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Fast heart rate (tachycardia)FFast heart rate (tachycardia)Fast heart rate (tachycardia)EnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartHeartConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-19T04:00:00ZElizabeth Stephenson, MD, MSc10.000000000000051.00000000000001090.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about different kinds of tachycardia (fast heart rate) and how tachycardia is treated.</p><h2>How does the heart beat?<br></h2> <p>The heartbeat is controlled by electricity. Special cells called pacemakers release bursts of electrical energy that travel through the <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=heart">heart muscle</a>, causing it to contract. When the muscle contracts, blood is pumped through the heart.</p> <h2>What is an arrhythmia?</h2> <p>An <a href="/Article?contentid=890&language=English">arrhythmia</a> (also called dysrhythmia) refers to what is usually an irregular heartbeat. The heart rate can be fast, slow or irregular, taking into consideration age and activity. For example, a newborn's heart beats much faster than a five-year-old child's heart. </p> <h2>What is tachycardia?</h2> <p>Tachycardia is a type of arrhythmia. It is a fast heart rate. With tachycardia, the resting heart rate for a newborn can increase to over 160 beats per minute. This can last for seconds, minutes or even hours, depending on how serious it is. Symptoms include feeling dizzy, weak and generally uncomfortable. </p> <p>It is important to know that it is unusual for tachycardia to cause the heart to stop all of a sudden, and it usually does not last long enough to cause serious damage. </p> <p>There are two basic types of tachycardia: </p> <ul> <li>ventricular tachycardia, which involves only the ventricles</li> <li>supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), which involves both the atria and the ventricles</li> </ul> <p>The most common tachycardia in children is supraventricular tachycardia. This used to be called paroxysmal atrial tachycardia.</p><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Tachycardia is an abnormally fast heart rate.</li> <li>During an episode of tachycardia, your child may feel dizzy, weak or uncomfortable, and the heart may beat more than 160 times per minute.</li> <li>It is unusual for tachycardia to cause the heart to stop all of a sudden. </li> <li>Tachycardia usually does not last long enough to cause serious damage.</li> <li>There are many different types of tachycardia. Usually, they are caused by a problem with the heart's electrical system.</li> <li>Treatment depends on what is causing the tachycardia.</li> </ul><h2>How is tachycardia diagnosed?</h2> <p>A tachycardia can be diagnosed with one of the following:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=heart">electrocardiogram</a></li> <li>electrophysiology study (EPS)</li> </ul><h2>How is tachycardia treated?</h2> <p>Treatment depends on what is causing the tachycardia. Some SVTs can be stopped with certain techniques called vasovagal manoeuvres, including: </p> <ul> <li>blowing on your thumb like it's a horn </li> <li>blowing through a straw with your hand on the end to plug it </li> <li>putting ice or cold water on the face for a few seconds</li> </ul> <p>Other tachycardias can be helped with medication. Drugs can help prevent the episodes from starting, decrease the heart rate during the episode or shorten how long the episode lasts. </p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=51&language=English">Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA)</a> is another option. This approach delivers electricity to the heart to permanently interrupt the abnormal electrical pathway. One of the newer approaches is cryoablation, which involves the use of freezing. </p><h2>Additional information</h2><p>For more information, please read <a href="/Article?contentid=890&language=English">Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)</a>.</p>
