Types of Medications for Heart ConditionsTTypes of Medications for Heart ConditionsTypes of Medications for Heart ConditionsEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemDrug treatmentAdult (19+)NA2009-12-14T05:00:00ZBeverley Hales, BScPhm, MHScAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC12.000000000000020.0000000000000408.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>A variety of different medications are used in treating heart conditions. Read about the different classes of medication that may be used.</p><p> Medications used in the treatment of heart conditions can be grouped according to the following categories. <br></p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li>Blood pressure medications treat high blood pressure and heart failure.</li> <li>Antiarrhythmics treat arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats) and help prevent abnormal heart rhythms.</li> <li>Anti-inflammatories decrease inflammation or swelling and relieve pain, headaches, and fever. </li> <li>Diuretics help remove extra fluid (edema) that builds up in the body due to heart conditions. </li> <li>Anticoagulants/antithrombotics (or blood thinners) stop clots from forming in the blood .</li> <li> Other types of medications your child might have include minerals, antibiotics, cholesterol-lowering medications, pain relievers, sedatives, prostaglandin E1, erythropoietin, and resuscitation medications.</li></ul>
Types de médicaments pour les cardiopathiesTTypes de médicaments pour les cardiopathiesTypes of Medications for Heart ConditionsFrenchCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemDrug treatmentAdult (19+)NA2009-12-14T05:00:00ZBeverley Hales, BScPhm, MHScAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC12.000000000000020.0000000000000408.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>On utilise divers médicaments dans le traitement des cardiopathies. Lisez les renseignements relatifs aux différentes catégories de médicaments susceptibles d’être utilisés.</p><p>Les médicaments dans le traitement des cardiopathie peuvent être regroupés dans les catégories suivantes.</p><h2> À retenir </h2> <ul><li> Les médicaments pour la tension artérielle traitent l’hypertension et l’insuffisance cardiaque.</li> <li> Les antiarythmiques traitent l’arythmie (battements de cœur irréguliers) et aident à prévenir les anomalies du rythme cardiaque.</li> <li> Les anti-inflammatoires diminuent l’inflammation ou les tuméfactions et soulagent la douleur, les céphalées et la fièvre. </li> <li> Les diurétiques aident à éliminer l’excédent de liquide (œdèmes) qui s’accumule dans le corps en raison de cardiopathies.</li> <li> Les anticoagulants/antithrombotiques (ou fluidifiants sanguins) empêchent la formation de caillots dans le sang.</li> <li> D’autres types de médicaments que votre enfant pourrait devoir prendre comprennent des minéraux, des antibiotiques, des médicaments pour faire baisser le taux de cholestérol, des analgésiques, des sédatifs, de la prostaglandine E1, de l’érythropoïétine et des médicaments de réanimation. </li></ul>

 

 

