Nephrotic syndrome

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Nephrotic syndrome is one of the most common kidney diseases in children. It presents as a group of symptoms, which occur together in the body and include the presence of protein (albumin) in the urine and edema (swelling).

Key points

  • Nephrotic syndrome is a condition that occurs when proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, and edema are present in the body.
  • The cause of nephrotic syndrome is still unknown.
  • Your health-care provider will ask for a urine sample and a blood test to diagnose nephrotic syndrome.
  • Steroid medications are used to treat nephrotic syndrome.
  • Most children respond well to treatment and will have excellent long-term outcomes.
Last updated: January 23rd 2020