Rythme cardiaque rapide (Tachycardie)RRythme cardiaque rapide (Tachycardie)Fast heart rate (tachycardia)FrenchCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartHeartConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-19T04:00:00ZElizabeth Stephenson, MD, MSc10.000000000000051.00000000000001090.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Apprenez-en davantage sur les différents types de tachycardie (palpitations rapides du coeur) et sur le traitement de ce trouble.</p><h2>Comment le cœur bat-il?</h2> <p>Le battement du cœur est contrôlé par l’électricité. Des cellules spéciales, appelées nœuds sinusaux, relâchent des décharges d’énergie électrique qui voyagent dans le muscle du cœur provoquant ainsi sa contraction. Lorsque le muscle se contracte, le sang est pompé dans le cœur. </p> <h2>Qu’est-ce qu’une arythmie?</h2> <p>Une arythmie (également appelée dysrythmie) fait référence à ce que l’on désigne habituellement comme un battement de cœur irrégulier. Le rythme cardiaque peut être rapide, lent ou irrégulier selon l’âge et le niveau d’activité. Ainsi par exemple, le cœur d’un bébé bat beaucoup plus rapidement que celui d’un enfant de 5 ans. </p> <h2>Qu’est-ce que la tachycardie?</h2> <p>La tachycardie est une sorte d’arythmie, c’est un rythme cardiaque rapide. Lorsqu’il y a tachycardie, le rythme cardiaque d’un bébé au repos peut atteindre plus de 160 battements par minutes. Cela peut durer des secondes, des minutes ou même des heures dépendant de la gravité du trouble. Les symptômes incluent l’étourdissement, la faiblesse et un inconfort général.</p> <p>Il est important de savoir qu’il est inhabituel que la tachycardie provoque l’arrêt subit du cœur et que, généralement, cela ne dure pas assez longtemps pour causer des dommages importants. </p> <p>Il y a deux sortes de tachycardie de base :</p> <ul> <li>la tachycardie ventriculaire qui ne touche que les ventricules;</li> <li>la tachycardie supraventriculaire (TSV) qui touche à la fois les atria et les ventricules.</li> </ul> <p>La forme la plus courante de tachycardie chez les enfants est la tachycardie supraventriculaire. C’est ce qu’on appelait autrefois « tachycardie auriculaire paroxystique ».</p><h2>À retenir</h2><ul><li>La tachycardie est un rythme cardiaque anormalement rapide.</li><li>Durant une crise de tachycardie, votre enfant peut se sentir étourdi, faible ou inconfortable, et son cœur peut battre plus de 160 fois par minute.</li><li>Il est inhabituel que la tachycardie provoque l’arrêt subit du cœur.</li><li>La tachycardie ne dure habituellement pas assez longtemps pour causer des dommages importants.</li><li>Il y a plusieurs formes de tachycardies qui, habituellement, sont causées par un problème du système électrique du cœur.</li><li>Le traitement dépend de ce qui cause la tachycardie.</li></ul><h2>Comment la tachycardie est-elle diagnostiquée?</h2> <p>La tachycardie peut être diagnostiquée à l’aide :</p> <ul> <li>d’un<a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=heart"> électrocardiogramme;</a></li> <li>d’une étude électrophysiologique (EEP).</li> </ul><h2>Comment traite-t-on la tachycardie?</h2> <p>Le traitement dépend de ce qui cause la tachycardie. On peut mettre fin à certaines TSV par des techniques appelées manœuvres vaso vagales comme :</p> <ul> <li>souffler sur votre pouce comme s’il s’agissait d’une trompette;</li> <li>souffler dans une paille dont l’autre extrémité est bouchée par votre main;</li> <li>mettre de la glace ou de l’eau froide sur le visage pendant quelques secondes.</li> </ul> <p>On peut alléger d’autres formes de tachycardie avec des médicaments. Ceux-ci peuvent aider à prévenir le commencement d’une crise, à abaisser le rythme cardiaque durant une crise ou à raccourcir la durée de la crise.</p> <p>L’ablation par radiofréquence par cathéter (ARFC) est une autre option. Dans cette approche, on envoie un courant dans le cœur pour interrompre de façon permanente un circuit électrique anormal. Une des approches les plus récentes est la cryoablation où l’on recourt au gel pour traiter la tachycardie.</p><h2>Renseignements supplémentaires</h2><p>Pour plus de renseignements, veuillez consulter l’article <a href="/Article?contentid=890&language=French">Troubles du rythme cardiaque (arythmies)</a>.</p>

 

 

Fast heart rate (tachycardia)894.000000000000Fast heart rate (tachycardia)Fast heart rate (tachycardia)FEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartHeartConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-19T04:00:00ZElizabeth Stephenson, MD, MSc10.000000000000051.00000000000001090.00000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Learn about different kinds of tachycardia (fast heart rate) and how tachycardia is treated.</p><h2>How does the heart beat?<br></h2> <p>The heartbeat is controlled by electricity. Special cells called pacemakers release bursts of electrical energy that travel through the <a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=heart">heart muscle</a>, causing it to contract. When the muscle contracts, blood is pumped through the heart.</p> <h2>What is an arrhythmia?