <li>broad chest</li> </ul> <h3>Adolescent</h3> <ul> <li>does not develop breast tissue</li> <li>does not menstruate at the expected age</li> <li>low hairline at the back</li> </ul> <h3>Adult</h3> <ul> <li>irregular menstruation</li> <li>fertility problems</li> <li>heart problems</li> <li>high blood pressure</li> </ul><h2>Causes</h2><p>Most girls are born with two complete X chromosomes. The X chromosomes are the sex chromosomes for females. TS is caused by the absence of all or part of the second X chromosome in some or all of the cells of the body. </p><p>Girls need two full X chromosomes for the development of a fully functional female reproductive system. Some girls inherit only one X chromosome, while other girls have parts of the second X chromosome but only in some cells. Doctors believe that this is caused by a spontaneous error in cell division. TS is not an inherited condition. </p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Turner syndrome karyotype</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Turner_syndrome_karyotype_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Normally there are two copies of the X chromosome in girls. Turner syndrome occurs when there is only one X chromosome.</figcaption> </figure><h2>What can a doctor do for your daughter with Turner syndrome</h2> <p>Your daughter's doctor will conduct a physical examination. The doctor will then take a series of tests. Most girls are diagnosed when they are very young, although girls and women can be diagnosed with TS at different stages of life. Pregnant women can test their babies during the prenatal period. This test is called a karyotype. Women in young adulthood may get tested when they experience fertility problems. Some girls are treated with hormones to stimulate puberty and growth. Your daughter may be referred to a specialist if she has heart problems or other complications. Once diagnosis is confirmed, your daughter's doctor will help with education and counselling. Your daughter may need to seek the support of other girls with the condition. Groups like the Turner Syndrome Society of Canada can offer resources and family support. </p><h2>Complications</h2> <p>Many girls with TS lead healthy lives. Some girls, however, have minor-to-severe complications, including:</p> <ul> <li>infertility</li> <li>heart abnormalities </li> <li>chronic or recurrent middle ear infections and hearing loss </li> <li>feeding problems in infancy and childhood </li> <li>kidney and urinary tract abnormalities </li> <li>diabetes </li> <li>eye problems </li> <li>high arched palate with associated dental problems </li> <li>curvature of the spine (scoliosis) </li> <li>celiac disease</li> <li>obesity</li> <li>brittle bones (osteoporosis)</li> <li>high blood pressure </li> <li>visual spatial learning challenges</li> <li>difficulty with social skills</li> </ul><h2>When to seek medical assistance</h2> <p>If you suspect your daughter may have TS, make an appointment with your child's doctor right away.</p>
Syndrome de TurnerSSyndrome de TurnerTurner SyndromeFrenchGeneticsChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-17T04:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC7.0000000000000063.0000000000000631.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Voici un survol facile à comprendre des causes, des symptômes et des complications de cette pathologie qui touche uniquement les filles et les femmes.</p><br><h2>Qu’est-ce que le syndrome de Turner?</h2><p>Le syndrome de Turner (ST) est une pathologie qui touche uniquement les filles et les femmes. Les filles atteintes du ST ont toutes des caractéristiques semblables, dont une petite taille, l’absence de développement sexuel à la puberté et des plis dans le cou. Le ST touche un bébé sur 2 000 à 2 500. La plupart des filles atteintes du ST peuvent s’attendre à vivre une vie saine, productive et heureuse. </p><br><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul><li> Le syndrome de Turner touche uniquement les filles et les femmes.</li><li> Les filles atteintes de ST ont un ensemble semblable de caractéristiques, dont une courte taille, l’absence de développement sexuel à la puberté et des plis cutanés au cou.</li><li> La plupart des filles atteintes du ST peuvent compter sur une vie saine, productive et heureuse.</li><li> Le ST n’est pas une pathologie héréditaire, mais bien un trouble attribuable à un chromosome manquant.</li><li> Les complications comprennent les anomalies cardiaques et la scoliose.