Types of Medications for Heart Conditions1680.00000000000Types of Medications for Heart ConditionsTypes of Medications for Heart ConditionsTEnglishCardiologyChild (0-12 years);Teen (13-18 years)HeartCardiovascular systemDrug treatmentAdult (19+)NA2009-12-14T05:00:00ZBeverley Hales, BScPhm, MHScAndrew James, MBChB, MBI, FRACP, FRCPC12.000000000000020.0000000000000408.000000000000Flat ContentHealth A-Z<p>A variety of different medications are used in treating heart conditions. Read about the different classes of medication that may be used.</p><p> Medications used in the treatment of heart conditions can be grouped according to the following categories. <br></p><h2> Key points </h2> <ul><li>Blood pressure medications treat high blood pressure and heart failure.</li> <li>Antiarrhythmics treat arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats) and help prevent abnormal heart rhythms.</li> <li>Anti-inflammatories decrease inflammation or swelling and relieve pain, headaches, and fever. </li> <li>Diuretics help remove extra fluid (edema) that builds up in the body due to heart conditions. </li> <li>Anticoagulants/antithrombotics (or blood thinners) stop clots from forming in the blood .</li> <li> Other types of medications your child might have include minerals, antibiotics, cholesterol-lowering medications, pain relievers, sedatives, prostaglandin E1, erythropoietin, and resuscitation medications.</li></ul><h2>Blood pressure medications</h2> <p>These drugs are used to treat high blood pressure, as well as heart failure. They help relax the blood vessels, which reduces how hard the heart has to work. </p> <p>Blood pressure medications fall into the following categories: beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers (CCBs). Examples include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=89&language=English">captopril</a> (Capoten)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=225&language=English">propanolol</a> (Inderal)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=128&language=English">enalapril</a> (Vasotec)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=93&language=English">carvedilol</a></li> <li>nitroprusside</li> <li>hydralazine</li></ul> <h2>Antiarrhythmics</h2> <p>These drugs are used to treat arrhythmias, or irregular heartbeats. They help to prevent abnormal heart rhythms. Examples include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=240&language=English">sotalol</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=70&language=English">amiodarone</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=124&language=English">digoxin</a> (Lanoxin)</li></ul> <h2>Anti-inflammatories</h2> <p>These drugs decrease inflammation or swelling. They also relieve pain, headaches, and fever. Examples include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=77&language=English">acetylsalicylic acid</a> (ASA or Aspirin)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=153&language=English">ibuprofen</a></li> <li>indomethacin</li></ul> <h2>Diuretics</h2> <p>These drugs help to remove extra fluid (edema) that builds up in the body due to heart conditions. The use of these drugs causes frequent urination. Examples include: </p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=144&language=English">furosemide</a> (Lasix)</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=241&language=English">spironolactone and hydrochlorothiazide</a></li></ul> <h2>Anticoagulants/antithrombotics</h2> <p>These drugs stop clots from forming in the blood. They are also known as blood thinners. Examples include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=265&language=English">warfarin</a> (Coumadin)</li> <li>heparin</li> <li>low molecular weight heparin, also called <a href="/Article?contentid=129&language=English">enoxaparin</a> (Lovenox)</li></ul> <h2>Minerals</h2> <p>These supplements help to replace important minerals that the body needs, and that may be lost through illness or the use of diuretics. Examples include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=220&language=English">potassium supplements</a> </li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=179&language=English">magnesium supplements</a></li></ul> <h2>Antibiotics</h2> <p>These drugs treat or prevent infections caused by bacteria. Examples include:</p> <ul> <li>cefazolin (Ancef)</li> <li>vancomycin</li> <li>ampicillin</li> <li>gentamicin</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=73&language=English">amoxicillin</a></li></ul> <h2>Cholesterol-lowering medications</h2> <p>These drugs help lower high cholesterol, typically LDL cholesterol. They do so by reducing the production of cholesterol in the body and by boosting the body's ability to remove cholesterol already in the blood. </p> <p>The main categories are statins, bile acid resins, and niacin<i>.</i> Examples include:</p> <ul> <li>lovastatin</li> <li>simvastatin</li> <li>pravastatin</li> <li>atorvastatin</li></ul> <h2>Pain relievers</h2> <p>These drugs aim to relieve pain. Examples include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=194&language=English">morphine</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=123&language=English">diazepam</a></li> <li>meperidine</li> <li>hydromorphone</li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=135&language=English">fentanyl</a></li></ul> <h2>Sedatives</h2> <p>These drugs put patients in a relaxed or unconscious state for the purpose of a test or treatment. Examples include:</p> <ul> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=176&language=English">lorazepam</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=2087&language=English">midazolam</a></li> <li><a href="/Article?contentid=97&language=English">chloral hydrate​</a></li></ul> <h2>Prostaglandin E1</h2> <p>Prostaglandin E1 is used in newborns with congenital heart defects to keep the ductus arteriosus open.</p> <h2>Erythropoietin </h2> <p>Erythropoietin prompts the body to make more red blood cells. It is used to treat anemia caused by a heart condition. </p> <h2>Resuscitation medications</h2> <p>In cases of emergency, the doctor will draw from a selection of drugs with immediate, short-term effects. These are not drugs that parents would see prescribed. </p>Types of Medications for Heart Conditions

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