</h2> <p>An <a href="/Article?contentid=890&language=English">arrhythmia</a> (also called dysrhythmia) refers to what is usually an irregular heartbeat. The heart rate can be fast, slow or irregular, taking into consideration age and activity. For example, a newborn's heart beats much faster than a five-year-old child's heart. </p> <h2>What is tachycardia?</h2> <p>Tachycardia is a type of arrhythmia. It is a fast heart rate. With tachycardia, the resting heart rate for a newborn can increase to over 160 beats per minute. This can last for seconds, minutes or even hours, depending on how serious it is. Symptoms include feeling dizzy, weak and generally uncomfortable. </p> <p>It is important to know that it is unusual for tachycardia to cause the heart to stop all of a sudden, and it usually does not last long enough to cause serious damage. </p> <p>There are two basic types of tachycardia: </p> <ul> <li>ventricular tachycardia, which involves only the ventricles</li> <li>supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), which involves both the atria and the ventricles</li> </ul> <p>The most common tachycardia in children is supraventricular tachycardia. This used to be called paroxysmal atrial tachycardia.</p><h2>Ventricular tachycardia<br></h2><p>This fast heart rate starts in the ventricles. It is not common, but it can be very serious. It usually happens in children with serious heart disease, but sometimes it happens on its own. </p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Ventricular tachycardia</span> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=ARR_vtc_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A very fast heart rate originating in the ventricles.</figcaption> </figure> <h2>Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT)<br></h2><p>This is the most common type of tachycardia in children. It involves both the upper and lower chambers of the heart. During an SVT episode, a child may breathe faster, or seem sleepier or crankier than usual. The heart rate can reach more than 220 beats per minute. </p><p>Treatment may be provided if the episodes happen often and last for a long time. Treatment involves stopping a current episode and preventing future episodes. Some of these procedures can be simple, such as putting ice or cold water on the face. Others involve delivering electricity through a catheter (<a href="/Article?contentid=51&language=English">radiofrequency catheter ablation</a>) or shocks to the chest wall (cardioversion). </p><p>There are several different types of SVT. The main types are as follows:</p><ul><li>atrioventricular reentry tachycardia (AVRT)</li><li>atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT)</li><li>atrial flutter</li><li>atrial ectopic tachycardia</li><li>junctional ectopic tachycardia</li></ul><h3>Atrioventricular reentry tachycardia (AVRT)</h3><p>With this arrhythmia, there is an extra electrical loop or circuit that connects the atrium and the ventricle, without passing through the AV node. This extra circuit pathway allows the heart's electrical impulse to go backwards and start another heartbeat. The fast heart rate occurs because the impulse is moving through the two pathways at the same time. </p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT)</span> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=ARR_avrt_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">An extra electrical circuit encompassing the atrium and the ventricle causes the heart's electrical impulse to go backwards and start another heartbeat, resulting in a fast heart rate.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT)</h3><p>Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia involves an extra electrical loop or circuit contained in the AV node. With this tachycardia, the extra pathway allows the heart's electrical impulse to go backwards and start another heartbeat. The fast heart rate occurs because the impulse is moving through the two pathways at the same time. </p><p>Patients with this tachycardia tend to have more symptoms than those with AVRT. It tends to be more common in females and often is not the result of a heart condition.</p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Atrioventricular node reentry tachycardia (AVNRT)</span> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=ARR_avnrt_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">An extra electrical circuit contained in the atrioventricular node causes the heart's electrical impulse to go backwards and start another heartbeat, resulting in a fast heart rate.