Growth problemsGGrowth problemsGrowth problemsEnglishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000068.0000000000000988.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An overview of the symptoms, causes and treatment of growth problems in children.</p><h2>What are growth problems?</h2> <h3>A child's growth and development can be influenced by:</h3> <ul> <li>genetics</li> <li>eating habits and nutrition</li> <li>sleeping patterns</li> <li>endocrine function (hormones)</li> <li>presence or absence of chronic illness</li> </ul> <p>Each child grows at a different pace. Try not to compare your child's growth with children of the same age. Every parent needs to regularly monitor their child's growth. This can be done with the help of growth charts and the child's doctor. </p> <p>If a child's growth is not monitored closely, growth disorders may be missed. A growth disorder prevents the child from reaching the optimum height and weight. It can influence other aspects of the child's mental, physical, or emotional development.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>A child's growth needs to be regularly monitored. This can be done with the help of growth charts and the child's doctor.</li><li>Poor feeding sessions or illness can lead to a slow growth, but this may not be a growth disorder.</li><li>A growth disorder may be present at birth or acquired later.</li> <li>Growth disorders may or may not be treated with medication.</li></ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of growth problems</h2> <p>A baby's or child's growth problem can be noted after measurements of length or height show a slower than normal rate of growth. </p><h2>Other causes of growth problems</h2> <p>Disturbances in health and nutrition almost always affect growth.</p> <h3>Other causes of growth problems include: </h3> <ul> <li>serious conditions of the brain, heart, kidneys, or lungs</li> <li>inflammatory bowel disease</li> <li>chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome</li> <li>Cushing syndrome (abnormally high cortisol levels)</li> <li>rare genetic syndromes</li> </ul><h2>How a doctor can help your child</h2> <p>Your child's doctor can help by regularly monitoring your child's growth. Proper growth assessment and monitoring includes: </p> <ul> <li>recumbent (lying down) length from birth to two or three years of age</li> <li>standing height for children who are able to stand</li> <li>weight</li> <li>head circumference until two years of age</li> </ul> <p>Using the weight assessment alone is not helpful. This is because it cannot distinguish a tall, skinny child from an obese or well-proportioned one. </p> <p>A child who has stopped growing or is growing slowly may need additional testing to determine the cause. Once failure to thrive has been ruled out, the doctor may refer your child to an endocrinologist. This specialist will look for possible causes of the growth failure. Blood tests, X-rays, and body or brain scans may help determine the cause of the growth failure. </p><h2>Treatment</h2> <p>If a specific disease has been determined, certain treatment options may be available to increase the child's final height. Growth problems due to endocrine disorders like hypothyroidism may be treated with thyroid replacement pills. Growth hormone injections may be provided to children with a growth hormone deficiency or Turner syndrome.</p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>All parents should be seeing their child's doctor regularly, but if you discover a sign or symptom that concerns you, see the doctor immediately. </p>
مشاكل النموممشاكل النموGrowth problemsArabicNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZNA7.0000000000000068.0000000000000988.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<h2>النقاط الرئيسية</h2><ul><li>يجب رصد نمو الطفل بانتظام. ويمكن القيام بذلك بمساعدة مخططات نمو الطفل وطبيب الطفل.</li><li>ان فترات سوء التغذية او المرض يمكن ان تؤدي الى تباطؤ النمو، ولكن هذا قد لا يكون اضطراب في النمو.</li><li>قد يكون اضطراب في النمو موجوداً عند الولادة او يكتسب في وقت لاحق. قد يكون او لا يكون بالإمكان معالجة اضطرابات النمو بالادوية.</li></ul>
生长问题生长问题Growth problemsChineseSimplifiedNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z68.00000000000007.00000000000000988.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z简要概述了孩子生长障碍的病因、症状和治疗。<br>
