Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD)

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Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare inherited disease that can cause recurring lung, ear and sinus infections. Find out how the condition is caused and treated and the long-term outlook for children with PCD.

Key points

  • Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetic (inherited) condition that affects the lungs, ears and sinuses and may affect the heart.
  • Symptoms include recurring ear, sinus and chest infections, nasal congestion, wet coughs and wheezing.
  • Treatments can include chest physiotherapy to clear the lungs, nasal rinses or minor surgery to clear the sinuses, antibiotics and suitable exercise.
  • With treatment and regular follow-up, most children with PCD have a good quality of life.
Last updated: March 5th 2019