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Atrial flutter</h3><p>This arrhythmia is caused by one or more rapid electrical circuits located in the atrium. As the atria have less time to push blood through to the ventricles, the ventricles may not fill up completely, and so the body may not get enough oxygenated blood. </p><p>Atrial flutter can occur in healthy individuals or in connection with a congenital heart defect. It is usually associated with underlying heart disease, and can occur after repair surgery.</p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Atrial flutter</span> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=ARR_aflutter_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A fast heart rate caused by one or more rapid circuits in the atrium.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Atrial ectopic tachycardia (AET)</h3><p>Ectopic means out of place; in this case, it refers to an impulse originating somewhere other than the sinus node. This arrhythmia is prompted by a small abnormal cluster of cells that sends signals to the atrium, causing the atrium to contract before it should and at too fast a rate. There is often a delay in the conduction of the impulse at the AV node. </p><p>AET can occur in a healthy heart, with an untreated congenital heart defect, or after surgery. </p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Atrial ectopic tachycardia</span> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=ARR_aet_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">A small abnormal cluster of cells in the atrium prompt the atrium to contract before it should, and at a quick rate.</figcaption> </figure> <h3>Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET)</h3><p>Ectopic means out of place; in this case, it refers to an impulse originating somewhere other than the sinus node. JET results from an abnormal cluster of conduction cells in or near the atrioventricular node that cause the ventricle to contract too quickly.</p><p>JET is a very rare type of SVT. It is usually a complication of surgery, although it can occur in a structurally normal heart. This is a serious condition, as it responds poorly to antiarrhythmic drugs and cardioversion. </p> <figure class="swf-asset-c-80"> <span class="asset-image-title">Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET)</span> <div class="asset-animation"> src="https://akhpub.aboutkidshealth.ca/Style%20Library/akh/swfanimations/swf.html?swffile=ARR_jet_MED_ANI_EN.swf" </div> <figcaption class="asset-image-caption">An abnormal cluster of conduction cells in or near the atrioventricular node cause the ventricle to contract quickly.</figcaption> </figure><h2>Key points</h2> <ul> <li>Tachycardia is an abnormally fast heart rate.</li> <li>During an episode of tachycardia, your child may feel dizzy, weak or uncomfortable, and the heart may beat more than 160 times per minute.</li> <li>It is unusual for tachycardia to cause the heart to stop all of a sudden. </li> <li>Tachycardia usually does not last long enough to cause serious damage.</li> <li>There are many different types of tachycardia. Usually, they are caused by a problem with the heart's electrical system.</li> <li>Treatment depends on what is causing the tachycardia.</li> </ul><h2>How is tachycardia diagnosed?</h2> <p>A tachycardia can be diagnosed with one of the following:</p> <ul> <li><a href="https://pie.med.utoronto.ca/htbw/module.html?module=heart">electrocardiogram</a></li> <li>electrophysiology study (EPS)</li> </ul><h2>How is tachycardia treated?</h2> <p>Treatment depends on what is causing the tachycardia. Some SVTs can be stopped with certain techniques called vasovagal manoeuvres, including: </p> <ul> <li>blowing on your thumb like it's a horn </li> <li>blowing through a straw with your hand on the end to plug it </li> <li>putting ice or cold water on the face for a few seconds</li> </ul> <p>Other tachycardias can be helped with medication. Drugs can help prevent the episodes from starting, decrease the heart rate during the episode or shorten how long the episode lasts. </p> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=51&language=English">Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA)</a> is another option. This approach delivers electricity to the heart to permanently interrupt the abnormal electrical pathway. One of the newer approaches is cryoablation, which involves the use of freezing. </p><h2>Additional information</h2><p>For more information, please read <a href="/Article?contentid=890&language=English">Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias)</a>.</p>https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/Fast_heart_rate_tachycardia.jpgFast heart rate (tachycardia)

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