生長障礙生長障礙Growth ProblemsChineseTraditionalNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z68.00000000000007.00000000000000988.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z簡要概述了孩子生長障礙的病因、症狀和治療。
Problemas de crecimientoPProblemas de crecimientoGrowth ProblemsSpanishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z68.00000000000007.00000000000000988.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>La velocidad de crecimiento de los niños varía, algunos niños tienen problemas de crecimiento. Lea sobre las posibles causas como la hormona del crecimiento.<br></p>
نَشُونُما کے مسائلننَشُونُما کے مسائلGrowth ProblemsUrduNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z68.00000000000007.00000000000000988.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z
Croissance: troubles potentielsCCroissance: troubles potentielsGrowth problemsFrenchNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000068.0000000000000988.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>Aperçu facile à comprendre des symptômes, des causes et du traitement des problèmes de croissance de votre enfant.</p><h2>Que sont les problèmes de croissance?</h2><p>Bon nombre de facteurs ont une incidence sur la croissance d’un enfant. Les facteurs suivants peuvent influer sur la croissance et le développement :</p><ul><li>génétique;</li><li>habitudes alimentaires et nutrition;</li><li>habitudes de sommeil;</li><li>fonction endocrinienne (hormones);</li><li>présence ou absence d'une maladie chronique.</li></ul><p>Chaque enfant grandit à son propre rythme. N’essayez pas de comparer la croissance de votre enfant à celle des autres enfants du même âge. Chaque parent doit surveiller régulièrement la croissance de son enfant. Il peut le faire au moyen de fiches de croissance et de l’aide du médecin de l’enfant.</p><p>Si la croissance d’un enfant n’est pas surveillée de près, on pourrait ne pas remarquer des troubles de croissance. Un trouble de croissance empêche l’enfant d’atteindre ses taille et poids optimaux. Il peut avoir une incidence sur d’autres aspects du développement mental, physique ou affectif de l’enfant.<br></p><h2>À retenir</h2> <ul> <li>Il faut surveiller régulièrement la croissance d’un enfant. On peut le faire au moyen de fiches de croissance et de l’aide du médecin de l’enfant.</li> <li>Une mauvaise alimentation ou des maladies peuvent mener à une croissance lente, mails il pourrait ne pas s’agir d’un trouble de croissance.</li> <li>Un problème de croissance peut être présent à la naissance ou acquis plus tard.</li> <li>Les troubles de croissance peuvent ou non être traités avec des médicaments.</li> </ul><h2>Signes et symptômes des problèmes de croissance</h2> <p>Les problèmes de croissance d’un bébé ou d’un enfant peuvent être remarqués si des mesures de la taille ou de la grandeur montrent un taux de croissance inférieur à la normale.</p><h2>Autres causes des problèmes de croissance</h2> <p>Les perturbations de la santé et de la nutrition ont presque toujours un effet sur la croissance. </p> <p> Les autres causes de problèmes de croissance comprennent, sans toutefois s’y limiter, les suivantes :</p> <ul> <li>graves maladies du cerveau, du cœur, des reins ou des poumons;</li> <li>maladies inflammatoires chroniques intestinales;</li> <li>aberrations chromosomiques telles que le syndrome de Down;</li> <li>syndrome de Cushing (taux de cortisol anormalement élevés);</li> <li>rares syndromes génétiques.</li> </ul><h2>Façon dont un médecin peut aider votre enfant</h2> <p>Le médecin de votre enfant peut vous aider en surveillant régulièrement la croissance de votre enfant. L’évaluation et la surveillance d’une bonne croissance comprend ce qui suit : </p> <ul> <li>taille en position en position couchée de la naissance jusqu’à l’âge de 2 ou 3 ans;</li> <li>taille en position debout pour les enfants qui peuvent se tenir debout;</li> <li>poids;</li> <li>circonférence de la tête jusqu’à l’âge de 2 ans.</li> </ul> <p>L’évaluation du poids elle-même n’est pas utile, car elle ne permet pas de distinguer un enfant grand et maigre d’un autre obèse ou bien proportionné.