</li><li> Certaines filles sont traitées au moyen d’hormones pour stimuler la croissance et la puberté. </li></ul><h2>Signes et symptômes du syndrome de Turner</h2><p>Les filles et les femmes atteintes du ST peuvent avoir différents signes et symptômes. Le développement physique et mental varie d’un enfant à l’autre. </p><h3>Nouveau-né</h3><ul><li> anomalies du cœur et des vaisseaux sanguins;</li><li> plis cutanés sur le côté et à l’arrière du cou;</li><li> mains et pieds plus petits et gonflés. </li></ul><h3>Enfant d’âge scolaire</h3><ul><li> croissance lente;</li><li> petite stature en comparaison à ses pairs;</li><li> infections d’oreille récurrentes;</li><li> problèmes d’audition;</li><li> problèmes avec la vue et la vision;</li><li> difficultés d’apprentissage; mamelons très espacés;</li><li> poitrine plus large que la normale. </li></ul><h3>Adolescente</h3><ul><li>les seins ne se développent pas;</li><li>les menstruations ne commencent pas à l’âge normal; </li><li>la ligne de contour des cheveux est située très bas à l’arrière du cou. </li></ul> <br><h2>Causes</h2><p>La plupart des filles sont nées avec deux chromosomes X complets. Les chromosomes X sont les chromosomes sexuels des filles. Le ST est attribuable à l’absence de la totalité ou d’une partie du deuxième chromosome X dans la totalité ou une partie des cellules du corps. </p><p>Les filles ont besoin de deux chromosomes X complets pour que le système reproducteur féminin soit entièrement opérationnel. Certaines filles héritent uniquement d’un chromosome X, tandis que d’autres ont des parties du deuxième chromosome X, mais uniquement dans certaines cellules. Les médecins croient que ce phénomène est attribuable à une erreur spontanée dans la division cellulaire. Le ST n’est pas héréditaire. </p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Caryotype du syndrome de Turner</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Turner_syndrome_karyotype_MED_ILL_FR.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Normalement, il y a deux copies du chromosome X chez les filles. Le syndrome de Turner est une anomalie qui se manifeste lorsqu'une personne n'a qu'un chromosome X.</figcaption> </figure><h2>Ce qu’un médecin peut faire pour votre fille atteinte du syndrome de Turner </h2><p>Le médecin de votre fille mènera un examen physique. Le médecin fera ensuite un ensemble de tests. La plupart des filles reçoivent le diagnostic quand elles sont très jeunes, bien que les filles et les femmes puissent recevoir le diagnostic de ST à différentes étapes de leur vie. Les femmes enceintes peuvent faire passer le test à leur bébé pendant la période prénatale. Ce test s’appelle un caryotype. Les jeunes adultes pourraient vouloir passer ce test si elles sont aux prises avec un problème de fertilité. Certaines jeunes filles sont traitées au moyen d’hormones pour stimuler la puberté et la croissance. Votre fille pourrait également être référée à un spécialiste si elle a des problèmes cardiaques ou d’autres complications. Certaines filles sont traitées avec des hormones qui stimulent la puberté et la croissance. Votre fille pourrait être référée à un spécialiste si elle a des problèmes cardiaques ou d’autres complications. Une fois le diagnostic confirmé, le médecin de votre fille vous offrira des ressources pour vous enseigner et vous soutenir. Votre fille pourrait vouloir obtenir du soutien d’autres filles qui ont le même syndrome qu’elle. Des groupes comme la Turner Syndrome Society of Canada peuvent offrir des ressources et du soutien familial. </p><br><h2>Complications</h2><p>De nombreuses filles atteintes du ST vivent une vie saine. Certaines autres, cependant, ont des complications qui peuvent varier de mineures à majeures, dont :</p><ul><li> l’infertilité;</li><li> les anomalies cardiaques;</li><li> des infections de l’oreille moyenne chroniques ou récurrentes et des pertes d’audition;</li><li> des problèmes d’alimentation pendant la petite enfance et l’enfance;</li><li> anomalies des reins et du système urinaire; </li><li> le diabète; </li><li> des problèmes avec les yeux;</li><li> un palais ogival et les problèmes dentaires connexes; </li><li> une courbure de la colonne (scoliose); </li><li> la maladie cœliaque;</li><li> l’obésité;</li><li> des os fragiles (ostéoporose);</li><li> la haute tension artérielle;</li><li> des difficultés d’apprentissage visuelles et spatiales;</li><li> des difficultés dans les relations sociales. </li></ul> <br><h2>Quand consulter</h2><p>Si vous soupçonnez que votre fille est atteinte du ST, prenez rendez-vous immédiatement avec le médecin de votre enfant. </p><br>

 

 