</p> <p>Un enfant qui a arrêté de grandir ou qui a une croissance lente pourrait nécessiter d’autres tests afin de déterminer la cause. Une fois que le retard staturo-pondéral a été écarté, le médecin peut adresser votre enfant à un endocrinologue. Ce spécialiste recherchera les causes possibles du problème de croissance. Les examens sanguins, les rayons X et les scintigraphies cérébrales peuvent aider à déterminer la cause du problème de croissance. </p><h2>Traitement</h2> <p>Si l’on décèle une maladie en particulier, certaines options de traitement pourraient être disponibles afin de faire augmenter la taille finale de l’enfant. Les problèmes de croissance attribuables à des troubles endocriniens comme l’hypothyroïdisme peuvent être traités avec des comprimés de remplacement de l’hormone thyroïdienne. On pourrait offrir des injections d’hormone de croissance aux enfants qui présentent une insuffisance d'hormone de croissance ou le syndrome de Turner.</p><h2>Quand demander une aide médicale</h2> <p>Tous les parents devraient consulter régulièrement le médecin de leur enfant, mais si vous observez un signe ou un symptôme qui vous préoccupe, consultez immédiatement le médecin. <br></p>
வளர்ச்சியடைவதில் பிரச்சினைகள்வளர்ச்சியடைவதில் பிரச்சினைகள்Growth ProblemsTamilNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)NANANAAdult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00Z68.00000000000007.00000000000000988.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z

 

 

Growth problems951.000000000000Growth problemsGrowth problemsGEnglishNAChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)BodyNAConditions and diseasesCaregivers Adult (19+)NA2010-03-05T05:00:00ZMark Feldman, MD, FRCPC7.0000000000000068.0000000000000988.000000000000Health (A-Z) - ConditionsHealth A-Z<p>An overview of the symptoms, causes and treatment of growth problems in children.</p><h2>What are growth problems?</h2> <h3>A child's growth and development can be influenced by:</h3> <ul> <li>genetics</li> <li>eating habits and nutrition</li> <li>sleeping patterns</li> <li>endocrine function (hormones)</li> <li>presence or absence of chronic illness</li> </ul> <p>Each child grows at a different pace. Try not to compare your child's growth with children of the same age. Every parent needs to regularly monitor their child's growth. This can be done with the help of growth charts and the child's doctor. </p> <p>If a child's growth is not monitored closely, growth disorders may be missed. A growth disorder prevents the child from reaching the optimum height and weight. It can influence other aspects of the child's mental, physical, or emotional development.</p><h2>Types of growth disorders</h2> <h3>Failure to thrive</h3> <p><a href="/Article?contentid=514&language=English">Failure to thrive</a> is not a growth disorder. It is a label given to children whose weight or rate of weight gain is significantly lower than other children of the same age and gender.</p> <h3>Failure to thrive can be caused by many factors: </h3> <ul> <li>feeding problems</li> <li>illness, poverty</li> <li>malnutrition </li> <li>poor interaction between parent and child</li> </ul> <p>Regardless of its cause, all children who are failing to thrive are at risk for slow or stalled growth. </p> <h3>Short stature</h3> <p>Short stature is also a descriptive label. It is not a growth disorder. It refers to children whose height or rate of height gain is lower than other children of the same age and gender. </p> <p>Short stature can have some of the same causes as failure to thrive. More commonly, it is associated with genetics and not disease. Some children grow more slowly but stop growing at a later age and so they reach normal heights. Other children simply inherit a parent's final height.</p> <p>Children with short stature may not eat as much as you would like because they do not need to until they have a growth spurt. Pressuring children to eat more may make them gain weight but not height.</p> <h3>Endocrine diseases</h3> <p>The endocrine system is the body's chemical messenger system. It transports hormones throughout the body. The hormones help regulate processes in the body, including growth. When there is a disorder with the endocrine system, growth can be stunted. </p> <h3>Endocrine disorders include:</h3> <ul> <li>Growth hormone deficiency: This rare disease happens when a child has little or no growth hormone. Growth hormone is made by the pituitary gland. Growth hormone stimulates growth through chemical interactions in the body. Without it, or without enough of it, growth is slowed or stunted completely. </li> <li>Hypothyroidism: This is a condition caused by low levels of thyroid hormone in the blood. Without enough of this hormone, babies can suffer from poor brain development. Older children can have slow growth and slow metabolism. </li> </ul> <h3>Turner syndrome</h3> <p>Short stature is found in girls with <a href="/Article?contentid=869&language=English">Turner syndrome</a>. Turner syndrome is when a girl is born with a missing or damaged X chromosome. Girls with Turner syndrome are not able to reproduce because their ovaries do not develop properly. They may also show other physical signs.</p><h2>Key points</h2><ul><li>A child's growth needs to be regularly monitored. This can be done with the help of growth charts and the child's doctor.</li><li>Poor feeding sessions or illness can lead to a slow growth, but this may not be a growth disorder.</li><li>A growth disorder may be present at birth or acquired later.</li> <li>Growth disorders may or may not be treated with medication.</li></ul><h2>Signs and symptoms of growth problems</h2> <p>A baby's or child's growth problem can be noted after measurements of length or height show a slower than normal rate of growth. </p><h2>Other causes of growth problems</h2> <p>Disturbances in health and nutrition almost always affect growth.</p> <h3>Other causes of growth problems include: </h3> <ul> <li>serious conditions of the brain, heart, kidneys, or lungs</li> <li>inflammatory bowel disease</li> <li>chromosomal abnormalities such as Down syndrome</li> <li>Cushing syndrome (abnormally high cortisol levels)</li> <li>rare genetic syndromes</li> </ul><h2>How a doctor can help your child</h2> <p>Your child's doctor can help by regularly monitoring your child's growth. Proper growth assessment and monitoring includes: </p> <ul> <li>recumbent (lying down) length from birth to two or three years of age</li> <li>standing height for children who are able to stand</li> <li>weight</li> <li>head circumference until two years of age</li> </ul> <p>Using the weight assessment alone is not helpful. This is because it cannot distinguish a tall, skinny child from an obese or well-proportioned one. </p> <p>A child who has stopped growing or is growing slowly may need additional testing to determine the cause. Once failure to thrive has been ruled out, the doctor may refer your child to an endocrinologist. This specialist will look for possible causes of the growth failure. Blood tests, X-rays, and body or brain scans may help determine the cause of the growth failure. </p><h2>Treatment</h2> <p>If a specific disease has been determined, certain treatment options may be available to increase the child's final height. Growth problems due to endocrine disorders like hypothyroidism may be treated with thyroid replacement pills. Growth hormone injections may be provided to children with a growth hormone deficiency or Turner syndrome.</p><h2>What you can do to help your child with growth problems</h2> <p>Have your child weighed and measured at each of these times:</p> <ul> <li>within one to two weeks of birth</li> <li>at one, two, four, six, nine, 12, 18 and 24 months</li> <li>once a year between four and six years</li> </ul> <p>Older children and teenagers should also be measured once each year.</p> <p>Once a child has been diagnosed with a growth problem, it is important to stress the child's other characteristics like musical ability or love of reading. Parents need to help build up their child's self-esteem and self-confidence. A growing sense of self-worth can develop from skills and activities. It may also be important to discuss with your child the best ways to react to peers who may comment on this short stature. </p><h2>When to see a doctor</h2> <p>All parents should be seeing their child's doctor regularly, but if you discover a sign or symptom that concerns you, see the doctor immediately. </p><img alt="" src="https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/growth_problems.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />https://assets.aboutkidshealth.ca/AKHAssets/growth_problems.jpgGrowth problems

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