Turner syndrome869.000000000000Turner syndromeTurner syndromeTEnglishGeneticsChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-17T04:00:00ZSheila Jacobson, MBBCh, FRCPC7.0000000000000063.0000000000000631.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An overview of the causes, symptoms and complications of Turner syndrome. This syndrome affects only girls and women.</p><h2>What is Turner syndrome?</h2> <p>Turner syndrome (TS) is a condition that affects only girls and women. Girls with TS have a similar set of features including short stature, lack of sexual development at puberty and a webbing of the neck. TS affects one in every 2,000 to 2,500 baby girls. Most girls with TS can expect to lead healthy, productive and happy lives.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Turner syndrome affects only girls and women. </li> <li>Girls with TS have a similar set of features including short stature, lack of sexual development at puberty, and webbing of the neck. </li> <li>Most girls with TS can expect to lead healthy, productive and happy lives.</li> <li>TS is not an inherited condition, but it is due to a missing chromosome.</li> <li>Complications include heart abnormalities and scoliosis. </li> <li>Some girls are treated with hormones to stimulate growth and puberty.</li> </ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of Turner syndrome</h2> <p>Girls and women with TS can have different signs and symptoms. Physical and mental development varies for every TS child. </p> <h3>Infant</h3> <ul> <li>heart and blood vessel abnormalities</li> <li>extra skin folds at the side and back of the neck</li> <li>small and puffy hands and feet</li> </ul> <h3>School-aged child</h3> <ul> <li>slow growth</li> <li>smaller in stature compared with peers</li> <li>recurrent ear infections</li> <li>hearing problems</li> <li>eye and vision problems</li> <li>learning difficulties</li> <li>wide set nipples</li> <li>broad chest</li> </ul> <h3>Adolescent</h3> <ul> <li>does not develop breast tissue</li> <li>does not menstruate at the expected age</li> <li>low hairline at the back</li> </ul> <h3>Adult</h3> <ul> <li>irregular menstruation</li> <li>fertility problems</li> <li>heart problems</li> <li>high blood pressure</li> </ul><h2>Causes</h2><p>Most girls are born with two complete X chromosomes. The X chromosomes are the sex chromosomes for females. TS is caused by the absence of all or part of the second X chromosome in some or all of the cells of the body. </p><p>Girls need two full X chromosomes for the development of a fully functional female reproductive system. Some girls inherit only one X chromosome, while other girls have parts of the second X chromosome but only in some cells. Doctors believe that this is caused by a spontaneous error in cell division. TS is not an inherited condition. </p> <figure> <span class="asset-image-title">Turner syndrome karyotype</span> <img src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Turner_syndrome_karyotype_MED_ILL_EN.jpg" alt="" /> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">Normally there are two copies of the X chromosome in girls. Turner syndrome occurs when there is only one X chromosome.</figcaption> </figure><h2>What can a doctor do for your daughter with Turner syndrome</h2> <p>Your daughter's doctor will conduct a physical examination. The doctor will then take a series of tests. Most girls are diagnosed when they are very young, although girls and women can be diagnosed with TS at different stages of life. Pregnant women can test their babies during the prenatal period. This test is called a karyotype. Women in young adulthood may get tested when they experience fertility problems. Some girls are treated with hormones to stimulate puberty and growth. Your daughter may be referred to a specialist if she has heart problems or other complications. Once diagnosis is confirmed, your daughter's doctor will help with education and counselling. Your daughter may need to seek the support of other girls with the condition. Groups like the Turner Syndrome Society of Canada can offer resources and family support. </p><h2>Complications</h2> <p>Many girls with TS lead healthy lives. Some girls, however, have minor-to-severe complications, including:</p> <ul> <li>infertility</li> <li>heart abnormalities </li> <li>chronic or recurrent middle ear infections and hearing loss </li> <li>feeding problems in infancy and childhood </li> <li>kidney and urinary tract abnormalities </li> <li>diabetes </li> <li>eye problems </li> <li>high arched palate with associated dental problems </li> <li>curvature of the spine (scoliosis) </li> <li>celiac disease</li> <li>obesity</li> <li>brittle bones (osteoporosis)</li> <li>high blood pressure </li> <li>visual spatial learning challenges</li> <li>difficulty with social skills</li> </ul><h2>Prevention</h2> <p>There is no known way to prevent TS. Pregnant women can test their babies during the prenatal period. This test is called a karyotype.</p><h2>When to seek medical assistance</h2> <p>If you suspect your daughter may have TS, make an appointment with your child's doctor right away.</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/akhassets/Turner_syndrome_karyotype_MED_ILL_EN.jpgTurner syndrome

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